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  • amino
  • MCF proteins mediate the transport of nearly all solutes shuttled across the inner mitochondrial membrane and represent carriers specific for diverse nucleotides, basic amino acids, di- and tricarboxylates, phosphate, for a broad variety of cofactors as well as uncoupling proteins, etc. (frontiersin.org)
  • molecule
  • Solute pumping allows a molecule that cannot regularly cross the lipid bilayer (because of concentration gradient, polarity, or other reasons) to enter the cell by way of a protein channel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike diffusion (a form of passive transport), solute pumping requires energy (provided by ATP) to change the shape of the protein channel to allow the molecule to pass through, which is why it is an active transport mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • Chemists at Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum have developed a new method that allows them to map changes in the dynamics and structure of water molecules in the vicinity of solutes. (eurekalert.org)
  • The solute affects the regular network of hydrogen bridges between the water molecules, causing the water in the hydration shell to behave differently to the free water. (eurekalert.org)
  • sodium
  • Sodium/substrate symport (or co-transport) is a widespread mechanism of solute transport across cytoplasmic membranes of pro- and eukaryotic cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • The method allows us for the first time to spectroscopically map entropy and enthalpy around solutes, which are crucial parameters to characterize molecular recognition," summarises Havenith. (eurekalert.org)