• Around half of them rated climate change among their five most important issues. (medscape.com)
  • In the Medscape report, 61% of physicians described themselves as "very concerned" or "concerned" about climate change, and about 7 in 10 agreed with the statement that it should be a top worldwide priority. (medscape.com)
  • Climate change is the most pressing issue of this century," a psychiatrist respondent wrote. (medscape.com)
  • Climate change is a natural phenomenon under God's purview," an emergency medicine physician said. (medscape.com)
  • We must work to decrease man-made conditions that affect climate change, but it must be done in an intelligent fashion. (medscape.com)
  • Change the System, Not the Climate! (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • Sitting directly on the coastline, the expropriated Hotel Venetur, formerly the Hilton, was transformed this past week into a site for social movements and government representatives to address climate change policy in preparation for the upcoming United Nations Climate talks (COP20). (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • According to a recently released report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Caribbean islands like Margarita, will be the first to be impacted by rising sea levels as a result of a changing climate. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • Some of the solutions presented at the Social PreCOP came from examining the roots of the climate crisis. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • In addition to presenting the goal of reducing fossil-fuel emissions and transitioning towards community controlled renewable energy many people also asserted the urgent need to adopt adaptation strategies that can be employed in the face of a changing climate. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • Members of civil society representing the voices of indigenous peoples, women, and youth asserted the ways in which climate change were impacting them as well as the unique role that each group plays in building solutions to the climate crisis. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • Since the formation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1992, in their 19 Conference of Parties (COP) representatives of civil society have never been granted this type of access to the official proceedings. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • The Social PreCOP is truly historic because it sets a precedent for more participation of civil society in official climate change proceedings which, Ministers also welcomed. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • Norton added: "The climate's been changing for a long time," recalling his own early fieldwork in Mali in the 1980s, when he heard anecdotal evidence from farmers he realised later chimed with scientific climate models. (iied.org)
  • Climate change, "as everyone recognises, is the biggest social injustice of our generation," and he added that "we may lose generations that understand climate from [the 1950s and 1960s] before climate change started to kick in in a big way," so more needed to be done to record their memories. (iied.org)
  • These commitments are ideas for action plans to solve problems in education, environment and climate change, peace and human rights, poverty alleviation and public health. (browndailyherald.com)
  • Many freshmen interested in issues of climate change and energy come in lost because there is "no real, single access point" to study those problems, Chan said. (browndailyherald.com)
  • What drives and what hinders economic growth, climate change, gender equality and peaceful societies? (lu.se)
  • Climate change is major change in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for many years. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Today climate changes are occurring at an increasingly rapid rate. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Climate change can affect our health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Researchers are studying the best ways to lessen climate change and reduce its impact on our health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The explanation predicts that, as cigarette diffusion proceeds and fashions change, the social determinants of smoking will shift across cohorts, such that initially positive relationships between pre-adult components of socioeconomic status and smoking in early cohorts become negative in later cohorts. (who.int)
  • In the Region, the most prevalent determinants are poverty, low literacy levels, unplanned urbanization, rapid economic changes, globalization and peer pressure. (who.int)
  • This article describes our efforts from June 2020 through June 2022 in developing and implementing ARC4JSTC (Anti-racist Community for Justice and Social Transformative Change), a comprehensive, multiyear antiracist change initiative encompassing faculty and workforce development, student experience, curriculum and pedagogy, community engagement outreach, and business processes. (cdc.gov)
  • Are anti-smoking social norms associated with tobacco control mass media campaigns, tax and policy changes? (who.int)
  • Background Anti-smoking social norms are associated with subsequent quitting behaviours. (who.int)
  • We examined if exposure to tobacco control advertisements and policy changes predict subjective (perceived disapproval of smoking among close family and friends) and internalised injunctive norms (embarrassed about telling others you are a smoker). (who.int)
  • Logistic regression analyses examined associations of social norms with exposure to different types of tobacco control advertisements, tax increases and other tobacco control policies, adjusting for key demographic, smoking and media exposure covariates. (who.int)
  • Whatever its form, an intervention achieves reduced HIV risk by changing group norms to improve or enhance the quality of health for members of the client population. (cdc.gov)
  • It takes time to change social norms. (cdc.gov)
