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  • behavioral
  • Web-based cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce substance use can be a useful low-cost treatment for a large number of people, and an attractive option in countries where a greater availability. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Humans
  • Although numerous studies have documented that nicotine can function as an effective reinforcer of intravenous self-administration behavior in animals, it has not been clearly shown to maintain intravenous self-administration behavior above vehicle placebo levels in humans. (springer.com)
  • nicotine
  • To compare the reinforcing effectiveness of nicotine versus saline placebo in human research volunteers responding under fixed-ratio (FR) schedules of intravenous drug self-administration while systematically increasing response requirements. (springer.com)
  • During 3-h sessions, intravenous injections of nicotine and saline were available concurrently and were contingent on responding (pulling a lever). (springer.com)
  • For instance, GHB , a naturally occurring substance in the central nervous system is considered a drug, and is illegal in many countries, while nicotine is not officially considered a drug in most countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • However, treatment of IPV perpetrators is far from effective, which may be partly due to the fact that the role of substance ab. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Motivational Interviewing Training of Substance Use Treatment Professionals: A Systematic Review. (bioportfolio.com)
  • As such, we present a treatment approach with intravenous lidocaine infusions. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Oklahoma uniform application : Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant. (ok.gov)
  • The Public Health Service Act [42 USC 300x-21 through 300x-authorizes the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant and specifies requirements attached to the use of these funds. (ok.gov)
  • The Public Health Service Act designates the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment and the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention as the entities responsible for administering the SAPT Block Grant program. (ok.gov)
  • Pueraria has been utilized by traditional Chinese medicine as a treatment for alcohol abuse. (vitabase.com)
  • Patients
  • Both patients were healthy young men with recent intravenous drug abuse. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms secondary to intravenous drug abuse represent a limb-threatening problem to patients and a technical challenge to the vascular surgeon. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In contrast to intravenous methotrexate for cancer patients, leukoencephalopathy induced by orally taken methotrexate may be associated with cognitive dysfunction and even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ten of these patients abused methylphenidate alone while four co-ingested other drugs, mainly alcohol. (smw.ch)
  • To compare functional outcomes of acute inpatient rehabilitation for spinal epidural abscess (SEA) patients with and without history of intravenous substance abuse (IVSA). (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Young adults are most affected by alcohol-related facial Injuries, One study indicated that 61% of facial injuries were sustained by patients between the ages of 15 and 25 years, 20 Another study showed that 55% of adolescents presenting with facial injuries also presented with increased levels of substance abuse. (scielo.org.za)
  • Patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) may be at risk for substance abuse. (mdedge.com)
  • drugs
  • Track marks don't necessarily go away once you've stopped abusing drugs. (nef2.com)
  • Toxic leukoencephalopathy or toxic spongiform leukoencephalopathy is a rare condition that is characterized by progressive damage (-pathy) to white matter (-leuko-) in the brain (-encephalo-), particularly myelin, due to causes such as exposure to drugs of abuse, environmental toxins, or chemotherapeutic drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some health professionals choose to avoid the terms alcohol or drug "abuse" in favor of language they consider more objective, such as "substance and alcohol type problems" or "harmful/problematic use" of drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual's
  • A.) Medically Dependent, with respect to an individual, has been certified by a physician attesting routine use of appropriate medical services including home intravenous drug therapy to prevent the individual's deterioration of physical health or cognitive function due to infection from the etiologic agent of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has clearly demonstrated deleterious effects of substance use on an individual's mental health (e.g. dementia , depression, overall cognitive decline). (omicsonline.org)
  • physiological
  • Childhood abuse is a risk factor for the development of cognitive deficits in adulthood, a relation that is likely mediated by stress-sensitive psychological and physiological indicators. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Alcohol Abuse
  • The interrelationship of alcohol abuse and trauma and its associated burden on the healthcare system cannot be overemphasized, especially when considering that 70 000 trauma-related deaths occur in South Africa annually, with a further 3.5 million people seeking healthcare following trauma. (scielo.org.za)
  • recreational
  • MPH is abused for recreational purposes with the aim of inducing feelings of euphoria: However, the use of MPH as so-called cognitive enhancer to boost performance has become a focus of concern . (smw.ch)
  • Similarly, adopting the view that any (recreational) use of cannabis or substituted amphetamines constitutes drug abuse implies a decision made that the substance is harmful, even in minute quantities. (wikipedia.org)
  • secondary
  • Here information is reported about a patient with metachronous bilateral giant brachial artery pseudoaneurysms secondary to intravenous drug use that were successfully treated with excision of the aneurysm and ligation of the brachial artery. (biomedsearch.com)
  • drug users
  • The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies describing HIV incidence in US correctional facility residents and, for comparison, in high risk groups for HIV infection, such as non-incarcerated intravenous drug users (IVDU) and men who have sex with men (MSM) in the US. (beds.ac.uk)
  • toxins
  • Especially in the case of leukoencephalopathy developing due to substance abuse or environmental toxins, symptoms typically do not develop until several days to months after exposure to the pharmacological agent. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, toxic leukoencephalopathy induced by drug abuse or environmental toxins have had more damaging side effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • High doses of intravenous methotrexate, a necessary component of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, is known to cause asymptomatic leukoencephalopathy in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little is known about the medical problems associated with MPH abuse and the characteristics of acute MPH toxicity. (smw.ch)
  • Mental Health
  • Contact Person for the Grantee of the Block Grant: Name: Terri White, MSW, Commissioner and Secretary of Health Agency Name: Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Mailing Address: P. O. Box 53277 City: Oklahoma City, OK Code: 73152-3277 Telephone: (405) 522-3877 FAX: (405) 522-0637 Email Address: tlwhite@odmhsas.org III. (ok.gov)
  • Further research conducted by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) indicated in 2012 there were "133,000 new meth users," with the average age of new users being 19.7 years old (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [ 9 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • study
  • In another study, about 6% of the MPH abuse cases were reported to have major toxicity and no fatalities were reported . (smw.ch)
  • cognitive
  • Interleukin-6 and Depressive Mood Symptoms: Mediators of the Association Between Childhood Abuse and Cognitive Performance in Middle-Aged Adults. (bioportfolio.com)
  • cause
  • 13 Mathog and colleagues also identified assault as a major cause of mandibular fractures and pointed out that there is, frequently, a related substance abuse problem. (scielo.org.za)
  • recent
  • An increase in MPH abuse has been observed in the United States in recent years [1, (smw.ch)
  • suggest
  • Data from poison centres suggest only mild or moderate toxicity in most cases of MPH abuse [2, 4, (smw.ch)
  • The results from these multinational studies suggest that substance abuse is a major contributing factor in trauma injuries and can thus be considered a global health issue. (scielo.org.za)
  • victimization
  • The first research question asked whether physical abuse victimization at the hands of parents/guardians, bullying victimization at the hands. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Medical
  • We developed and implemented the Substance Abuse Research Education and Training (SARET) program for medical, dental, nursing, and social work students to address the dearth of health professionals pu. (bioportfolio.com)