• Spatial cognition is concerned with the acquisition, organization, utilization, and revision of knowledge about spatial environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Numerous disciplines (such as cognitive psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, geographic Information science, cartography, etc.) work together to understand spatial cognition in different species, especially in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thereby, spatial cognition studies also have helped to link cognitive psychology and neuroscience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists in both fields work together to figure out what role spatial cognition plays in the brain as well as to determine the surrounding neurobiological infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spatial cognition is closely related to how people talk about their environment, find their way in new surroundings and plan routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past five decades spatial behavior has been a subject of research interest in psychology and neuroscience, in part based on philosophical theories of mental spatial representations. (uleth.ca)
  • Economic Geography studies the spatial organization of economic activities. (rug.nl)
  • Whilst spatial information can be stored into these different frames, they already seem to develop together in early stages of childhood and appear to be necessarily used in combination in order to solve everyday life tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our insights in spatial behavior are then used to analyze socio-economic regional disparities in terms of production, income and employment as well as more encompassing development concepts including happiness and well-being. (rug.nl)
  • More recently, newer findings challenged this stairway-like model of acquisition of spatial knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, Daniel R. Montello proposed a new framework, indicating, that the changes in spatial knowledge ongoing with growing experience are rather quantitative than qualitative, i. e. different types of spatial knowledge become just more precise and confident. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, a discussion came up about different reference frames, which are the frameworks wherein spatial information is encoded. (wikipedia.org)
  • How does this relate to spatial mobility, housing and transport? (rug.nl)
  • Furthermore, the use of these different types seems to be predominantly task-dependent, which leads to the conclusion that spatial navigation in everyday life requires multiple strategies with different emphasis on landmarks, routes and overall survey knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • A classical approach to the acquisition of spatial knowledge, proposed by Siegel & White in 1975, defines three types of spatial knowledge - landmarks, route knowledge and survey knowledge - and draws a picture of these three as stepstones in a successive development of spatial knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • We specialize in understanding spatial economic behavior of firms and people: Where do people live, study, work, start businesses and why? (rug.nl)
  • Which type of spatial knowledge is acquired in a special situation depends also from the respective source of information. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, while the present changes in spatial cognition observed in dyads represent a small step toward grouping, they are a giant leap for the individual. (springer.com)
  • The increasing use of mice models in cognitive tasks that were originally designed for rats raises crucial questions about cross-species comparison in the study of spatial cognition. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Some types of behaviors that involve learning are imprinting, spatial learning, conditioning, and cognition. (coursehero.com)
  • Spatial cognition is, "thinking of a space and how the various elements of that space relate to one another. (wordpress.com)
  • In a study of my living room I used spatial cognition to sketch a perspective view of the space. (wordpress.com)
  • My spatial cognition came into play when I began to measure and draw up a plan for the placement of the objects within the space. (wordpress.com)
  • Non-spatial cognition is, "the remembrance of places and how we feel about them. (wordpress.com)
  • When analyzing my emotional and cognitive responses to sensory information such as color, form and line, visual quality, and light, I used non-spatial cognition as a guide. (wordpress.com)
  • Damage to the PPC due to injury or disease, as well as age-related decline, gives rise to many spatial deficits of perception, action and cognition. (grantome.com)
  • Brain and Behavior covers a wide swath of territory critical for understanding the brain, from the basics of the nervous system, to sensory and motor systems, sleep, language, memory, emotions and motivation, social cognition, and brain disorders. (ecampus.com)
