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  • dual-energy X-ray a
  • At 10 years, we assessed BMI, fat mass index (FMI) based on total body fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal subcutaneous, visceral and pericardial fat mass indices, and liver fat fraction by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. (eur.nl)
  • Additionally, the relationship between the gain in dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)-measured limb fat and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content, mitochondrial function, fat apoptosis, and oxidative damage will also be examined in this study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • metabolic
  • They may serve different endocrine functions and explain why omental fat is linked with the metabolic syndrome and PCOS. (fertstertdialog.com)
  • Once penetrated, the energy induces 20,000 supramaximal muscle contractions that are accompanied by a rapid metabolic reaction in fat cells to not only strengthen and build muscle, but also reduce fat. (sfcosmeticsurgery.com)
  • Conversely, premenopausal women carrying the risk allele and consuming lower carbohydrate/higher fat diets showed a more favorable metabolic pattern (higher HDL-C and adiponectin levels, and lower VAT/SAT ratio, HOMA-IR, GGT and ALP levels). (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, other subcutaneous fat tissues also might contribute to metabolic disease, if the fat cells become too enlarged and "sick. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdomen
  • SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA - August 22, 2018 - Usha Rajagopal, MD, Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon, introduces a groundbreaking new approach to sculpting the abdomen with Emsculpt -the first and only non-invasive body shaping procedure that simultaneously addresses both Muscle and Fat. (sfcosmeticsurgery.com)
  • The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "abdominals" or "abs", is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals. (wikipedia.org)
  • to achieve that, a deficit in energy expenditure and caloric intake must be created-abdominal exercises alone are not enough to reduce abdominal fat and the girth of the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The external oblique muscle (of the abdomen) (also external abdominal oblique muscle) is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen. (wikipedia.org)
  • accumulation
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rectus
  • The rectus abdominis muscle is contained in the rectus sheath, which consists of the aponeuroses of the lateral abdominal muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tensing of the rectus abdominis causes the muscle to expand between each tendinous intersection, resulting in the characteristic six or eight pack observed in individuals with low body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The muscles are innervated by thoraco-abdominal nerves, these are continuations of the T7-T11 intercostal nerves and pierce the anterior layer of the rectus sheath. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anterior abdominal wall is made up of four muscles-the rectus abdominis muscle, the internal and external obliques, and the transversus abdominis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following tables rank abdominal exercises from highest to lowest in terms of activity as determined by the EMG measures: 1Compared to traditional crunch (100%) The bicycle targets the rectus abdominals and the obliques. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulation
  • In the integumentary system, which includes the skin, it accumulates in the deepest level, the subcutaneous layer, providing insulation from heat and cold. (wikipedia.org)
  • ratio
  • Subjects/Methods: Among 593 children from a population-based prospective cohort study, we obtained total subcutaneous fat mass (as sum of biceps, triceps, suprailiacal, and subscapular skinfolds thickness), central-to-total subcutaneous fat ratio (sum of suprailiacal and subscapular skinfold thickness/total subcutaneous fat) at 1.5, 6 and 24 months of age. (eur.nl)
  • Results: A higher central-to-total subcutaneous fat ratio at 1.5 months only and higher total subcutaneous fat at 6 and 24 months were associated with higher BMI, FMI and subcutaneous fat mass index at 10 years. (eur.nl)
  • This is the first study reporting a gender-specific interaction between ABCA1 /R230C variant and dietary carbohydrate and fat percentages affecting VAT/SAT ratio, GGT, ALP, adiponectin levels and HOMA index. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, measuring a person's oestrogen to testosterone ratio can reveal their predicted gynoid to android fat distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • depots
  • Promoter 1.4 (P1.4) expression was lower than PII, and there was no difference in P1.4 expression between the two fat depots from pregnant subjects. (fertstertdialog.com)
  • In obese women both P1.4 and PII were up-regulated in subcutaneous compared with omental depots, with P1.4 expression greater than that of PII. (fertstertdialog.com)
  • Aromatase protein levels were extremely low in fat depots of pregnant women and undetectable in obese women. (fertstertdialog.com)
  • These differences support the evidence that the fat depots are derived from different cell lineages and that the promoter-derived aromatase translation varies according to physiologic/pathophysiologic status. (fertstertdialog.com)
  • It is stored in different depots to gynoid fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of all the depots in the mouse, the gonadal depots are the largest and the most easily dissected, comprising about 30% of dissectible fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • large amounts
  • It may remain as a literal "apron of skin" if a severely obese person quickly loses large amounts of fat (a common result of gastric bypass surgery). (wikipedia.org)
  • thickness
  • In partial correlation coefficient analyses between CIMT and abdominal fat thickness after adjustment for body mass index (BMI), SFT showed a negative correlation with CIMT in men (r = -0.27, p = 0.03). (biomedcentral.com)
  • inflammation
  • Panniculitis is an inflammatory nodules of the subcutaneous fat, and in this type of AGL, adipose destruction originates locally at the infection or inflammation site and develops into generalized lipodystrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • lipid
  • The latter should lead to a decrease in fat apoptosis and in mitochondrial and lipid oxidative damage biomarkers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Reduction
