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  • initiative
  • This analysis is part of The Leonard D. Schaeffer Initiative for Innovation in Health Policy , which is a partnership between the Center for Health Policy at Brookings and the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy & Economics. (brookings.edu)
  • Anticipating that the industry would challenge their plain, standardized tobacco packaging initiative, Australia's health ministry worked in advance with its trade and foreign affairs counterparts to develop policy that would withstand scrutiny in trade dispute settlement, including in the World Trade Organization. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • behavioral
  • By "culture" he means not art, literature, music, and so on, but "a people's language, religious beliefs, social and political values, assumptions as to what is right and wrong, appropriate and inappropriate," and "the objective institutions and behavioral patterns that reflect these subjective elements. (thesocialcontract.com)
  • The purpose of this FOA is to encourage behavioral and social science research on the causes and solutions to health and disabilities disparities in the U. S. population. (nih.gov)
  • conflict
  • While sociologists talk about social factors (integration, conflict, inequality, control), economists say crime rates are more determined by the likelihood of being caught and convicted and the severity of punishment. (hec.edu)
  • centers
  • The government specifically limited and controlled the use of mosques or matams (Shia religious community centers) for political gatherings. (state.gov)
  • The case analysis centers on four key decision points in the implementation of the SROI study: identification of stakeholders, development of a method for estimating social value creation, determination of the time horizons, and selection of the discount rates. (degruyter.com)
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control, for instance, estimates that health behaviors, medical care, and genes together contribute approximately 50 percent of the influence on population health, while social and environmental characteristics contribute the remaining 50 percent. (brookings.edu)
  • practice
  • The bad news is the dramatic lag between these advances in science and their appreciation by the general public or their application in either practice or public policy settings. (cirquelodge.com)
  • Part of the lag and resultant disconnection comes from the normal delay in transferring any scientific knowledge into practice by policy. (cirquelodge.com)
  • Ministers praise them as offering "exemplary" training that produces trainees ready for social work practice. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • The demand for outcome measurement in the social sector accelerated in the 1990s and 2000s as business approaches to social sector work ascended, influencing mandates for strategic planning and measured outcomes such as those embedded in the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 in the US, and spurring new fields of practice including venture philanthropy and impact investment. (degruyter.com)
  • Public agencies funding nonprofits in the human services arena expanded the use of competitive bidding, performance-based contracting, and evidence-based practice requirements which allowed for closer monitoring of the outputs proposed and the outcomes promised by private organizations implementing public policy goals ( Collins-Camargo, McBeath, and Ensign 2011 ). (degruyter.com)
  • The authors intend to add to these examples of bias in research designs in future brief and easy-to-understand articles designed to show both the scientific community and the broader population why caution is needed in understanding and accepting the results of research that may have profound and long-lasting effects on health policy and clinical practice. (cdc.gov)
  • contexts
  • Changes in the various social contexts in which teenagers live - family, school, community institutions, peer groups, workplace - can significantly affect the progress they make with these and other social and cognitive developmental tasks. (worldcat.org)
  • political
  • China's domestic political economy (reform strategies, national-local relations, regional development), international political economy (energy diplomacy), governance (including protests, state-societal relations, institutional development, and transformation and vitality of the regime), and foreign policy (domestic linkage and soft power). (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), previously known as the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, is the sole political party and has controlled the country since 1991. (state.gov)
  • The government-run state television station broadcast programming that accused Shia citizens of targeting Sunni citizens and questioned the allegiance of Shia citizens, and some political figures used anti-Shia rhetoric and epithets in social media posts. (state.gov)
  • meanings
  • Topics include the social meanings of color, sex/gender systems in historical and contemporary perspectives, theories of power, stereotyping, affirmative action, and welfare debates. (utdallas.edu)
  • trainees