  • Spatial cognition is concerned with the acquisition, organization, utilization, and revision of knowledge about spatial environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Numerous disciplines (such as cognitive psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, geographic Information science, cartography, etc.) work together to understand spatial cognition in different species, especially in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thereby, spatial cognition studies also have helped to link cognitive psychology and neuroscience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists in both fields work together to figure out what role spatial cognition plays in the brain as well as to determine the surrounding neurobiological infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spatial cognition is closely related to how people talk about their environment, find their way in new surroundings and plan routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • nNOS KO mice showed hyperlocomotor activity in a novel environment, increased social interaction in their home cage, decreased depression-related behavior, and impaired spatial memory retention. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Seminar: 'Habitat as Social Architect: How Spatial Variability Could Drive Animal Behavior. (umass.edu)
  • Is the Subject Area "Collective animal behavior" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • Now we have listed our Top 5 Webinars of 2020 on Animal Behavior Research for you. (noldus.com)
  • For years, researchers have tried to understand the exact role that mirror neurons play in human behavior. (psychologicalscience.org)
  • Environmental psychology is the study of human behavior and well-being in relation to the large-scale, sociophysical environment. (apple.com)
  • We investigate the spatial correlations of obesity prevalence in the USA during a specific year using microdata defined at the county-level provided by the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 14 through the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 2004 to 2008 (see Methods section). (nature.com)
  • Results suggested that impairments shown in behavioral tasks requiring spatial and contextual information processing were statistically significant while general neurological behaviors did not differ between groups. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite several suggestions aforementioned about the functional roles of burst spiking on information processing and behavioral effects, its specific roles on spatial representation of hippocampal place cells and modulatory function on behavior have not been revealed yet. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spatial distribution of the study participants was assessed in terms of the demographic, behavioral, and sexual dysfunction variables, as well as laboratory diagnosed STIs. (rti.org)
  • Techniques and Basic Experiments for the Study of Brain and Behavior emphasizes the practical aspects of conducting behavioral experiments, illustrates the various fundamental methods with characteristic examples, and provides a thorough description of the techniques. (elsevier.com)
  • A behavioral perspective on the biophysics of the light-dependent magnetic compass: a link between directional and spatial perception? (biologists.org)
  • Behavioral changes include disinhibition, inappropriate behavior, compulsions such as a tendency to overeat or eat a particular kind of food, repetitive behavior, social withdrawal, inability to keep a job, difficulty initiating tasks and following through, difficulty maintaining personal hygiene, and a short attention span. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Genes begin the process: behavioral geneticists commonly claim that DNA accounts for 30-50 percent of our behaviors (Saudino, 2005), an estimate that leaves 50-70 percent explained by environment. (ascd.org)
  • NL1 knock-out (KO) mice display deficits in spatial learning and memory that correlate with impaired hippocampal long-term potentiation. (jneurosci.org)
  • Consistent with our hypothesis, NL1 KO mice displayed deficits in hippocampus-dependent spatial memory along with impaired hippocampal long-term potentiation. (jneurosci.org)
  • These results suggest that ALCAR could ameliorate WT/GFX-induced spatial memory deficits through inhibition tau hyperphosphorylation and modulation of memory-associated proteins. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, NL1 KO mice exhibit a dramatic increase in repetitive, stereotyped grooming behavior, a potential autism-relevant abnormality. (jneurosci.org)
  • NL1 KO mice also exhibited increased repetitive grooming behavior, which may be relevant to the increased repetitive behavior seen in autism ( American Psychiatric Association, 2000 ), along with a reduced NMDA/AMPA ratio at corticostriatal synapses. (jneurosci.org)
