• Parental or early life socioeconomic position, childhood IQ, measures of early growth (such as infant head circumference and childhood height), educational attainment, occupational characteristics, and various measures of social integration have all been linked to cognitive function and neurocognitive disorders in adulthood and old age (Glymour & Manley, 2008). (hhs.gov)
  • All of these socioeconomic characteristics are more common among people with cognitive impairment, as shown in Figure 4 (Alzheimer's Association, 2011). (hhs.gov)
  • A lot of scientists don't want to deal with race or socioeconomic position in their studies because they think those characteristics aren't modifiable," Dean says. (brightsurf.com)
  • Relationships among Socioeconomic Factors and Self-rated Health in Japanese Adults: NIPPON DATA2010. (nih.gov)
  • Socioeconomic factors related to living and working conditions, health literacy, and access to healthcare services may contribute to normalization of obesity in lower education and lower income environments, therefore it is vital to prioritize inequalities in overweight- and obesity-related risks. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • The Bloomberg School scientists, in a commentary that appears in the July issue of Cancer Causes & Control, point to evidence that social factors help determine people's vulnerability to cancer, and argue that these factors should be considered routinely in studies and risk assessments that bear on clinical care. (brightsurf.com)
  • Clinical trials and population studies should be powerful tools for uncovering links between social factors and cancer vulnerability, which in turn should lead to better risk reduction and/or treatment strategies. (brightsurf.com)
  • Our findings open a research area on the dynamics of decentralized sharing ecosystems and the socioeconomic factors affecting them, and may have implications for the design of algorithms and for policymaking. (northwestern.edu)
  • 12-14 Among the reasons for this are the addition of fluoride to toothpaste, 15 changes in caries diagnoses, 16 water fluoridation and improvements in socioeconomic conditions. (scielo.br)
  • In the last 15 years, a large number of studies have sought to understand how social, economic, cultural, environmental, and geographical factors influence the TK about plants at small scales. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • A new book, entitled "Rewarding Strivers: Helping Low-Income Students Succeed in College," relates that socioeconomic factors, such as parents' education and income, greatly affect SAT scores: The most disadvantaged students score an average of 784 points lower than those from more affluent and educated families. (citytowninfo.com)
  • Data collection included interviews with guardians concerning social factors and oral examinations to determine the caries prevalence. (scielo.br)
  • Dermatologist Joel M. Gelfand, M.D., assistant professor of dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadephia and co-author of the report "The epidemiology of sunburn in the U.S. population in 2003," studied the prevalence of and risk factors for sunburn in the United States using the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) 2003 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). (bio-medicine.org)
  • Socioeconomic background factors are thus found to modulate brain-behavior relationships in reading, indicating that cognitive, social, and neurobiological influences on reading development are fundamentally intertwined. (ed.gov)
  • However, the four factors in PEST analysis are the main economic factors that affect a business. (scribd.com)
  • MAIN RESULTS--Smoking was the most important single factor (5% reduction in corrected birth weight). (bmj.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS--Social and psychological factors have little or no direct effect on birth weight corrected for gestational age (fetal growth), and the main environmental cause of its variation in this population was smoking. (bmj.com)
  • One of the main factors in helping women cope is with education, information and support. (wikipedia.org)
  • These could include familial aspects such as family income or parent education levels, as well as broader environmental factors like lead exposure or local crime rates. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • Simply put, not enough is being done to understand how race, income level and other social factors tie in to cancer susceptibility. (brightsurf.com)
  • For the analysis, the researchers factored in community socioeconomic data, including education and household income level. (facs.org)
  • The present cross-sectional study investigated the relationships of silencing the self and socioeconomic factors (education, employment, and income) with resilience in a sample of women with HIV. (springer.com)
  • However, important socioeconomic drivers found in cities in temperate zones, such as income and home value, were not important in San Juan. (usda.gov)
  • The results indicate that methodologies for financial penalties do not take external factors into consideration, Sill said in a statement . (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The results show that natural factors such as the difference in temperature and altitude, along with socioeconomic factors such as GDP, might be the most significant contributors to the longevity of people aged 60-90 years in Guangxi. (mdpi.com)
  • Our results promote understanding of global and regional factors associated with endangerment in this highly threatened taxonomic group, and will enhance the prioritization of conservation actions. (springer.com)
  • The objective of the study was to determine the level of tuberculosis knowledge and socioeconomic factors associated with it. (hindawi.com)
  • In addition, an increasing number of studies have attempted to determine the influence of socioeconomic and natural factors on regional longevity, but only certain factors were considered. (mdpi.com)
  • To have an intimate understanding, however, you will have to understand both external and environmental factors, as well as how their interplay affects your business. (scribd.com)
  • PESTLE, which includes Legal and Environmental factors. (scribd.com)
  • These indexes summarise a range of socioeconomic variables associated with advantage and disadvantage such as the proportion of families with high incomes, people with a tertiary education, and employees in skilled occupations. (health.gov.au)
  • We confirmed that parrots have a lower Red List Index (higher aggregate extinction risk) than other comparable bird groups, and modeled the factors associated with extinction risk. (springer.com)
  • At the general palm knowledge level, gender was the only factor that had a significant association in all five subregions, and showed that men had more knowledge than women, and age had a positive significant association only in the lowlands. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • This is a form of analysis that looks at four relevant factors that affect a business environment, and these - Political, Economic, Social and Technological factors - create the acronym "PEST. (scribd.com)
  • Most of the analyzed socioeconomic factors had a greater influence on the lowland ecoregions of the Amazon and Choc , although there were mixed trends in these ecoregions. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Given the peculiarities of sickle cell anemia and its sequelae in the oral cavity, this study examined caries and socioeconomic factors in children with this disease. (scielo.br)
  • By selecting children of equivalent phonological skill, yet diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to demonstrate that a child's experience, as operationalized by SES, can systematically modulate the relationship between phonological language skills and reading-related brain activity in left fusiform and perisylvian regions. (ed.gov)
  • Do Socioeconomic Factors Affect Pain? (psyweb.com)
  • This is a special term that refers to the process of looking at the external socioeconomic issues in a business. (scribd.com)
  • Understanding the Natural and Socioeconomic Factors behind Regional Longevity in Guangxi, China: Is the Centenarian Ratio a Good Enough Indicator for Assessing the Longevity Phenomenon? (mdpi.com)