• Most managers considered that efficacy of legal methods for control of foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) was very limited. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Promoting alternative recreational activities, strengthening family ties, improving self-efficacy (a person's experience of competence and self-regard), building social competence (comfortably and responsibly relating to others), and broadening cultural experiences are the most effective strategies for delinquency and drug abuse prevention. (huffpost.com)
  • Social cohesion describes the trust, respect, and participation within a community and has been conceptualized as a social-structural, cultural condition that impacts health through community integration [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Characteristics and Health Status of Informal Unpaid Caregivers-44 States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2015-2017. (cdc.gov)
  • This paper describes how US export control policy evolved over 2017-20, as well as the international institutions-first the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM), then the Wassenaar Arrangement-historically tasked with multilateralizing US export restrictions used to protect national security. (ciaonet.org)
  • To conduct an empirical analysis of how consumers used the social (forum and poll) and self-reflective (diary and personal health record [PHR]) features of a Web-based PCHMS designed to support their physical and emotional well-being. (jmir.org)
  • Background: A growing body of empirical evidence indicates that low-level social capital is related to poor mental health outcomes. (harvard.edu)
  • Both the state and social capital are factors that Ostrom describes in several of the empirical case studies upon which the book is based but that she does not focus on in the book's theoretical argument. (thecommonsjournal.org)
  • Still, the statistically significant results on several social disorganization factors reflect the need to incorporate social disorganization theory with practice in order to maximize community-policing success. (mdpi.com)
  • Rather than focusing solely on policing strategies, it is reasonable to incorporate social factors into crime prevention frameworks ( Brogden and Nijhar 2005 ). (mdpi.com)
  • We conclude by highlighting social factors that shape crack use and learning opportunities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Critical and feminist drug research is especially useful for those seeking to understand social and cultural factors that shape the lives of people who use legal and illegal drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Examines social, economic, and political factors associated with environmental impacts on disenfranchised communities of color. (fisk.edu)
  • Social factors including the effects of poverty account for the bulk of the global burden of disease and death and for the largest share of health inequalities between and within countries. (who.int)
  • Examines the interaction of cultural, social, psychological, and physiological factors in prohibited drug-taking. (uvm.edu)
  • This course will enable you to develop an understanding of society and social factors and how this affects crime and criminals, giving you a solid human understanding that will put you in a good position for range of careers or further study. (bcu.ac.uk)
  • Our results highlight the important role that both social and economic factors (even stronger than ecological factors) play driving predator control, and therefore the need of incorporating these factors when making decisions to mitigate the human-predator conflict. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Although not everyone in the informal economy is poor, a significant proportion of the poor are in the informal economy, and, because they are poor, the occupational risks are compounded by such factors such as precarious housing, low quality nutrition, a lack of access to drinking waters and sanitary facilities, and a lack of basic health services. (ilo.org)
  • Due to the broad range of studied health-related outcomes, the different operationalisations of neighbourhood social capital and the conceptual overlap between measures of SES and social capital in some studies, the factors that explain these differences in findings remain unclear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Gender differences in the relative importance of social factors may help to explain the differential impact of economic transformation on mortality rates for men and women in Central-Eastern European countries. (bmj.com)
  • Looking at how social factors affect human health offers proof of conventional wisdom-and some more surprising insights into disease and prevention. (uchicago.edu)
  • Three decades ago Tarlov-chair of Chicago's department of medicine from 1968 to 1985 and now executive director of the Texas Program for Society and Health, a consortium based at Rice University-began to study how health is affected by social factors. (uchicago.edu)
  • The primary objective of this research was to explore the impact of possible social factors on non-institutionalized adults 18 years of age or older residing in the United States who exhibited severe mental illness (SMI). (unt.edu)
  • This requires intensifying action on the diseases that most heavily affect poor communities while simultaneously mobilizing knowledge, resources and political commit- ment to address the social determinants of health. (who.int)
