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  • drugs
  • Performance-enhancing substances , also known as performance-enhancing drugs ( PED ), are substances that are used to improve any form of activity performance in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of performance-enhancing drugs spans the categories of legitimate use and substance abuse . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ergogenic aids , or athletic performance-enhancing substances , include a number of drugs with various effects on physical performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The America​n Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has developed the Substance Use Screening and Intervention Implementation Guide​ to help pediatricians incorporate screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other drugs among adolescent patients. (aap.org)
  • Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are divided into five schedules. (usdoj.gov)
  • In the late 1990's, substance abuse, including alcohol, tobacco and drugs, was the number one health problem in the country. (rwjf.org)
  • A substance-induced psychotic disorder, by definition, is directly caused by the effects of drugs including alcohol, medications, and toxins. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In trying to understand how it might happen that dropouts are more likely to be substance users, the possibility should be considered that substance use has caused some people to drop out of school, as well as the possibility that some schools suspend or expel students for smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, or using other drugs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In addition, when students drop out before graduating from high school, they often begin spending more time with older youths and adults, some of whom serve as role models for substance use and who may give the dropouts cigarettes or offer them opportunities to try alcohol or other drugs for the first time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Marijuana
  • Some research shows that marijuana use during pregnancy is linked to health concerns, including high use of other substances that may impact pregnancy and infant health such as tobacco, and developmental problems in adolescents. (cdc.gov)
  • dependence
  • Substances are placed in their respective schedules based on whether they have a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, their relative abuse potential, and likelihood of causing dependence when abused. (usdoj.gov)
  • Evaluation of previous substance dependence genome-wide significant findings in a Spanish sample. (nih.gov)
  • behaviors
  • Pediatric care providers play a critical, ongoing role in the lives of their adolescent patients and have a unique opportunity to educate them about the dangers of substance use and to influence their behaviors. (aap.org)
  • Adults who engage in substance abuse may end up losing close relationships with those they care for, losing jobs and careers they have worked hard for, and they may even risk incarceration because of their addictions and behaviors. (datehookup.com)
  • primary
  • Self-instructional publication designed to increase primary care provider's knowledge of a hazardous substance in the environment and to aid in the evaluation of potentially exposed patients. (cdc.gov)
  • Levy S, Bagley S. Substance use: initial approach in primary care. (aap.org)
  • Thus Fido the dog is a primary substance-an individual-but dog or doghood is the secondary substance or substantial kind . (stanford.edu)
  • biological
  • Substance P (SP) is an 11 amino acid bioactive peptide that causes diverse biological effects in the central nervous system (CNS), as well as in the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, immune and autonomic nervous systems. (els.net)
  • Substance P is an 11 amino acid bioactive peptide that induces diverse biological responses. (els.net)
  • symptoms
  • Toxins that may induce psychotic symptoms include anticholinesterase, organophosphate insecticides, nerve gases, carbon monoxide , carbon dioxide , and volatile substances (such as fuel or paint). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The speed of onset of psychotic symptoms varies depending on the type of substance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The type of psychotic symptoms also tends to vary according to the type of substance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • pregnancy
  • Learn about substance use during pregnancy and CDC activities to address this important health topic. (cdc.gov)
  • Since the late 1980s, policymakers have debated the question of how society should deal with the problem of women's substance use during pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
  • The Supreme Courts in Alabama and South Carolina have upheld convictions ruling that a woman's substance use in pregnancy constitutes criminal child abuse. (guttmacher.org)
  • 23 states and the District of Columbia consider substance use during pregnancy to be child abuse under civil child-welfare statutes, and 3 consider it grounds for civil commitment. (guttmacher.org)
  • temperature
  • Chemical substances exist as solids , liquids , gases , or plasma , and may change between these phases of matter with changes in temperature or pressure . (wikipedia.org)
  • philosophers
  • The quest of philosophers for the ultimate identity of reality led some to define substance as one (see monism ). (encyclopedia.com)
