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  • cohort study
  • The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), also known as Children of the 90s, is a world-leading birth cohort study, charting the health of 14,500 families in the Bristol area. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • The 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) follows the lives of more than 17,000 people born in England, Scotland and Wales in a single week of 1970. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • You can find out more about the 1970 British Cohort Study by viewing an interview with its Principal Investigator, Alice Sullivan below. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • Design Nationwide cohort study. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions In this update of a large nationwide cohort study of mobile phone use, there were no increased risks of tumours of the central nervous system, providing little evidence for a causal association. (bmj.com)
  • The only cohort study investigating mobile phone use and cancer to date is a Danish nationwide study comparing cancer risk of all 420 095 people who had signed a mobile phone contract with a phone company (subscribers) from 1982 (the year such phones were introduced in Denmark) until 1995, with the corresponding risk in the rest of the adult population with follow-up to 1996 7 and then 2002. (bmj.com)
  • researchers
  • CLS tracks published work using cohort data in order to help other researchers avoid duplication and also demonstrate the value of the studies to the research community. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • During a 3-year study, researchers found that removing these small animals from the soil of a replicated Scottish sheep meadow altered the plant species that grew in the ecosystem, reduced overall productivity, and produced plants that were less responsive to common agricultural management, such as fertilization. (yale.edu)
  • The study was a collaboration between researchers from Yale and Columbia University, as well as collaborators in the United Kingdom, Germany, and Switzerland. (yale.edu)
  • The double-blind study, which was carried out by researchers at the University of Cambridge MRC/Wellcome Trust Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute (BCNI) and funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC), found that administering methylphenidate (more commonly known as Ritalin) to healthy adult volunteers as well as those who exhibit symptoms of ADHD as adults, led to similar increases of the chemical dopamine in their brain. (cam.ac.uk)
  • After following the surviving Crimson men for nearly 80 years as part of the Harvard Study of Adult Development , one of the world's longest studies of adult life, researchers have collected a cornucopia of data on their physical and mental health. (harvard.edu)
  • More than a decade ago, researchers began including wives in the Grant and Glueck studies. (harvard.edu)
  • Over the years, researchers have studied the participants' health trajectories and their broader lives, including their triumphs and failures in careers and marriage, and the finding have produced startling lessons, and not only for the researchers. (harvard.edu)
  • withdrew
  • Most of his co-authors withdrew their names from the study in 2004 after learning he had had been paid by a law firm that intended to sue vaccine manufacturers -- a serious conflict of interest he failed to disclose. (cnn.com)
  • adolescents
  • Despite advertisements promoting e-cigarettes and JUUL products as smoking cessation tools, studies have shown, concerningly, that increasing use of these products among youth and adolescents can serve as gateways to tobacco and other substance abuse," said Julie Chobdee, the coordinator of the Wellness Program at UCR, who did not participate in the study. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study and Global School-based Health Survey are well-established international surveys of adolescents. (bmj.com)
  • unclear
  • Whether bans precipitated changes in child discipline or reflected a social milieu that inhibits youth violence remains unclear due to the study design and data limitations. (bmj.com)
  • years
  • Yet, despite a decrease in dairy consumption in the United States ( 7 ), recent studies ( 3 , 6 ) suggest that over the past 15 years the number of outbreaks associated with unpasteurized dairy products has increased. (cdc.gov)
  • This study investigated immunological differences between patients with or without measurable remaining endogenous insulin production after ≥10 years duration of disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Results for long term mobile phone users (≥10 years) remain scarce, and all epidemiological studies are based on few cases. (bmj.com)
  • A study by an international team of conservation scientists found that a dam built in Thailand 31 years ago has caused the local bird population to collapse. (phys.org)
  • The study was jointly led by Professor Christina Curtis, PhD at Stanford University and examined genetic changes in breast tumors from 2,000 women, following them over 20 years to see whether or not the cancer returned. (forbes.com)
  • 14 In a study of homeless people in Boston, mortality rates among men were 5.9, 3.0 and 1.6 times higher than those in the general population for people 18-24, 25-44 and 45-64 years of age respectively. (cmaj.ca)
  • Adult