  • So Tarlov protégé Mark Siegler, MD'67, a physician with a penchant for ethics, and his Chicago colleague Richard Epstein, a lawyer with a taste for economics, pulled together a conference this past November at the Law School-"Social Determinants of Health and Disease: Recognizing the Contributions of Dr. Alvin R. Tarlov. (uchicago.edu)
  • Specifically, I work on assessing the prevalence and health impacts of informal caregiving, engaging informal caregivers in self-care for people with chronic disease, and understanding cognitive decline and its impacts on physical and social function among middle-aged and older adults. (uncg.edu)
  • We will utilize industry market research tools to define the target audience (segment of community with high smoking prevalence and high social influence) and directly counter tobacco industry lifestyle marketing strategies through local promotion of a smokefree brand and branded bar and club events. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • There is growing consensus on the need to shift the paradigm for addressing the prevalence of obesity to social domains beyond the individual [ 8 , 10 , 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Objective: To investigate the associations of maternal social networks and perceptions of trust with the prevalence of suspected autism spectrum disorders in 18-month-old offspring in Japan. (harvard.edu)
  • This was, in itself, a desire for 'social control' in a socially disruptive circumstance of rapid change in all realms of human activity. (thepeoplesvoice.org)
  • In these communities, residents expected their relationships with their neighbors to be friendly, informal, socially useful, and based on similar worldviews. (ascd.org)
  • The level of physical function significantly affects social engagement, when people with more disabilities are more likely to be socially disengaged. (unt.edu)
  • Centrality measures calculated using UCINET demonstrate that the ASSIST nomination process successfully identified peer supporters who were more socially connected than others in their year and who had social connections across the entire year group including the program's target group. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The intervention in California was based on the broken windows theory, which argues that police can prevent crime by addressing disorderly neighborhood conditions, including both physical and social disorder (Wilson and Kelling 1982). (crimesolutions.gov)
  • These participatory programmes focus on immediate improvements in OSH in informal economy workplaces using low-cost, locally available materials, whilst linking them to improvements in productivity. (ilo.org)
  • Through this, they manage to control marginalized groups in societies. (worldatlas.com)
  • This is when people start to protest, and they become the ones that uphold and enforce the real social order and the values that we should all strive for in our societies. (worldatlas.com)
  • An introduction to the field of social gerontology, including the study of current thinking and research about the changing social conditions for the elderly in industrialized societies. (fisk.edu)
  • Comparative examination of patterns of social interaction in social groups with common territorial bases in contemporary societies and the analysis of community structure and dynamics. (uvm.edu)
  • Social Control reads as an erudite essay on human society, with an emphasis on the problem of social order.The book discusses a wide range of societies, from ancient Greece and various non-Western nations to the United States in the author's own days.The bibliography includes such classic figures as Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, and Ferdinand Tönnies. (jhu.edu)
  • Similar links between resources and risk have been found in every modern industrial society, human societies throughout history, and even among nonhuman primates and other social animals. (uchicago.edu)
  • To this end, the ILO's SafeWork Programme and field OSH specialists are paying special attention to awareness-raising of these problems among informal economy workers and enterprises, that in most cases do not consider the improvement of OSH as a priority, and sensitizing policy makers, municipal authorities and labour inspection services towards a preventive and promotional approach. (ilo.org)
  • The peer market might mean that efforts to control illegal sales of cigarettes are not as effective as hoped. (bmj.com)
  • Implementing Peer Review on the Net: Scientific Quality Control in Scholarly Electronic Journals. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • To take advantage of this, paper publishing's traditional quality control mechanism, peer review, will have to be implemented on the Net, thereby recreating the hierarchies of journals that allow authors, readers, and promotion committees to calibrate their judgments rationally -- or as rationally as traditional peer review ever allowed them to do it. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • This study explored whether the "whole community" nomination process used in the ASSIST smoking prevention program successfully identified "peer supporters" who were well placed within their school social networks to diffuse an antismoking message to their peers. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Objectives: To describe aerobic physical activity among middle-aged and older adults by their self-reported cognitive decline and their receipt of informal care for declines in cognitive functioning and most common type of physical activity. (uncg.edu)
