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  • lipids
  • It also may involve the formation or dissociation of protein quaternary structures or oligomeric complexes, and specific binding of ions, ligands, or regulatory lipids. (wikipedia.org)
  • These proteins may be anchored to the bilayer as a result of hydrophobic interactions between the bilayer and exposed nonpolar residues at the surface of a protein, by specific non-covalent binding interactions with regulatory lipids , or through their attachment to covalently bound lipid anchors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among a variety of molecular factors of the plant innate immune system, small proteins that transfer lipids and exhibit a broad spectrum of biological activities are of particular interest. (cyberleninka.ru)
  • The first feature is the ability of plant LTPs to bind and transfer lipids, whereby these proteins got their name and were combined into one class. (cyberleninka.ru)
  • The proteins involved in the intra- and extracellular transport of lipids play an important role in the lipid metabolism of pro- and eukaryotic cells. (cyberleninka.ru)
  • Although some fatty acids appear as free molecules, most of the lipids in bodily fluids are bound to carrier proteins, including albumin and apolipoproteins, the latter forming lipoproteins upon lipid-binding ( 8 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Autotrophic microalgae are photosynthetic, using solar energy, inorganic nutrients, and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) to produce proteins, carbohydrates, lipids and other valuable organic compounds while heterotrophic microalgae can be fermented using simple organic substrates (for example, glucose, acetate, glycerol) as carbon and energy sources for cell growth without light. (mdpi.com)
  • The three main purposes of metabolism are the conversion of food/fuel to energy to run cellular processes, the conversion of food/fuel to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates, and the elimination of nitrogenous wastes. (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleic
  • The leitmotif of his work was the enzymatic utilization of chemical-bond-energy from degradation of foodstuffs (essentially, glucose from glycolysis) for the biosynthetic processes involving phosphates and vitamin-derived coenzymes, leading to condensed biomacromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, fats, and their conjugates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Metabolism is usually divided into two categories: catabolism, the breaking down of organic matter for example, the breaking down of glucose to pyruvate, by cellular respiration, and anabolism, the building up of components of cells such as proteins and nucleic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • AβPP-like homologous genes and proteins are highly conserved in various organisms from invertebrates to mammals. (iospress.com)
  • AβPP-like genes undergo similarly pathways of transcription and post-transcription processing, and AβPP-like proteins is proteolyzed by the similar α-cleavage and the β-cleavage pathways. (iospress.com)
  • extracellular
  • This protein is involved in various cellular and biological functions, such as lymphocyte migration and maturation, tissue repair cancer progression, T and B lymphocyte activation, and induction of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase. (iospress.com)
  • compounds
  • In nutraceutical industries, Arthrospira ( Spirulina ) and Chlorella are the most important species in commercialization as health foods and nutrition supplements with various health benefits including enhancing immune system activity, anti-tumor effects, and animal growth promotion, due to their abundant proteins, vitamins, active polysaccharides, and other important compounds [ 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • subunits
  • The protein links integrin subunits to the tyrosine kinase FYN, an initiating step in coupling integrins to the Ras-ERK pathway and promoting cell cycle progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike
  • Unlike many eukaryotic-type proteins from L. pneumophila, neither Lpg1905 nor Lpg0971 were translocated into the host cell by the Dot/Icm (defective in organelle trafficking/intracellular multiplication) type IV secretion system. (jove.com)
  • humans
  • Caveolin-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CAV1 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3-Ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, mitochondrial also known as acetyl-Coenzyme A acyltransferase 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ACAA2 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • signal
  • The C-terminal tetratricopeptide (TPR) repeat domain of Pex5p recognises proteins carrying a peroxisomal targeting signal type 1 (PTS1) tripeptide in their C-terminus. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The secretion of PCSK9 is largely dependent on the autocleavage of the signal peptide and N-terminal prodomain, though the N-terminal prodomain retains its association with the catalytic domain. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Here, we report a new crystal form of apo-Pex5p(C), obtained in a crystallisation condition containing SrCl 2 . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some water-soluble proteins associate with lipid bilayers irreversibly and can form transmembrane alpha-helical or beta-barrel channels. (wikipedia.org)
  • major
  • Such a conformational change would be expected to play a major role both during PTS1 protein recognition as well as in cargo release into the peroxisomal lumen. (biomedcentral.com)
  • complex
  • After being processed in the ER, PCSK9 co-localizes with the protein sortilin on its way through the Golgi and trans-Golgi complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Show
  • We also show that proteins expressed in neurons can be differentiated from proteins in these two groups based on their polarity profiles, and also that this computational tool can be used to identify proteins associated with amyloidoses. (edu.pl)
  • plants
  • 7-Dehydrocholesterol is a zoosterol (a sterol produced by animals rather than plants). (hmdb.ca)
  • feature
  • Comparative genomics demonstrate conservation of glycine-aromatic residue pairings through evolution as a previously unrecognized feature of all autotransporter proteins. (jove.com)