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  • severe
  • BIs (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.2, 1.9) and more severe WMHs (HR 1.4, CI 1.2, 1.6) were independently associated with recurrent stroke, and remained independent after including clinical RF and assigned treatments in the Cox PH model. (ahajournals.org)
  • types
  • Stroke is said be of two types: one is called ischemic which is due to lack of flow of blood to the brain and the other form is called as hemorrhagic, which is caused due to excessive bleeding. (homeremedies9.com)
  • treat
  • Traditional Chinese medicinal practitioners have been using it to treat stroke, menopausal and premenstrual problems. (homeremedies9.com)
  • life
  • Stroke is a grave life threatening condition in which the blood supply to the brain is cut off due to some reason. (homeremedies9.com)
  • fewest
  • The winner is the player who has taken the fewest strokes over the course of the round, or rounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minor variations exist between countries, but the basic principles remain the same, namely that writing characters should be economical, with the fewest hand movements to write the most strokes possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1970s
  • In the 1970s the World Health Organization defined stroke as a "neurological deficit of cerebrovascular cause that persists beyond 24 hours or is interrupted by death within 24 hours", although the word "stroke" is centuries old. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1960s
  • The preceding decades had seen the development of community based rehabilitation programs based on the work of Valerie Eaton Griffiths with actress Patricia Neal - wife of author Roald Dahl - following her series of severe strokes in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • another stroke
  • If you've had a stroke or TIA in the past, these measures are particularly important because your risk of having another stroke is greatly increased. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Once at the hospital, you may receive emergency care, treatment to prevent another stroke, rehabilitation to treat the side effects of stroke, or all three. (cdc.gov)
  • It is important to work with your health care team to find out the reasons for your stroke and take steps to prevent another stroke . (cdc.gov)
  • The long-term goal of this program is for all Americans to receive the highest quality of acute stroke care available to reduce death and disability and prevent another stroke. (cdc.gov)
  • acute stroke
  • Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving the blood clot or by stopping the bleeding. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Tong X, George MG, Yang Q, Gillespie C. Predictors of in-hospital death and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombolytic therapy: Paul Coverdell Acute Stroke Registry 2008-2012 External . (cdc.gov)
  • The state departments of health track and measure acute stroke care to improve the quality of care. (cdc.gov)
  • The FAST was created to expedite administration of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator to patients within 3 hours of acute stroke symptom onset. (wikipedia.org)
  • piston
  • A four-stroke (also four-cycle ) engine is an internal combustion (IC) engine in which the piston completes four separate strokes while turning the crankshaft. (wikipedia.org)
  • A stroke refers to the full travel of the piston along the cylinder, in either direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intake: also known as induction or suction This stroke of the piston begins at top dead center (T.D.C.) and ends at bottom dead center (B.D.C.). In this stroke the intake valve must be in the open position while the piston pulls an air-fuel mixture into the cylinder by producing vacuum pressure into the cylinder through its downward motion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compression: This stroke begins at B.D.C, or just at the end of the suction stroke, and ends at T.D.C. In this stroke the piston compresses the air-fuel mixture in preparation for ignition during the power stroke (below). (wikipedia.org)
  • While the piston is at T.D.C. (the end of the compression stroke) the compressed air-fuel mixture is ignited by a spark plug (in a gasoline engine) or by heat generated by high compression (diesel engines), forcefully returning the piston to B.D.C. This stroke produces mechanical work from the engine to turn the crankshaft. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the exhaust stroke, the piston once again returns from B.D.C. to T.D.C. while the exhaust valve is open. (wikipedia.org)
  • A two-stroke (or two-cycle ) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is in contrast to a " four-stroke engine ", which requires four strokes of the piston to complete a power cycle during two crankshaft revolutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • clot
  • The more common kind, called ischemic stroke , is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most strokes result from a clot rather than a rupture. (breastcancer.org)
  • Some studies have found that there is a small but real increase in stroke risk in women who take tamoxifen, probably due to the increased risk of blood clot formation. (breastcancer.org)
  • Ischemic strokes, which are caused by blood clots, often can be treated with clot-busting drugs given through an IV, but treatment has to start within 3 hours of the onset of symptoms. (breastcancer.org)
  • If you get to the hospital within 3 hours of the first symptoms of an ischemic stroke , you may get a type of medicine called a thrombolytic (a "clot-busting" drug) to break up blood clots. (cdc.gov)