  • The authors therefore hypothesized that high RSA may act as a protective factor against difficulties controlling negative affect and hostile behaviors in conflicts with romantic partners in highly rejection-sensitive individuals--a population otherwise vulnerable to these responses. (isharonline.org)
  • Background: Oxytocin is known to be related to social behaviors, including trust. (harvard.edu)
  • Leadership in the battle against TB rests with governments, specifi- cally with national TB control programmes within ministries of health. (who.int)
  • The increasing application of these programmes in the informal economy testifies to their motivational aspect. (ilo.org)
  • Many social protection programmes, including cash transfers, safety-net oriented public works programmes and asset transfers, target women as main beneficiaries. (eldis.org)
  • There is much scope for making social protection policies and programmes more gender sensitive and for better aligning them with agricultural and rural development policies to address gender inequalities and foster sustainable poverty reduction. (eldis.org)
  • Personally controlled health management systems (PCHMSs) contain a bundle of features to help patients and consumers manage their health. (jmir.org)
  • The PCHMS integrated an untethered PHR with social forums, polls, a diary, and online messaging links with a health service provider. (jmir.org)
  • Health and well-being are social experiences. (sfu.ca)
  • The creation in 1948 of the Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan was important because of its research on occupational stress and employee health. (wikipedia.org)
  • 11 12 Whereas the first programs aimed at providing smoking-.related health information, later programs have pursued strategies based on social competence or social influence. (bmj.com)
  • Does neighbourhood social capital aid in levelling the social gradient in the health and well-being of children and adolescents? (biomedcentral.com)
  • Neighbourhood social capital is believed to influence the association between neighbourhood deprivation and health in children and adolescents, making it a potentially interesting concept for policymakers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study aims to review the role of social capital in health inequalities and the social gradient in health and well-being of children and adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Studies executed between 1 January 1990 and 1 September 2011 in Western countries (USA, New Zealand, Australia and Europe) that included a health-related outcome in children or adolescents and a variable that measured neighbourhood social capital were included. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Only two of five studies confirmed that neighbourhood social capital mediates the association between neighbourhood deprivation and health and well-being in adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The policies, guidelines, terms, and conditions of the HHS Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated in this announcement might differ from those used by the HHS National Institutes of Health (NIH). (nih.gov)
  • Yet, the translation of research on social networks and obesity into health promotion practice has been slow. (hindawi.com)
  • Identifying Well-Connected Opinion Leaders for Informal Health Promotion: The Example of the ASSIST Smoking Prevention Program. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This approach could be used in other informal health promotion initiatives. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The federal ministry and provincial health departments with the support of WHO and other partners are responding to control and limit the spread of this outbreak. (who.int)
  • In terms of linkages to SES at the area level, those with airway disease in particular may be at an increased risk of adverse health effects from poor ambient air quality due to traffic density, point-source pollution from proximity to industrial sites, and social-community stressors. (ersjournals.com)
  • The current authors hypothesised that area-level SES influences general and disease-specific health status in adult asthma and rhinitis, even after controlling for individual-level SES and taking into account potential confounding variables that might explain apparent area-level SES associations. (ersjournals.com)
  • This would be consistent with a model of health determinants in which the surrounding community, which includes both the social and the physical environment, has important effects on persons with these chronic health conditions. (ersjournals.com)
  • Some communities fit a conceptual model in which social accessibility and common outlook provided a supportive social order. (ascd.org)
  • Articles were assessed on the social relational factor(s) addressed, social ecological level(s) targeted, the intervention's theoretical approach, and the conceptual placement of the social relational component in the intervention. (hindawi.com)
  • Students will learn about the profound impact the spectre of "folk devils" have on civil and state regulation projects, and about the diversity of social ordering ideologies, policies and practices encompass. (sfu.ca)
  • From this date until the near extermination of buffalo in 1883, the relationship between the trading companies and the Blackfoot was important to the Blackfoot's economic and social lives. (encyclopedia.com)
