• Studies of symptomatology and detection of Spiroplasma citri, a causal agent of stubborn disease, observed on citrus trees in the East Mediterranean area. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Foreign Title: Doğu akdeniz bölgesi'nde turunçgil ağaçlarında gözlenen stubborn hastalığı etmeni Spiroplasma citri 'nin simptomoloji ve tanılanması üzerinde araștırmalar. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Spiroplasma shares the simple metabolism, parasitic lifestyle, fried-egg colony morphology and small genome of other Mollicutes, but has a distinctive helical morphology, unlike has a spiral shape and moves in a corkscrew motion. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Spiroplasma virus, SpV4, is a small, non-enveloped virus that infects the helical mollicute Spiroplasma 4 exhibits several similarities to the Chlamydia phage, Chp1, and the Coliphages α3, φK, G4 and φX All of these viruses are members of the viruses have isometric capsids with T = 1 icosahedral Cited by: Virus-like particles of three morphologic groups have been detected by electron microscopy in 90% of spiroplasma strains. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Experimental studies have demonstrated that S. mirum did not induce TSE-like disease in raccoons and recently suggested that the ability to form biofilms in Spiroplasma spp. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • The isolation of Spiroplasma species from eyes of scrapie-affected sheep confirms the consistent association of spiroplasma with the TSEs, and the concentration of spiroplasma in sheep eyes provides a resource for future research studies. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • The new Spiroplasma species is seen in BCE cultures by TEM. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Based on results from this study and previously published data, strain TN-1(T) (= ATCC ) (group XVIII) is designated the type strain of a new spiroplasma species, Spiroplasma litorale. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • is the basis of the spread and of the pathogenesis of diseases caused by this Spiroplasma[].Cited by: 2. (flatmountaingirls.com)
  • Spiroplasma mirum is a bacterium in the genus Spiroplasma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schulenburg, J. H. G. v. D. & Majerus, M. E. N. (2000): The butterfly Danaus chrysippus is infected by a male-killing Spiroplasma bacterium. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Spiroplasma, a wall-less bacterium ( 3 ), undoubtedly depends upon protein interactions between the bacterium and cells of the host. (frontiersin.org)
  • Molecular phylogenetic analysis based on 16S ribosomal DNA revealed that the bacterium is a member of the genus Spiroplasma. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The butterfly Danaus chrysippus is infected by a male-killing Spiroplasma bacterium. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Bentley, J. K., Veneti, Z., Heraty, J. & Hurst, G. D. D. The pathology of embryo death caused by the male-killing Spiroplasma bacterium in Drosophila nebulosa . (nature.com)
  • In East Africa, the African Queen butterfly, Danaus chrysippus (L.)-generation time one month, maximum adult lifespan around two months-is infected by a vertically transmitted, maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacterium, Spiroplasma ixodetis , that causes early mortality in males at the point of hatching from the egg, or occasionally in the first instar larva [ 5 - 10 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • It is caused by the bacterium Spiroplasma kunkelii . (wikipedia.org)
  • Complete Genome Sequence of Spiroplasma monobiae MQ-1 T (ATCC 33825), a Bacterium Isolated from the Vespid Wasp (Monobia quadridens). (nih.gov)
  • In the lab, he showed that worm-infected flies retained their fertility if they were also infected with a bacterium called Spiroplasma (below). (nationalgeographic.com)
  • As females carrying the protective Spiroplasma give birth to similarly infected daughters, so the range of the bacterium slowly creeps westwards. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • There are a couple different strains of the bacterium but both of them provide resistance against the worm, which suggests that Spiroplasma itself hasn't adapted to the rising threat of Howardula . (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Spiroplasma are widespread arthropod-associated bacteria that are helical, highly mobile, and do not possess any cell wall. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Most move about by gliding across host cells, but Spiroplasma are helical and move by twisting. (wikipedia.org)
  • MH021189), is closely related (99.4%-99.6% nucleotide similarity) to a strain from Hungary and other Balkan coun- tries identified between 2010 and 2015 (Figure), reinforc- Disseminated Spiroplasma ing the conclusion that this WNV infection was acquired apis Infection in Patient with in Hungary. (cdc.gov)
  • The 491-bp amplicon sequence was 100% identical to that of Spiroplasma apis strain ATCC 33834 (GenBank accession no. (blogspot.com)
  • is the causative agent a spiroplasma? (bio.net)
  • As a novel spiroplasma, Spiroplasma eriocheiris is the causative agent of tremor-disease ( 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The host protective effects exhibited by Spiroplasma and Wolbachia are additive and may provide the conditions for such cotransmitted symbionts to become mutualists. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Only Wolbachia and Spiroplasma, both widespread in insects, were confirmed as symbionts. (genetics.org)
  • Spiroplasma develop a commensal, pathogenic, or mutualist pathogen-host relationship. (cdc.gov)
  • Spiroplasma eriocheiris is a crustacean pathogen, without a cell wall, that causes enormous economic loss. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spiroplasma - an emerging arthropod-borne pathogen? (aaem.pl)
  • We report a disseminated infection caused by Spiroplasma apis , a honeybee pathogen, in a patient in France who had X-linked agammaglobulinemia. (blogspot.com)
  • Spiroplasma associations highlight a growing movement to consider heritable symbionts as important drivers in patterns of evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many Spiroplasma are intracellular, vertically transmitted insect symbionts that may manipulate host reproduction (e.g., cause male-killing) or provide resistance to nematodes and/or parasitoid wasps. (frontiersin.org)