  • The aim of this work was to compare spatial navigation, learning, and memory in pcd and Lurcher mice, two of the most frequently used cerebellar mutants. (frontiersin.org)
  • The mice were tested in the open field for exploration behavior, in the Morris water maze with visible as well as reversal hidden platform tasks and in the forced swimming test for motivation assessment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Lurcher mice showed different space exploration activity in the open field and a lower tendency to depressive-like behavior in the forced swimming test compared with pcd mice. (frontiersin.org)
  • To determine what behaviors are affected in APP/PS1 knock-in mice by the progressing disease, Webster et al. (noldus.com)
  • Together, these findings reveal that LTP at a hypothalamic circuit node mediates a form of experience-dependent plasticity in an innate social behavior, and a potential hormone-dependent basis for individual differences in such plasticity among genetically identical mice. (pnas.org)
  • To further investigate the genetic mechanism giving rise to species differences in AVPR1A expression patterns and associated social behaviors, and to create a preclinical mouse model useful for screening drugs targeting AVPR1A, we engineered and extensively characterized bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) transgenic mice harboring the entire human AVPR1A locus with the surrounding regulatory elements. (biologists.org)
  • In the spatial learning paradigms, there were significant species-by-time interactions with wood mice outperforming bank voles on both place learning (P = 0.027) and subsequent reversal (P = 0.006). (nih.gov)
  • Mice with targeted disruption of the nNOS gene exhibit abnormal behaviors. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • We also examined the role of nNOS in dopamine/DARPP-32 signaling in striatal slices from nNOS KO mice and the effects of the administration of a dopamine D1 receptor agonist on behavior in nNOS KO mice. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Tyrosine phosphorylation of caveolin-2 at residue 27: differences in the spatial and temporal behavior of phospho-Cav-2 (pY19 and pY27). (uniprot.org)
  • Finally, overlap ratio analysis demonstrated that the spatial distribution patterns of intergroup differences on the GMV and rs-gFCD maps were distinct. (deepdyve.com)
  • There is no shortage of theories explaining behavior differences among children. (ascd.org)
  • Does host socio-spatial behavior lead to a fine-scale spatial genetic structure in its associated parasites? (parasite-journal.org)
  • For parasites having a simple life cycle (e.g., monoxenous parasites), gene flow and spatial genetic structure are expected to strongly rely on the socio-spatial behavior of their hosts. (parasite-journal.org)
  • in which species- and environment-related characteristics have been found to generate socio-spatial units. (parasite-journal.org)
  • Pour les parasites ayant des cycles de vie simples (par exemple, les parasites monoxènes), on s'attend à ce que les flux de gènes et la structure génétique spatiale dépendent fortement du comportement socio-spatial de leurs hôtes. (parasite-journal.org)
  • In this paper, we have studied proximity effects at the provincial (NUTS-3) level in the Italian case in the socio-spatial dynamics of pro-environmental behaviors, in particular in terms of differentiated waste collection habits. (rethinkingculture.blog)
  • Research indicates that there are specific areas of the brain associated with spatial memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brown MF, Knight-Green MB, Lorek EJ et al (2008) Social working memory: memory for another rat's spatial choices can increase or decrease choice tendencies. (springer.com)
  • Cheng K (1986) A purely geometric module in the rat's spatial representation. (springer.com)
  • For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • A rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the central role of coordination to visual behavior, how visual space for reaching and eye movements influence each other and whether cross-areal interactions within PPC underlie this influence is not known. (grantome.com)
  • Understanding the mechanisms of coordinated visual behavior will help us understand how visual behavior arises from interactions between different visual representations more generally. (grantome.com)
  • To see whether locomotor behavior was affected, they used a rotarod, performed a grip strength test, a beam walk test, and analyzed the distance moved and velocity in an open field test. (noldus.com)
  • The locomotor behavior was not affected in any of the test that focused on that behavior. (noldus.com)
  • However, in other models in some cases also locomotor behavior or anxiety is affected by the disease. (noldus.com)
  • Zebrafish larvae locomotor behavior often has a high variability, which can have a big impact on your results. (noldus.com)