  • There is an ordinary concept in play when philosophers discuss 'substance', and this, as we shall see, is the concept of object , or thing when this is contrasted with properties or events. (stanford.edu)
  • educate
  • These programs have been designed to discourage the use of illicit substances and to educate students on the merits of legal and responsible alcohol consumption. (umsl.edu)
  • compound
  • If outside parties want to ensure that a compound is not considered a scheduled substance or listed chemical, they should write the DEA, Drug and Chemical Evaluation Section (DRE), Diversion Control Division, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, for an official determination. (usdoj.gov)
  • known
  • A chemical substance , also known as a pure substance , is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three known mammalian tachykinins (substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and neurokinin B (NKB)) are derived from the preprotachykinin A (PPT‐A) and B (PPT‐B) genes. (els.net)
  • In contrast, not nearly as much is known about the substance use of those who become high school dropouts. (encyclopedia.com)
  • uniform
  • Many minerals, however, mutually dissolve into solid solutions , such that a single rock is a uniform substance despite being a mixture in stoichiometric terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Ω Missouri child abuse law considers a parent to be unfit if the woman tests positive for substances within 8 hours after delivery and she has previously been convicted of child abuse or neglect or if she failed to complete a drug treatment program recommended by Child Protective Services. (guttmacher.org)
  • Substance abuse treatment resources and information for parents. (datehookup.com)
  • The Division of Care and Treatment Services is responsible for allocating state and federal funding for substance abuse services, in addition to high-level planning, management, and oversight of these services in the state. (wisconsin.gov)
  • effects
  • As in other types of categorization , certain prototype performance enhancers are universally classified as such (like anabolic steroids), whereas other substances (like vitamins and protein supplements) are virtually never classified as performance enhancers despite their effects on performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antifreeze , Any substance that lowers the freezing point of water , protecting a system from the ill effects of ice formation . (britannica.com)
  • A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use the substance, or recover from its effects. (wisconsin.gov)
  • Continued use of the substance despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of its use. (wisconsin.gov)
  • chemical
  • Steam and liquid water are two different forms of the same chemical substance, water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical substances can be chemical elements , chemical compounds , ions or alloys . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical substances may be combined or converted to others by means of chemical reactions . (wikipedia.org)
  • A chemical substance may well be defined as "any material with a definite chemical composition" in an introductory general chemistry textbook. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical substance index published by CAS also includes several alloys of uncertain composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of a "chemical substance" became firmly established in the late eighteenth century after work by the chemist Joseph Proust on the composition of some pure chemical compounds such as basic copper carbonate . (wikipedia.org)
  • A chemical substance is a form of matter having constant chemical composition and characteristic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • A chemical substance cannot be separated into its constituent elements by physical separation methods, i.e., without breaking chemical bonds . (wikipedia.org)
  • This list describes the basic or parent chemical and does not describe the salts, isomers and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and derivatives which may also be controlled substances. (usdoj.gov)
  • These lists describe the basic or parent chemical and do not describe the salts, isomers, salts of isomers, esters, ethers, and derivatives which may be controlled substances. (usdoj.gov)
  • high
  • Substances in this schedule have no currently accepted medical use in the United States, a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, and a high potential for abuse. (usdoj.gov)
  • likely
  • Use of the substance is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by the substance. (wisconsin.gov)
  • mental
  • SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities. (samhsa.gov)
  • Others have defined substance as material (Hobbes) or mental (Lotze), as static (Parmenides) or dynamic (Heraclitus), as knowable (Aristotle) or unknowable (Hume). (encyclopedia.com)
  • taken
  • Summary about a hazardous substance taken from Chapter One of its respective ATSDR Toxicological Profile. (cdc.gov)
  • The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended. (wisconsin.gov)
  • term
  • substance, in philosophy, term used to denote the changeless substratum presumed in some philosophies to be present in all being. (encyclopedia.com)
  • each [individual term] signifies either substance or quantity or qualification or a relative or where or when or being in a position or having or doing or being affected. (stanford.edu)
  • problems
  • Those suffering from substance-dependency problems are encouraged to seek assistance from Counseling Services. (umsl.edu)