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  • cardiovascular disease
  • To examine the association between self perceived psychological stress and cardiovascular disease in a population where stress was not associated with social disadvantage. (bmj.com)
  • High stress was associated with a higher rate of admissions to hospital generally and for admissions related to cardiovascular disease and psychiatric disorders (fully adjusted rate ratios for any general hospital admission 1.13, 1.01 to 1.27, cardiovascular disease 1.20, 1.00 to 1.45, and psychiatric disorders 2.34, 1.41 to 3.91). (bmj.com)
  • High stress was not associated with increased admission for coronary heart disease (1.00, 0.76-1.32) and showed an inverse relation with all cause mortality, mortality from cardiovascular disease, and mortality from coronary heart disease, that was attenuated by adjustment for occupational class (fully adjusted hazard ratio for all cause mortality 0.94, 0.81 to 1.11, cardiovascular mortality 0.91, 0.78 to 1.06, and mortality from coronary heart disease 0.98, 0.75 to 1.27). (bmj.com)
  • People who are biologically unaffected by stress seem to be at lower risk of cardiovascular disease. (axa-research.org)
  • acute stress
  • Emerging evidence suggests that personality, especially trait anxiety, might be a significant predictive factor of individual difference in response to acute stress. (cnki.com.cn)
  • PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. (scribd.com)
  • oxidative stress
  • We found that PS is associated with reduced number of EPCs, increased oxidative stress levels, and impairment of EPC angiogenic activities (adhesion, migration, integration into tubules). (ahajournals.org)
  • Importantly, FX can rescue EPC number, oxidative stress levels and EPC functional activities in mice exposed to PS. (ahajournals.org)
  • Potential mechanisms include decreased oxidative stress levels, improved activation of angiogenic pathways, and rescue of EPC number / functional activities. (ahajournals.org)
  • In the present study, we investigated the effect of zinc supplementation on the iron metabolism, erythropoiesis, and oxidative stress status in PS-induced rats. (springer.com)
  • These results indicated that dietary zinc supplementation had preventive effects against PS-induced iron dyshomeostasis, erythropoiesis inhibition, and oxidative stress status in rats. (springer.com)
  • Sreedhar B, Nair KM (2005) Modulation of aconitase, metallothionein, and oxidative stress in zinc-deficient rat intestine during zinc and iron repletion. (springer.com)
  • Messaoudi I, El-Heni J, Hammouda F, Saïd K, Kerkeni A (2009) Protective effects of selenium, zinc, or their combination on cadmium-induced oxidative stress in rat kidney. (springer.com)
  • OBJECTIVE
  • The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between indicators of wellbeing and stress and to further assess the relative importance of these wellbeing indicators in explaining stress variance in a large sample of Eastern Cape primary and high school teachers in South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
  • 1999
  • Babov KD (1999) Aktivatsiya stress-limitiruyuschikh system organizma - odin iz podkhodov k optimizatsii naznacheniya fizioterapevticheskihk faktorov u kardiologicheskihk bol'nykh (Activation of stress-limiting systems of the organism - one of the approaches to optimization of physiotherapeutical factors for the patients with cardiovascular diseases). (springer.com)
  • Benschop R.J., Schedlowski M. (1999) Acute Psychological Stress. (springer.com)
  • disorders
  • Under chronic stress, these same naturally-occurring steroids damage the protective functions of normal skin and inhibit wound healing, but during shorter intervals of stress, they are beneficial for inflammatory disorders and acute injury in both mice and humans," said senior investigator Peter Elias, MD, a UCSF professor of dermatology based at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC). (eurekalert.org)
  • He said that while his research team did not study other kinds of inflammatory disorders, "the same benefits of psychological stress should accrue in any acute illness or injury. (eurekalert.org)
  • Visceral hypersensitivity and stress have been implicated in the pathophysiology of functional gastrointestinal disorders. (nih.gov)
  • These data support a major role for V(3) receptors in repeated psychological stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia and suggest that pharmacological manipulation of the AVP/V(3) pathway might represent an attractive alternative to the CRF/CRF(1) pathway for the treatment of chronic stress-related gastrointestinal disorders. (nih.gov)
  • mice
  • When stressed mice were simultaneously given mifepristone, which blocks steroid action, all of the healing benefits of stress disappeared. (eurekalert.org)
  • Non-stressed control mice were left unperturbed in their cage with free access to food and water. (ahajournals.org)
  • Stressed mice were treated or not with FX (160 mg/L in drinking water), starting 3 weeks before the induction of PS. (ahajournals.org)
  • Symptoms
  • Physical symptoms of stress may include. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • A new review states that regular exercise and psychiatric counseling might help cancer patients suffering from symptoms of fatigue and stress. (medindia.net)
  • Stress is a psychophysiological body change, noticeable through physical and psychological symptoms to react to a situation of stress and oppression. (scielo.br)
  • Stress is a process rather than a single reaction, because when a person is submitted to a stress source, a long biochemical process is installed and its onset is manifested in a very similar manner by symptoms such as tachycardia, excessive sweating, muscle tension, dry mouth and sensation of alertness. (scielo.br)
