• 2. The process as defined in claim 1 in which said substrate comprises a plateable plastic comprising a polymer containing a conductive filler in at least the surface stratum thereof. (google.com)
  • At least one conductive via extended through the substrate, which allows electrical communication between opposing sides of the substrate. (google.com)
  • Interconnection layers of dielectric materials and conductive traces are then fabricated on the microelectronic device, the encapsulation material, and the microelectronic substrate core (if present) to form the microelectronic substrate. (google.com)
  • a conductive trace on a surface of the third integrated circuit substrate, the conductive trace providing an electrical coupling between the first and second electrical and mechanical connections. (google.ca)
  • However, heretofore in the prior art, platinum metalizing has been restricted to low temperature, glass bonded, mechanically weak surface layers fired onto various substrates to obtain a conductive coating. (google.com)
  • More particularly, there is great need for a method of applying a platinum metalizing layer on an alumina-containing ceramic substrate in air to produce highly conductive metallic films. (google.com)
  • To elaborate, note that in mixed-signal circuits, both sensitive analog circuits and high-swing high-frequency noise injector digital circuits may be present on the same chip, leading to undesired signal coupling between these two types of circuit via the conductive substrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Corning will begin production of FLORA™ substrates in early 2015, and start shipping to Honda in time for model year 2016 platform builds. (corning.com)
  • Our innovative substrates will be fighting cold-start emissions on select 2016 Honda vehicles. (corning.com)
  • Yohei Hayashi and Miho Kusuda Furue, "Biological Effects of Culture Substrates on Human Pluripotent Stem Cells," Stem Cells International , vol. 2016, Article ID 5380560, 11 pages, 2016. (hindawi.com)
  • This review aims to examine both the current knowledge on neurogenic niche and how it is being used to develop biocompatible substrates for the in vitro and in vivo mimicking of extracellular NSCs conditions. (hindawi.com)
  • Recommend the use of 2 structurally unrelated CYP3A4/5 substrates for evaluation of in vitro CYP3A4/5 inhibition. (fda.gov)
  • The substrates that a given enzyme may react with in vitro, in a laboratory setting, may not necessarily reflect the physiological, endogenous substrates of the enzyme's reactions in vivo. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, while fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) can hydrolyze the endocannabinoids 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and anandamide at comparable rates in vitro, genetic or pharmacological disruption of FAAH elevates anandamide but not 2-AG, suggesting that 2-AG is not an endogenous, in vivo substrate for FAAH. (wikipedia.org)
  • In another example, the N-acyl taurines (NATs) are observed to increase dramatically in FAAH-disrupted animals, but are actually poor in vitro FAAH substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cellulose substrate Rock wool Requirements for animal cell and tissue culture are the same as described for plant cell, tissue and organ culture (In Vitro Culture Techniques: The Biotechnological Principles). (wikipedia.org)
  • Corning Incorporated (NYSE: GLW) announces the introduction of Corning® FLORA™ 600/3 substrates, a next-generation ceramic product designed to reduce vehicle emissions at engine start. (corning.com)
  • Our FLORA substrate represents an important step forward for emissions control technology, and we are pleased to work with Honda to bring this innovation to market," said Hal Nelson, vice president and general manager of Corning Environmental Technologies . (corning.com)
  • The substrates will be manufactured at Corning Environmental Technologies' facility in Erwin, N.Y. (corning.com)
  • Corning is a leading supplier of advanced cellular ceramic substrates and particulate filters for the world's major manufacturers of gasoline and diesel engines. (corning.com)
  • Corning continues to leverage its expertise in materials, processes, and manufacturing to develop advanced ceramic substrates and diesel particulate filters that help meet demanding mobile emissions requirements. (corning.com)
  • Corning ® FLORA ® substrates are the perfect match for the cold-start emissions challenge. (corning.com)
  • Through a unique material design that significantly reduces mass, Corning ® FLORA ® substrates can reach operating temperature more quickly than our standard Corning ® Celcor ® substrates. (corning.com)
  • View the product brochure of our Corning ® FLORA ® Substrates. (corning.com)
  • See just how quickly a Corning ® FLORA ® Substrate can heat up. (corning.com)
  • Corning Incorporated (NYSE: GLW) today announced the extension of its EAGLE XG® Slim glass substrates product line to support LCD panel manufacturing for portable display applications. (corning.com)
  • Create a more in vivo - like environment for stem cell culture with Corning Synthemax vitronectin substrate-an animal-free, synthetic, flexible vitronectin-based peptide substrate for serum or serum-free expansion of hPSCs and other adult stem cell types. (corning.com)
  • Corning Synthemax vitronectin self-coating substrate is a unique, animal-free, synthetic vitronectin-based peptide containing the RGD motif and flanking sequences. (corning.com)
  • The invention provides methods and kits to form water swellable gel coatings, preferably lubricious coatings, on substrates, and coated substrates thus formed. (google.com)
  • The invention relates to water swellable or lubricious, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory coatings for substrates such as medical devices, and methods of preparing same. (google.com)
  • In general the methods and apparatuses of the invention provide improved methods of bonding substrates together by applying a vacuum to the space between. (google.com)