  • Experimental Spiroplasma brain infection in the suckling rat is characterized by vacuolar encephalopathy with localization of the microbe to gray matter. (thefullwiki.org)
  • These findings, which suggest maternal-fetal infection, are consistent with previous experimental Spiroplasma -induced cataract and uveitis. (cdc.gov)
  • Two Spiroplasma infections have been reported in humans: an intraocular infection in a newborn with Group VI Spiroplasma , now known as S. ixodetis ( 6 ), and a systemic infection in an immunocompromised adult with S. turonicum ( 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Ocular anterior segment in 3 newborn infants with bilateral total cataract and anterior uveitis related to endogenous Spiroplasma ixodetis infection. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the replication of spiroplasma has been demonstrated with both infection procedures. (pasteur.fr)
  • Importantly, this mortality is not affected by the infection status of the male parent and the horizontal transmission of Spiroplasma is unknown. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Direct examination with dark-field microscopy of specimens from a patient with agammaglobulinemia who had Spiroplasma apis infection, France. (blogspot.com)
  • The genus Spiroplasma would continue to swell with new members, becoming extremely large. (inra.fr)
  • Many Spiroplasma are found either in the gut or haemolymph of insects where they can act to manipulate host reproduction, or defend the host as endosymbionts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spiroplasma testing is also suggested for biopharmaceutical products that have been in contact with plant or insect materials. (criver.com)
  • Phytoplasma and Spiroplasma are plant pathogens with insect vectors . (wikipedia.org)
  • Lazar, J. & Rohwer, R. G. (2006): Absence of Spiroplasma or Other Bacterial 16S rRNA Genes in Brain Tissue of Hamsters with Scrapie. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Spiroplasma ixodetis was detected in lens aspirates using bacterial 16S-rRNA PCR and transmission electron microscopy. (cdc.gov)
  • 3 , 4 ) have reported the presence of spiroplasma-specific 16S rRNA genes in brain tissue taken at autopsy/necropsy from TSE-infected humans and animals. (asm.org)
  • In vivo and in vitro experimental Spiroplasma infections produce cytopathic effects similar to those of the scrapie agent. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Ticks, from which Spiroplasma ixodetis has been isolated, are abundant sources of Spiroplasma ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The tropical butterfly the African Queen, Danaus chrysippus , shows two such sexually antagonistic phenotypes, the first being sex-linked colour pattern, the second, susceptibility to a male-killing, maternally inherited mollicute, Spiroplasma ixodeti , which causes approximately 100% mortality in male eggs and first instar larvae. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Elektronentomographische und biochemische Untersuchung des Cytoskeletts von Spiroplasma melliferum. (mpg.de)
  • The Spiroplasma organism showed stable vertical transmission through successive generations of the host. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Spiroplasma, small motile wall-less bacteria, are linked by molecular and serological studies to the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which include scrapie in sheep, chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The spiroplasma sequences reported by Bastian et al. (asm.org)
  • However, a neuropathologist with the Louisiana State University College of Agriculture, Dr. Frank Bastian, said his research shows a bacteria known as spiroplasma is the root cause of CWD . (clarionledger.com)
  • This is because this D. melanogaster Spiroplasma (called MSRO) kills D. melanogaster eggs fertilized by Y-bearing sperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results indicate that Spiroplasma MSRO prevents successful development of both wasps, and confers a small, albeit significant, increase in larva-to-adult survival of flies subjected to wasp attacks. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Four spiroplasma ligand proteins for MrLGBP were isolated and identified. (frontiersin.org)
  • It is likely that proteins mediate the interaction between S. eriocheiris and hemocytes, permitting entry of spiroplasma into hemocytes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Using only fly genetics, we are already able to functionally characterize some Spiroplasma proteins and decipher their impact on the interaction. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • In recent literature cases of Spiroplasma infections in humans have been reported and a possible association with cataract and eye inflammation has been drawn. (escrs.org)
  • Spiroplasma may cause cataract associated with uveitis in infants. (escrs.org)
  • Spiroplasma itself commonly infects insects and this is the first time it has been cast in the role of protector. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Normal cooking temperatures will not denature prions or kill spiroplasma bacteria. (clarionledger.com)
  • Spiroplasma symbiont of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum (Insecta: Homoptera). (semanticscholar.org)
  • This challenge can be circumvented by studying a more amenable bacterial relative, notably a spiroplasma that was characterized by INRA scientists in the 1970s. (inra.fr)
  • To expand our toolbox, we developed a protocol for a sustainable in vitro culture of Spiroplasma. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Jaenike couldn't find any traces of Spiroplasma in specimens of D.neotestacea that were collected in the 1980s and stores in museums. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • During surgery of the right eye, samples of native lens material and vitreous body were obtained for eubacterial 16S sequencing PCR, which identified Spiroplasma sp. (escrs.org)
  • Electron micrograph of corn stunt spiroplasma (CSS) between 2 split layers of the basal lamina (bl1 and bl2) surrounding the filter chamber (part of the alimentary canal) and in the hemolymph (he) of a vector leafhopper D. gelbus. (cellimagelibrary.org)