Loading...
  • occupations
  • Neuman and Ziderman (1991) found that, in Israel, vocational high school graduates who are in trainingrelated occupations earn more than general high school graduates while there is no significant difference in earnings of vocational school graduates in occupations unrelated to the course of study and those of general school graduates. (docplayer.net)
  • outcomes
  • 1 GENERAL VERSUS VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS AND LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES IN TURKEY Aysit Tansel Working Paper 9905 I would like to thank the president of the State Institute of Statistics of Turkey, Ömer Gebizlio lu, and the vicepresident Nurgül Ö üt who helped to implement this study. (docplayer.net)
  • However, there is no study that compares the costs and benefits of vocational and general high school education or labor market outcomes in earnings and employment for these groups in Turkey. (docplayer.net)
  • He pointed out to a number of more recent studies that provided evidence contrary to the established view about labor market outcomes of general and vocational schools. (docplayer.net)
  • There is growing evidence that adverse infant health can have lasting effects on human capital formation and economic outcomes in adulthood. (voxeu.org)
  • Using the Clean Air Act enacted in 1970 as a policy experiment, the study finds an association between reduced pollution and labour-market outcomes 30 years later. (voxeu.org)
  • Mounting evidence across several disciplines suggests that adverse infant health outcomes can have lasting effects on human capital formation and adult economic outcomes (Almond and Currie 2011). (voxeu.org)
  • We also examined citation outcomes of research teams and confirmed the accumulative benefits of having additional authors and unique countries involved. (sciencemag.org)
  • Romer
  • According to Romer, technological change is a consequence of accumulation of knowledge acquired by forward-looking and profit-maximizing firms' production and research activities. (hindawi.com)
  • Positive externalities from knowledge capital is central, for example, in New Growth Theory (Romer 1990). (deepdyve.com)
  • As articulated by Romer (1990), once new knowledge is created it is available everywhere to all, forever, except as constrained by insufficient human capital to make use of it, and by legal or other measures to protect the intellectual property of inventors. (deepdyve.com)
  • But because agriculture depends on environmental forces, and thus technology is sensitive to location, agricultural knowledge capital is likely to be much more constrained than the knowledge capital envisioned by Romer. (deepdyve.com)
  • contribution
  • Before the war, the main target of theoretical discussions about human capital was not to define or to measure its contribution to economies [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Nevertheless, despite these limitations, this study can be considered a positive contribution toward filling the void of information about females with respect to the relationship between socioeconomics status and success goals. (nlsinfo.org)
  • This work examines the contribution of NIH funding to published research associated with 210 new molecular entities (NMEs) approved by the Food and Drug Administration from 2010-2016. (bentley.edu)
  • country's
  • Additionally, during natural disaster years, firms with higher sensitivity to US flows have significantly lower stock performance during the months in which US portfolio investors exit their country's capital market, and not vice versa, as would be expected if capital flight could potentially spill over to the real economy. (aeaweb.org)
  • Poverty in Nigeria is particularly worrisome because of the country's available natural and human resources. (scirp.org)
  • adverse
  • Greatest specific questions for details over Z exist based selecting instantly a Correlated water or the GCD-HEU percent, while for lesions over a decay level, the adverse freshwater appears examined. (prigsbee.com)
  • Centre
  • In the spatial dimension, these feature variations act as reasonably strong vectors to the orebody, showing systematic increases over a transect away from the porphyry centre, peaking at distances of around 1.6 km, which matches the spatial trend displayed by Mg#, as well as various trace element indicators in chlorite. (edu.au)
  • In partnership with the International Forum for Volunteering in Development, the Centre for International Studies and Cooperation (CECI), and Uniterra/World University Service of Canada, Benjamin Lough and Co-Principal Investigator Rebecca Tiessen from the University of Ottawa are surveying 960 staff or host community members in 12 volunteer "receiving" countries in the Global South. (wustl.edu)
  • spatial
  • This study utilised an ASD TerraSpec 4 handheld spectrometer to collect SWIR spectra from rocks surrounding the Batu Hijau Cu-Au porphyry deposit in Indonesia, where previous work has identified systematic spatial variations in the chemistry of chlorite, a common propylitic alteration mineral. (edu.au)
  • We use spatial data analysis methods in this study to explore the spatial contiguity of senatorial districts based on poverty incidence, and spatial econometric methods to incorporate the spatial bias formally into the econometric models. (scirp.org)
  • Although there are significant limitations in data, preliminary studies have begun to explore the links between disaster risk and development at various spatial scales. (nap.edu)
  • biological
  • This lag resembles those encountered with monoclonal antibodies, gene therapies, and many biological targets and is consistent with studies of innovation showing that technology maturation is a critical determinant of product success. (bentley.edu)
  • With the exponential increase in technological and computational capabilities including molecular techniques, remote sensing technology, modeling and statistical sophistication, data management and storage, and internet communication, analysis of biological communities as indicator signals of environmental condition and change will rapidly advance. (freethesaurus.com)
  • climate
  • Unless the Government implements significant improvements in the rule of law, investment climate, and quality of human capital, there is little likelihood that the role of the tradable non-oil sector will expand to produce more productive and better-paid jobs that will facilitate poverty reduction. (worldbank.org)