  • At the moment the programmes account for less than 10% of all social work trainees. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • Trainees complete a post-graduate diploma (and social work qualification) over 14 months. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • At the end of the first year trainees get a post-graduate diploma in social work. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • In the second year Frontline trainees work as a qualified social worker in children's services and continue studying towards a master's degree as well as completing a leadership development programme. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • At the end of the first year trainees receive a postgraduate diploma in social work, enabling them to register with the HCPC. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • It is intended to illustrate some of the most common examples of potential study bias to help policy makers, journalists, trainees, and the public understand the strengths and weaknesses of various types of health care research and the kinds of study designs that are most trustworthy. (cdc.gov)
  • organizations
  • Social Return on Investment (SROI) metrics are a new tool available to nonprofit and social enterprise organizations to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of their programs. (degruyter.com)
  • impacts
  • Consequently, it is difficult to prise apart the natural phenomena of disease and the social phenomena of the drivers, impacts and regulation of disease. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The social stigma of obesity or anti-fat bias has created negative psychosocial impacts and has caused disadvantages for overweight and obese people. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of tobacco taxation, finance ministries must work with health counterparts to better understand how tax policy can maximize both revenues and health impacts. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • Journal
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1068-1080. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 1144-1158. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 1002-1011. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 19-32. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • European Journal of Social Psychology, 42 , 164-173. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • The evidence seems, overwhelmingly, to suggest that prohibition is not just failing to fix drug problems, it is aggravating them… A systematic review in the International Journal of Drug Policy in March of this year… recommended that "since drug prohibition has not meaningfully reduced drug supply, alternative regulatory models will be required if drug supply and drug market violence are to be meaningfully reduced. (plos.org)
  • Journal of Social Policy , 1-18. (springer.com)
  • Journal of Social Policy, 29 (2), 247-262. (springer.com)
  • harms
  • Harms can also be intangible, and difficult to cost, including those assigned to pain and suffering, poor quality of life or the emotional The Public Health Burden of Alcohol and the Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Alcohol Control Policies: An evidence review 7 distress caused by living with a heavy drinker. (drugprevent.org.uk)
  • Comparative
  • Comparative examination of patterns of social interaction in social groups with common territorial bases in contemporary societies and the analysis of community structure and dynamics. (uvm.edu)
  • development
  • The unit analyses global health challenges such as disability inclusive development, humanitarian crisis, food security, climate change, C and NCDs, pharmaceuticals, and tobacco control from global perspectives. (edu.au)
  • Numerous studies conducted during the years that evaluated existing programs treating young offenders and informed policy development have aimed to ensure the well-being of children from different perspectives. (springer.com)
  • The second is globalization, the increasing movement of people, goods and information, that poses challenges for border controls, food supply chains and trade patterns, but is also a force behind the development of national and international systems of regulation. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • welfare
  • Animal welfare improvement should consider, for each country, those aspects actually benefiting animals, but also the social expectations within each country. (mdpi.com)
  • Attitudes of stakeholders in the improvement of animal welfare were determined through a Policy Delphi exercise. (mdpi.com)
  • effectiveness
  • The objective of this article is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the (cost-) effectiveness of a Vocational Enablement Protocol (VEP) compared with usual care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • public policy
  • Emphasis is placed on research in and among three broad areas of action: 1) public policy, 2) health care, and 3) disease/disability prevention. (nih.gov)
  • expenditures
  • In particular, the new Administration and Congress need to adjust the current ratio of medical-to-social spending by shifting some current health care expenditures to investments in tackling "upstream" social factors with a bigger impact on health. (brookings.edu)
  • impact
  • Focus theory of normative conduct and terror management theory: The interactive impact of mortality salience and norm salience on social judgement. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • Recognizing addiction as a chronic, relapsing brain disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use can impact society's overall health and social policy strategies and help diminish the health and social costs associated with addiction. (cirquelodge.com)
