• Insomnia is defined as a problem with initiating sleep, maintaining sleep, waking up too early, or experiencing poor quality (nonrestorative) sleep, which interferes with daytime functioning. (acc.org)
  • acute manic episodes associated with bipolar I disorder as either monotherapy or adjunct therapy to lithium or divalproex. (healthyplace.com)
  • The physician who elects to use SEROQUEL for extended periods in Bipolar Disorder should periodically re-evaluate the long-term risks and benefits of the drug for the individual patient [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ]. (healthyplace.com)
  • To reduce the number of comparisons, electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep latency, EEG wake time, EEG sleep efficiency, post-sleep questionnaire (PSQ) sleep latency, and PSQ total sleep were preselected as the major sleep variables. (nih.gov)
  • 1 Compared with prepubertal youth, adolescents seem to need more sleep, 2 have reduced time in slow-wave sleep and latency to rapid-eye-movement sleep, 3 and have a propensity toward a delayed sleep phase. (aappublications.org)
  • LPS is defined as the latency from the lights-off time to the first stage 2 sleep followed by at least 10 consecutive minutes of sleep epochs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Over time, individuals may come to regard nighttime as a frustrating struggle, which increases physiological activation and further decreases the likelihood of entering a sleep state. (acc.org)
  • portable system used to record multiple physiological variables during sleep. (stopsleepapnea.today)
  • In this cross-sectional study of 1108 elderly participants (mean age, 71.9 years), we measured bedroom light intensity using a bedside light meter for two nights and sleep quality using actigraphy and a questionnaire. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Sleepiness during lessons was reported by 39 (78%) among 50 students and 22 (44%) of them said to have slept at least once during lessons. (sleepscience.org.br)
  • Sleepiness and laziness in the day following sleep reduction was recognized by 96% of the students, and 92% reported to sit differently on those days. (sleepscience.org.br)
  • 4 In addition, cultural factors such as early school start times, after-school employment, and extracurricular and social activities contribute to limited sleep and disrupted sleep patterns, making adolescents vulnerable to excessive sleepiness. (aappublications.org)
  • Even though poor posture causes students to be at risk for developing problems in the vertebral column, the relationship between sleep deprivation and bad postures has not yet received attention. (sleepscience.org.br)
  • The effects of presleep stress on sleep-onset insomnia. (naver.com)
  • In this first epidemiologic study of insomnia defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria in a US sample of adolescents, we estimated lifetime prevalence of insomnia, examined chronicity and onset, and explored the role of pubertal development. (aappublications.org)
  • WASO was calculated as total time in awake epochs between sleep onset time (first stage 2 epoch) and the end of the primary recording period (8 hours after lights -off). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • TST is defined as the total time in sleep epochs from sleep onset time to the end of the primary recording period (8 hours after lights -off). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Alcohol is used by more than one in ten individuals as a hypnotic agent to self-medicate sleep problems. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Long-term users of hypnotic drugs for sleep disorders develop only partial tolerance to adverse effects on driving with users of hypnotic drugs even after 1 year of use still showing an increased motor vehicle accident rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5 , 6 Poor sleep adversely affects cognitive function and performance 7 , 8 and is associated with poor emotional and physical health, 9 - 12 conduct problems, and substance use. (aappublications.org)
  • Although much progress has been made, additional research is still needed to identify the neurobiological changes that result from substance use, and how these changes contribute to substance use disorders. (nih.gov)
  • The overarching goals of the research areas described in this FOA are to understand the neurobiological mechanisms underlying substance use disorders, with special emphasis on identifying changes and neuroadaptations that occur during dependence, withdrawal, and relapse to chronic substance use. (nih.gov)
  • What are the stages of substance abuse? (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • Within-group analyses indicated that all drug groups showed significantly improved sleep from baseline throughout drug administration, but the placebo group did not significantly improve from baseline by either objective or subjective measures at any of the three time intervals. (nih.gov)
  • Objective EEG and subjective PSQ sleep variables showed significant positive correlations. (nih.gov)
  • To evaluate the associations between pre-awake light (PAL) exposure and subjective and objective measures of sleep quality. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Although poor sleep affects cognitive performance and is associated with poor emotional and physical health, epidemiologic studies among adolescents have been limited. (aappublications.org)
  • Data come from a random sample of 1014 adolescents who were 13 to 16 years of age, selected from households in a 400000-member health maintenance organization encompassing metropolitan Detroit. (aappublications.org)
  • Sleep problems have been investigated in several community- and school-based samples of adolescents but have been defined idiosyncratically and measured for periods from 2 weeks to 12 months. (aappublications.org)
  • The study by Ohayon et al 21 is the one study that included adolescents and used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) 22 criteria. (aappublications.org)
  • Sleep hygiene in adolescents with asthma. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The current study sought to examine the impact sleep hygiene has on sleep quality, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and sustained attention among adolescents with asthma. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • This is the stage when adolescents are using substances for reasons other than recreational use, such as for relaxation. (neurologyadvisor.com)
  • This article contains the sleep results of the efficacy study of flurazepam 30 mg and 15 mg, midazolam 15 mg, and placebo in the 99 chronic insomniacs studied as part of this multicenter study. (nih.gov)
  • Despite the evidence for an association between sleep and cardiac health, causal mechanisms remain unclear. (acc.org)
  • The important issue is not guilt or innocence, or the nature or severity of any disorder, but the ability of the individual to function in court. (iowabeefcenter.org)
  • With this broad variation in definitions of sleep problems, the distribution by demographic characteristics also has varied. (aappublications.org)
  • Insomnia is a complaint of difficulties falling asleep, frequent and/or prolonged awakenings, and/or consistently unrefreshing sleep that occurs despite adequate sleep opportunity. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Between-groups comparisons indicated that, when compared with the placebo control, all drugs improved sleep, but differences were statistically significant only for the first 2 nights, i.e., the early interval. (nih.gov)
  • Perpetuating factors may include, for example, spending more time in bed to compensate for poor sleep, which can have the unintended effect of disrupting sleep/wake cycles, decreasing sleep efficiency, and creating a conditioned response between being in bed and being awake. (acc.org)