  • Topics range from end organ dynamics to neural responses, to sensory integration, to behavior, and adaptation, with particular application to balance, posture and locomotion under normal gravity and space conditions. (mit.edu)
  • This project aims to understand how spatial representations during coordinated behaviors, such as looking and reaching toward an object, are constructed within neural circuits of the posterior parietal cortex (PPC). (grantome.com)
  • Understanding how circuits in PPC construct visual representations of space during coordinated behavior will lead to new strategies for neural rehabilitation and support the development of neural prosthetic systems. (grantome.com)
  • All animals can perform certain survival behaviors without prior experience, suggesting a "hard wiring" of underlying neural circuits. (pnas.org)
  • For instance, performance on a working memory but not on a short-term memory task was affected by articulatory suppression suggesting that impairment on the spatial task was caused by the concurrent performance on a task that had extensive use of executive resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that the earlier models may underestimate the pressure behavior significantly throughout the reservoir lifetime if the temporal and spatial variability of permeability is disregarded. (onepetro.org)
  • Hippocampal pyramidal neurons play an essential role in processing spatial information as implicated with its place-dependent firing. (frontiersin.org)
  • We will first test whether coordinating visually-guided behaviors recruits effector-specific processes by recording neurons in the parietal reach system (Aim 1) and the parietal saccade system (Aim 2) during coordinated behavior. (grantome.com)
  • The ventral pallidum inhibits dopamine neurons, and suppression of this area during risky behavior may increase dopamine release,' said Monosov, who is also an adjunct professor of biomedical engineering. (news-medical.net)
  • This study explored whether the newly-developed Intellicage system could be used to compare these species in simple spatial learning paradigms. (nih.gov)
  • She investigated rat behavior in detail, using several test paradigms. (noldus.com)
  • This course introduces sensory systems and multi-sensory fusion using the vestibular and spatial orientation systems as a model. (mit.edu)
  • Studying spatial learning and memory is important to develop treatment for Alzheimer's and other diseases influencing on orientation and navigation. (noldus.com)
  • Fractionating dead reckoning: role of the compass, odometer, logbook, and home base establishment in spatial orientation. (niu.edu)
  • The symptoms of Pick's disease vary among individuals, but changes in behavior, emotions, and language are frequently associated with neurological problems related to movement and memory. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In this study, a novel analytical approach is presented to account for the combined effect of stress-sensitivity and spatial variability of formation permeability. (onepetro.org)
  • These results provide potential evidence that Cav2.1 in hippocampal pyramidal cells modulates temporal integration of bursts, which, in turn, might influence the recognition of place field and consequently disrupt spatial recognition ability. (frontiersin.org)
  • Focusing on testing the assumptions and implications of spatial voting, this book connects the theory with empirical analysis of voter preferences and behavior, showing that Americans cast their ballots largely in accordance with spatial voting theory. (cambridge.org)
  • To see how this affects behavior, you need to record that behavior and synchronize it with the stimulation. (noldus.com)
  • Recent evidence (Harris, 2006) suggests that the complex web of social relationships students experience-with peers, adults in the school, and family members-exerts a much greater influence on their behavior than researchers had previously assumed. (ascd.org)
  • Many changes in behavior are signs of treatable medical disorders, and there are a variety of therapies that can comfort your cat and ease her symptoms, including any pain she might be experiencing. (aspca.org)
  • A new study published in the journal Ecosphere compares spatial data from snow leopards and pumas to better understand what is governing their territorial behavior. (snowleopard.org)
  • Central arginine vasopressin receptor 1A (AVPR1A) modulates a wide range of behaviors, including stress management and territorial aggression, as well as social bonding and recognition. (biologists.org)
  • Compared to singles, dyads represent the first step toward grouping, and it is suggested that the conspicuous change between the behavior of a rat as single compared to its behavior when in a dyad should be greater than any further changes that may occur in spatial cognitive behavior of triads, quartets, or larger groups. (springer.com)
  • Spatial behavior in rat dyad. (springer.com)
