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  • drugs
  • Performance-enhancing substances , also known as performance-enhancing drugs ( PED ), are substances that are used to improve any form of activity performance in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of performance-enhancing drugs spans the categories of legitimate use and substance abuse . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ergogenic aids , or athletic performance-enhancing substances , include a number of drugs with various effects on physical performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The America​n Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has developed the Substance Use Screening and Intervention Implementation Guide​ to help pediatricians incorporate screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drugs among adolescent patients. (aap.org)
  • Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are divided into five schedules. (usdoj.gov)
  • In the late 1990's, substance abuse, including alcohol, tobacco and drugs, was the number one health problem in the country. (rwjf.org)
  • Some health professionals choose to avoid the terms alcohol or drug "abuse" in favor of language they consider more objective, such as "substance and alcohol type problems" or "harmful/problematic use" of drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical dependence, abuse of, and withdrawal from drugs and other miscellaneous substances is outlined in the DSM a: When an individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is now described accordingly: "When an individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed. (wikipedia.org)
  • A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession, or use is regulated by a government, such as illicitly used drugs or prescription medications that are designated a Controlled Drug in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the Drug Enforcement Administration is responsible for suppressing illegal drug use and distribution by enforcing the Controlled Substances Act, which regulates both the drugs themselves and certain precursors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some precursor chemicals used for the production of illegal drugs are also controlled substances in many countries, even though they may lack the pharmacological effects of the drugs themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • defines
  • Categories 2a35) are generated from (or perish into) a material substratum by having gained (or lost) the essential property that formally defines substances of that kind (in the secondary sense). (wikipedia.org)
  • ousia
  • Aristotle used the term "substance" (Greek: οὐσία ousia) in a secondary sense for genera and species understood as hylomorphic forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • monist
  • Frequently the monist has identified substance with God, an absolute existing within itself and creating all other forms (Spinoza). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Substance is a key concept in ontology and metaphysics, which may be classified into monist, dualist, or pluralist varieties according to how many substances or individuals are said to populate, furnish, or exist in the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • In 2015 and 2016, after numerous re-locations, Substance acquired permanent facilities in Spring Lake Park and downtown Minneapolis. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurotransmitter
  • Substance P is a sensory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord , where its release can be inhibited by opioid peptides released from spinal cord interneuron s, resulting in the suppression of pain . (everything2.com)
  • Economic Substance
  • Economic substance is a doctrine in the tax law of the United States under which a transaction must have both a substantial purpose aside from reduction of tax liability and an economic effect aside from the tax effect in order to be considered valid. (wikipedia.org)
  • References to the Economic Substance Doctrine were enacted as subsection (o) of section 7701 of the Internal Revenue Code by section 1409 of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Step transaction doctrine Substance over form Gregory v. Helvering The Economic Substance Doctrine in the Current Tax Shelter Environment: Remarks by Donald L. Korb, Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service See subsection (o) of 26 U.S.C. § 7701. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an entity practices the 'substance over form' concept, then the financial statements will show the overall financial reality of the entity (economic substance), rather than the legal form of transactions (form). (wikipedia.org)
  • Gregory v. Helvering, a United States court case that applied the principle to taxation Long-Term Capital Holdings v. United States, a case finding that a large business form lacked economic substance and did not fit the principle for tax purposes Basic college accounting.com (Jun 20, 2006). (wikipedia.org)
  • fundamental
  • According to the generic sense, therefore, the substances in a given philosophical system are those things which, according to that system, are the foundational or fundamental entities of reality. (stanford.edu)
  • According to this usage, it is a live issue whether the fundamental entities are substances or something else, such as events, or properties located at space-times. (stanford.edu)
  • disorder
  • Marketplace plans can't deny you coverage or charge you more just because you have any pre-existing condition, including mental health and substance use disorder conditions. (healthcare.gov)
  • Marketplace plans can't put yearly or lifetime dollar limits on coverage of any essential health benefit , including mental health and substance use disorder services. (healthcare.gov)
  • Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substance intoxication is a type of substance use disorder which is potentially maladaptive and impairing, but reversible, and associated with recent use of a substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristotle
  • Aristotle defined substance as that which possesses attributes but is itself the attribute of nothing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Others have defined substance as material (Hobbes) or mental (Lotze), as static (Parmenides) or dynamic (Heraclitus), as knowable (Aristotle) or unknowable (Hume). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Aristotle thinks that in addition to primary substances (which are particulars), there are secondary substances (δεύτεραι οὐσίαι), which are universals (Categories 2a11-a18). (wikipedia.org)
  • Illegal
  • Illegal substances' is nearer to one of the philosophical uses, but not the main one. (stanford.edu)
  • For instance, GHB, a naturally occurring substance in the central nervous system is considered a drug, and is illegal in many countries, while nicotine is not officially considered a drug in most countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • behaviors
  • Pediatric care providers play a critical, ongoing role in the lives of their adolescent patients and have a unique opportunity to educate them about the dangers of substance use and to influence their behaviors. (aap.org)
  • Adults who engage in substance abuse may end up losing close relationships with those they care for, losing jobs and careers they have worked hard for, and they may even risk incarceration because of their addictions and behaviors. (datehookup.com)
  • chemical
  • Quick reference guide providing information such as chemical and physical properties, sources of exposure, routes of exposure, minimal risk levels, children's health, and health effects for a substance. (cdc.gov)
  • Steam and liquid water are two different forms of the same chemical substance, water. (wikipedia.org)
  • A chemical substance , also known as a pure substance , is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical substances can be chemical elements , chemical compounds , ions or alloys . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical substances exist as solids , liquids , gases , or plasma , and may change between these phases of matter with changes in temperature or pressure . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical substances may be combined or converted to others by means of chemical reactions . (wikipedia.org)
  • A chemical substance may well be defined as "any material with a definite chemical composition" in an introductory general chemistry textbook. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical substance index published by CAS also includes several alloys of uncertain composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of a "chemical substance" became firmly established in the late eighteenth century after work by the chemist Joseph Proust on the composition of some pure chemical compounds such as basic copper carbonate . (wikipedia.org)
  • This list describes the basic or parent chemical and does not describe the salts, isomers and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and derivatives which may also be controlled substances. (usdoj.gov)
  • These lists describe the basic or parent chemical and do not describe the salts, isomers, salts of isomers, esters, ethers, and derivatives which may be controlled substances. (usdoj.gov)
  • If outside parties want to ensure that a compound is not considered a scheduled substance or listed chemical, they should write the DEA, Drug and Chemical Evaluation Section (DRE), Diversion Control Division, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, for an official determination. (usdoj.gov)
  • Chemical and hormonal imbalances may arise if the substance is not introduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it may also refer to a substance or compound formed under human control by any chemical reaction, either by chemical synthesis or by biosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • peptide
  • Substance P is an 11-amino acid peptide present in high concentrations in the human hippocampus and neocortex. (everything2.com)
  • Substance P (SP) is an 11 amino acid bioactive peptide that causes diverse biological effects in the central nervous system (CNS), as well as in the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, immune and autonomic nervous systems. (els.net)
  • Substance P is an 11 amino acid bioactive peptide that induces diverse biological responses. (els.net)
  • Substance P (SP) is an undecapeptide (a peptide composed of a chain of 11 amino acid residues) member of the tachykinin neuropeptide family. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The three known mammalian tachykinins (substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and neurokinin B (NKB)) are derived from the preprotachykinin A (PPT‐A) and B (PPT‐B) genes. (els.net)
  • In 1983, NKA (previously known as substance K or neuromedin L) was isolated from porcine spinal cord and was also found to stimulate intestinal contraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substance (also known as Substance 1987) is a compilation album by English alternative dance band New Order. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Infants also suffer from substance withdrawal, known as Neonnatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) which has severe and life-threatening effects on growing fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • Primarily, however, he used it with regard to his category of substance, the specimen ("this person" or "this horse") or individual, qua individual, who survives accidental change and in whom the essential properties inhere that define those universals. (wikipedia.org)