  • New challenges, including climate change, regulatory developments, changes in the geographical concentration and size of livestock holdings, and increasing trade make this an appropriate time to assess the state of knowledge about the impact that diseases have and the ways in which they are managed and controlled. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The book evaluates the impact of educational reform on urban schools, determines how schools with the highest levels of poverty in the United States can make successful changes, and investigates how communities and policy makers contribute to student achievement. (worldcat.org)
  • Fast-track training schemes will produce a quarter of all new children's social workers by 2018 but what's the impact of such rapid expansion? (communitycare.co.uk)
  • people
  • For example, many, perhaps most, people see this problem as social problems, to be handled only with social solutions, particularly through the criminal justice system. (cirquelodge.com)
  • It targets career switchers who don't have a background in social care but do have some experience of working with children and young people. (communitycare.co.uk)
  • Research
  • Students will prepare and revise a series of written assignments including, but not limited to, a literature review, a research design, a research report, and a policy analysis. (utdallas.edu)
  • At the most general level, research has shown that drug addiction is a dual-edged health issue, as well as a social issue. (cirquelodge.com)
  • The research on social services, health spending, and health outcomes suggests strongly that it is no coincidence that the U.S. has this unusual combination of spending and mediocre outcomes. (brookings.edu)
  • Moreover, the research evidence on the best combination of medical and social services to improve health is not as robust as we would like. (brookings.edu)
  • Beyond government, civil society can help to pressure governments for better tobacco control and provide independent expertise, while the research sector can help to build tobacco control's evidence base. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • evaluate
  • In Education Reform in Florida, sociologists and historians evaluate Governor Jeb Bush's nation-leading school reform policies since 1999. (worldcat.org)
  • Punishment
  • It is also very timely: right wing politicians today suggest that punishment is the only way to reduce crime while left wingers say that we should address the social and environmental factors that induce or inhibit crime. (hec.edu)
  • Focus is on analysis of formal and informal punishment, and the ironies of punishment/social control. (uvm.edu)
  • governments
  • Societies must hold governments accountable to ensure that they resist the industry and fully implement and enforce vigorous tobacco control. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • Governments must be accountable to their citizens, which includes ensuring overall societal well-being. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • With near-constant pressure from the tobacco industry, governments must implement policies consistent with WHO FCTC Article 5.3 to make any interactions with the tobacco industry completely transparent- a crucial component of accountability. (tobaccoatlas.org)
  • When this treaty went into force in February 2005, governments throughout the world committed to implement a minimum set of tobacco control measures, but were also expected to go beyond that, following additional FCTC Guidelines. (biomedcentral.com)
  • movements
  • Analysis of racial prejudice, discrimination, and other dominant group practices directed toward Native, Asian-, and African-Americans and their social movements for integration, accommodation, and separatism. (uvm.edu)
  • Sciences
  • In this introductory paper, we outline the complex interactions between the natural and the social in animal and plant diseases, and present the case for an interdisciplinary approach, combining natural and social sciences, to disease management. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • evidence
  • The power of we: Evidence for group-based control restoration. (uni-salzburg.at)
  • My technique is now not to attack gun control proposals directly with evidence of why they won't work or will be abused, but instead to ask the person proposing them to defend the ideas specifically, with evidence of them being effective. (thetruthaboutguns.com)
  • The federal government should review the evidence that social services are often the route to improved health, and agencies should work with health officials on ways to reprogram funding . (brookings.edu)
  • We do not yet have good evidence to quantify the precise connection between spending on many social services and health outcomes. (brookings.edu)
  • theories
  • We wanted to unite these two disciplines so we could support more robust theories and policy-making. (hec.edu)
  • Individual
  • SOC 3314 Individual and Society (3 semester hours) The study of the relationship among the individual, social structure, and culture. (utdallas.edu)
  • media
  • Washington, DC: Berkeley Media Studies Group, Public Health Institute and Justice Policy Institute. (springer.com)
  • Some progovernment press outlets and social media posters employed anti-Shia rhetoric and epithets. (state.gov)
  • institutions
  • SOC 2300 Introduction to Gender Studies (3 semester hours) An introduction to the way gender shapes individuals, social institutions and culture. (utdallas.edu)
  • the ways gender shapes families, workplaces and other social institutions. (utdallas.edu)
  • They examine the startlingly broad range of education policy changes enacted in Florida during Bush's first term, including moves toward privatization with a voucher system, more government control of public education institutions with centralized accountability mechanisms, and a "superboard" for all public education. (worldcat.org)