  • The relation between higher stress, angina, and some categories of hospital admissions probably resulted from the tendency of participants reporting higher stress to also report more symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • protective
  • Positive psychological and subjective wellbeing indicators have proven to be protective against certain physical illnesses but have been rarely assessed in teacher stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • There is a scarcity of studies reporting on protective factors in teaching and we know little about their possible role as possible protective factors against stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • The results contributed towards a better understanding of the relative importance of wellbeing constructs as protective factors against teacher stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • stressors
  • Therefore, the current study compared HPA axis response to two different psychological stressors among a sample of cocaine dependent individuals. (umd.edu)
  • measures
  • Measures included perceived psychological stress, coronary risk factors, self reported angina, and ischaemia detected by electrocardiography. (bmj.com)
  • This would mean a greater focus on exploring indices or measures of positive functioning such as subjective and psychological wellbeing. (scielo.org.za)
  • glucose
  • Glucose concentrations (by continuous glucose monitoring system), blood pressure, and heart rate were monitored on the control day and on the stress testing day. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In the fasting state (study 1), glucose concentrations remained unchanged during the control day as well as during the stress testing day. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, a significant delay (of 45 min) in the decrease of glucose concentrations was induced by psychological stress. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In contrast, the effect of acute psychological stress on glucose concentrations in patients with type 1 diabetes is less conclusive, with most studies showing no effect and others resulting in increased or even decreased glucose concentrations ( 5 , 7 - 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In one previous study ( 5 ), the stress task was specifically applied in the postprandial state and was considered to have no effect, although the time course of glucose concentrations was altered. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Since the insulin infusion rate was reduced at the beginning of the stress test, glucose concentrations were rising during the stress period, and an impaired insulin sensitivity following mental stress was found ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Since an increase in cortisol levels in patients with type 1 diabetes may cause elevated glucose concentrations, the effect of acute psychological stress on glucose concentrations may critically depend on whether stress is applied in the fasting or fed state. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A different metabolic response to stress in the fasting and fed state could explain the different results obtained in clinical trials and contribute to the unpredictable individual glucose response to stress reported by many patients in clinical practice. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • hormones
  • The scientists found that healing was brought about by the anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids - steroid hormones - produced by the adrenal glands in response to stress. (eurekalert.org)
  • Distress
  • When a couple is dealing with cancer, the psychological distress of a partner may have a negative impact on the well being of either person, says a new study on 168 married couples. (medindia.net)
  • Whether it is my own or my partner's, psychological distress may impact my quality of life," said Kim. (medindia.net)
  • The psychological distress of the female partner seemed to have the greatest effect whether the woman was the breast cancer survivor or the caregiver of a man with prostate cancer. (medindia.net)
  • If the female has higher level of psychological distress, the male partner will have higher level of psychosomatic problems," Kim added. (medindia.net)
  • decrease
  • Stress has been suggested for a long time to be associated with a decrease in natural killer (NK) activity. (springer.com)
  • effect
  • Studies on the cause/effect relationship between exercise and stress strongly suggest that physical activity helps the brain cope with and respond to stress. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Future researchers should conduct larger scale studies with carefully matched healthy non-drug using participants to determine whether the absence of a significant stress effect on cortisol functioning is specific to chronic cocaine use. (umd.edu)
  • The higher the dose, the stronger stress-inhibiting effect. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Would it be possible to boost the stress inhibiting/antidepressant effect of ubiquinol by combining it with creatine? (ironmagazine.com)
  • Here, we present an evaluation of the late effect of post-rape psychological support provided to women in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. (scribd.com)
  • The goal of this study was to confirm this effect in a larger sample and to consider the influence of acute psychological stress on fat metabolism. (mccormickscienceinstitute.com)
  • Spices reduced post-meal triglycerides by 31% when the meal was followed by the rest condition (p = 0.048), but this effect was not present during stress. (mccormickscienceinstitute.com)
  • adrenal
  • For instance, stress has many different effects on the endocrine systems, including the well known fight or flight activation which is activations of the sympathetic adrenal-medullary (SAM) system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPAC) system, and other endocrine systems. (personalityresearch.org)
