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  • comprises
  • 16. The method of claim 14 wherein said photoprocessing step is color developing and said photoprocessing composition comprises a photographic color developing agent. (google.com)
  • 18. The method of claim 14 wherein said photoprocessing step is a fixing step, and said photoprocessing composition further comprises a photographic fixing agent. (google.com)
  • 9 . The method according to claim 3 , wherein the biochips comprise a semiconductor substrate with a patterned dielectric film on at least one surface of said semiconductor substrate, and wherein the pattern of the dielectric film comprises a star-shape, and wherein detecting the analyte comprises the step of using LEAPS. (google.ca)
  • The photochemical reactor comprises a vessel (20) comprising the fluid (30), a light source (40) for generating UV-radiation (UV1) and emitting it towards the fluid, and a luminescent material (50) arranged between the light source and the fluid for converting at least part of the UV-radiation emitted by the light source to further UV-radiation (UV2) having an increased wavelength compared to the UV-radiation. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 9. Photochemical reactor (10, 12, 14, 16) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the UV-radiation (UV1) comprises a wavelength below 200 nanometers and wherein the further UV-radiation (UV2) comprises a wavelength below 300 nanometers. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • occur
  • The formation of ozone is just one example of the many kinds of photochemical changes that can occur. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the ring opening of 3,4-dimethylcyclobutene were carried out under photochemical conditions the resulting electrocyclization would be occur via a disrotatory mode instead of a conrotatory mode as can be seen by the correlation diagram for the allowed excited state ring opening reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The initial steps occur on the femto- through picosecond time-scales, requiring the use of ultrafast spectroscopic methods, while the rate-limiting steps often occur more slowly, requiring alternative techniques. (unt.edu)
  • Indirect photochemical processes may also occur at the surface of soils owing to the presence of organic matter originating from plant debris in various stages of decay [ 9 , 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • These processes may of course occur in aqueous solutions, in the atmosphere, on plant leaves, and at the surface of soils. (hindawi.com)
  • synthesis
  • Amongst them, the photochemical synthesis of MNPs including direct photoreduction and photosensitization has attracted intense research interest, since it is a versatile and convenient process with distinguishing advantages such as space selectivity [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • ACCase inhibitors are grass killers that inhibit the first step of lipid synthesis by inhibiting the compound Acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase). (toxipedia.org)
  • vessel
  • The processing kit includes the photographic element, a vessel containing a developing composition, a vessel containing fixing composition, and a light-tight, hand-held container for holding an exposed element as it is inserted into the first and second vessels to carry out processing. (patents.com)
  • protein
  • Their classification by mechanism of action (MOA) indicates the first enzyme, protein, or biochemical step that the herbicide affects in the plant. (toxipedia.org)
  • The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is a signaling pathway involved in fundamental cellular processes including growth and proliferation. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The plaques are mainly constituted of amyloid-β peptides that are generated in two steps from the amyloid precursor protein (APP). (diva-portal.org)
  • chemical
  • The " in situ " approach that involves the generation of MNPs directly in a polymerizable medium through reduction of a cationic precursors offers the advantages of better dispersion ability and facile chemical or photochemical reduction [ 16 , 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In recent years, various methods for water or air purification as well as soil decontamination have been developed including chemical, electrochemical, or photochemical processes [ 1 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and SO 2 are released into the atmosphere during chemical and mineral processes such as coal burning and ceramic production. (ac.ir)
  • We have developed a new method that can handle the biomass at room temperature, and the type of biomass that can be used is not restricted the process can handle nearly any type of biomass," said Yulin Deng, a professor in Georgia Tech's School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and the Institute of Paper Science and Technology (IPST). (bio-medicine.org)
  • To optimize the system, we need to have a better understanding of the chemical processes involved and how to improve them. (bio-medicine.org)
  • molecular
  • A decrease in the molecular weight of PLA was observed in the recycled materials, especially in those subjected to the washing step, which explained the small decrease in microhardness and the increased water uptake at long immersion times. (upm.es)
  • Correlation diagrams, which connect the molecular orbitals of the reactant to those of the product having the same symmetry, can then be constructed for the two processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • with these methods, we hope to understand molecular processes inside cells and organisms with the level of precision more commonly associated with in vitro biochemistry or biophysics. (cam.ac.uk)
  • elementary steps
  • What are the kinetics of elementary steps in signalling? (cam.ac.uk)