  • Social norms cannot be changed quickly or at the same rate that knowledge acquisition or skills development can occur. (cdc.gov)
  • It brings together recent developments in both practice and understanding of social Behavioural Change Communication to prevent HIV. (who.int)
  • The improvement of versatility and the sophistication of social behavioural change communication in prevention of HIV has been coming into common use worldwide, and its application is really necessary. (who.int)
  • The world health report 2002 1 sets forth several physical, social, economic, behavioural and organizational factors that influence people's health. (who.int)
  • It's possible to use and maintain social media accounts during your job search as long as you keep a few things in mind. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Please change your search terms and try again. (prnewswire.com)
  • These dramatic changes provide an intriguing scenario and call for research within social psychology, especially within the social representations perspective, in search of new contents and structures of meaning. (bvsalud.org)
  • Accordingly, it may also refer to social revolution, such as the Socialist revolution presented in Marxism, or to other social movements, such as women's suffrage or the civil rights movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, 13 percent of men said they watched more sports in the wake of social justice movements, as opposed to only 7 percent of women. (yahoo.com)
  • About 13.7 percent of Democrats say they watched more sports in the wake of social justice movements, while 19 percent watched less. (yahoo.com)
  • The first Social PreCOP was held on Margarita island in July, and representatives of social movements, grassroots leaders and NGOs, drafted an ambitious document, called the Margarita Declaration. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • While some high-level NGOs have been allotted 2 minutes for testimony, grassroots leaders and social movements have been denied a place at the table. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • In this essay, we use empirical data to support a new theoretical model that illustrates how contemporary movements can use social media to build awareness, educate, and most importantly, promote the kinds of offline action that can lead to deeper structural change. (ssrn.com)
  • The course explores key Scandinavian political, social, feminist and literary texts in relation to gender, and analyses early movements for women's rights in relation to the development within the labour movement. (lu.se)
  • Some research on the various types of social change focuses on social organizations such as corporations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today many organizations check out an applicant's social media profiles before they even extend the first interview offer. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • With this proposition of information overload, organizations distinguish the best solution between their technical systems or their social systems. (majortests.com)
  • In my opinion, organizations will be more likely to find the most improved information overload with changes to their social systems. (majortests.com)
  • Over 80 organizations from around the world were represented at the Social PreCOP. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • The initial technocratic approach was broadened to encompass ethical, social, and political aspects, and the main organizations now acknowledge that not only technical and scientific skills but also competence from social science and the humanities were of essence. (lu.se)
  • The objective was to describe social themes that were seen throughout the movie, identify types of behavior, explain the behavior, summarize why it is important in sociological understanding, suggest why it might be generalized to society, and conclude the key points. (majortests.com)
  • Marketing social change : changing behavior to promote health, social development, and the environment / Alan R. Andreasen. (who.int)
  • A specific intervention may take the form of persuasive behavior change messages, or it may be a skills-building effort. (cdc.gov)
  • Social networks are well-known for changing user privacy settings with little warning or altering their Terms of Use in ways that expose content you think is under wraps. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Ironically, some employers consider no social media presence at all as off putting as accounts filled with questionable content. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Social change is the alteration of the social order of a society which may include changes in social institutions, social behaviours or social relations. (wikipedia.org)
  • One feature of the week was a Social Justice Career Panel, where students had the opportunity to hear from School of Interdisciplinary Arts & Sciences graduates Estephanie Guzman, Manveer Sandhu and Mary Jane Topash, who currently work in social justice careers. (uwb.edu)
  • Research at the Faculty of Social Sciences includes the economic and social development of regions and cities. (lu.se)
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze how competence in the humanities and social sciences has been introduced into the system culture of the Swedish nuclear waste system (SNWS) traditionally dominated by scientists and engineers. (lu.se)
  • In the wake of last summer's social justice protests, which consumed sports for much of the second half of 2020, nearly half of all Americans changed their sports viewing habits, according to a new YouGov / Yahoo News poll. (yahoo.com)
  • In this case, BLM effectively leveraged social media to fuel and facilitate mass protests and broaden social awareness. (ssrn.com)
  • The combination of KASAM's activities to broaden the discussion and the local protests in many communities initiated a gradual change of the system culture within the SNWS. (lu.se)
  • The document discusses using social media to inspire change, focusing on how London 2012 Olympics plans to harness social media. (slideshare.net)