  • crime occurs if people suffer relative deprivation, marginalization (social, political and economic) and live in areas with deviant subcultures (Lea and Young). (markedbyteachers.com)
  • An examination of families and households in social, cultural, political and economic context. (sfu.ca)
  • and the general social, political, and economic frameworks of society that condition the nature and perception of social problems. (sfu.ca)
  • The Economic Value of Informal Caregiving for Persons With Dementia: Results From 38 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, 2015 and 2016 BRFSS. (cdc.gov)
  • and the social and economic consequences of the high incarceration rates for drug offenses. (nyclu.org)
  • Economic interests and perceptions about predators apparently influenced variation in control intensity. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Only managers from commercial hunting estates used stronger discourses such as that hunting would be impossible without carrying out predator control, which suggests that their tolerance for predators was lower than that of managers whose main motivation was not economic. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Addressing the national security threat presented by exports posed different economic and institutional challenges from those associated with import policy, including the acknowledgment that export controls for legitimate national security reasons can be the first-best policy to confront the problem at its source. (ciaonet.org)
  • Yet, export controls could also be misused as a beggar-thy-neighbor policy to redistribute economic well-being across countries, even from one ally to another. (ciaonet.org)
  • Informal economy workers often work in the most hazardous jobs, conditions and circumstances across all economic sectors - agriculture, industry and services. (ilo.org)
  • He has facilitated considerable social and ethnic stability through a mix of top-down control and the promotion of economic well-being at the cost of political freedoms. (freedomhouse.org)
  • After securing 91 percent of the vote in the December 2005 elections, President Nazarbaev, together with members of the government, diplomats abroad, regime-controlled media, and the entire propaganda apparatus, reinvigorated the campaign to obtain the rotating OSCE chair for 2009 by acclaiming Kazakhstan's success in promoting economic growth, social stability, and orderly conduct of multiparty and multi-candidate elections. (freedomhouse.org)
  • The Nazarbaev regime has continued to use its economic power, political control, and electoral mandate to pressure nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to "cooperate" to establish a pliant civil society. (freedomhouse.org)
  • As such, extending social protection to rural populations has great potential for fostering rural women's economic empowerment. (eldis.org)
  • Since 2007, Portugal has faced an unprecedented economic crisis that has had an important impact in the country, particularly affecting economic, social and cultural rights, including the rights to housing, water and sanitation of its inhabitants. (ohchr.org)
  • Against this backdrop, it is essential to underline that Portugal has ratified key international human rights instruments protecting the right to an adequate standard of living, including housing, water and sanitation, without discrimination, notably the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. (ohchr.org)
  • and possession of firearms, explosives and anti-tank RPGs with the purpose of "disrupting the country's social, economic and political life. (nostate.net)
  • Alpe d'HuZes cancer rehabilitation (A-CaRe) research: four randomized controlled exercise trials and economic evaluations in cancer patients and survivors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • SES can be ascertained at the individual level by assessment through questionnaire items that directly quantify personal or family income, items that delineate markers of social status such as education and occupation (which are also surrogates of economic status), or survey measures that estimate wealth or financial assets. (ersjournals.com)
  • You'll develop communication and research skills through our wide range of assessments, as well as a clear understanding of social policy and criminology. (bcu.ac.uk)
  • Today the Sami are citizens of the countries within whose borders they live, with full rights to education, social services, religious freedom, and participation in the political process. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These three, Age-Friendly Outdoor Spaces (WHO factor 1), Social Participation (WHO factor 4), and Respect and Social Inclusion (WHO factor 5) may all be supported by structural innovations and resource infusion, but, in all likelihood, cannot be sustained without on-going community involvement. (hindawi.com)
  • Survey research data will be collected in control cities with the same schedule as data collection in the cities where the intervention is taking place. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Telephone interviews were conducted by the Social and Behavioral Research Institute at California State University, San Marcos, using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) technology. (umich.edu)
  • Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. (umich.edu)
  • Recruiting Adolescent Research Participants: In-Person Compared to Social Media Approaches. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The recently launched Centre for Critical Social Research also brings sociological concerns to the fore. (bcu.ac.uk)
