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  • infection
  • The treatment of choice for S. aureus infection is penicillin. (news-medical.net)
  • Treatment for bacteremia or blood infection with S. aureus or infection from a medical device - the medical device or the foci of the infection needs to be removed after identification. (news-medical.net)
  • Although the availability of penicillin in the 1940s offered an important advance in the treatment of infection, susceptibility of S. aureus was short-lived. (cdc.gov)
  • Sycosis vulgaris, Sycosis barbae or Barber's itch is a staphylococcus infection of the hair follicles in the bearded area of the face, usually the upper lip. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutants of S. aureus lacking protein A are more efficiently phagocytosed in vitro, and mutants in infection models have diminished virulence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oxygen is required in order to produce TSST-1, in addition to the presence of animal protein, low levels of glucose, and temperatures between 37-40°C (98.6-104°F). Production is optimal at pH's close to neutral and when magnesium levels are low, and is further amplified by high concentrations of S. aureus, which indicates its importance in establishing infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • X68417 S.aureus gene for 16S rRNA. (atcc.org)
  • X68425 S.aureus gene for 23S rRNA. (atcc.org)
  • AJ000472 Staphylococcus aureus catalase gene, strain ATCC12600. (atcc.org)
  • L37597 Staphylococcus aureus 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene. (atcc.org)
  • D00730 S. aureus glutamic acid specific protease (EC 3.4.21.19) gene. (atcc.org)
  • U06451 Staphylococcus aureus proline permease homolog (putP) gene, complete cds. (atcc.org)
  • AF235026 Staphylococcus aureus pyruvate dehydrogenase beta subunit PdhB (pdhB) gene, complete cds. (atcc.org)
  • L36472 Staphylococcus aureus lysyl-tRNA sythetase gene, complete cds, transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, 5S ribosomal RNA (5S rRNA) gene, 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene, 23S ribosomal RNA (23S rRNA) gene. (atcc.org)
  • Staphopain A is largely co-expressed with the other three major proteases of S. aureus: aureolysin, glutamyl endopeptidase, and staphopain B. The transcription of scp occurs via a promoter controlled by "housekeeping" sigma factor σA and up-regulated by accessory gene regulator agr. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scpA gene has a high prevalence in the genome of both commensal- and pathogenic-type S. aureus strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hla gene on the S. aureus chromosome encodes the 293 residue protein monomer, which forms heptameric units on the cellular membrane to form a complete beta-barrel pore. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1880
  • Staphylococcus was first identified in 1880 in Aberdeen, Scotland, by surgeon Sir Alexander Ogston in pus from a surgical abscess in a knee joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • extracellular
  • S. aureus has numerous surface proteins that promote attachment to host proteins such as laminin and fibronectin that form part of the extracellular matrix. (news-medical.net)
  • homologous
  • Natural (or native) protein A can be cultured in Staphylococcus aureus and contains the five homologous antibody binding regions described above and a C-terminal region for cell wall attachment. (wikipedia.org)