  • Professor Barbara Sahakian who led the study at the BCNI said: "We feel these results are extremely important since they show that people who have poor concentration improve with methylphenidate (Ritalin) treatment whether they have a diagnosis of adult ADHD or not. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Professor Trevor Robbins, co-author of the study and Director of the BCNI, said: "These findings question the previously accepted view that major abnormalities in dopamine function are the main cause of ADHD in adult patients. (cam.ac.uk)
  • mechanisms
  • The National Institutes of Health recently awarded Paul Marvar, PhD , assistant professor of pharmacology and physiology at the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, more than $1.5 million to study the underlying mechanisms that allow the brain renin-angiotensin system to impact fear memory. (gwu.edu)
  • But our study found that propofol also disrupts presynaptic mechanisms, probably affecting communication between neurons across the entire brain in a systematic way that differs from just being asleep. (scimex.org)
  • Studying these effects in model systems such as rats and flies allows us to address these questions by manipulating the likely mechanisms involved, which we can't do in humans. (scimex.org)
  • Dr Victor Anggono , whose laboratory at QBI focusses on synaptic mechanisms, was a partner in the study. (scimex.org)
  • patients
  • An investigation published by the British medical journal BMJ concludes the study's author, Dr. Andrew Wakefield, misrepresented or altered the medical histories of all 12 of the patients whose cases formed the basis of the 1998 study -- and that there was 'no doubt' Wakefield was responsible. (cnn.com)
  • Patients will undergo X-rays and bone mineral density testing (DEXA) and 3 blood collections during the course of the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • autism
  • (CNN) -- A now-retracted British study that linked autism to childhood vaccines was an 'elaborate fraud' that has done long-lasting damage to public health, a leading medical publication reported Wednesday. (cnn.com)
  • Godlee said the study shows that of the 12 cases Wakefield examined in his paper, five showed developmental problems before receiving the MMR vaccine and three never had autism. (cnn.com)
  • found
  • 8 The study found no evidence of any increased risk of brain or nervous system tumours or any cancer among mobile phone subscribers. (bmj.com)
  • Several studies found that people's level of satisfaction with their relationships at age 50 was a better predictor of physical health than their cholesterol levels were. (harvard.edu)
  • 15 A study of people using homeless shelters in New York found age-adjusted death rates 2 to 3 times higher than those in the city's general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • ecosystem
  • But a new Yale-led study shows the critical importance of earthworms, beetles, and other tiny creatures to the structure of grasslands and the valuable ecosystem services they provide. (yale.edu)
  • consumption
  • This study indicates ongoing interactions with fisheries through consumption of fishery discards, increasing the risk of seabird mortality. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our study aimed at estimating the outbreak-related disease burden associated with the consumption of fluid cow's milk and cheese made from cow's milk (herein also referred to as milk and cheese or dairy products) that are unpasteurized and contaminated with Campylobacter spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Population ( 1 ) and animal ( 2 ) studies have reported that consumption of saturated fat promotes atherosclerosis, whereas polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats are potentially protective. (onlinejacc.org)
  • dietary
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of dietary fatty acids on the anti-inflammatory properties of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and vascular function. (onlinejacc.org)
  • molecular
  • This is another phylogenetic study where relationships are being better resolved by the vastly greater number of character traits that can be tracked by using markers provided in some way by molecular genetics to resolve relationships where the limited number and traditional anatomical, biochemical, and physiological traits are uninformative (too few traits spread too far to sufficiently resolve differences). (physicsforums.com)
  • In this study, we've delved deeper into breast molecular subtypes so we can more accurately identify who might be at risk of relapsing and uncover new ways of treating them,' said Caldas. (forbes.com)
  • results
  • 2 The results of the Interphone study, the largest international case-control study on this topic, generally suggest no increased risk of glioma or meningioma. (bmj.com)
  • Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Recent studies have indicated that FM results from imbalances in neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain. (bmj.com)
  • We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • functional
  • The aim of this preclinical study was to establish the functional profile of BU08028 in monkeys using clinically used MOP receptor agonists for side-by-side comparisons in various well-honed behavioral and physiological assays. (pnas.org)
  • people
  • Close relationships, more than money or fame, are what keep people happy throughout their lives, the study revealed. (harvard.edu)
  • 4 Earlier studies have documented the high burden of illness among homeless people due to mental illness and addictions, 5 medical conditions, 6 , 7 , 8 tuberculosis and HIV infection, 9 , 10 , 11 and traumatic injuries. (cmaj.ca)