  • Measurable outcomes of the program will be in alignment with the following performance goal(s) for the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC): Conduct a targeted program of research to reduce injury-related death and disability. (nih.gov)
  • A number of social relational constructs have gained prominence in recent social epidemiological research on obesity. (hindawi.com)
  • This synthesis report consolidates the evidence and lessons learned from the Shock Responsive Social Protection Systems Research Programme. (eldis.org)
  • METHOD: A-CaRe Clinical Research includes four randomized controlled trials in patients: (a) after chemotherapy, (b) during chemotherapy, (c) after stem cell transplantation and (d) during childhood cancer. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Social psychology research has found the more an individual values group-controlled resources or the more an individual sees group membership as central to his definition of self, the more likely he is to conform. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2012). Gender, social bond, and academic cheating in Japan. (csuohio.edu)
  • The MDGs have underlined the inter- dependence of efforts to control disease epidemics and to attack poverty, hunger, unsafe housing, gender discrimination and inadequate access to education. (who.int)
  • It is well established that gender inequality is more prevalent in the informal economy, where women are concentrated in the lower end and earn significantly less than men. (ilo.org)
  • Introduces positivist, interpretive, and critical interpretive approaches to the analysis of social actions, identities, and values as enacted in space and time. (sfu.ca)
  • Controlling for family background and social class, the researchers found that as neighborhoods more closely approximated this model, students' early school achievement was enhanced. (ascd.org)
  • Structural explanations: social exclusion, inequality, poverty and deprivation. (aber.ac.uk)
  • The partnership aims to turn this knowledge into action, taking into account the new forms in which the cycle of poverty, social exclusion and TB infection may be expressed today. (who.int)
  • Austerity measures imposed as part of the memorandum of understanding signed by the Government of Portugal in May 2011 with the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank and the European Commission (known as the Troika) and which ended in 2014, led to an increase in poverty rates, housing exclusion, lower social protection benefits and unaffordable access to public services. (ohchr.org)
  • The role of the community for sex offenders is tenuous, considering the legal and social policies that govern their movement and involvement in certain activities. (oxfordhandbooks.com)
  • The study tested the hypothesis that individual social ties are explained by a rational choice model, which in turn produces neighborhood social capital that can be used to achieve collective goals. (umich.edu)
  • This may well be a bit too obvious, but both networks and communities don't respond well to control . (elsua.net)
  • First, social networks are inconsistently conceptualized and measured. (unt.edu)
  • The results indicate that three simple questions can identify individuals who are held in high esteem by their year group and who also have the interpersonal networks required of opinion leaders to successfully disseminate smoke-free messages through their social networks. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Are Maternal Social Networks and Perceptions of Trust Associated with Suspected Autism Spectrum Disorder in Offspring? (harvard.edu)
  • This essay discusses the role of informal social control for sex offenders who are reentering the community after imprisonment. (oxfordhandbooks.com)
  • Findings revealed that there is a relationship between attending high school in community types of rural and independent town controlling for the effects of SAT scores, high school rank, sex, and late application deposit on first semester grade point average. (unt.edu)
  • Extensive social mobilization, community engagement and vector control activities are being undertaken in all the affected and neighboring areas with the involvement of relevant line departments and stakeholders. (who.int)
  • Based on this reasoning, we bring the theory of social disorganization into this discussion. (mdpi.com)
  • We include foundational social disorganization texts and those we believe most saliently represent the theoretical and methodological evolution of this theory over time. (oxfordbibliographiesonline.com)
  • A focus on theory and social science provides students with the problem-solving skills necessary for addressing today's most pressing social issues. (rit.edu)
  • Whether that may well be rather accurate, or not, you can tell me in the comments below what you think about it, if you wish, I have got this little theory going on in my mind that we, knowledge (Web 2.0) workers, may have to blame ourselves for that to happen in this Social, Digital Age. (elsua.net)
  • The results of the study demonstrate the ability of classical sociological theory to explain macro-level social change. (unt.edu)
  • Jeremy Bentham is also the father of modern utility theory - a theory often associated with individual liberty, which is actually at heart a blueprint for social control. (nakedcapitalism.com)
  • 2. Explain Travis Hirsch's control theory. (brainmass.com)