• To this end, we assessed the response of a range of physiological and psychological parameters to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in IBS. (cambridge.org)
  • At baseline week 8, HPA axis (plasma cortisol and ACTH) response to the Trier Social Stress Test and behavioral measures of threat responsivity (via Dot-Probe task) and approach motivation (Effort Expenditure for Rewards Task 'EEfRT') will be determined. (centerwatch.com)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -In study 1, 20 patients were exposed to moderate psychosocial stress by means of the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in the fasting state. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The present study aims to examine whether and how the continuum of trait anxiety scores predict the acute psychological stress response induced by a standardized laboratory stress induction procedure(the Trier Social Stress Test, TSST) while controlling for the potentially confounding factors of gender, age and education years. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Indiana University Bloomington researchers Bianca Manago, a doctoral student in sociology, and Cate Taylor, an assistant professor of sociology and gender studies, examine one important consequence of this occupational sex segregation: the stress exposure of women working in highly male-dominated occupations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Cortisol is a stress hormone that naturally fluctuates through the day, but people with high levels of interpersonal stress exposure have different patterns of fluctuation than people exposed to more average levels of stress. (eurekalert.org)
  • And previous researchers have hypothesized that exposure to such difficult and negative workplace climates can expose these women to chronic stress. (eurekalert.org)
  • The IU research is the first to demonstrate that such negative workplace climates can be expressed in these women's bodies and can, in fact, dysregulate their stress response, potentially for years after the exposure to the stressful workplace climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • Prolonged exposure to stress during different stages of development interferes with both academic achievement and executive functions that provide a basis for learning [ 2 , 3 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • We conclude that attention processes modulate the increases of salivary cytokines after stress exposure, and that these effects depend on stress level, particular attention network, and stimulus valence. (frontiersin.org)
  • Salivary cortisol, salivary C-reactive protein (CRP), skin conductance level (SCL), GI symptoms, mood and self-reported stress were measured pre- and post-exposure to the TSST. (cambridge.org)
  • And how are they coping with years of exposure to trauma and stress prior to arrival in the U.S. and the stress of migration? (theconversation.com)
  • Our bilingual team at STARC, many of whom are refugee doctors, took the challenge of screening Syrian and Iraqi refugees for common consequences of exposure to extreme traumatic experiences and stress of migration. (theconversation.com)
  • Exposure, differentiated in single and multiple types, was associated with different levels of impaired mental health measured by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Additionally, having sole exposure to subjective life threat brought about specific psychological effects. (wiley.com)
  • Some demographic factors are associated with outcome on either the GHQ or the IES-R. Identifying specific types of exposure of disaster survivors may be a way to identify individuals who could be screened for psychological ill health at a later point in time. (wiley.com)
  • These data suggest that exposure to natural environments may warrant further investigation as a health promotion method for reducing stress. (mdpi.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine whether Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE)is effective in the treatment of post-traumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents with mild traumatic brain injury (m-TBI) due to motor vehicle accident. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE) for Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms and Mild TBI Symptoms in Children Following Motor Vehicle Accident. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Objective: The current study sought to evaluate the immediate impact of exposure to psychological stress on the plasma FAs profile of healthy adults, and to determine whether these responses differ according to age, sex, and participant's basal Omega-3 values. (umontreal.ca)
  • Myers, 2005, p. 449) Stress is looked at in two different forms, perceived stress and stressor exposure. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • Conclusions Exposure to glare and psychological stress during computer work were shown to influence the trapezius mus- cle, posture, and blink rate in young, healthy females with normal binocular vision, but in different ways. (deepdyve.com)
  • Stress is considered one of the major factors involved in the pathogenesis of affective disorders, for example, direct and indirect exposure to terrorist attacks or being subjected to subtle victimization. (sun.ac.za)
  • Prior stress exposure is known to alter the activation response to a subsequent stressor and the means of coping with stress can influence health and disease. (sun.ac.za)
  • The behavioural and endocrine responses in the rats subjected to physical and psychological stress in this study showed that single stress exposure may lead to different outcomes as repetitive stress exposure and that the consequences of stress exposure develop over time and persist for an extended time period. (sun.ac.za)
  • These consequences of direct stress exposure versus indirect stress exposure show a grading in stress intensity and perception, similar to that observed in humans. (sun.ac.za)
