• The fruit pulp of T. cucumerina was higher in carotenoid (2053.33 mg/100g), flavonoid (861.67 mg/100g), cardiac glycoside (11.67 mg/100g), alkaloids (93.33 mg/100g), lycopene (118.5 μg/100g), tannin (555.00 mg/100g), oxalate (2.55 mg/100g) and quercetin (5.25 mg/100g) than Roma VF and Ibadan local. (scirp.org)
  • A. Esteves-Souza, T. M. Silva and C. C. F. Alves, "Cytotoxic Activities against Ehrlich Carcinoma and Human K562 Leukaemia of Alkaloids and Flavonoid from Two Solanum Species," Journal of Brazil Chemistry Society, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2002, pp. 838-842. (scirp.org)
  • atropine is an alkaloid derived from the solanaceous plants Atropa belladonna ( deadly nightshade ), Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane), and Datura stramonium (thornapple). (encyclopedia.com)
  • atropine (ăt´rəpēn, -pĬn) , alkaloid drug derived from belladonna and other plants of the family Solanaceae (nightshade family). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Solanaceous plants such as Sacred Datura contain relatively high concentrations of tropane alkaloids, primarily Atropine, Hyoscyamine, and Scopolamine, the primary alkaloid being Scopolamine. (bibliotecapleyades.net)
  • A poisonous white crystalline alkaloid, C 17 H 23 NO 3 , isometric with atropine and having similar uses but more potent effects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Biochemistry) a poisonous alkaloid occurring in henbane and related plants: an optically active isomer of atropine, used in medicine in a similar way. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Thus hyoscine (scopolamine) acts somewhat as a check upon its associated hyoscyamine in the parent drug, the latter alkaloid being more closely allied to atropine in action. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • Some surprise was expressed when it was discovered in the 1870s that an Australian bush, Duboisia myoporoides, contained an atropine-like alkaloid, 'duboisine' [scopolamine]. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Their alkaloids, atropine and scopolamine, were the major active substances of the ointments of witches, of medieval 'anaesthetics', and of modern poisons for murder. (isharonline.org)
  • Tropane alkaloids, such as hyoscyamine, 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine and scopolamine, are secondary metabolites produced by Solanaceous plants. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • In the present work we explored the development of an alternative strategy for the production of the most valuable alkaloids, 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine and scopolamine, using Escherichia coli whole cells harboring the H6H enzyme as biocatalyst. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • Alkaloids (hyoscyamine and scopolamine) contained in the roots, leaves, and seeds, are used as an anaesthetic and for relieving muscular spasm and pain. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Mandragora is a solanaceous plant that contains the alkaloids mandragorine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine and more than 80 substances. (wordpress.com)
  • Scopolamine was the major alkaloid of D.myoporoides leaves collected from different localities in Queensland representing high and low altitudes in semitropical and tropical regions. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Plantations of D.myoporoides and D.leichhardtii and of hybrids of the two species (which have the dual advantages of higher tropane and negligible pyridine alkaloid levels) produce leaf with an alkaloid content of up to 5-7% by dry weight, of which about half is scopolamine. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Fig. 3.15 Schizanthines, unique dimeric tropane alkaloids of the genus Schizanthus (Spacer linking tropanol monomers itaconic acid) Schizanthine D mesaconic acid linked isomer of schizanthine E Fig. 3.15 Schizanthines, unique dimeric tropane alkaloids of the genus Schizanthus alkaloids could be separated already some 50 years ago from hyoscyamine sco-polamine by steam distillation since they turned out to be volatile in contrast to the tropoyl esters (Rosenblum 1954). (medicinalplantsarchive.us)
  • Recent cell- and tissue-specific EST sequencing efforts addressing the restricted localization PD0325901 of vindoline biosynthesis in leaves (Murata 2006 Murata 2008 PD0325901 Shukla 2006) have provided EST selections enriched in alkaloid biosynthetic gene transcripts thereby facilitating the discovery of novel genes (Levac 2008 Liscombe 2010 Murata 2008). (cancer-colorectal.com)
