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  • orally
  • Then, the team orally administered S. oleracea extract at 250 and 500 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) doses every day for 28 days to the MIA-induced osteoarthritis mice. (naturalnews.com)
  • antioxidant
  • The present study evaluates the protective effects of an antioxidant-rich extract of Spinacea oleracea (NAOE) in abnormalities associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in rats. (hindawi.com)
  • Protein
  • They assessed the anti-osteoarthritic properties of S. oleracea extract by micro-CT, mRNA, and protein expression of pro-inflammatory and chondrogenic genes, clinically relevant biomarker's, and behavioral experiments. (naturalnews.com)
  • Compounds of S. oleracea also caused increased Sox-9 and Col-II protein expression in articular chondrocytes. (naturalnews.com)
  • Flora
  • Leila M. Shultz: Spinacia, p. 302 - online In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Ed.): Flora of North America North of Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • Overall, the findings of the study suggested that S. oleracea extract can mitigate the adverse effects of MIA-induced osteoarthritis. (naturalnews.com)
  • Bulletin
  • Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Spinacia L. Berichte der Schweizerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft = Bulletin de la Société Botanique Suisse 48: 485-490. (wikimedia.org)