  • This study also included a national sample and an extra item on climate change to examine whether assessments were different for this particular environmental condition (Study 1). (freethesaurus.com)
  • case study
  • Further work is needed to refine the scale items and compare the findings from this case study with those from other contexts and population samples. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Although we choose Spain as a case study of a dual labor market, we also provide cross-country evidence showing that OJT gaps are lower in those European labor markets where dualism is less entrenched than in those where it is more extended. (springer.com)
  • Regarding our case study, the rate of temporary work (i.e., the share of employees under temporary contracts) soared in Spain from 15% just before the radical labor market reform of 1984 to 35.4% in the mid-nineties (see, e.g. (springer.com)
  • Here, we focus on a case study and conceptual mapping of the Yakima River Basin (YRB), a sub-basin of the CRB. (frontiersin.org)
  • Then, we examine a case study of the YRB, focusing on the historical development of the FEW nexus and innovations. (frontiersin.org)
  • composition
  • The first part of the paper provides an overview of economic fundamentals in Asia on the eve of the crisis, with emphasis on current account imbalances, quantity and quality of financial overlending,' banking problems, and composition, maturity and size of capital inflows. (worldcat.org)
  • theories
  • The committee then offers a definition of success in terms of disaster resiliency and reviews influences on achievement of this goal premised on theories of governance and social capital. (nap.edu)
  • cooperation
  • Social capital broadly refers to those factors of effectively functioning social groups that include such things as interpersonal relationships, a shared sense of identity , a shared understanding, shared norms , shared values , trust , cooperation , and reciprocity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Females
  • However, after adjusting for choices made by male and female workers in college major, occupation, working hours, and parental leave, multiple studies find that pay rates between males and females varied by 5-6.6% or, females earning 94 cents to every dollar earned by their male counterparts. (wikipedia.org)
  • patterns
  • Therefore, to examine facilitated foraging under different patterns of nutrient availability we tracked Wedge-tailed Shearwaters Ardenna pacifica from two colonies, one tropical and one subtropical, situated in waters of contrasting productivity. (edu.au)
  • In the wake of these patterns, rebuilding from disasters has been devastating to poor countries, as losses consume vast amounts of limited available capital, significantly reducing resources for new investment. (nap.edu)
  • 2000
  • In Australia, for example, researchers have analyzed the overall adaptive capacity of rural communities to global change using the rural livelihoods framework (Ellis 2000), which includes an assessment of social, human, built, and natural capital using data provided by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (Nelson et al. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • issues
  • Numerous studies offer a framework for issues that the Center for the Integration of Science and Industry seeks to address. (bentley.edu)
  • This course introduces students to policy analysis and management by examining issues in the health sector. (albany.edu)
  • results
  • A new database on human capital stock in developing and industrial countries: Sources, methodology, and results ," Journal of Development Economics , Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 379-401, April. (repec.org)
  • After studying the results and impact of the Bank's operations in consultation with counterparts and civil society, a new Partnership Strategy with Kazakhstan was developed that will shape a new investment program and quality technical assistance to the Government for 2018-22. (worldbank.org)
  • made
  • Drastic changes need to be made and examining managers who actually made money during 2008 is a logical starting place. (worldcat.org)
  • John Dewey may have made the first direct mainstream use of social capital in The School and Society in 1899, though he did not offer a definition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Use will be made of case studies and real-life applications in business and finance. (albany.edu)
  • findings
  • We report findings regarding the asset-building activities of these members, and recommend performance measurement indicators based on effective asset-building. (wustl.edu)
  • productivity
  • Compared to other studies on biodiversity productivity, we extend this analysis to land allocation and variable input applications. (deepdyve.com)
  • data
  • Evaluation methods for non-experimental data ," Fiscal Studies , Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 21(4), pages 427-468, January. (repec.org)
  • This study aims to determine the long-run impact of physical and human capital on GDP by using the panel data set of 13 developed and 11 developing countries over the period 1970-2010. (hindawi.com)
  • Data were obtained from National Living Standard Survey and Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire Survey conducted by National Bureau of Statistics. (scirp.org)
  • wealth
  • Mineral wealth makes a positive and marked difference on human capital accumulation. (repec.org)
  • Political stability does seem to affect both human capital accumulation and subsoil wealth, but not enough to overturn my conclusions. (repec.org)
  • The 'wealth channel' identified in this paper implies that caution should be exerted when discouraging countries from exploiting their mineral wealth, especially for countries where human capital is scarce. (repec.org)
  • The study found that the median wealth gap between white families and black families rose from $20,000 in 1984 to $95,000 in 2007. (nakedcapitalism.com)
  • This report is a stark illustration that policies that favor capital over labor will, not surprisingly, widen the wealth gap. (nakedcapitalism.com)
  • development
  • Schooling is the key to development of human capital. (hindawi.com)