  • An ischemic stroke, if detected within three to four and half hours, may be treatable with a medication that can break down the clot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatments
  • What Are Some Common Outcomes of Stroke and Some Common Treatments for These Outcomes? (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you have multiple risk factors for stroke, though, your doctor may recommend other treatments besides tamoxifen. (breastcancer.org)
  • With the availability of treatments which can reduce stroke severity when given early, many now prefer alternative terminology, such as brain attack and acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome (modeled after heart attack and acute coronary syndrome, respectively), to reflect the urgency of stroke symptoms and the need to act swiftly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The findings from research are crucial in the search for new ways to prevent a stroke happening, find new or improve existing treatments for those people who have a stroke, and understand how the brain works and changes after a stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • The evidence about treatments and therapies that comes from research also helps doctors, nurses and other health and social care professionals to convince commissioners to provide appropriate and effective services to help the 150,000 people in the UK who have a stroke each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • A silent stroke is a stroke that does not have any outward symptoms associated with stroke, and the patient is typically unaware they have suffered a stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silent strokes typically cause lesions which are detected via the use of neuroimaging such as MRI. (wikipedia.org)
  • These strokes are termed "silent" because they typically affect "silent" regions of the brain that do not cause a noticeable change in an afflicted person's motor functions such as contralateral paralysis, slurred speech, pain, or an alteration in the sense of touch. (wikipedia.org)
  • A silent stroke typically affects regions of the brain associated with various thought processes, mood regulation and cognitive functions and is a leading cause of vascular cognitive impairment and may also lead to a loss of urinary bladder control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human swimming typically consists of repeating a specific body motion or swimming stroke to propel that body forward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breathing typically must be synchronized with the strokes, too. (wikipedia.org)
  • African Americans
  • October 6, 2015 Congratulations to ‪ The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke ( NINDS ) grantee Dr. George Howard for winning the Ernest Just Prize, given for innovative research on health disparities among African Americans. (regardsstudy.org)
  • This study, sponsored by @National Institutes of Health, focuses on better understanding the factors that increase a person's risk of having a stroke, especially among African Americans. (regardsstudy.org)
  • Among the specific factors that have been proposed or studied are the following: It has been suggested that the higher stroke death rates in the stroke belt are due to the region's high African American population, because African Americans' stroke death rates are higher than the national average. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because White people also have higher rates of stroke death in the stroke belt than in other parts of the country, the higher death rates in the stroke belt cannot be attributed solely to the region's higher proportion of African Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • increases
  • If you have a condition that increases your risk of a stroke, it's important to manage it effectively - for example, by lowering high blood pressure or cholesterol levels with medication. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Some studies haven't found that Evista increases stroke risk, but others have. (breastcancer.org)
  • rehabilitation
  • Post-stroke rehabilitation helps individuals overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some people need a long period of rehabilitation before they can recover their former independence, while many never fully recover and need support adjusting to living with the effects of their stroke. (www.nhs.uk)
  • After a stroke, you may need rehabilitation (rehab) to help you recover. (cdc.gov)
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Stroke Belt or Stroke Alley is a name given to a region in the southeastern United States that has been recognized by public health authorities for having an unusually high incidence of stroke and other forms of cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Vietnamese: bút thuận 筆順) refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character (or Chinese derivative character) are written. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dudley Storey, double Olympic medallist for New Zealand and later the country's national coach, describes the required qualities of a stroke as follows: Stroke side refers to the port side of the boat, which is on the left-hand side of a cox facing forwards, but on the right-hand side of a rower facing backwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Cornish pilot gigs, the stroke rower's oar is on the starboard (right) side and therefore stroke side refers to the starboard side of the boat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment
