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  • acids
  • Apart from ionic, osmotic, and oxidative stress, one of the most important biochemical impacts of salt stress on plants is overaccumulation of methylglyoxal (MG), a cytotoxic compound that can cause degradation of proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, inactivation of antioxidant systems and, finally, the death of plants. (springer.com)
  • water
  • DMS is oxidized in the atmosphere to sulfuric acid and methanesulfonic acid, two compounds that attract water molecules and promote cloud condensation ( 2 ). (asm.org)
  • After three weeks, several plant growth parameters (stem length (SL), fresh weight (FW) and water content (WC)), photosynthetic pigments (chlorophylls and carotenoids (Car)), osmolytes (proline (Pro), glycine betaine (GB) and total soluble sugars (TSS)), an oxidative stress maker (malondialdehyde (MDA)) and antioxidants (total phenolic compounds (TPC) and total flavonoids (TF)) were measured. (peerj.com)