  • It defines social media as tools for sharing information online and via mobile. (slideshare.net)
  • Their social media model focuses on acquiring users, activating them through new media products/services, and retaining them through communications and engagement. (slideshare.net)
  • Respondents were asked, 'How has the discussion of politics in sports on social media impacted your viewing habits,' and given the option to answer that they watched more sports, fewer sports, or the same, with a breakout option to state that they are not sports fans at all. (yahoo.com)
  • Social media is changing how we communicate and how we define "relationship. (kevinmd.com)
  • I was speaking to someone last week who said to me, "Social media isn't coming it's here! (kevinmd.com)
  • And while many voices in our professional communities are wary about social media, I see positive opportunities at every turn. (kevinmd.com)
  • Social media will change this as medical professionals become more comfortable and adept at communicating with one another via various platforms (some password protected) that allow them to communicate and refer to one another. (kevinmd.com)
  • Physicians and therapists can get to know each other in the social media space, understand that we are professionals with the same goals and collaborate on bringing exceptional care to our clients and patients. (kevinmd.com)
  • Social media and online technology will allow us to create and provide simple follow up programs and protocols that can be sent out to people daily, weekly or monthly via email, text, audio or video. (kevinmd.com)
  • Social media allows us to listen and discuss with consumers what they would like in terms of service structure and offerings. (kevinmd.com)
  • We cover every cause, and so we have a number of online communities and social media accounts. (changingthepresent.org)
  • The evolution of social media has since opened up previously inaccessible topics-behind-the-scenes politics, Olympic Village conditions and other topics of interest that play out off-camera. (adweek.com)
  • At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, athletes and journalists took to social media to expose the city's subpar facilities, starting the trending hashtag #SochiProblems . (adweek.com)
  • Let Social Media Today's free newsletter keep you informed, straight from your inbox. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • What you post on your social media accounts can tell them everything from what your political views are to whether you keep your cool over life's little frustrations. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • For instance, "an employer who looks at an applicant's Facebook page or other social media posts could well learn information that it isn't entitled to have - or to consider during the hiring process," explains Geurin. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Don't lie about having social media accounts. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • More than 74 percent of adults who are online use social media to some degree so unless you're applying for a job from a yurt in Outer Mongolia, employers expect to see at least some sort of social media footprint from applicants. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • A Facebook or Twitter page with a few innocuous comments about sports or a handful of pictures of kittens should suffice if you're the anti-social media type. (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Has your social media use ever come up during a job interview? (socialmediatoday.com)
  • Not just regular technology, but technology that includes social media, video games unlike any experiences anyone had seen and internet capabilities that were unheard of in the 90s. (majortests.com)
  • YouTube video, "Charlie bit my finger-again" it can distinguish the ongoing change in childhood because of technology, this can be displayed through social media, the change in parenting skills and lose of innocence. (majortests.com)
  • Social media is the largest social interaction between people where it is as easy as clicking a button to share the latest news, idea or picture/videos through social networking. (majortests.com)
  • From the haters and hackers to propaganda and privacy concerns, social media often deserves its bad reputation. (ssrn.com)
  • But the sustained activism that followed George Floyd's death and the ongoing movement for racial justice also demonstrated how social media can be a crucial mechanism of social change. (ssrn.com)
  • We have seen in the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement, and more specifically the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter, a new and powerful approach to using social media that goes beyond symbolic "slacktivism" and performative allyship to mobilizing people for social and cultural change. (ssrn.com)
  • How to deal with it and how politics, media, new technology and social control affect it are issues that the university's social scientists study. (lu.se)
  • Demographic changes affect the world around us. (lu.se)
  • Due to its small sample, it is impossible for any cognitive testing study to achieve complete inclusivity, that is, not all social and demographic groups are represented in each sample. (cdc.gov)
  • The second day of Women Deliver was dedicated to examining the role of technology as a social catalyst, specifically the ways in which technology can enhance women's lives and their health. (undispatch.com)
  • A key part of providing 200 million women with contraception and truly making these technologies catalysts for social change will be to address the social, political and cultural hurdles which restrict women's access to health care. (undispatch.com)
  • Research regarding women's rights, changes in work and family, the transition from agricultural society to industrial society and the emergence of the welfare state will be presented. (lu.se)
  • The inspiration for seeking a career in social justice often comes from experiencing or witnessing social injustice - and the drivers for these alumni are no exception. (uwb.edu)