  • We developed a high-resolution virtual reality for head-restrained adult zebrafish, which exhibit cognitive behaviors not shown by larvae. (nature.com)
  • Concentrations of most elements at the two sites exhibit strong spatial gradients and concentrations of elements at these sites are higher than other locations. (hindawi.com)
  • Here, we implement a spatial spreading analysis to investigate whether obesity shows spatial correlations, revealing the effect of collective and global factors acting above individual choices. (nature.com)
  • This suggests that the spread and growth of obesity and other NCDs may be governed by collective behavior acting over and above individual factors such as genetics and personal choices 4 , 5 . (nature.com)
  • To study the emergence of collective dynamics in the spatial spreading of obesity and other NCDs, we implement a statistical clustering analysis based on the physics of critical phenomena. (nature.com)
  • We adapt a theoretical framework for critical physical systems displaying collective behavior to decipher the laws of spatial spreading of diseases. (arxiv.org)
  • This collective behavior indicates that the spreading dynamics of obesity, diabetes and some forms of cancer like lung cancer are analogous to a critical point of fluctuations, just as a physical system in a second-order phase transition. (arxiv.org)
  • Furthermore, place cell recordings also revealed that the ability to recollect spatial representation on re-visit in the conditional knockout was also altered in terms of the cue recognition while the capability of a place cell to encode a place was intact compared to the control group. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spatial memory is affected at an earlier stage of the disease than recognition memory. (noldus.com)
  • Aspects of learning and memory, specifically novel object recognition and spatial relocation recognition, were unaffected. (biologists.org)
  • Recent studies have shown that potentiation of aggression, an innate behavior, can occur through repeated winning of aggressive encounters. (pnas.org)
  • Experience, however, can alter the expression of innate behaviors. (pnas.org)
  • Chapter 2 presents a contemporary analysis of the problem of instinctive behavior. (elsevier.com)
  • Modification of instinctive behaviors occurs through experience, yet the mechanisms through which this happens have remained largely unknown. (pnas.org)
  • b) Map of the spatial spreading of obesity prevalence evidencing clustering dynamics. (nature.com)
  • Harry Reis , professor of psychology and the Dean's Professor in Arts, Sciences & Engineering at Rochester, and Gurit Birnbaum , a social psychologist and associate professor of psychology at the IDC (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya) have dedicated decades of their lives to studying the intricate dynamics of sexual attraction and human sexual behavior. (bigthink.com)
  • In order to take the system dynamics and spatial inhomogeneity into account, the individual cell voltages measured in a sliding diagnosis window are considered integrally as a diagnostic observation. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Organizational Behavior is the study of individual behavior and group dynamics in organizations. (wikibooks.org)
  • 1976). Spatial Choice and Spatial Behavior: Geographic Essays on the Analysis of Preferences and Perceptions . (wikipedia.org)
  • Neither urban nor rural residence significantly impacted risk behavior or STI prevalence. (rti.org)
  • 2008). Once students are in school, the dual factors of socialization and social status contribute significantly to behavior. (ascd.org)
  • Brown MF (2011) Social influences on rat spatial choice. (springer.com)
  • Brown MF, Prince T-MN, Doyle KE (2009) Social effects on spatial choice in the radial arm maze. (springer.com)
  • Damage to the PPC leads to optic ataxia, apraxia and neglect, is debilitating, and is suffered by many patients each year in the US with significant social costs Understanding how the brain constructs visual-spatial representations underlies the effective treatment of patients with posterior parietal damage. (grantome.com)
  • Some of these etiologic factors are rooted in the design of our physical environments whereas others reside in the power of social networks to influence our behavior and well-being. (apple.com)
  • Drawing on archival and published documents in several languages, archeological data, and Iroquois oral traditions, The Edge of the Woods explores the ways in which spatial mobility represented the geographic expression of Iroquois social, political, and economic priorities. (jhu.edu)
  • These findings indicate that nNOS KO upregulates dopamine D1 receptor signaling, and induces abnormal social behavior, hyperactivity and impaired remote spatial memory. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Lead researcher at La Trobe University's Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society Dr Christopher Fisher said the survey asked 6327 Year 10-12 students in Government, Catholic and Independent schools from each state and territory, about their sexual behavior and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections. (news-medical.net)