  • In this scholarly study, we discovered that CHX activated the development of damaged areas on the cell wall structure of both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterias. (antibodyassay.com)
  • Among the five least developed countries (LDCs), (based on the Human Development Index (HDI)-score), while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) had the PTR of 37.3, Chad had the PTR of 60.9. (scielo.org.za)
  • A study suggesting that the percentage of extreme poverty in fragile and conflict-affected societies will increase from the current 17% to 46% by 2030 confirms the close relationships between conflict, poverty and development. (oxfordre.com)
  • Finally, the development of education and peace research can be enhanced by rigorously designed evaluation studies. (oxfordre.com)
  • countries
  • As a consequence of panels DOLS and FMOLS models, the impact of physical capital and education expenditures on GDP in the developed countries is determined as higher than the impact in the developing countries. (hindawi.com)
  • They show that the extension of mass schooling was significantly associated with socio-economic, political, and religious situations in the studied countries. (scielo.org.za)
  • Management
  • This study is part of a larger effort exploring "Innovations in the Food-Energy-Water Nexus (INFEWS)" in the Columbia River Basin (CRB) through coordinated modeling and simulated management scenarios. (frontiersin.org)
  • among
  • Citations are popularly used among bibliometric studies to gauge the significance and usage of articles. (sciencemag.org)
  • The term generally refers to (a) resources, and the value of these resources, both tangible (public spaces, private property) and intangible ("actors", "human capital", people), (b) the relationships among these resources, and (c) the impact that these relationships have on the resources involved in each relationship, and on larger groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study examined specificity, including quantity and quality of the immune response to VAR2CSA, among Cameroonian multigravid women living in malaria low-transmission areas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Study of the strategic interaction among rational agents. (albany.edu)
  • areas
  • 1 M human download called disabled to 1 information of areas. (prigsbee.com)
  • Porphyry deposits represent large accumulations of valuable metal in the Earth's crust and have extensive alteration signatures making them an attractive target for exploration, particularly by remote sensing which can cover large areas quickly. (edu.au)
  • community
  • L. J. Hanifan 's 1916 article regarding local support for rural schools is one of the first occurrences of the term social capital in reference to social cohesion and personal investment in the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • paper
  • In this paper we study the asymmetric consumption behavior from an informational perspective. (aeaweb.org)
  • economic growth
  • Kiker [ 2 ] notes six reasons about the concept of human capital which are unrelated to economic growth that the evaluations had been mostly centered around until the WWII. (hindawi.com)
  • 2011). Because positive externalities (spillovers) from R&D lead to undervaluation of innovation in the marketplace, governments have a central role in creating the knowledge capital required for economic growth.1 1 The government creates knowledge capital through direct investment in R&D, and by establishing intellectual property rights, creating excludability conditions for private inventors. (deepdyve.com)
  • communities
  • Social capital has been used to explain the improved performance of diverse groups, the growth of entrepreneurial firms, superior managerial performance, enhanced supply chain relations, the value derived from strategic alliances, and the evolution of communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • investment
  • Investment in human capital is profitable like a physical capital investment according to him. (hindawi.com)
  • Similar to how firms make certain investment decisions to benefit from the productive capacity of capital, we assume that farmers make cropland decisions to benefit from the productive capacity of crop biodiversity. (deepdyve.com)
  • growth theory
  • 15 ] include the human capital in the neoclassical growth theory and state that the explanatory power of the model is increased as compared with the neoclassical model owing to this inclusion. (hindawi.com)
  • find
  • They find that human capital is insignificant at explaining per capita growth rates. (hindawi.com)
  • Next, we find that this OJT gap is positively correlated with gaps in the literacy and numeracy scores achieved by these two types of workers in the PIAAC study. (springer.com)
  • different
  • Panel DOLS and FMOLS panel cointegrated regression models are exploited to detect the magnitude and sign of the cointegration relationship and compare the effect of these physical and human capital variables according to these two different country groups. (hindawi.com)
  • In a retrospective case-control study, plasma collected from Cameroonian multigravidae with (n = 96) and without (n = 324) PM were screened in 21 assays that measured antibody levels to full length VAR2CSA (FV2), individual VAR2CSA DBL domains, VAR2CSA domains from different genetic backgrounds (variants), as well as proportion of high avidity Ab to FV2. (biomedcentral.com)
  • environmental
  • Washington, May 16 (ANI): Bones degrade and fracture differently under certain environmental conditions like sun, shade or in water, concludes a new Baylor University study. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Index
  • Because measures of species density on point maps are often unavailable in databases, biodiversity is generally approximated by indicators based on land use, such as the Shannon index to measure crop diversity (e.g. (deepdyve.com)
  • Research Studies
  • A recent review of literature on this relationship pointed out the lack of rigorous research studies and robust evidence showing this link. (oxfordre.com)
  • To date, most research studies have attempted to determine how education contributes to, or negatively affects, peace, rather than the other way around. (oxfordre.com)
  • impact
  • This CSD Civic Service Research Fellows study developed an easy-to-use instrument that allows service and volunteer organizations to assess the impact of their programs. (wustl.edu)