Loading...
  • germinate
  • Anthrax spores that could germinate into living bacteria were recovered on Gruinard Island, an island off the coast of Scotland that was used for biological weapons testing by the British government during World War II . (encyclopedia.com)
  • In common parlance, the difference between a "spore" and a " gamete " (both together called gonites) is that a spore will germinate and develop into a sporeling , while a gamete needs to combine with another gamete to form a zygote before developing further. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spores germinate to give rise to haploid gametophytes, while seeds germinate to give rise to diploid sporophytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ability of spores to lie dormant and then germinate presents both threats and potential benefits to human health and welfare. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spores have been observed to last decades in such conditions that reduce metabolic demand, awaiting mixing events that may carry them back into favorable environmental conditions where they may germinate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultimately, the resting spore relies that it will be mixed back up to the surface at a time when conditions for growth are favorable and it can germinate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spore aims to ensure the widest possible dissemination of information of relevance to the agricultural world, in order to fertilize ideas and allow them to germinate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marian Spor
  • Marian Spore Bush (October 22, 1878 - February 24, 1946) left her successful Michigan dental practice for a studio in Greenwich Village, New York City, and became a self-taught painter in the 1920s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marian Spore Bush was born Flora May Spore in Bay City, Michigan, on October 22, 1878, to Melvin and Helen Miller Spore. (wikipedia.org)
  • His sister was Marian Spore Bush and he had three children. (wikipedia.org)
  • dormant
  • After monitoring the environment for a period of time, the deteriorating conditions trigger the microbe to begin the change from a growing and dividing cell to a dormant spore. (encyclopedia.com)
  • however, B. subtilis also has the ability to form spores, dormant cells which are resistant to many of the chemical and physical challenges that normally kill bacteria. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spore-like cells were said to be a specific class of stem cells in adult organisms, including humans, which are small, versatile, and most frequently remain in a dormant "spore-like" state as the rest of the cells of the organism divide, grow, and die. (wikipedia.org)
  • viable
  • Although his results were as much about devising the perfect spore trap as about the spores themselves, he concluded that the air was a viable medium for spores to be transported. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Spore-like cells were said to remain viable in unprepared tissue (using no special preservation techniques), frozen at -86 °C and then thawed, or heated to 85 °C for more than 30 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Galactic Adventures
  • Eventually, a spin-off under the title "Spore Hero", an adventure game built ground up for the Wii with a heavier focus on evolution, was announced as part of the 2009 lineup along with "Spore Hero Arena" and "Spore: Galactic Adventures"" The first details of Spore Hero began to emerge when MTV's Totilo had an interview with designer Lucy Bradshaw. (wikipedia.org)
  • conidia
  • An oidium (plural: oidia) is an asexually produced fungal spore that (in contrast to conidia) is presumed not to constitute the main reproductive preoccupation of the fungus at that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • citation needed] Unlike the full version of Spore, the main game is roughly an hour long, and divided into 18 separate sections, or 30 sections in the iPhone and iPod touch version, with the player attacking and eating other organisms while avoiding being eaten by superior ones. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • Spore were signed in 1993 on the Taang! (wikipedia.org)
  • Records) Fear God / She's So Heavy / Sick / Bleeding Gums Forcefeed / Power Behind (1993 split 7 with Slughog) Active In The Yard (1993 - split 7 with Mission Of Burma) Phuko & Flan Is Ta (1994 - split EP with Queer - Chunk Records) Noise Rock 27 (band) Victory at Sea (band) Spore. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gas spore appeared in second edition Advanced Dungeons & Dragons in under the "fungus" entry in Monstrous Compendium Volume Two (1989), and is reprinted in the Monstrous Manual (1993). (wikipedia.org)
  • soil
  • This is also the optimal time frame for turf inoculation or applications with milky spore to increase milky spore in the soil environment (there are product specific guidelines that should be followed for milky spore application). (wikipedia.org)
  • Resident spores in the soil are swallowed by grubs during their normal pattern of feeding on roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within 7-21 days the grub will eventually die and as the grub decomposes, billions of new spores are released into the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Which allowed him to regenerate and come back to life, because the land That land would be part of a place called Tierra Verde which was controlled by a drug lord named Felix Caridad, and the reason Spore survived was because the cocaine that was manufactured from the plants helped sustain him until he strong enough to re-grow from the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spore was resurrected from the cocaine that was manufactured from the plants which grew from the soil when Felix Caridad injected himself with a dose of tainted cocaine and was transformed into Spore himself. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1931
  • Ronald M. Spores (born January 25, 1931) is an American academic anthropologist, archaeologist and ethnohistorian, whose research career has centered on the pre-Columbian cultures of Mesoamerica. (wikipedia.org)
  • survival
  • Generally, resting spore formation in diatoms is primarily considered a survival tactic for adverse conditions by producing dense spores with thick silica frustules that can sink cells out of the surface, typically high in light and temperature, into the cooler, darker and nutrient rich depths. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resting spore formation plays an important role in the survival of diatoms through periods of adverse environmental conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has even been proposed that the resting spore stage of diatoms has aided survival through mass extinction events including the cretaceous extinction, which brought an estimated three quarters of all plant and animal life to extinction. (wikipedia.org)
  • anthracis