  • Emsculpt goes beyond waistline reduction to address abdominal contouring through muscle tone, so I'm thrilled to now offer this combination to my patients" added Dr. Rajagopal. (sfcosmeticsurgery.com)
  • childhood
  • We examined the associations of infant subcutaneous fat with childhood general and organ-specific fat. (eur.nl)
  • The observed associations were the strongest between total subcutaneous fat at 24 months and these childhood outcomes (difference per 1-SDS increase in total subcutaneous fat: 0.15 SDS (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.08, 0.23), 0.17 SDS (95% CI 0.10, 0.24), 0.16 SDS (95% CI 0.08, 0.23) for BMI, FMI and childhood subcutaneous fat mass index, respectively). (eur.nl)
  • Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (also known as "Lawrence syndrome," and "Lawrence-Seip syndrome", abbreviation: AGL) is a rare skin condition that appears during childhood or adolescence, characterized by fat loss affecting large areas of the body, particularly the face, arms, and legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clinical presentation is similar to people with congenital lipodystrophy: the only difference is that AGL patients are born with normal fat distribution and symptoms develop in childhood and adolescence years and rarely begins after 30 years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • The EMSCULPT device, using patented HIFEM® (High-Intensity Focused Electromagnetic) technology, creates a unique magnetic field which penetrates through skin causing 20,000 muscle contractions in a single 30-minute session to impact muscle as well as fat. (biospace.com)
  • Centrifugal abdominal lipodystrophy (also known as "Centrifugal lipodystrophy," "Lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantalis") is a skin condition characterized by areas of subcutaneous fat loss that slowly enlarge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat tends to be associated with cellulite, and lumpy appearance of the skin - usually undesired by women. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Android fat cells are mostly visceral - they are large, deposited deep under the skin and are highly metabolically active. (wikipedia.org)
  • infant
  • Android fat develops as a back-up source of energy when the male body is experiencing an imbalance, whereas gynoid fat develops after puberty, in order to better prepare the body for supporting a potential infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • During fasting, the body can obtain energy through the release of free fatty acids from the triglycerides in fat cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • skeletal muscle
  • Study hypotheses: 1) The substitution of TDF for d4T or ZDV in patients with HIV lipoatrophy will result in an increase in mitochondrial DNA content in fat, skeletal muscle, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), which in turn will lead to an improvement in mitochondrial function as assessed by electron transport chain (ETC) and oxidative phosphorylation pathway (OXPHOS) activity. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • body
  • Muscles represent about 35% of the human body, but existing aesthetic treatments only address fat. (sfcosmeticsurgery.com)
  • PORTLAND, Ore. , Dec. 6, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- The Gabel Center is shaking up men's aesthetics with a powerful, new treatment called EMSCULPT - the first and truly non-invasive body sculpting procedure now available in Portland that works on both fat and muscle. (biospace.com)
  • The abdominal muscles can be worked out by practicing disciplines of general body strength such as Pilates, yoga, T'ai chi, and jogging among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subcutaneous fat loss in AGL patients are visible in all parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally during early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat distribution in postmenstrual women. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of fat in the trunk and upper body in males is facilitated by testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differences in body fat distribution are found to be associated with high blood pressure, high triglyceride, lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and high fasting and post-oral glucose insulin levels The android, or male pattern, fat distribution has been associated with a higher incidence of coronary artery disease, in addition to an increase in resistance to insulin in both obese children and adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android body fat distribution is related to high cardiovascular disease and mortality rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally this insulin response triggers glucose being taken into body cells, to be used for energy, and inhibits the body from using fat for energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas
  • Android type have larger fat (Hypertrophy) cells whereas gynoid type have increased number of fat cells (Hyperplasia). (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • I continue to see an increase in the number of men coming in looking for a solution not only for their hair loss but also to define their core abdominal region and get the coveted 6-pack abs," states Steven Gabel , MD, Medical Director of the Gabel Center. (biospace.com)
  • According to a 2011 study, abdominal muscle exercises are known to increase the strength and endurance of the abdominal muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • A poor diet with lack of exercise is likely to increase android fat level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higher
  • Thus, the android fat distribution of men is about 48.6%, which is 10.3% higher than that of premenstrual women. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Android fat is also associated with a change in pressor response in circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] There are differences in android and gynoid fat distribution among individuals, which relates to various health issues among individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Bringing an entirely new technology to the category, Emsculpt utilizes HIFEM® energy to induce powerful muscle contractions which builds muscles and burns fat. (sfcosmeticsurgery.com)
  • Since men regularly workout to build muscle definition instead of solely eliminating fat, I see EMSCULPT as a real game changer for both men and women - building the muscle and burning fat. (biospace.com)
