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  • spinal
  • 5 However, the blockade of ascending somatosensory transmission by spinal anesthesia alters the excitability of reticulothalamocortical arousal mechanisms, reflecting the interactions between the different levels of the nervous system. (asahq.org)
  • Analgesia
  • All persons involved in research using animals are morally obligated and legally required to provide appropriate anesthesia and analgesia to minimize pain and distress to the animals. (ucsb.edu)
  • Anesthesia and Analgesia in Laboratory Animals (2nd edition) by Fish, Brown, Danneman, and Karas (eds. (ucsb.edu)
  • One of modern medicine's most important discoveries was that the application of diethyl ether (ether) could provide the classic requirements of anesthesia: analgesia, amnesia, and muscle relaxation in a reversible and safe manner. (mhmedical.com)
  • propofol
  • then they breathed 100% oxygen while anesthesia was induced with intravenous fentanyl (up to 3 micro gram/kg) and propofol (up to 2.5 mg/kg). (asahq.org)
  • Ether
  • Crawford Long was the first to use ether in 1842, and William Morton's successful 1846 public demonstration of ether as an anesthetic in the "Ether Dome" of Massachusetts General Hospital ushered in the modern day of anesthesia and surgery. (mhmedical.com)
  • Ether (flammability, solubility) and chloroform (liver toxicity) each had significant drawbacks, and over time, inhalation agents were developed with similar anesthetic effects but much safer physiologic and metabolic properties. (mhmedical.com)
  • Anesthesiology
  • Anesthesiology is the medical practice of providing anesthesia to patients and is most commonly provided by a medical doctor, an anesthesiologist, either alone or in conjunction with a certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), anesthesia assistant, or resident physician-in-training. (mhmedical.com)
  • The Anesthesia Consultant is written by Richard Novak, MD, an Adjunct Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Stanford University. (theanesthesiaconsultant.com)
  • IN 1955, Dr. B. Raymond (Ray) Fink (1914-2000) was faculty in the Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (New York, New York) when he published one of the first articles describing a mechanism by which anesthesia could cause hypoxemia. (asahq.org)
  • surgery
  • Anesthesiologists today not only provide patient care in the operating room but also have patient responsibilities in other areas, including preoperative anesthesia clinics (PACs), postanesthesia care units (PACUs), obstetrics, ambulatory surgery centers, endoscopy suites, postoperative pain management, critical care units, and chronic pain management. (mhmedical.com)
  • Cocaine's ability to produce topical anesthesia for ophthalmic surgery was discovered in the late 1800s. (mhmedical.com)
  • Twenty-five patients of both genders, aged 6 to 25 years, undergoing orthopedic or corrective plastic surgery, were monitored by electroencephalogram bispectral index (EEG-BIS) and somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) during anesthesia. (scielo.br)
  • emergence
  • This article is a classic because it is an early example of the application of scientific principles to the description of a mechanism to explain the "cyanosis" often associated with emergence from anesthesia. (asahq.org)
  • Drugs
  • Fortunately through the use of modern drugs with wide safety margins and the availability of naïve purpose-bred and healthy animals from commercial vendors and safe anesthesia in the research setting is generally quite routine. (ucsb.edu)
  • 4. Patient factors in selection of anesthesia: Drugs are chosen to provide safe and efficient anesthesia based on: 1. (slideshare.net)
  • asthma
  • The children of the AS group (n = 20) were categorized as having AS defined by doctor-diagnosed asthma (n = 10) or a recent upper respiratory tract infection (n = 10) in the past 2 weeks before anesthesia. (asahq.org)
  • Methods
  • Methods: Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 0, 30, 61, 114, or 202 ppm PIFE for a single 3-h period via nose-only inhalation. (asahq.org)