  • Functional genomic analysis of alkaloid biosynthesis in Hyoscyamus niger reveals a cytochrome P450 involved in littorine rearrangement. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids is thought to proceed by way of the diamine putrescine,followed by its methylation by putrescine N-methyltransferase(PMT). (nii.ac.jp)
  • These studies further support the role of PMT as the first committed enzyme specific to alkaloid biosynthesis. (nii.ac.jp)
  • virus-induced gene silencing identifies catharanthus roseus 7-deoxyloganic acid-7-hydroxylase, a step in iridoid and monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • elucidation of the monoterpene indole alkaloid biosynthesis has recently progressed in apocynaceae through the concomitant development of transcriptomic analyses and reverse genetic approaches performed by virus-induced gene silencing (vigs). (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • The plants of this genus mainly contain steroidal alkaloids like solamargine, solasonine and solanine and steroidal sapogenins, diosgenin and diosgenone. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Abe and Matsuda (2000) reported both E. vigintioctomaculata and E. vigintioctopunctata were not stimulated to feed by solanine found in S. tuberosum and S. nigrum and tomatine contained in Lycopaersicon esculentum the solanaceous host plants. (scialert.net)
  • Solanum nigrum contain alkaloid, solanine. (scialert.net)
  • They were not stimulated to feed by solanine and tomatine, which are usually contained in solanaceous host plants. (elsevier.com)
  • Although there are quite a few alkaloids in nightshade vegetables, the potentially problematic alkaloids appear to be solanine (in all nightshades), tomatine (in tomatoes), and capsaicin (in peppers). (healthproadvice.com)
  • These genes produce the glycoalkaloid metabolism enzymes (GAME), which are responsible for the synthesis of steroidal alkaloid aglycones in potato and tomato plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Families free from Alkaloids: Rosaceae.Distribution and occurrence: Rare in lower plants. (scribd.com)
  • A bitter poisonous alkaloid, C 45 H 73 NO 15 , found in potatoes and other plants of the nightshade family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Solanidine is a poisonous steroidal alkaloid chemical compound that occurs in plants of the family Solanaceae, such as potato and Solanum americanum. (wikipedia.org)
  • an anticholinergic and antimuscarinic alkaloid derived from various plants, having a depressant effect on the central nervous system. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • hī`əsēn', -sĭn) , alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), chiefly from henbane henbane or black henbane, herb ( Hyoscyamus niger ) native to the Mediterranean region and naturalized in parts of North America. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • an alkaloid of the tropane group commonly occurring in such solanaceous plants as belladonna, henbane, and datura (mainly in the leaves). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • BECs are present in some solanaceous plants, including edible plants such as Solanum melongena (otherwise known as eggplant or aubergine). (curaderm.net)
  • VIGS has most often been utilized in studies of Solanaceous plants such as 2002 Ratcliff 2001 Nr4a3 Ruiz 1998). (cancer-colorectal.com)
  • Adult E. vigintioctomaculata and E. vigintioctopunctata attacks cucubitaceous plants when they cannot find solanaceous plant to feed (Abe and Matsuda, 2000). (scialert.net)
  • Both species are possibly stimulated to feed by some other substances contained in solanaceous host plants such as potato and tomato (Abe and Matsuda, 2000). (scialert.net)
  • Tropane alkaloids are valuable pharmaceutical drugs derived from solanaceous plants such as Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane). (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • High PMT activities were found in branch roots and/or cultured roots of several solanaceous plants. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Alkaloids derived from solanaceous plants were the subject of intense investigations by European chemists, pharmacologists and clinicians in the second half of the nineteenth century. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • A C19 norditerpenoid alkaloid (DITERPENES) from the root of ACONITUM plants. (umassmed.edu)
  • Alkaloids occurring in large amounts could make plants poisonous despite its medicinal effects. (ijpsr.com)
  • The green portions of tomato plants actually contain a toxic called alkaloid tomatine, which is bad for dogs. (thedogvisitor.com)
  • E. vigintioctomaculata and E. vigintioctopunctata, which usually feed on solanaceous plants, were also stimulated to feed by cucurbitacins. (elsevier.com)