  • For example, successful development generally has the same requirements, such as a stable and flexible government, enough free and available resources, and a diverse social organization of society. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the early 1990s, SKB, the Swedish implementer organization responsible for the management of nuclear waste, changed its strategy for finding suitable locations for a repository of spent nuclear fuel. (lu.se)
  • April 1995 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, Georgia ***************************************************************************** Community Level Intervention Community Level Intervention combines community organization and social marketing -- a strategy that takes a systems approach. (cdc.gov)
  • On the whole, social change is usually a combination of systematic factors along with some random or unique factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ratings across all major sports were down in 2020, the result of a range of factors including time-shifted sports calendars and the presidential election, but it's clear from this poll that politics and social justice had some impact on the ratings decline. (yahoo.com)
  • While fundamental changes to work that result from new technologies have historically created new jobs and new industries (14-18), these can be slowed by economic, legal, or societal factors, with both positive and negative implications. (cdc.gov)
  • The primary goal of these interventions is to improve health status by promoting healthy behaviors and changing those factors that negatively affect the health of a community's residents. (cdc.gov)
  • Just as it is difficult to forecast the distribution of technological job displacement, the magnitude and pace of technological change leading to displacement is also challenging to predict. (cdc.gov)
  • On one hand, if technological advancements decrease production costs and thus consumer costs, consumer demand for certain products and services may change, leading to increases in labor demand and related economic growth. (cdc.gov)
  • It will then present an overview of each question, outlining patterns of interpretation, observed problems, potential difficulties and recommendations for change. (cdc.gov)
  • To successfully conduct this intervention, a program must identify the sources for and patterns of communication within a social network. (cdc.gov)
  • As athletes and leagues embraced a new, progressive strategy aimed at amplifying messages of social justice and political advocacy, some Americans began watching more sports, but about three times as many watched less. (yahoo.com)
  • On the other hand, only about 8.6 percent of Republicans watched more sports, while 53 percent watched less once social justice messaging became prominent. (yahoo.com)
  • Worth noting is that Independents came in somewhere in the middle, with about 8.7 percent saying they watched more sports in the social justice era, and about 38.6 percent saying they watched less. (yahoo.com)
  • Daoist: The Chinese philosophical work Dao De Jing, I.8 and II.78 uses the metaphor of water as the ideal agent of change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our work is data informed, grounded in principles of change management, and focused on building internal capacity to promote long-term change. (cdc.gov)
  • Our discussion of lessons learned and next steps helps to inform our ongoing work and antiracist institutional change efforts at other schools and programs of public health. (cdc.gov)
  • When it comes to social change work, the alumni also all agree that sharing their passion and drive to influence change with others makes their work more rewarding and effective. (uwb.edu)
  • It is recommended that programs select the method that is most appropriate for their professional orientation (e.g., social work, health education). (cdc.gov)
  • In 2020-21, we have seen this begin to inspire deeper social, cultural, and legal change, in ways that previously felt like distant hope. (ssrn.com)
  • After a brief overview of recent approaches to the study of ageing between stereotypes and representations, a study is presented in order to explore the social representations of the elderly in three contexts differing for age structure of the population and for main institutional stakes. (bvsalud.org)
  • Christian: In Christianity & Judaism social change is seen in terms of God's blessings on faithfulness or curses on disobedience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Survey responses and comments left on the Physicians' Views on Today's Divisive Social Issues 2022 report provide insights into doctors' attitudes and thinking about these four social challenges. (medscape.com)
  • London 2012 aims to use the Games to inspire change in areas like sport participation and disability attitudes. (slideshare.net)
  • Within these social networks or systems, individuals acquire information, form attitudes, and develop beliefs. (cdc.gov)
  • A transformative change grounded in a commitment to antiracism and racial and health equity is underway at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health. (cdc.gov)
  • Social development is the people that develop social and emotional skills across the lifespan, with particular attention to childhood and adolescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthy social development allows us to form positive relationships with family, friends, teachers, and other people in our lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does hosting sporting events promote social and economic development? (americasquarterly.org)
  • To understand the world around us, we need to understand what causes social and economic development. (lu.se)
  • The aim of the course is to provide the student with basic knowledge about gender, social change and modernity in Sweden/Scandinavia, covering the period from late 1800 up to the 1950's as well as to present the development of some theoretical debates within this field. (lu.se)
