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  • hydrogen
  • This paper focuses on the application of photocatalysis to hydrogen production from organic substrates. (hindawi.com)
  • Interestingly, biomass-derived substrates, such as alcohols or carbohydrates, may be used for hydrogen production particularly in the case of waste materials (sewage from food, wine, or paper industry) [ 17 ], simultaneously helping to clean wastes (without disposal costs) and to produce a highly valued fuel [ 18 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • As a result, the substrate was inhabited by sulfate-reducing bacteria, whose emissions of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) made the substrate toxic to most other organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • lightweight
  • The results showed that, for the lightweight substrate, the time taken for light-off at which it purified the emissions was reduced compared to conventional products. (corning.com)
  • homogeneous
  • Transparent Network Substrate (TNS), a proprietary Oracle computer-networking technology, supports homogeneous peer-to-peer connectivity on top of other networking technologies such as TCP/IP, SDP and named pipes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • Therefore, a large number of substrates which may be adhesive (e.g. plastic, glass, palladium, metallic surfaces, etc.) or non-adhesive (e.g. agar, agarose, etc.) types may be used as discussed below: Plastic as a substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the Minoan loanwords found in Mycenaean Greek (i.e. words for architecture, metals and metallurgy, music, use of domestic species, social institutions, weapons, weaving) are the result of the socio-cultural and economic interactions between the Minoans and Mycenaeans during the Bronze Age and are therefore part of a linguistic adstrate in Greek rather than a substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • therefore, the substrate may not have been in contact with Primitive Irish but rather with Proto-Celtic. (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS
  • The invention relates to water swellable or lubricious, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory coatings for substrates such as medical devices, and methods of preparing same. (google.com)
  • organism
  • Before: After: Sessile organism anchored in mat Animal grazing on mat Animals embedded in mat Animals burrowing just under mat =Microbial mat Firm, layered, anoxic, sulphidic substrate Animals moving on / in surface of sea-floor Loose, oxygenated upper substrate with burrowing animals The "Cambrian substrate revolution" or "Agronomic revolution", evidenced in trace fossils, is the diversification of animal burrowing during the early Cambrian period. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • In breeding tanks for egg-scattering species, a layer of marbles is sometimes used as a substrate, allowing the eggs to fall into the gaps between the marbles where the parents cannot eat them. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathway
  • ATP can be generated by substrate-level phosphorylation in mitochondria in a pathway that is independent from the proton motive force. (wikipedia.org)
  • provides
  • Substrates are added to most aquaria principally for the increase in beneficial bacteria this provides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most ATP is generated by oxidative phosphorylation in aerobic or anaerobic respiration while substrate-level phosphorylation provides a quicker, less efficient source of ATP, independent of external electron acceptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • dark-colored substrates, for example, are considered by some to be better for fish, as the fish display more colorfully by comparison, and are less likely to behave timidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, encrusting algae that lives on a rock (its substrate) can be itself a substrate for an animal that lives on top of the algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • Beverage bottles will always evolve - and so will the requirements for code content and quality on this challenging substrate. (videojet.com)
  • Terminal amine isotopic labeling of substrates (TAILS) is a method in quantitative proteomics that identifies the protein content of samples based on N-terminal fragments of each protein (N-terminal peptides) and detects differences in protein abundance among samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Substrate is used in all types of vivarium and holds an important role in the well being of the inhabitants. (wikipedia.org)
  • highlighting that the presence of substrate is important for fish kept in tanks. (wikipedia.org)
  • When growing aquatic plants, the Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) is also an important thing to consider when choosing a substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insulin receptor substrate (IRS) is an important ligand in the insulin response of human cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • A neural substrate is a term used in neuroscience to indicate a part of the nervous or brain system that underlies a specific behavior or psychological state. (wikipedia.org)
  • It doesn't indicate the amount of nutrients the substrate contains. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • The substrate may also be used as a drainage system for excess water. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, substrates can also have a variety of direct effects on water quality by releasing substances into the water, absorbing substances from the water, or reacting chemically with substances from other sources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because calcium carbonate, the primary component of these substrates, increases water hardness and pH, these are used most often for hard water species, such as those for African rift lake cichlids or for saltwater fish and invertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Types
  • Some types of substrate can be used to hold humidity, this is essential when keeping certain types of rainforest dwelling species that require high humidity levels during shedding and food digestion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, a lower layer of richer substrate such as potting soil, peat, vermiculite, or certain types of clay are used as a source of iron and trace elements for plant roots. (wikipedia.org)