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  • microbial
  • Editors Adam Driks and Patrick Eichenberger assembled chapters written by a team of diverse and multidisciplinary experts in biodefense and microbial forensics to produce an overview of topics of spore research, such as spore molecular biology, bioremediation, systems biology, issues in biodefense, and the challenge of food safety that is accessible to any reader, regardless of expertise. (asmscience.org)
  • dormant spore
  • Furthermore, the fact that the enzymes are heat sensitive only when removed from intact spores indicate the presence of some heat protective mechanism for enzymes in rather peripheral location in the dormant spore, which is not dependent on the core environment of spores. (nii.ac.jp)
  • populations
  • This study shows that the composition of complex spoilage populations, including bacterial spores, can be monitored in complex food matrices by bar-coded amplicon sequencing in a quantitative manner. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Within wild populations, disease control consists of reducing the amount of bacterial spores present in the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecules
  • The broad spectrum of immune responses elicited coupled with the attendant benefits of safety suggest that spore adsorption could be appropriate for improving the immunogenicity of some vaccines as well as the delivery of biotherapeutic molecules. (ei-resource.org)
  • This complex binds free water molecules, causing dehydration of the spore. (wikipedia.org)
  • survive
  • The data demonstrate that a substantial fraction of spores are able to survive the severe shock pressure and temperature conditions which must be expected for collisionally produced rock fragments from a medium-sized terrestrial planet that have escape velocities of approximately 5 km/s. (springerprofessional.de)
  • Spores can survive for many years in soil and other inanimate objects. (microbeonline.com)
  • septum
  • The genetic material of the cell is replicated and a membrane wall known as a spore septum begins to form between it and the rest of the cell. (orbitbiotech.com)
  • cells
  • Bacterial spores store information about the individual growth history of their progenitor cells, thus retaining a 'memory' that links the different stages of the bacterial life cycle. (uni-hd.de)
  • In this way, the spores obtain a stable phenotypic memory of the growth and gene expression history of their progenitor cells, which influences their future. (uni-hd.de)
  • We report carbon mass balance and kinetic data for the total oxidation of cells, spores, and biomolecules deposited on illuminated titanium dioxide surfaces in contact with air. (semanticscholar.org)
  • enzyme
  • The phenotypic memory of Bacillus subtilis spores can be visualized by tagging the enzyme alanine-dehydrogenase with a red fluorescent protein. (uni-hd.de)
  • Early forming spores contain higher levels of the enzyme than late forming spores (left). (uni-hd.de)
  • Spore photoproduct lyase (EC 4.1.99.14, SAM, SP lyase, SPL, SplB, SplG) is a radical SAM enzyme that repairs a particular kind of lesion that arises upon UV-radiation of bacterial DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibody
  • The spore appears to present a bound antigen in its native conformation promoting a cellular (T(h)1-biased) response coupled with a strong antibody response. (ei-resource.org)
  • Spores of Bacillus subtilis (Bacillus anthracis simulant) were immobilized on a thickness-shear mode AT-cut quartz crystal functionalized with anti-spore antibody and the sensor was driven by a pure sinusoidal oscillation at increasing amplitude. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Botulinum
  • Infant botulism results from the ingestion of the C. botulinum spores, and subsequent colonization of the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The growth of the spores releases botulinum toxin, which is then absorbed into the bloodstream and taken throughout the body, causing paralysis by blocking the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Honey is a known dietary reservoir of C. botulinum spores and has been linked to infant botulism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantification
  • In this study, we adapted and optimized 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing for quantification of bacterial spores in a canned food matrix and for monitoring the outgrowth of spoilage microbiota in a ready-to-eat food matrix. (biomedcentral.com)
  • antigens
  • In this work we have discovered that the negatively charged and hydrophobic surface layer of spores provides a suitable platform for adsorption of protein antigens. (ei-resource.org)
  • Spores then, should be considered as mucosal adjuvants, most similar to particulate adjuvants, by enhancing responses against soluble antigens. (ei-resource.org)
  • heat
  • Of these, the use of genetically engineered bacterial spores has been shown to offer promise as both a mucosal as well as a heat-stable vaccine delivery system. (ei-resource.org)
  • botulism
  • Most cases of infant botulism, however, are thought to be caused by acquiring the spores from the natural environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • identification
  • Even a tenfold excess of bentonite (corresponding to 2.1 × 10 10 colony forming units per gram of mineral matrix) still resulted in an unambiguous identification of B. megaterium spores. (biomedcentral.com)