  • A substance-that which is called a substance most strictly, primarily, and most of all-is that which is neither said of a subject nor in a subject, e.g. the individual man or the individual horse. (wikipedia.org)
  • drug
  • Meanwhile, several states have expanded their civil child-welfare requirements to include prenatal substance use, so that prenatal drug exposure can provide grounds for terminating parental rights because of child abuse or neglect. (guttmacher.org)
  • Ω Missouri child abuse law considers a parent to be unfit if the woman tests positive for substances within 8 hours after delivery and she has previously been convicted of child abuse or neglect or if she failed to complete a drug treatment program recommended by Child Protective Services. (guttmacher.org)
  • Similarly, adopting the view that any (recreational) use of cannabis or substituted amphetamines constitutes drug abuse implies a decision made that the substance is harmful, even in minute quantities. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • substance, in philosophy, term used to denote the changeless substratum presumed in some philosophies to be present in all being. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But the concept of substance is essentially a philosophical term of art. (stanford.edu)
  • each [individual term] signifies either substance or quantity or qualification or a relative or where or when or being in a position or having or doing or being affected. (stanford.edu)
  • If the symptoms are severe, the term "substance intoxication delirium" may be used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Water substance is a term used for hydrogen oxide (H2O) when one does not wish to specify whether one is speaking of liquid water, steam, some form of ice, or a component in a mixture or mineral. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a lease may, in substance, be considered as a finance lease if for instance the lease term is substantially for entire useful life of the asset or the lease agreement entitles the lessee to purchase the asset at the end of the lease term at a very nominal price and it is very likely that such option will be exercised by the lessee in the given circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely distributed
  • Substance P and the NK1 receptor are widely distributed in the brain and are found in brain regions that are specific to regulating emotion (hypothalamus, amygdala, and the periaqueductal gray). (wikipedia.org)
  • Broader
  • Public health practitioners have attempted to look at substance use from a broader perspective than the individual, emphasizing the role of society, culture, and availability. (wikipedia.org)
  • List
  • Prioritization of substances based on a combination of their frequency, toxicity, and potential for human exposure at National Priorities List (NPL) sites. (cdc.gov)
  • The current list of controlled substances can be found in section 1308 of the most recent issue of Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1300 to end (21 CFR §1308) and the final rules which were published in the Federal Register subsequent to the issuance of the CFR. (usdoj.gov)
  • In 2003, Substance was ranked number 363 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Theory
  • SubStance: A Review of Theory and Literary Criticism is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal that was established in 1971 and is published by the University of Wisconsin Press. (wikipedia.org)
  • He describes his theory of mental substance (which he calls res cogitans distinguishing it from the res extensa) in the Second Meditation (II.8) and in Principia Philosophiae (2.002). (wikipedia.org)
  • entity
  • According to this, substances are a particular kind of basic entity, and some philosophical theories acknowledge them and others do not. (stanford.edu)
  • noxious
  • Substance P is a key first responder to most noxious/extreme stimuli (stressors), i.e., those with a potential to compromise biological integrity. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuropeptide
  • Substance P, a powerful hypotensive agent, was the first neuropeptide ever discovered. (everything2.com)
  • Differential RNA splicing of the PPT‐A gene generates substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), neurokinin A (3-10), neuropeptide K and neuropeptide γ. (els.net)
  • Substance P ("P" standing for "Preparation" or "Powder") is a neuropeptide - but only nominally so, as it is ubiquitous. (wikipedia.org)
  • essence
  • On the other hand, in accidental change, because the essential property remains unchanged, by identifying the substance with its formal essence, substance may thereby serve as the relative subject matter or property-bearer of change in a qualified sense (i.e., barring matters of life or death). (wikipedia.org)
  • normally
  • halide ions are not corrosive, except for fluoride Organic halides and organic acid halides such as acetyl chloride and benzyl chloroformate Acid anhydrides Alkylating agents such as dimethyl sulfate Some organic materials such as phenol ("carbolic acid") Use of personal protective equipment, including items such as protective gloves, protective aprons, acid suits, safety goggles, a face shield, or safety shoes, is normally recommended when handling corrosive substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is opposed to the materialists, who hold that what we normally think of as mental substance is ultimately physical matter (i.e., brains). (wikipedia.org)
  • amino
  • The deduced amino acid sequence of substance P is as follows: Arg Pro Lys Pro Gln Gln Phe Phe Gly Leu Met (RPKPQQFFGLM) with an amidation at the C-terminus. (wikipedia.org)