  • Steroidal glycoalkaloids (SGAs) are secondary metabolites of Solanaceous plants. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The anticancer agents vinblastine and vincristine are bisindole alkaloids derived from coupling vindoline and catharanthine monoterpenoid indole alkaloids produced exclusively by Madagascar periwinkle (leaves an activity that affords these materials in 0. (cancer-colorectal.com)
  • iridoids are a major group of biologically active molecules that are present in thousands of plant species, and one versatile iridoid, secologanin, is a precursor for the assembly of thousands of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (mias) as well as a number of quinoline alkaloids. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • catharanthus roseus is an important source of pharmaceutically important monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (mias). (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • catharanthus roseus is an important medicinal plant and the sole commercial source of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (mia), anticancer compounds. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • At first it was thought that the synthesis of steroidal alkaloids only involved multiple steps of hydroxylation, oxidation and amination of cholesterol with arginine as the source of the incorporated nitrogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this purpose the h6h gene was amplified from total RNA preparations obtained from immature anthers of Brugmansia candida, a South American tropane alkaloid producer plant. (conicet.gov.ar)
  • and the Solanaceous tropane alkaloid-producer (Li 2006). (cancer-colorectal.com)
  • Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum ) is one of the most important solanaceous crops in the world. (frontiersin.org)
  • a steroidal alkaloid found in several species of Solanum, such as the nightshades and the green spots on potatoes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chemotaxonomic value of alkaloids in Solanum nigrum complex" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Imura and Ninomiya (1998) reported on the quantitative measurement of leaf area consumption by Epilachna vigintocpuntata towards solanaceous weed Solanum carolinense using image processing . (scialert.net)
  • P. Vijayan, V. Kumar, S. Dhanaraj, S. A. Badami and B. Suresh, "In Vitro Cytotoxicity and Anti-tumour Properties of the Total Alkaloid Fraction of Unripe Fruits of Solanum Pseudocapsicum," Pharmaceutical Biology, Vol. 40, 2002, pp. 456-460. (scirp.org)
  • A. Esteves-Souza, T. M. Silva and C. C. F. Alves, "Cytotoxic Activities against Ehrlich Carcinoma and Human K562 Leukaemia of Alkaloids and Flavonoid from Two Solanum Species," Journal of Brazil Chemistry Society, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2002, pp. 838-842. (scirp.org)
  • Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. (rcsb.org)
  • The accumulation of large amounts of nicotine and or its congeners is confined to four solanaceous genera belonging to two clades of the subfamily Nicotianoideae (Nicotianeae clade Nicotiana Cyphanthera clade Crenidium, Cyphanthera, Duboisia). (medicinalplantsarchive.us)
  • However, smoking results in a considerable decomposition of this alkaloid due to pyrolysis furthermore, much of the remaining volatile nicotine is not absorbed due to exhalation. (medicinalplantsarchive.us)
  • Other commonly-consumed alkaloids include caffeine, nicotine and cocaine. (bandarbola.net)
  • There are several minor tropane alkaloids present in the plant, as e.g. atropin, butropine, valtropine, apoatropine and 6β-hydroxyhyoscyamine, as well as pyridine alkaloids like nicotine. (tinkturenpresse.de)
  • Under hyoscyamus the primary stimulation observed under belladonna and stramonium and their alkaloids may be absent, or at least it is of very much shorter duration and subdued character, so that under its influence sleep is induced without much previous excitement. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • The symptoms of poisoning by hyoscyamus and its alkaloids are sufficiently similar to those named under belladonna for diagnosis, and the treatment is the same as there recommended. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • The pills were made by the medic Guy R. Phelps, who stated that the alkaloid tomatine was one of the most useful discoveries ever made. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the inhibition at a low pH, much more tomatine is required, so the compound is more effectively fungitoxic at a high pH, when the alkaloid is unprotonated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solasodine, a steroidal alkaloid isolated from solanaceous species, exhibits anticancer activities on several cell lines. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Data of Table 3.1, as far as tropane alkaloids are concerned and if not taken directly from the original reports (cited in the last column of the table), are based on the extensive review of Lounasmaa and Tamminen (1993) comprising literature up to June 1992 and covering all known tropane-positive species throughout the plant kingdom. (medicinalplantsarchive.us)