  • While those experiencing physical/psychological IPV have a higher likelihood of undergoing a cessation or reduction of IPV over time and, therefore, could recover, women exposed to psychological IPV alone have a high probability of continued exposure to the same type of IPV with a low possibility of recovery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In order for people to better understand whether or not they have too much stress in their lives, they must be able to identify the signs and symptoms of unhealthy stress levels. (wikiversity.org)
  • Psychological stress was associated in a dose-response manner with an increased risk of acute infectious respiratory illness, and this risk was attributable to increased rates of infection rather than to an increased frequency of symptoms after infection. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Physical symptoms of stress may include. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Although the impact of psychological stress on Parkinson s disease (PD) has yet to be fully defined, there is ample evidence that PD symptoms worsen during times of stress. (michaeljfox.org)
  • A new review states that regular exercise and psychiatric counseling might help cancer patients suffering from symptoms of fatigue and stress. (medindia.net)
  • Stress is a psychophysiological body change, noticeable through physical and psychological symptoms to react to a situation of stress and oppression. (scielo.br)
  • Stress is a process rather than a single reaction, because when a person is submitted to a stress source, a long biochemical process is installed and its onset is manifested in a very similar manner by symptoms such as tachycardia, excessive sweating, muscle tension, dry mouth and sensation of alertness. (scielo.br)
  • Hair cortisol levels, psychological stress and psychopathological symptoms prior to instrumental deliveries. (medworm.com)
  • MEASUREMENT AND FINDINGS: Perceived stress, pregnancy-specific stress, psychopathology symptoms and hair cortisol level were assessed in pregnant women throughout the third trimester of pregnancy until they gave birth. (medworm.com)
  • Patients with IBS exhibit sustained HPA axis activity, and an increase in problematic GI symptoms in response to acute experimental psychosocial stress. (cambridge.org)
  • The relation between higher stress, angina, and some categories of hospital admissions probably resulted from the tendency of participants reporting higher stress to also report more symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • In the current research we intend to examine the effectiveness of PE in reducing post-traumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents with m-TBI caused by motor vehicle accident, in comparison to children and adolescents without brain injury. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Among women with HIV/AIDS , it is hypothesized that those with higher levels of stress will show more depressive and physical symptoms as well as use alcohol and drugs more often . (ccsu.edu)
  • It is also hypothesized that among participants with HIV/AIDS those who have greater social support will show report less stress and less depressive and physical symptoms as well as alcohol and drug use . (ccsu.edu)
  • Sensitization to stress in schizophrenia may negatively affect dopaminergic dysfunction, hippocampal atrophy, and other changes linked to symptoms. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Few studies demonstrated that cognitive behavioral therapies can be effective for adults with mild TBI suffering from Acute Stress Disorder, but no research, to date, addressed this question in pediatric population. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In all the animals basal plasma corticosterone concentrations were comparable and physically and psychologically stressed rats displayed a hyposensitive hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis following acute restraint stress. (sun.ac.za)
  • We believe that our findings explain why this otherwise harmful component of the stress response has been preserved during human evolution," he said. (eurekalert.org)
  • Findings also indicated that students, who had good relation with teachers, had 54% less probability of low psychological well-being than those who had not. (omicsonline.org)
  • Major findings are that cardiac patients had an improvement in subjective psychological health and did not perceive increased work stress after their RTW. (ovid.com)
  • The findings imply that to improve the well-being and levels of interpersonal relationships among students, academic stress must be reduced to the barest minimum. (sciencedomain.org)
  • Serum E2 will be assessed weekly during weeks 9-16, and HPA axis reactivity to stress and behavioral responses to the Dot-Probe and EEfRT tasks will be assessed every four weeks during the 16 week probe. (centerwatch.com)
  • In this animal model, the psychologically stressed rats are exposed to the visual, olfactory, auditory stimuli (such as struggling, vocalization, defecating, urinating and jumping) from the foot shock rat (Oishi et al. (sun.ac.za)
  • Physically stressed rats were subjected to 10 unpredicted electric foot shocks (0.5 milliampere), in 10 minutes, while the psychologically stressed rats witnessed everything. (sun.ac.za)
  • However, little is known about the specific conditions under which drug users display a dysregulated cortisol response to stress. (umd.edu)
  • Balb/c mice were subjected to restraint stress in a well ventilated tube for 20 minutes each day, 5 days per week. (ahajournals.org)
  • Activation of 5-HT(1A) receptors attenuates tachycardia induced by restraint stress in rats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Measures included perceived psychological stress, coronary risk factors, self reported angina, and ischaemia detected by electrocardiography. (bmj.com)
  • and additional data about environmental self-identity, pre-existing stress, and perceived restorativeness of settings were collected as measures of covariance. (mdpi.com)