  • Previous studies have focused on excess mortality observed among homeless people relative to their counterparts in the general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • population
  • In studies from a total of 7 cities, the risk of death among homeless women was greater than that among women in the general population by a factor of 4.6 to 31.2 in the younger age group and 1.0 to 2.0 in the older age group. (cmaj.ca)
  • data
  • A case study is "an exploration of a 'bounded system' or a case (or multiple cases) over time through detailed, in-depth data collection involving multiple sources of information rich in context" (Creswell, 1998, p. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The LIFE Study was specifically designed to fill critical data gaps regarding EDCs and human fecundity (biologic capacity for reproduction irrespective of pregnancy intention) and fertility (demonstrated fecundity as evident by having or fathering a live birth). (nih.gov)
  • In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). (cmaj.ca)
  • addition
  • In addition, the Study assessed non-persistent EDCs, including 5 benzophenone ultraviolet light-type filters, bisphenol A (BPA), 14 phthalates, 5 parabens, and 21 trace elements. (nih.gov)
  • University
  • a doctoral student at Columbia University and co-author of the study. (yale.edu)
  • Housed under the auspices of Philip Barlow, professor and former director of the Religious Studies program at Utah State University in Logan, Utah, this Academy is guided by its executive committee, consisting of Philip Barlow, Gary N. Anderson, and John W. Welch. (templestudies.org)
  • case
  • CASE STUDY 42 Jude's sudden admission to the hospital. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The case study , Building a Six Sigma Measurement System in Financial Services, (www. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Case Study 3: Enviga - calorie-burning by the gallon? (thefreedictionary.com)
  • However, the different perspectives and units of analysis that accompany an embedded case study requires the use and integration of quantitative and qualitative methods to achieve the goal of complete case understanding. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The authors present a compelling case study for HIV/AIDS in South Africa, where an emerging disease has gone unchecked and is having a devastating effect on a developed country. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Depending on their concentrations in the products, these chemicals can elicit varying toxic effects , as has been noted in case reports and laboratory studies," she said. (medicalxpress.com)
  • single
  • In this study, we focus on homeless single women, who tend to have more health problems than homeless women accompanied by children. (cmaj.ca)
  • LIFE
  • The LIFE Study has had many important discoveries. (nih.gov)
  • The LIFE Study also assessed EDCs and semen endpoints. (nih.gov)
  • The Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute interweaves life sciences, physical sciences, and engineering into the fields of biotechnology and medicine, opening exciting new pathways to innovation and discovery. (rpi.edu)
  • form
  • This study will employ novel techniques using a highly sensitive form of mass spectrometry to look at how the peptides synthesize and identify the sites of action. (gwu.edu)
  • United Kingdom
  • This group is a spin-off of the Temple Studies Group in the United Kingdom, launched in 2008 by Dr. Margaret Barker, The Rt Rev. Dr. Geoffrey Rowell, Dr. Laurence Hemming, the Rev. Robin Griffith-Jones and Dr. Susan Parsons, who with a cohort of scholars have met annually at the Temple Church in London. (templestudies.org)
  • present
  • By examining behavioral, physiological, and pharmacologic factors, the present study demonstrates that BU08028 exhibits full antinociception and antihypersensitivity without reinforcing effects (i.e., abuse liability), respiratory depression, pruritus, adverse cardiovascular events, or acute physical dependence. (pnas.org)
  • women
  • Women weren't in the original study because the College was still all male. (harvard.edu)
  • We therefore conducted this study to determine whether homeless women lose the survival advantage associated with being female. (cmaj.ca)
  • general
  • The surprising finding is that our relationships and how happy we are in our relationships has a powerful influence on our health," said Robert Waldinger , director of the study, a psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital and a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School . (harvard.edu)
  • One aim of the Academy is to make scholars and general readers more aware of the field of Temple Studies, including the work of Margaret Barker and her pioneering application of temple studies to biblical texts and topics. (templestudies.org)
  • original
  • Of the original Harvard cohort recruited as part of the Grant Study, only 19 are still alive, all in their mid-90s. (harvard.edu)
  • author
  • Watch Anderson Cooper's interview with the author of the discredited study, Dr. Andrew Wakefield, on 'AC360°' at 10 p.m. (cnn.com)
  • previous
  • A new Cambridge study questions previous suggestions that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the result of fundamental abnormalities in dopamine transmission, and suggests that the main cause of the disorder may lie instead in structural differences in the grey matter in the brain. (cam.ac.uk)
  • full
  • It's one thing to have a bad study, a study full of error, and for the authors then to admit that they made errors,' Fiona Godlee, BMJ's editor-in-chief, told CNN. (cnn.com)