  • Ideally we could rapidly activate any kinase in a signalling pathway and turn on a subnetwork of signalling to dissect the contributions of elementary steps to signalling and elucidate the topology of feedback/feedforward regulation. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The kinetics of elementary steps in kinase signalling and the contribution of adaptive feedback mechanisms in these pathways are challenging to study using classical genetics. (cam.ac.uk)
  • By defining the kinetics of several such subnetworks it should be possible to provide detailed insight into the contributions of elementary steps to the signal transmission. (cam.ac.uk)
  • situ
  • Moreover, the dye label acts as a radical spin trap, enabling removal of halogen end-groups from the brushes via in situ dye addition during the polymerisation process. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • The particles can also be generated in situ in a photopolymerizable formulation so that metal/polymer nanocomposites become available through a one-step photoassisted process on the basis of NIR activation. (hindawi.com)
  • nucleic acid
  • 2. The method for preparing nucleic acid samples of claim 1, further comprising, after step (b), the step of amplifying said nucleic acid. (google.ca)
  • solar
  • Since several kinds of these contaminants present absorption spectra with a nonnegligible overlap with that of solar light, an inexhaustible source, the photochemical process becomes of great interest. (hindawi.com)
  • The researchers also need to compare operation of the system with solar energy and other forms of input energy, such as waste heat from other processes. (bio-medicine.org)
  • proteins
  • Hence, the next step in understanding the vision process for monochrome vision is to describe these proteins, and how they change their shape after retinal isomerizes. (libretexts.org)
  • simultaneously
  • All features must be compensated for surface and lateral etching, which happen simultaneously during the etching process. (photofabrication.com)
  • First, we performed a comparative study concerning the different methods for the preparation of SERS-active substrate, onto which we would carry out simultaneously the photodegradation of dyes and the spectroscopic study of the process. (usp.br)
  • permit
  • Specifically, photoactivatable fluorophores permit the monitoring of dynamic processes in real time as well as the reconstruction of images with subdiffraction resolution. (hindawi.com)
  • method
  • 15. The method of claim 1 comprising color developing said imagewise exposed color photographic silver halide material prior to said photoprocessing step. (google.com)
  • The processing method is carried out quickly, usually within about 90 seconds. (patents.com)
  • dyes
  • Black-and-white elements, such as radiographic films, can be processed in roomlight because they include certain light absorbing dyes and desensitizers. (patents.com)
  • include
  • However, some recent developments in the field of applied micro-optics or nanofabrication turn round to producing highly integrated devices, and whenever the corresponding fabrication processes include photochemical steps, small-scale and low-cost light sources with low power consumption are preferred. (hindawi.com)
  • Photochemical dissociation pathways in electronically excited states include CO and HCO elimination, leading to [Na n − x Cl n−x −2 HCOO] + and [Na n Cl n −2 COO˙] + with typical quantum yields in the range of 1-3% and 5-10%, respectively, for n = 5. (rsc.org)
  • solution
  • 10 . A process for directly depositing beads on a surface of a semiconductor substrate to form a bead array, said process comprising adding a solution of beads to the surface of a patterned semiconductor substrate containing structures for restraining the beads and mechanically agitating the solution to induce the beads to settle in the structures. (google.ca)
  • Thin films of POD and PPy were prepared by solution process to give highly fluorescent film, of which emission intensity was switched on and off upon application of step potentials. (spie.org)
  • A wet process uses an alkaline solution such as lime/limestone or NaOH solution to absorb SO 2 . (ac.ir)
  • enzymes
  • Carbon dioxide enters the cycle and is fixed into glucose through a series of steps catalyzed by enzymes. (essortment.com)
  • But that process has many drawbacks: power output from such cells is limited, microbes or enzymes can only selectively break down certain types of biomass, and the microbial system can be deactivated by many factors. (bio-medicine.org)
  • system
  • Specific aromatic compounds having an extended planar π system are useful as spectral sensitizing dye stain reducing agents in photographic processing compositions and methods for providing color or black-and-white images in various photographic silver halide materials. (google.com)
  • The invention further relates to a photochemical processing system. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • type
  • As the ocean covers more than 70% of the Earth's surface, this type of natural aerosol is highly relevant for atmospheric processes. (rsc.org)
  • photographic
  • They are particularly useful in fixing and bleaching compositions in the processing of color photographic silver halide materials, but can be used in various other processing compositions. (google.com)
  • study
  • The main objective of this work was to study the effect of the aging and different mechanical recycling processes on the structure and properties of a PLA-montmorillonite nanocomposite. (upm.es)
  • Our study using dry HCOCOO − thus represents only the first step towards a comprehensive understanding of glyoxylate photochemistry in this environment. (rsc.org)
  • Although
  • Although companies that produce parts using the PCM process have unique and sometimes proprietary methods to achieve the final goal, the basic operations are similar. (photofabrication.com)