  • The present invention relates to a substrate for attachment of biomolecules. (google.com)
  • DNA, nucleic acids, or any bimolecules can be attached to the coated substrates of the invention. (google.com)
  • The present invention includes a conforming template for patterning liquids disposed on substrates. (google.com)
  • Substrate inspection apparatus in accordance with the invention comprises optics for reflecting a laser beam off of a substrate and a detector for detecting the reflected laser beam. (google.es)
  • In accordance with a second embodiment of the invention, laser beams are reflected off both the top and bottom surfaces of the substrate and detected by detectors. (google.es)
  • The present invention includes curable compositions adapted to coat substrates. (google.com)
  • Other aspects of the present invention include methods for inhibiting the oxidation of a coating composition adapted to coat substrates. (google.com)
  • While a number of bonding techniques are routinely utilized in mating or laminating multiple substrates together, these methods all suffer from a number of deficiencies. (google.com)
  • The extracellular signal-regulated kinase: multiple substrates regulate diverse cellular functions. (nih.gov)
  • This paper focuses on the application of photocatalysis to hydrogen production from organic substrates. (hindawi.com)
  • For the TREASORES project Empa concentrates on solution-processable organic and inorganic layers coated by spin-coating, doctor-blading and slot-die coating on substrates developed and improved by the TREASORES consortium. (empa.ch)
  • The substrates provide the flexibility to lower non-methane organic compound emissions, reduce precious metal use, and improve fuel efficiency. (corning.com)
  • Consequently, this new process, which utilizes particularly metalizing compositions, is useful in printing electrodes in monolithic capacitors and for use with other organic bonded, unfired ceramic substrates. (google.com)
  • The fluorescence from ACP-tag substrates is derived from an organic fluorophore. (neb.com)
  • In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which is organic in nature and reacts with a reagent to generate a product. (wikipedia.org)
  • In synthetic and organic chemistry, the substrate is the chemical of interest that is being modified. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glacial till and glacial outwash form a substrate upon which grasslands and small shrubs are typically successful. (carleton.edu)
  • Rhyolite substrates typically form extremely harsh soil environments where lodgepole pine are usually successful. (carleton.edu)
  • For example, in microfluidic devices, the microfluidic elements of the device are typically produced by etching or otherwise fabricating features into the surface of a first substrate. (google.com)
  • The material is typically vapor grown on a substrate of gallium arsenide to produce a composite structure. (google.com)
  • The composite includes the gallium arsenide substrate, a region of varying composition and a region of constant composition typically 38 percent phosphorous. (google.com)
  • Therefore, fire regimes in this type of substrate environment are for the most part are low frequency, high intensity if the forest is dense as is pictured. (carleton.edu)
  • The type of substrate used depends on the natural habitat of the species kept, for instance a desert dwelling species should be kept on a slate tile substrate, whereas a rainforest dwelling species should be kept on soil or bark chips. (wikipedia.org)
  • Planted tanks require a substrate that will remain loose enough for plant roots to penetrate it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Note: Index substrates predictably exhibit exposure increase due to inhibition or induction of a given metabolic pathway and are commonly used in prospective clinical DDI studies. (fda.gov)
  • E}+P}}} Where E is enzyme, S is substrate, and P is product While the first (binding) and third (unbinding) steps are, in general, reversible, the middle step may be irreversible (as in the rennin and catalase reactions just mentioned) or reversible (e.g. many reactions in the glycolysis metabolic pathway). (wikipedia.org)
  • Substrate channeling is the passing of the intermediary metabolic product of one enzyme directly to another enzyme or active site without its release into solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substrate-level phosphorylation is a metabolic reaction that results in the formation of ATP or GTP by the direct transfer of a phosphoryl (PO3) group to ADP or GDP from another phosphorylated compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substrate reduction therapy offers an approach to treatment of certain metabolic disorders, especially glycogen storage diseases and lysosomal storage disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Failure of the metabolic pathway leads to accumulation of the substrate, with possible harmful effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Microlith reactor is constructed with a very thin metal substrate coated with a variety of materials including catalysts to speed reactions, and adsorbent materials for use in filters. (wikipedia.org)
  • TH catalysts however do not employ strong acids and both the H− and H+ components are covalently bonded to the complex prior to transfer to the unsaturated substrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this substrate requires a nonenzymatic second step to manifest fluorescence, we demonstrated that the enzymatic first step limits the rate of fluorogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • Unmasking of trimethyl lock substrate 1 with alkaline phosphatase requires two steps: an enzymatic step with phosphatase, and a chemical lactonization step. (nih.gov)
  • Comparison of substrate 1 to two other assays, p -nitrophenyl phosphate and malachite green determined that the enzymatic step is rate-determining. (nih.gov)