  • However, much of the research into the visuo-spatial memory construct have been conducted in accordance to the paradigm advanced by Baddeley and Hitch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research into the exact function of the visuo-spatial sketchpad has indicated that both spatial short-term memory and working memory are dependent on executive resources and are not entirely distinct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional research is needed to determine the course of spatial neglect in this subset of patients, and whether they may respond better to prism therapy. (eurekalert.org)
  • Research studies span all domains of post-stroke cognitive dysfunction, but emphasize hidden disabilities after stroke, including hidden disabilities of functional vision (spatial bias and spatial neglect). (eurekalert.org)
  • She is a founder of the Network for Spatial Neglect, which promotes multidisciplinary research for this underdiagnosed hidden disability. (eurekalert.org)
  • Mange av disse er fritt tilgjengelig på nett, blant annet vårt vitenskapelige tidsskrift « Polar Research » og en del rapporter. (npolar.no)
  • By carefully deriving the empirical implications of spatial voting theory and through the use of novel survey techniques and statistical methods, Stephen A. Jessee's research shows that voters possess meaningful ideologies that structure their policy beliefs, moderated by partisanship and differing levels of political information. (cambridge.org)
  • Brain and Behavior pulls together the best current knowledge about the brain while acknowledging current areas of ignorance and pointing students towards the most promising directions for future research. (ecampus.com)
  • Results: The results of this study suggest that sexual risk behaviors and STIs are evenly distributed in our sample throughout the Kisumu district. (rti.org)
  • He has learned that there's far more behind the apathetic or aggressive behaviors, commonly attributed to a lack of politeness or dismissed as "lower-class" issues, than he had assumed. (ascd.org)
  • As a result, spatial variation in temperature is often used to characterize the influence of temperature on soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks under current and warmer temperatures. (osti.gov)
  • The humanized AVPR1A mouse is a potential preclinical model for further understanding the regulation of receptor gene expression and the impact of variation in receptor expression on behaviors, and should be useful for screening drugs targeting human AVPR1A, taking advantage of the expression of human AVPR1A in human-relevant brain regions. (biologists.org)
  • Knowing one's genetic risk for particular diseases doesn't encourage behavior modifications, according to a study. (the-scientist.com)
  • Chapter 1 provides extensive evidence concerning the evolution of specific aspects of behavior and illustrates the genetic processes underlying the evolution of behavior. (elsevier.com)
  • We nevertheless found that their parasites had no spatial genetic structure, suggesting that mouflon behavior was not enough to limit parasite dispersal in this study area and/or that other ecological and biological factors were involved in this process, for example other hosts, the parasite life cycle, or the study area history. (parasite-journal.org)
  • The evolution of the spatial map of obesity from 2004 to 2008 at the county level ( Fig. 1b ) highlights the mechanism of cluster growth. (nature.com)
  • This illustrates how, within the visuo-spatial domain, both STM and WM require similar utility of the central executive. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993). Behavior and Environment: Psychological and Geographical Approaches . (wikipedia.org)
  • Integrity of medial temporal structures may predict better improvement of spatial neglect with prism adaptation treatment" (doi: 10.1007/s11682-012-9200-5) was published in September in the Neuroimaging and Rehabilitation Special Issue of Brain Imaging & Behavior . (eurekalert.org)
  • In these models, species of different types, or individuals in different states, reside at the sites of a periodic spatial grid. (gatech.edu)
  • Psychobiology: Behavior from a Biological Perspective covers the problems encountered in understanding the biology of behavior. (elsevier.com)
  • Stroke researchers have found that the presence of frontal lesions predicts better functional improvement in individuals with spatial neglect who received prism adaptation therapy. (eurekalert.org)
  • Goedert KM, Chen P, Boston RC, Foundas AL, Barrett AM. Presence of motor-intentional aiming deficit predicts functional improvement of spatial neglect with prism adaptation. (eurekalert.org)