  • The present findings suggest that trait anxiety is a powerful predictor of sympathetic adrenal medulla response, i.e., individuals with higher level of trait anxiety perform lower sympathetic nerve activity in rapid response to acute psychological stress. (cnki.com.cn)
  • exposure
  • Indiana University Bloomington researchers Bianca Manago, a doctoral student in sociology, and Cate Taylor, an assistant professor of sociology and gender studies, examine one important consequence of this occupational sex segregation: the stress exposure of women working in highly male-dominated occupations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Cortisol is a stress hormone that naturally fluctuates through the day, but people with high levels of interpersonal stress exposure have different patterns of fluctuation than people exposed to more average levels of stress. (eurekalert.org)
  • And previous researchers have hypothesized that exposure to such difficult and negative workplace climates can expose these women to chronic stress. (eurekalert.org)
  • The IU research is the first to demonstrate that such negative workplace climates can be expressed in these women's bodies and can, in fact, dysregulate their stress response, potentially for years after the exposure to the stressful workplace climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • Conclusions Exposure to glare and psychological stress during computer work were shown to influence the trapezius mus- cle, posture, and blink rate in young, healthy females with normal binocular vision, but in different ways. (deepdyve.com)
  • react
  • For survival, organisms have to actively react with an adaptational or stress response, which should lead to the preservation or reestablishment of the steady state. (springer.com)
  • response
  • We believe that our findings explain why this otherwise harmful component of the stress response has been preserved during human evolution," he said. (eurekalert.org)
  • The body's natural pain-control response helps us deal with stress. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • The visceromotor response to phasic colorectal distension (CRD, 10-60 mmHg) was assessed before and after stress. (nih.gov)
  • Recently, An increasing number of studies are focusing on individual differences in response to acute psychological stress. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Several inclusion criteria were employed to control for potential factors influencing the stress response(see 2.1 for details). (cnki.com.cn)
  • Ovariectomy diminished the sex difference of blood pressure response to the stress. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Bending forward towards the computer screen was correlated with higher productivity (reading speed), indicating a concentration or stress response. (deepdyve.com)
  • control
  • Forty-three students (23 - main group, 20 - control group) took part in the estimation of psychological state, personality characteristics, auditory arbitrary memory, the dynamics of attention processes, attention qualities, speed of sensor-motor reaction and thinking operations. (springer.com)
  • research
  • The research team said that their study could be a starting point for identifying groups of people who might benefit from programs designed to improve coping skills or reduce stress. (medindia.net)
  • This research aimed at proposing an alternative treatment for stress with acupuncture, evaluating by electromyography right and left trapezius muscles of patients under psychological stress one week before evaluations and after acupuncture. (scielo.br)
  • There is also accumulating evidence from psychoneuroimmunological research 1 that stress situations such as examination 2,3 or bereavement 4 may alter a wide range of immunological functions, especially NK cell function. (springer.com)
  • factors
  • More recently, events related to severe psychological stress have been reported as risk factors for type 1 diabetes in a nationwide Swedish case-referent study ( 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Recently, we reported associations between high parenting stress, lack of support/confidence, and some risk factors for type 1 diabetes, such as low socioeconomic status ( 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Furthermore, the search for solutions to mitigate against teacher stress can no longer be limited to traditional approaches of maladjustment or ill-being, but should also explore factors associated with positive psychological functioning and wellbeing, which can be used as personal resources against stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • found
  • Conclusion: We found the benefits of post-rape psychological support to be present and lasting in this conflict situation. (scribd.com)
  • Rats
  • We used a selective vasopressin 3 (V(3)) receptor antagonist SSR149415 to investigate the involvement of the vasopressin (AVP)/V(3) signaling system in the development of stress-induced visceral hyperalgesia in rats. (nih.gov)
  • Rats were exposed to a daily 1-h session of water avoidance stress (WAS) or sham WAS for 10 consecutive days. (nih.gov)
  • Zhao M, Chen J, Wang W, Wang L, Ma L, Shen H, Li M (2008) Psychological stress induces hypoferremia through the IL-6-hepcidin axis in rats. (springer.com)
  • Stress even causes lab rats to lose their appetite for sugar, something they are as addicted to under normal conditions, as are the Homo sapiens who keep rats in cages and do strange experiments with them. (ironmagazine.com)
  • This mechanism caused Aboul-Fotouh to wonder whether Q10 would reduce stress stimuli in the growing male rats that he shut up in cylinders for six hours a day. (ironmagazine.com)
  • 4. The I.C.V.injection of a-helical CRH (9-41), a CRH-41 receptor antagonist, did not attenuated the stress-induced hypertension in the 3 groups of female rats. (nii.ac.jp)