• Researchers believe that identifying MC-SDS respondents with a high number of socially desirability responses will 'decontaminate' research on personality variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respondents of both sexes, identifying themselves as conservative or liberal, were asked to rank 18 social issues in order of importance and to indicate whether each is or ought to be included in the curriculum. (ed.gov)
  • Female respondents tended to agree with male respondents much more than conservative respondents agreed with the liberals when ranking the importance of social issues. (ed.gov)
  • Although 90 percent of the respondents felt that the above issues were the most significant, barely half believed that they are currently included in the social studies or other subjects. (ed.gov)
  • For each vignette on the video, respondents responded to nine items requiring them to make judgments on the behaviors of the man and woman in the interaction, higher scores were indicative of the ability to accurately judge IPV, and provided another possible indicator of IPV that may be less affected by social desirability. (calstatela.edu)
  • Research suggests that the social interaction inherent in a telephone or in-person interview may exert subtle pressures on respondents that affect how they answer questions. (pewresearch.org)
  • The ways respondents change in response to these pressures is the basis of "mode studies" in social science. (pewresearch.org)
  • Social desirability was not associated with self-reported current behavior or behavior frequency. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Collectively, these findings reveal the underlying sociobiological conditions associated with outgroup-directed altruism by showing that charitable social cues co-occurring with enhanced activity of the oxytocin system reduce the effects of xenophobia by facilitating prosocial behavior toward refugees. (pnas.org)
  • It provides information to perform research projects on human social behavior from start to finish, from selecting a research topic to collecting and analyzing data to writing up and the results using the American Psychological Association's required format (i.e. (wiley.com)
  • 2000). This reactive approach violates what is known about best practices to address problem behavior and promote social competence (Sandall, Hemmeter, Smith, & McLean, 2004). (redorbit.com)
  • It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Abstract Social desirability seems to enhance well-being measures because individuals tend to increase the degree of their satisfaction and happiness resulting in response artifacts and in a serious threat to the validity of self-reported data. (websm.org)
  • Abstract - optional La deseabilidad social parece mejorar las medidas de bienestar, pues los individuos tienden a aumentar el grado de satisfacci n y felicidad que resulta en artefactos de respuesta y en una seria amenaza para la validez de los datos por autoinforme. (websm.org)
  • A study using the MC-SDS determined that social desirability has a significant impact on responses to questions involving drug, alcohol, and psychiatric problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on useable responses from 64 of the 75 schools surveyed, alcohol and drug abuse, environmental pollution, and violence were consistently rated as the top three social issues. (ed.gov)
  • Might there be some social desirability embedded in these responses? (pewresearch.org)
  • Although the correlation among overweight, low self-esteem, and depression is well known, social isolation among overweight children and adolescents has not been studied. (nih.gov)
  • Such isolation may aggravate the social and emotional consequences of overweight in this age group. (nih.gov)
  • Human factors then emerge as one of the most important issue to be explored in remote interpreting: psychological aspects such as coping with the stress of a remote interpreting assignment, medical aspects such as having to rely on a screen to derive the visual support information necessary for carrying out the interpreting task, motivation, processing information from multiple sources, social isolation, operating multiple controls, and others. (aiic.net)
  • Part 3 (Study Three Expert Interviews Qualitative Data) includes domestic violence experts recommendations for managing eight types of resistance in batterer treatment including system blaming, problems with partner, problems with alliance, social justification, hopelessness, isolation, psychological reactance, and passive reactance. (umich.edu)
  • This is in order to test whether social desirability has incremental validity in predicting some well-being measures. (websm.org)
  • In Study 3 (N=131), associations between the EFQ and a variety of cognitive, affective, and social variables were found to display meaningful patterns, thereby providing support for the EFQs construct validity. (scribd.com)
  • Our operational definition of stigma is quite broad, and aggregates causes such as shame, guilt, self-image, and concerns for social discrimination, but we are able to specifically separate out labour market discrimination concerns. (weforum.org)
  • The fear of social stigma--- loss of reputation---was lifted by a popular culture that celebrated the sexual revolution and applauded as swingers girls who in the 1940s and 1950s might have been called less attractive names. (sermonindex.net)
  • Behaviour in public good experiments is usually attributed partly to rational self-interest and partly to social norms and preferences. (repec.org)
  • These findings suggest that the combination of oxytocin and peer-derived altruistic norms reduces outgroup rejection even in the most selfish and xenophobic individuals, and thereby would be expected to increase the ease by which people adapt to rapidly changing social ecosystems. (pnas.org)
  • Social norms as solutions. (nature.com)
  • https://www.unicef.org/protection/files/4_09_30_Whole_What_are_Social_Norms.pdf (UNICEF, 2015). (nature.com)
  • Social norms and self-efficacy are associated with booster seat use. (aappublications.org)
  • Social norms and self-efficacy appear to influence booster seat use when carpooling. (aappublications.org)
  • Based on focus groups with parents of children younger than 9 years of age, Johnston et al 13 proposed a conceptual model in which intention to use booster seats was driven by attitudes, social norms, and self-efficacy. (aappublications.org)
  • Structural factors such as social norms shape men's and women's perceptions of appropriate sexual behaviors. (innerself.com)
  • What a participant says as well as what is left unsaid may be interpreted on multiple levels, by the participant who knows and understands the context and also by the researcher who may be able to connect with themes from other interviews as well as social situations or constructs of which the participant may be unaware. (cdc.gov)
