• We are fortunate not to have too much firsthand experience with zoonoses here at the Center for Avian and Exotic Medicine, but there are several diseases we feel are worth mentioning as they can occur in species that we care for. (avianandexoticvets.com)
  • Cathelicidins and β-defensins are two major families of HDPs in avian species. (mdpi.com)
  • In altricial-gastric teleost fish, differentiation of the stomach takes place after the onset of first feeding, and during metamorphosis dramatic molecular and morphological modifications of the gastrointestinal (GI-) tract occur. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we present the functional ontogeny of the developing GI-tract from an integrative perspective in the pleuronectiforme Atlantic halibut, and test the hypothesis that the multiple functions of the teleost stomach develop synchronously during metamorphosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The avian influenza virus subtypes that have been confirmed in humans, ordered by the number of known hu-man deaths, are: H1N1 (Spanish flu), H2N2 (Asian Flu), H3N2(Hong Kong Flu), H5N1 is the current pandemic threat. (hubpages.com)
  • Structure-function relationship studies with several avian HDPs have led to identification of the peptide analogs with potential for use as antimicrobials and vaccine adjuvants. (mdpi.com)
  • In June 1993, a radio-tagged bobwhite quail (colinus virginianus and a cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) were recovered from the stomach of an adult canebrake rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus atricaudatus) in South Carolina. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We identify Scleraxis, a basic-helix-loop-helix transcription factor, as a new marker of stomach mesenchyme and find that expression of Scleraxis defines the presence of two tendons closely associated to the two visceral smooth muscles. (theses.fr)
  • Several studies have described the cellular mechanisms responsible for this remodelling in amphibians [ 7 , 8 ], yet little is known about their impact on tissue function in vertebrates, particularly the multiple functions integrated in the stomach. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In early developmental stages of fishes and anurans the stomach is often absent and part of its function may be carried out by the intestine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These data show that upon FGF activation, selected stomach mesenchymal cells are primed to express Scleraxis and to diffrentiate into tendon cells. (theses.fr)
  • This transfer of digested material can occur up to 4 times per minute, and the compartments can hold the stomach contents for thirty minutes to an hour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, using cells culture experiments, we find taht undifferentiated stomach mesenchyme can give rise to both SMCs and tendon cells. (theses.fr)
  • But some patients end up needing a surgical procedure called fundoplication, where the top part of the stomach is stitched round the oesophagus to give it. (marcorestauranteycafe.com)
  • Avian β-defensins, on the other hand, adopt triple-stranded β-sheet structures similar to their mammalian relatives. (mdpi.com)