  • A major alkaloid from Colchicum autumnale L. and found also in other Colchicum species. (harvard.edu)
  • Abe, M & Matsuda, K 2000, ' Feeding responses of four phytophagous lady beetle species (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to cucurbitacins and alkaloids ', Applied Entomology and Zoology , vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 257-264. (elsevier.com)
  • Established immunoassays for quantitation of Colchicine, which is a water soluble alkaloid with cytotoxic activity, present in several species of Liliaceae . (rutgers.edu)
  • These are found in hundreds of wild as well as cultivated solanaceous and convolvulaceous species. (nhbs.com)
  • acetic acids Salts with inorganic acids e.Forms of Alkaloids: Free bases Salts with Organic acids e. (scribd.com)
  • Volumetric Proximate Assays, and Assay for Alkaloid Salts, Solutions and Tablets). (alternativescentral.com)
  • Alkaloids are organic compounds of plant origin that have physiological impacts on humans. (healthproadvice.com)
  • Nitrogen: The nitrogen in some alkaloids is not in a heterocyclic ring e.g. (scribd.com)
  • True (Typical) alkaloids that are derived from amino acids and have nitrogen in a heterocyclic ring. (scribd.com)
  • e.g Ephedrine Pseudo alkaloids that are not derived from amino acids but have nitrogen in a heterocyclic ring. (scribd.com)
  • The phytochemical and nutritional composition of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. an underutilized vegetable used as substitute for Solanaceous tomatoes by rural dwellers was examined in comparison with majorly cultivated tomato cultivars in Nigeria (Roma VF and Ibadan local). (scirp.org)
  • This study therefore aimed at providing scientific information on the minerals, proximate, vitamins and phytochemical composition of Trichosanthes cucumerina in comparison with two common tomato cultivars in Nigeria (Roma VF and Ibadan local) with a view to establish its potential as a good substitute to the Solanaceous tomatoes. (scirp.org)
  • Nonetheless, most reports generally deal with either Solanaceous or cereal crops and limited information has been reported in woody trees. (scirp.org)
  • In order to assess the toxicity of B. uniflora extracts, 20 Swiss mice were distributed into four groups (n=5) receiving by gavage alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, or saline (control group). (scielo.br)
  • Solanaceous alkaloids cause anticholinergic symptoms like blurred vision, dry mouth, dizziness and confusion. (symptoma.com)
  • Publications] K.Saito 他: 'Metabolism of solanaceous alkaloids in transgenic plant teratomas integrated with genetically engineered genes' Tetranedron. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] K. Saito, M. Yamazaki, A. Kawaguchi & I. Murakoshi: ''Metabolism of solanaceous alkaloids in transgenic plant teratomas integrated with genetically engineered genes, '' Tetrahedron. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 2. Scopolia carniolica is a small European solanaceous plant that has a similar alkaloid content to Belladonna. (medicinetraditions.com)
  • Hagel JM and Facchini PJ (2013) Benzylisoquinoline alkaloid metabolism: a century of discovery and a brave new world. (els.net)
  • Canadine is orange.Color: IIThe majority of alkaloids are colorless but some are colored e.g.Condition: Most alkaloids are crystalline solids. (scribd.com)
  • Families rich in Alkaloids: Apocynaceae. (scribd.com)
  • having tubular flowers and prickly pods: a source of hallucinogenic alkaloids. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A shrub or small tree to 10 m in height, bearing attractive, magenta-to-red, hummingbird-pollinated flowers, it is extremely poisonous - hallucinogenic (deliriant) in smaller doses - due to tropane alkaloid content and is used by Chilean machi (shamans) of the Mapuche-Huilliche people in traditional medicine, as a poison and to enter trance states. (wikipedia.org)
  • P. G. Jones and G. R. Fenwick, "The Glycoalkaloid Content of Some Edible Solanaceous Fruits and Potato Products," Journal Science Food Agriculture, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1981, pp. 419-421. (scirp.org)
  • Often for sensitive individuals, it is advised to avoid eating green tomatoes because they are full of these alkaloids. (healthproadvice.com)