  • Drug therapy with blood thinners is the most common treatment for stroke. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Strokes are a medical emergency and urgent treatment is essential. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Your stroke treatment begins the moment emergency medical services (EMS) arrives to take you to the hospital. (cdc.gov)
  • The key to stroke treatment and recovery is getting to the hospital quickly. (cdc.gov)
  • The emergency workers may take you to a specialized stroke center to ensure that you receive the quickest possible diagnosis and treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies show that patients with ischemic strokes who receive tPA are more likely to recover fully or have less disability than patients who do not receive the drug.2,3 Patients treated with tPA are also less likely to need long-term care in a nursing home.4 Unfortunately, many stroke victims don't get to the hospital in time for tPA treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • produces
  • With direct fuel injection and a sump -based lubrication system, a two-stroke engine produces air pollution no worse than a four-stroke, and it can achieve higher thermodynamic efficiency . (wikipedia.org)
  • Outcomes
  • Kulcsar M, Gilchrist S, George M. Improving stroke outcomes in rural areas through telestroke programs: an examination of barriers, facilitators, and state policies External . (cdc.gov)
  • mortality
  • In 1980 these eleven states had age-adjusted stroke mortality rates more than 10% above the national average. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some investigators also consider North Florida to be a part of the stroke belt, based on a stroke mortality rate higher than several states included in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis by the CDC of U.S. mortality statistics from the period 1991 to 1998 found that for both blacks and whites the counties with the highest stroke death rates were in the southeastern states and the Mississippi Delta region. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Kǎishū style (regular script) - still in use today - is more regularized, allowing one to more easily guess the stroke order used to write on the steles. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Survival travel stroke: Alternating underwater arm stroke, one cycle for propulsion, one for a lift to stay on the surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Breast feet first strokes: With legs extended, use the arms with a pushing, flapping, clapping or uplifting motion. (wikipedia.org)
  • High Blood Pr
  • Stroke and dementia affect people with high blood pressure more often. (nih.gov)
  • High blood pressure can strain your heart, damage blood vessels, and increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, eye problems, and kidney problems. (nih.gov)
  • The main risk factor for stroke is high blood pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • weakness
  • Arms - the person with suspected stroke may not be able to lift both arms and keep them there because of weakness or numbness in one arm. (www.nhs.uk)
  • patients
  • The NIHSS has been shown to be a predictor of both short and long term outcome of stroke patients. (stroke.org)
  • Yet 1 in 3 stroke patients never calls 9-1-1. (cdc.gov)
  • Stroke patients who are taken to the hospital in an ambulance may get diagnosed and treated more quickly than people who do not arrive in an ambulance. (cdc.gov)
  • Wang G, Zhang Z, Ayala C, Dunet D, Fang, J, George MG. Costs of hospitalization for stroke patients aged 18-64 years in the United States External . (cdc.gov)
  • Koohi N, Vickers DA, Lakshmanan R, Chandrashekar H, Werring DJ, Warren JD, Bamiou D-E. Hearing characteristics of stroke patients: prevalence and characteristics of hearing impairment and auditory processing disorders in stroke patients . (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Stroke News is the charity's magazine aimed at stroke patients and the health professionals who work with them. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one study, researchers found that patients discharged from hospitals in the stroke belt after suffering acute myocardial infarction were less likely to be treated with warfarin than patients in most other U.S. regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • TIAs should be treated urgently, as they're often a warning sign you're at risk of having a full stroke in the near future. (www.nhs.uk)
  • People who survive a stroke are often left with long-term problems caused by injury to their brain. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • A stroke or TIA often requires emergency care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Substances that inhibit cooling and cause dehydration such as alcohol, stimulants, medications, and age-related physiological changes predispose to so-called "classic" or non-exertional heat stroke (NEHS), most often in elderly and infirm individuals in summer situations with insufficient ventilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exertional heat stroke (EHS) can happen in young people without health problems or medications - most often in athletes, outdoor laborers, or military personnel engaged in strenuous hot-weather activity or in certified first responders wearing heavy personal protective equipment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since stroke order also aids learning and memorization, students are often taught about it from a very early age in schools and encouraged to follow them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the brush-written stroke order is not discernible after carving, there exists some evidence that it was not entirely idiosyncratic: a few of the characters, often marginal administrative notations recording the provenance of the shells or bones, were not later recarved, and the stroke order of these characters tends to resemble traditional and modern stroke order. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diabetes