  • Contrary to predictions, the highest public good investment was by low social desirability participants in the approval condition. (repec.org)
  • The paper also benefited from valuable feedback from participants in Session 149 (Fertility: Childbearing Decisions, Regrets, and Reassessments) at the 2015 American Sociological Association, UCLA California Center for Population Research Seminar series, and the UC-Irvine Center for Demographic and Social Analysis speaker series. (springer.com)
  • The KITS project is a 5-year randomized trial to evaluate a program designed to enhance academic and social-emotional aspects of school readiness for foster preschoolers. (bioportfolio.com)
  • All well-being measures show modest significant correlations with social desirability ranging from .235 to .309, except subjective happiness. (websm.org)
  • Social desirability accounted for from about 3% to 6% of the variance of these measures, after controlling for socio-demographic variables. (websm.org)
  • Social desirability seems thus to play little role in well-being self-report measures, as revealed by previous studies. (websm.org)
  • The number of friendship nominations and other social network measures were calculated using statistical software. (nih.gov)
  • The tables of contents of two appendices are reproduced in Chapter 13 and 14: Measures of Occupational Attitudes and Occupational Characteristics, and Measures of Social Psychological Attitudes, so 001 167. (worldcat.org)
  • For example, Raver and Knitzer (2002) suggested that children's social competence is a better predictor of academic competence in first grade than are cognitive skills or family background. (redorbit.com)
  • With the pervasive increase in social media use, the explosion of users' generated data provides a potentially very rich source of information, which plays an important role in helping online researchers understand user's behaviors deeply. (hindawi.com)
  • With the application of probability sampling in the 1930s, surveys became a standard tool for empirical research in social sciences , marketing , and official statistics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Although there was little agreement about the extent to which each issue should be included in the curriculum, environmental pollution ranked highest among issues that should be included both in social studies and in subjects other than social studies. (ed.gov)
  • These studies sought to investigate the relation between social desirability and self-reported health risk behaviors (e.g., alcohol use, drug use, smoking) in web-based research. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BACKGROUND Self-report of dietary intake could be biased by social desirability or social approval thus affecting risk estimates in epidemiological studies. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Eye-tracking studies suggest that visual encoding is important for social processes such as socio-moral reasoning. (frontiersin.org)
  • From both a cognitive and social psychological perspective, there is ample opportunity for the introduction of error in the reporting of the events and behaviors of primary interest in understanding the impacts of welfare reform. (nap.edu)
  • What are the Two Social Psychological Explanations of Stress? (brainscape.com)
  • This book contains up-to-date scholarship and emphasizes active learning through pedagogical activities and exercises designed to help students design and execute their own social psychological research. (wiley.com)
  • Both Parts also include variables to measure stage of change, decisional balance, processes of change, self-efficacy, physical and psychological aggression, social desirability, at risk drinking, and physical and mental health. (umich.edu)
  • Careful expressions of social aspects: How local professionals in high school settings, municipal services, and general practice communicate care to youth presenting persistent bodily complaints. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, the post - hoc analysis ind icated no affirmative significant mean difference in social desirability score among any of the methods. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • We examined the associations between social media use (SMU) and school connectedness and academic performance among middle and high school students, and tested whether age, gender, and school type (i. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Along the way, they will learn about the particular ethical issues social psychologists face, the logic of experimental design, alternative research approaches, sorting accuracy from error in research, and how to orally present their findings, among other issues. (wiley.com)
  • Significant consequences may occur for preschoolage children as a result of delays in social competence. (redorbit.com)
  • Finally, perhaps the most significant recent social change involving homosexuality is the emergence of the gay liberation movement in the West. (stanford.edu)
  • Therefore, it would be advantageous that educational interventions start at an early stage before children establish complex conceptual frameworks concerning environmental and social issues (Francis, Boyes, Qualter, & Stanisstreet, 1993). (redorbit.com)
  • Understanding Social Preferences with Simple Tests ," The Quarterly Journal of Economics , Oxford University Press, vol. 117(3), pages 817-869. (repec.org)
  • Social desirability, approval and public good contribution ," Working Paper series, University of East Anglia, Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Science (CBESS) 09-11, School of Economics, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. (repec.org)
  • Understanding Social Preferences With Simple Tests ," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt0dc3k4m5, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara. (repec.org)
  • The Institute for Social Research of the University of Michigan : Two papers describing the origins, history and present organizational life of the Institute. (worldcat.org)
  • Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-04-29. (umich.edu)
  • Here we report the results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled experiment showing that enhanced activity of the oxytocin system paired with charitable social cues can help counter the effects of xenophobia by fostering altruism toward refugees. (pnas.org)
  • However, the impetus to adapt to changing social ecosystems is susceptible to considerable interindividual heterogeneity ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • Teachers (n = 35) and parents (n = 124) rated the extent to which social skills were critical for school success. (redorbit.com)