  • A third possibility is by a charged region on the surface of the enzyme acting as a pathway or "electrostatic highway" to guide a substrate that has the opposite charge from one active site to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • Catalysis of the hydrolysis of substrate 1 by alkaline phosphatase, as monitored by fluorescence spectroscopy. (nih.gov)
  • Catalysis of the hydrolysis of substrate 1 by alkaline phosphatase, as monitored by absorbance spectroscopy and a malachite green assay for inorganic phosphate. (nih.gov)
  • pNA substrates are hydrolyzed quite readily in aqueous buffers, hydrolysis is accelerated by increasing the pH. (bachem.com)
  • The company invented an economical, high-performance, cellular ceramic substrate in the early 1970s that is now the standard for catalytic converters worldwide. (corning.com)
  • Ge/Si and other nonsilicon film heterostructures are formed by hydrogen-induced exfoliation of the Ge film which is wafer bonded to a cheaper substrate, such as Si. (google.es)
  • Disposable plastics are cheaper substrate as they are commonly made up of polystyrene. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, it is not converted further, hence it functions as a partial substrate. (nih.gov)
  • Also provided are methods for applying the food grade colored fluids directed to the surface of an edible substrate, and edible substrates having the food grade colored fluids applied to a surface thereof. (google.com)
  • This paper will review some of the main extrinsic characteristics of the neurogenic niche and how current knowledge about it is being used to design biocompatible substrates that mimic the microenvironment of neural stem cells in order to regulate their biology, as well as the impact this may have on the future of tissue regeneration therapies. (hindawi.com)
  • The pseudosubstrate region, which is present in all three classes of PKC, is a small sequence of amino acids that mimic a substrate and bind the substrate-binding cavity in the catalytic domain,lack critical serine, threonine phosphoacceptor residues, keeping the enzyme inactive. (wikipedia.org)
  • In touchscreen manufacture, circuits are placed on a substrate to help control the pixels that appear on the screen, and the process to get said circuits imprinted is one that requires a large amount of temperature change. (extremetech.com)
  • and two, devising a formulation that will fuse at a temperature low enough to avoid overheating the substrate. (industryweek.com)
  • The novel material reaches operating temperature quicker than standard substrates, so catalytic converters can clean exhaust emissions earlier without increased fuel or additional precious metal. (corning.com)
  • Decreases in wall thickness offer the greatest benefit to light-off performance by lowering the thermal mass of the substrate, thus allowing it to reach light-off temperature faster. (sae.org)
  • In that sense, biocompatible substrates are an alternative for the incorporation of different physical and chemical properties that can modulate the biology of stem cells and improve their manipulation [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A chemical mechanical polishing slurry comprising a film forming agent, urea hydrogen peroxide, a complexing agent, an abrasive, and an optional surfactant, as well as a method for using the chemical mechanical polishing slurry to remove copper alloy, titanium, and titanium nitride containing layers from a substrate. (google.ca)
  • Chemical reaction Substrate Reagent Catalyst Enzyme Product Limiting reagent Reaction progress kinetic analysis Solvent IUPAC, Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book") (1997). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the substrate analog may also be missing chemical components that allow the enzyme to go through with its reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Example of a substrate analog that is also a suicide substrate/Trojan horse substrate: Penicillin: substrate analog and suicide substrate/Trojan horse substrate of peptidoglycan Enzyme Enzyme inhibitor Suicide inhibitor Structural analog, compounds with similar chemical structure Hanna, Raven L. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical reporter must not alter the structure of the substrate dramatically to avoid affecting its bioactivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] MDA is a substrate of the serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, and vesicular monoamine transporters, as well as a TAAR1 agonist, and for these reasons acts as a reuptake inhibitor and releasing agent of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine (that is, it is an SNDRA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The substrate enables the catalytic activity of alkaline phosphatase to be measured with high sensitivity and accuracy. (nih.gov)
  • The suppression of degradation by USP14's catalytic activity reflects its capacity to act on a millisecond time scale, before the proteasome can initiate degradation of the substrate. (nih.gov)
  • This article updates a previous review of the role of substrate recognition by MMP exosites in both preparing complex substrates, such as collagen, for cleavage and for tethering noncollagenous substrates to MMPs for more efficient proteolysis. (springer.com)
  • L-arginine analogs as alternate substrates for nitric oxide synthase. (nih.gov)
  • An example is phosphoramidate to the Tetrahymena group I ribozyme As a competitive inhibitor, substrate analogs occupy the same binding site as its analog, and decrease the intended substrate's efficiency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further longitudinal research is needed to elucidate these neurobiological substrates. (nih.gov)
  • These results indicate that the overlap in substrate specificities of CYP3A and P-gp appears to be fortuitous rather than indicative of a more fundamental relationship. (nih.gov)