  • Inclusion of covariates in a regression analysis demonstrated significant predictive value of perceived restorativeness on these stress measures, suggesting some potential level of mediation. (mdpi.com)
  • Repeated measures ANOVAs examined participants' responses from baseline to induced stress, and induced stress to post-failure. (ijsp-online.com)
  • After this, at 2-month intervals over a period of 6 months, the participants reported on the occurrence of major life events and completed measures of psychological stress sensitivity. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • In order for stress to form, whether it is from a good or bad situation, there must be a stressor causing tension to appear. (wikiversity.org)
  • It showed that our stress models propose to be useful in elucidating the complex interrelationship between an external event or stressor, and the organism experiencing it. (sun.ac.za)
  • Specifically, the PSS is based upon Lazarus's original transactional model of stress that argues the experience of a stressor is influenced by evaluations on the part of the person as to how well they can manage a stressor given their coping resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • This training, and quite a bit more, is available on-line from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network . (nickarnett.net)
  • Keywords Glare · Psychological stress · Trapezius · Computer work · Vision · Posture Introduction complaints related to the visual stress associated with inten- sive near-visual work (Ranasinghe et al. (deepdyve.com)
  • Background: Little is known about the impact of psychological support in war and transcultural contexts and in particular, whether there are lasting benefits. (scribd.com)
  • As an effect of psychological trauma. (scribd.com)
  • Effect of psychological stress on salt and water transport in the human jejunum. (nih.gov)
  • The possibility that the central and autonomic nervous system might be involved in the control of intestinal absorption was assessed by measuring the effect of psychological stress, induced by dichotomous listening, on jejunal transport in 15 healthy subjects. (nih.gov)
  • There was a sex difference in the norepinephrine surge in response to psychological stress through nitric oxide (NO), in association with pressor response. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Zhao M, Chen J, Wang W, Wang L, Ma L, Shen H, Li M (2008) Psychological stress induces hypoferremia through the IL-6-hepcidin axis in rats. (springer.com)
  • 4. The I.C.V.injection of a-helical CRH (9-41), a CRH-41 receptor antagonist, did not attenuated the stress-induced hypertension in the 3 groups of female rats. (nii.ac.jp)
  • A mild psychological stress induced by a cage-switch evoked a norepinephrine surge in the male, but not in the female rats. (nii.ac.jp)
  • We have subjected rats to a number of stress paradigms (varying in duration), and assessed the effects thereof on behaviour at two different time points. (sun.ac.za)
  • Babov KD (1999) Aktivatsiya stress-limitiruyuschikh system organizma - odin iz podkhodov k optimizatsii naznacheniya fizioterapevticheskihk faktorov u kardiologicheskihk bol'nykh (Activation of stress-limiting systems of the organism - one of the approaches to optimization of physiotherapeutical factors for the patients with cardiovascular diseases). (springer.com)
  • More recently, events related to severe psychological stress have been reported as risk factors for type 1 diabetes in a nationwide Swedish case-referent study ( 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Recently, we reported associations between high parenting stress, lack of support/confidence, and some risk factors for type 1 diabetes, such as low socioeconomic status ( 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In this chapter, we discuss the impact of stress on cognitive executive functions associated with academic achievement and also suggest strategies to reduce the impact of stressing factors. (intechopen.com)
  • Internal factors such as stress have been implicated in causing a deficient immune system because of the nature of the body's response in dealing with this problem. (personalityresearch.org)
  • Among other factors, variability in the absorption of insulin preparations and psychological stress may be of importance ( 2 , 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Several inclusion criteria were employed to control for potential factors influencing the stress response(see 2.1 for details). (cnki.com.cn)
  • However, whether HCC and psychological variables share genetic risk factors remains unclear. (nih.gov)
  • There is a scarcity of studies reporting on protective factors in teaching and we know little about their possible role as possible protective factors against stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • The results contributed towards a better understanding of the relative importance of wellbeing constructs as protective factors against teacher stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • Furthermore, the search for solutions to mitigate against teacher stress can no longer be limited to traditional approaches of maladjustment or ill-being, but should also explore factors associated with positive psychological functioning and wellbeing, which can be used as personal resources against stress. (scielo.org.za)
  • Accordingly, both visual and psychological factors must be taken into account when optimizing computer workstations to reduce physiological responses that may cause excessive eyestrain and musculoskeletal load. (deepdyve.com)
  • The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship between indicators of wellbeing and stress and to further assess the relative importance of these wellbeing indicators in explaining stress variance in a large sample of Eastern Cape primary and high school teachers in South Africa. (scielo.org.za)