  • In a comprehensive literature review citing published reports dating back to 1882, Murray (8) noted that boiling times reported to destroy B. anthracis spores varied over a range of 1 to 12 min. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Stein and Rogers (9) reported that vigorous boiling for 3 to 5 min destroyed spores from 43 strains of B. anthracis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Temperatures
  • and milky spore, like other bacteria, is highly survivable in drought conditions but suffers in temperatures of Zone 5 and colder. (wikipedia.org)
  • These microbes require high temperatures to actively metabolize, and when such conditions don't exist (say, when you're in the near-freezing waters of the Arctic Ocean) they form spores - hardened, protective life rafts that allow the organisms to wait out inhospitable conditions. (wired.com)
  • The formation of a spore with a thick frustule increases the density of the diatom, allowing a drop in the water column to the sediment or pycnocline where reduced light, and potentially cooler temperatures may increase the lifespan of the spore by reducing the metabolic imbalance between demand and resource availability. (wikipedia.org)
  • fungus
  • Ganoderma applanatum , the Artist Fungus (Fig. 3), a bracket fungus, produces a perennial fruiting body, which may disperse approximately 30 billion spores a day and maintain this rate for a five month period. (hawaii.edu)
  • Resting spores of a particular fungus are known create the phenomenon known as late potato blight. (wikipedia.org)
  • parasitic
  • Myxozoan spores release amoebulae into their hosts for parasitic infection, but also reproduce within the hosts through the pairing of two nuclei within the plasmodium, which develops from the amoebula. (wikipedia.org)
  • mycology
  • DaveB ---------- From: BIOSCI-REQUEST To: mycology Subject: Re: Killing spores in smelly shoes? (bio.net)
  • But it was Dillon Weston's next foray into the skies that is perhaps the most fascinating as a milestone in mycology, and the history of science, as British Airship R100 took off with his spore traps aboard. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Pollen
  • was a series of catalogs of fossil spores and pollen from various times and places, published by Penn State University between the 1950s and 1980s. (upenn.edu)
  • Google Books has volume 41 , "Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Spores and Pollen from the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. (upenn.edu)
  • Google Books has volume 42 , "Cretaceous Spores and Pollen from the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. (upenn.edu)
  • Larvae
  • This simple formulation increased both the persistence and effectiveness of spores, killing up to 50% more larvae than untreated spores and reducing pupation levels to less than 20% at a test site in Kenya. (eurekalert.org)
  • billions
  • Multiply that by all of the galls that may be present in a single corn plant and we will literally 'have billions and billions' of spores. (hawaii.edu)
  • widespread
  • Reproduction of Spore articles is widespread in ACP countries and elsewhere, both in national newspapers and international media services such as Africa Online and in journals and web sites specializing on agricultural topics, such as City Farmer. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrient
  • Dropping deeper into the water column may also put the resting spore in a place where nutrient availability is greater. (wikipedia.org)
  • particles
  • In this way, the scientists could treat the spores as tracer particles and effectively ignore complicating factors such as environmental selection. (wired.com)
  • spin-off
  • Spore Hero is the Wii spin-off of Spore, developed by Maxis, in which the players focus on creativity and evolution using the unique controls of the Wii. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spore Origins (also known as Spore Mobile) is the mobile device spin-off of Spore, and focuses on a single phase of the larger game's gameplay - the cell phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Histopathologic examination of the lung biopsy specimens revealed an inflammatory process and the presence of yeast-like structures consistent with Lycoperdon spores. (cdc.gov)
  • long distances
  • Dillon Weston and fellow scientists suspected that one route of spore transmission over long distances was through air currents. (cam.ac.uk)
  • One reason that they seem to occur everywhere is that they produce large number of spores that often can be dispersed long distances by different mechanisms that have evolved. (hawaii.edu)
  • form
  • A spore is a hard casing that contains the genetic material of those bacteria and other microorganisms that are able to form the structure. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Spores of bacteria that subsequently could be revived into the growing form have been recovered from materials that are over a century old. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Thus, spores offer an extraordinary form of protection to bacteria. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nevertheless, the spore is able to monitor the external environment and, when conditions are sensed as being more favorable, the conversion from the spore form to the growing organism begins. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the spring, they desiccate and form spores that can be easily released by agitating the mushroom (1). (cdc.gov)
  • adult
  • Researcher Mariusz Ratajczak has linked spore-like cells to his idea of Very small embryonic-like stem cells, also proposed to be very small adult stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stem cell Adult stem cell Spore Vacanti, Martin P. (wikipedia.org)
  • decades
  • This has led researchers to try to revitalize spore-like cells from tissue samples of frozen carcasses deposited in permafrost for decades (frozen walrus meat more than 100 years old, and mammoth and bison in Alaska estimated to be 50,000 years old). (wikipedia.org)
  • resistance
  • The thick silica frustule can also serve during period as a resting spore to enhance the resistance to zooplanktonic grazers, which are known to be a frequently dominant source of mortality for many marine phytoplankton. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • It is responsible for a disease (commonly called milky spore ) of the white grubs of Japanese beetles . (wikipedia.org)
  • Within marine centric diatoms, resting spore formation has been most commonly observed from a vegetative parent cell, but some species have been noted to require an auxospore parent cell, which is the product of sexual reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • creature
  • In the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, the gas spore is a type of plant creature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spore Origins iPhone/iPod Touch Review Spore Origins Mobile Review Spore Creature Creator (2008, PC) - The creature creator element of Spore, released prior to the full game. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • Whether the pulmonary process results from a hypersensitivity reaction, an actual infection by the spores, or both is unknown. (cdc.gov)