  • Not only can a one-sided preference for abdominal muscles (lack of exercise focused on other core muscles) result in creating muscle imbalances, but the effectiveness of exercise is also far from what could be achieved with a balanced workout planning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Posterior part of abdominal external oblique muscle labeled. (wikipedia.org)
  • visceral abdominal fat
  • Six months of exercise training decreased visceral abdominal fat and hepatic triglyceride (TG) content in 12 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus as measured by MR imaging and proton MR spectroscopy, new research shows . (rsna.org)
  • Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity", regenerates cortisol, and recently has been tied to decreased bone formation Both types of WAT substantially differ from brown adipose tissue (BAT) as by a group of proteins that help BAT's thermogenic role. (wikipedia.org)
  • nausea
  • citation needed] People (usually with type 1 DM) may also experience episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis, a metabolic disturbance characterized by nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain, the smell of acetone on the breath, deep breathing known as Kussmaul breathing, and in severe cases a decreased level of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common symptoms and signs include: severe epigastric pain (upper abdominal pain) radiating to the back in 50% of cases nausea vomiting loss of appetite fever chills (shivering) hemodynamic instability, including shock tachycardia (rapid heartbeat) respiratory distress peritonitis hiccup Although these are common symptoms, they are not always present. (wikipedia.org)
  • headache
  • These studies have demonstrated that M. perstans has the ability to induce a variety of clinical features, including angioedema Calabar-like swellings, pruritus, fever, headache, eosinophilia, and abdominal pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • In people with moderate / severe lipodystrophy a low fat diet would be recommended but in those where the lipodystrophy has not progressed (for example in younger children) a healthy relatively low fat diet may be sufficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilage
  • The Russian surgeon Nikolaj Bogoraz performed the first reconstruction of a total penis using rib cartilage in a reconstructed phallus made from a tubed abdominal flap in 1936. (wikipedia.org)
  • lean
  • Rearranging the equation of fractional densities to solve for the proportion of fat (f) will yield the following equation: f = 495 / D b − 450 {\displaystyle f=495/Db-450} The density of human fat is remarkably constant across all sub-groups studied but variations have been reported in the density of the fat free mass (i.e. lean or non-fat components). (wikipedia.org)
  • needle
  • Your veterinarian will be suspicious of an infiltrative liposarcoma if the fine needle aspirate cytology reveals fat cells, yet the tumor feels fixed to underlying tissues. (speakingforspot.com)
  • loss
  • I will lay out some basic fundamentals of nutrition and calories relation to them and will also give some practical tips on fat loss and weight control. (easygoals.com.au)
  • Although, it is not important for weight loss, as all fats are equally bad as far as weight control is concern. (easygoals.com.au)
  • Dietary interventions or substantial weight loss did not seem to be a requisite for beneficial reductions in visceral abdominal, paracardial, and hepatic fat volume in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus," the authors write. (rsna.org)
  • The characteristic changes in facial appearance occur from the loss of fat from the cheeks, and around the eyes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dry eyes and the failure to close eyes during sleep can be a feature due to the loss of fat around the eyes (rather than any excessive prominence of the eyeballs). (wikipedia.org)
  • Marasmus is commonly represented by a shrunken, wasted appearance, loss of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • distribution
  • The main objective of the study is to assess changes in fat distribution over 48 weeks of treatment in patients who currently successfully use zidovudine (AZT) and lamivudine (3TC) as part of their regimen and who will either continue these antiretrovirals or who will switch these antiretrovirals to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • often
  • The increase in rates in developing countries follows the trend of urbanization and lifestyle changes, including increasingly sedentary lifestyles, less physically demanding work and the global nutrition transition, marked by increased intake of foods that are high energy-dense but nutrient-poor (often high in sugar and saturated fats, sometimes referred to as the "Western-style" diet). (diabeteshelpcare.com)
  • better
  • Deep veins require probes of around 6 MHz whilst the abdominal vessels are better studied with probes of between 4 and 6 MHz. (wikipedia.org)
  • diet
  • Also be mindful and reduce fat in your diet and cut down on eating meats and Sugars/sweets. (healthtap.com)
  • human
  • The most obvious difference between animal and human abdominal musculature is that in animals, there are a different number of tendinous intersections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human fat has a density of 0.9 grams/ml, and 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • Exercise did not change epicardial fat volume (P = .9), myocardial TG content (P = .9), intramyocellular lipid content (P = .3) or cardiac function (P = .5). (rsna.org)
  • study
  • No preparation is normally necessary for this examination, but if a complementary study of abdominal veins is also required, the patient will be asked to fast for 12 hours beforehand. (wikipedia.org)
  • volume
  • Abdominal, epicardial and paracardial fat volume were measured with MR imaging. (rsna.org)
  • 01), and subcutaneous abdominal fat volume remained unchanged (P = .9). (rsna.org)
  • 01) and paracardial fat volume from 4.6 mL ± 0.9 to 3.7 mL ± 0.8 (P = .02). (rsna.org)
  • Until recently, qualitative measurements of MAT have relied on bone histology, which is subject to site selection bias and cannot adequately quantify the volume of fat in the marrow. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • MAT, by its "specific marrow location, and its adipocyte origin from at least LepR+ marrow MSC is separated from non-bone fat storage by larger expression of bone transcription factors", and likely indicates a different fat phenotype. (wikipedia.org)