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  • excitatory
  • The selective action of a GABAB agonist on neurokinin-elicited behaviors shown in this study is in clear contrast to the selective action of a GABA agonist against excitatory amino acid spinal activity noted in the following paper. (muscimol.xyz)
  • glutamate
  • While maximal rates of transamination with L-glutamate were observed in the presence of micromolar concentrations of keto acid, maximal rates of transamination with L-glutamine were recorded only in the presence of millimolar concentrations of keto acid. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Since B-cell mitochondria are well supplied with L-glutamate and L-glutamine, 2-ketoglutarate generation in the presence of these two neutral 2-keto acids may be an important prerequisite for their insulin secretory potency. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In connection with the ability of L-leucine to activate glutamate dehydrogenase, this high activity of the branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase in pancreatic B-cell mitochondria may provide an explanation for the insulin secretory potency of this amino acid. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Leucine and glutamate were the highest essential and non essential amino acids respectively. (omicsonline.org)
  • intracellular
  • In cultured human fibroblasts incubated under hypertonic conditions, the specific silencing of SNAT2 expression, obtained with anti-SNAT2 siRNAs, prevents the increase in system A transport activity, hinders the expansion of intracellular amino acid pool, and significantly delays cell volume recovery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This finding is a necessary part of the explanation of the complex problem of the maintenance of elevated, intracellular levels of these substances. (arvojournals.org)
  • lipids
  • Camacho-Paez B, Robles MA, Camacho RF, Esteban-Cerdán L, Molina GE (2003b) Kinetics of lipase-catalysed interesterification of triolein and caprylic acid to produce structured lipids. (springer.com)
  • enzymes
  • Cysteine's side chain has a -SH group which is an important component of the active site of many enzymes, which other amino acid has a side chain that is an important component of the active site of many enzymes? (scribd.com)
  • As these enzymes add methyl groups to the indole-oxygen and amino-nitrogen positions, serotonin is converted into 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine, a relatively unknown but extremely potent hallucinogen. (anthropogen.com)
  • coefficients
  • Average acid contents of thinned and non-thinned tree were 1.78 and 2.19%, and the variation coefficients were 9.6 and 13.7%, respectively. (go.jp)
  • Correlation coefficients between acid content and fruit weight were r =-0.19 and -0.33 in the thinned trees, and r =-0.71 and -0.72 in the non-thinned trees. (go.jp)
  • The two neutral amino acids examined had rate coefficients for efflux which were similar, and approximately equal to rate coefficients for the nonsaturable component of entry of this category of substrates. (arvojournals.org)
  • ceramide
  • α-galactosidase A catalyzes the hydrolysis of globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) and other α-galactyl-terminated neutral glycosphingolipids, such as galabiosylceramide and blood group B substances to ceramide dihexoside and galactose . (rxlist.com)
  • liquids
  • On the basis of the obtained results, it is possible to develop technologically accessible electrodialysis of amino acids as well as other biologically active substance desalting from cultured liquids. (lenntech.com)
  • sequence
  • Fabrazyme® (agalsidase beta) is a recombinant human α-galactosidase A enzyme with the same amino acid sequence as the native enzyme. (rxlist.com)
  • Another cautionary illustration of amino acids' power is the gamut of diseases (most notably, sickle cell anemia) that impair or claim the lives of those whose amino acids are out of sequence or malfunctioning. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sodium
  • Sodium ascorbate is buffered (nonacidic) and will not contribute to gastric irritation in acid-sensitive persons. (newrootsherbal.com)
  • organisms
  • Once used in dating objects from the distant past, amino acids have existed on Earth for at least three billion years - long before the appearance of the first true organisms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • thus
  • Thus, association of astrocytes with the brain endothelial cells provides a modular organization that allows precise control over the substances that enter or leave the brain. (hindawi.com)
  • weak
  • A buffer can be created by mixing a weak acid (HA) with its conjugate base (A). If an acid such as HCl is added to such a solution, A- can neutralize it, in the process being converted to HA. (scribd.com)
  • activity
  • Amino acids increase the activity of the microenvironmental sensor mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORC1) to promote cellular growth and anabolic processes. (readbyqxmd.com)