  • Having diabetes means that you are more likely to develop heart disease and have a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke . (nih.gov)
  • What is the link between diabetes, heart disease, and stroke? (nih.gov)
  • If you have diabetes, other factors add to your chances of developing heart disease or having a stroke. (nih.gov)
  • You can't change whether heart disease runs in your family, but if you have diabetes, it's even more important to take steps to protect yourself from heart disease and decrease your chances of having a stroke. (nih.gov)
  • How can I lower my chances of a heart attack or stroke if I have diabetes? (nih.gov)
  • You can lower your chances of having a heart attack or stroke by taking the following steps to manage your diabetes to keep your heart and blood vessels healthy. (nih.gov)
  • In 2011, CDC researchers mapped the occurrence of diabetes in the U.S. by county, finding that highest prevalence of diabetes is in a "diabetes belt" that has extensive overlap with the stroke belt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differences
  • The analysis utilized data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study-which investigates the factors that increase the risk for stroke-pertaining to 21,636 participants who completed the Block 98 Food Frequency Questionnaire . (regardsstudy.org)
  • The Kangxi and current shapes have tiny differences, while current stroke order is still the same, according to the old style. (wikipedia.org)
  • The various official stroke orders agree on the vast majority of characters, but each have their differences. (wikipedia.org)
  • The differences between the governmental standards and traditional stroke orders arise from accommodation for schoolchildren who may be overwhelmed if the rules about stroke orders are too detailed, or if there are too many exceptions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk Factors
  • One study found that the risk of a fatal stroke was slightly higher in postmenopausal women who were taking Evista and who already had risk factors for coronary artery disease. (breastcancer.org)
  • There are various individual risk factors associated with having a silent stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalence
  • Aging: the prevalence of silent stroke rises with increasing age with a prevalence rate of over twenty percent of the elderly increasing to 30%-40% in those over the age of 70. (wikipedia.org)
  • Signs
  • If someone you know shows signs of stroke , call 9-1-1 right away. (cdc.gov)
  • Know Stroke: Know the Signs. (cdc.gov)
  • Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, feeling like the world is spinning, or loss of vision to one side. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Each year more than 795,000 people in the United States experience strokes. (stroke.org)
  • In 2013 approximately 6.9 million people had an ischemic stroke and 3.4 million people had a hemorrhagic stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2015 there were about 42.4 million people who had previously had a stroke and were still alive. (wikipedia.org)
  • About half of people who have had a stroke live less than one year. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a broad study in 1998, more than 11 million people were estimated to have experienced a stroke in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research funded by Stroke Association has the ultimate aim of making stroke a preventable and treatable disease, and improving the quality of life for people affected by stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study reported in 2011 found that people over age 45 living in the eight "stroke belt" states of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee had an 18 percent higher incidence of cognitive decline than people in other U.S. regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • brain
  • Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Surgery may also be required to treat brain swelling and reduce the risk of further bleeding in cases of haemorrhagic strokes. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A stroke is a medical emergency: The longer the brain goes without its supply of oxygen-rich blood, the more healthy tissue will be lost. (breastcancer.org)
  • Stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ischemic strokes are caused by interruption of the blood supply to the brain, while hemorrhagic strokes result from the rupture of a blood vessel or an abnormal vascular structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an ischemic stroke, blood supply to part of the brain is decreased, leading to dysfunction of the brain tissue in that area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers suggested a thorough examination for evidence of silent stroke in all severely anemic children in order to facilitate timely intervention to ameliorate the potential brain damage.Sickle cell anemia: is an autosomal recessive genetic blood disorder caused in the gene (HBB gene) which codes for hemoglobin (Hg) and results in lowered levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2011, they funded research into boosting the natural brain repair process to limit post-stroke disability. (wikipedia.org)