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  • compounds
  • Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols , polyalcohols , alditols or glycitols ) are organic compounds , typically derived from sugars , that comprise a class of polyols . (wikipedia.org)
  • chains
  • Most have five- or six-carbon chains, because they are derived from pentoses (five-carbon sugars) and hexoses (six-carbon sugars), respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohols
  • Sugar alcohols have the general formula HOCH 2 (CHOH) n CH 2 OH. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sugar alcohols differ in chain length. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar alcohols do not contribute to tooth decay . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sugar alcohols, with the exception of erythritol , may also cause bloating and diarrhea when consumed in excessive amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, sugar alcohols derived from disaccharides (e.g. maltitol and lactitol) are not entirely hydrogenated because only one aldehyde group is available for reduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to their sweetness, some sugar alcohols can produce a noticeable cooling sensation in the mouth when highly concentrated, for instance in sugar-free hard candy or chewing gum . (wikipedia.org)