  • One view suggests that a theory of change should include elements such as structural aspects of change (like population shifts), processes and mechanisms of social change, and directions of change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social scientists are studying the consequences of the growing proportion of older people and migrants, for example. (lu.se)
  • KASAM engaged social scientists and humanists and started organizing annual workshops inviting engineers and scientists working with the waste issue to discuss its ethical and political dimensions. (lu.se)
  • Beck U. From industrial society to risk society: questions of survival, social structure, and ecological enlightenment. (cdc.gov)
  • Of those who watch sports on TV, about 11 percent said they now watch more as a result of political and social messaging. (yahoo.com)
  • The vast majority, roughly 56.3 percent, said they watch about the same amount regardless of political or social messaging. (yahoo.com)
  • Social, cultural, political or religious constraints can be insurmountable barriers to access for women across the world. (undispatch.com)
  • The goal of the second Social PreCOP was to adapt that document into a policy platform and create a dialogue between members of civil society and UN delegates and ministers prior to the COP20 summit which will be held in Lima in the beginning of next month. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • The fundamental program goal of Community Level Intervention is to influence specific behaviors by using social networks to consistently deliver HIV risk reduction interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • Unfortunately, because of this growth, social interaction amongst humans has changed in the world we live in today. (majortests.com)
  • After participants in the Social PreCOP worked through many drafts of a revised version of the Margarita document with the Venezuelan government representatives, they finally reached consensus on a document that could be presented to the 47 government ministers and ambassadors from around the world who attended the dialogue with civil society. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • While governments around the world struggle to maintain service levels amid fiscal crises, social innovators are improving social outcomes for citizens by changing the system from within. (harvard.edu)
  • How do innovators succeed in creating these new innovations, these new practices that changed public services and law enforcements all over the world? (harvard.edu)
  • Hegelian: The classic Hegelian dialectic model of change is based on the interaction of opposing forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technology Discourages Social Interaction Abstract Over the past 15 years technology has expanded worldwide. (majortests.com)
  • This paper will point out some positives and negatives about technology towards our social interaction. (majortests.com)
  • Technology Changes Social Interaction Here in the United States, technology is being adapted to our everyday use. (majortests.com)
  • His research and teaching focus on the challenges of making the public sector more effective, efficient, equitable and responsive to social needs. (harvard.edu)
  • Research on the shared knowledge about elderly people, old age and ageing has been conducted both from the social cognition and social representations perspectives. (bvsalud.org)
  • In a parallel way, research on social representations of ageing has been flourishing in the last decades both in Europe and in Latin America, but also globally, devising theoretical and methodological frames in order to study this issue , turning attention to the topic at various levels of abstraction. (bvsalud.org)
  • Technology and Social Change In this assignment, the writer of this essay was to view a film of his or her own choice in silent mode. (majortests.com)
  • Along time, the social representations of the elderly, of old/third age and of ageing have been explored from a more "concrete" to a more abstract level (Magnabosco-Martins, Camargo, & Biasus, 2009). (bvsalud.org)
  • This year's benefit celebrates our Super Heroes of past, present, and future - supporters who have gone above and beyond to make a difference and invest in change for NYC's youth. (newyorksocialdiary.com)
  • Giles & Reid, 2005) or processes that can control and de-bias social thought (e.g. perspective taking vs. stereotype suppression, cf. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite disagreements in positions, and frustrations around process, participants in the Social PreCOP broadly recognized the significance of creating such a unique venue for participation and dialogue between governments and civil society. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • See the SJSU Catalog for complete degree information on the BA in Sociology, Concentration in Community Change. (sjsu.edu)
  • Introduction To start with, it's almost certain that any noteworthy new technology would be expected to transform the community or at least to represent the ability to change society, for worse or better. (majortests.com)
  • A contemporary application of this approach is shown in the social-change theory SEED-SCALE which builds off of the complexity theory subfield of emergence. (wikipedia.org)
  • You can submit an application to change your gender with the SSA, but you can't do it online. (nerdwallet.com)
  • During the panel hosted by the Gender, Women & Sexuality Studies program , they shared how their educational and extracurricular experiences at UW Bothell, and especially within the School of IAS, amply prepared them for their lives as social change agents. (uwb.edu)
  • Social change may not refer to the notion of social progress or sociocultural evolution, the philosophical idea that society moves forward by evolutionary means. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a brave attempt to initiate dialogue between members of civil society and government ministers, the Venezuelan government hosted two gatherings, called Social PreCOPs. (venezuelanalysis.com)
  • 1] It is highly believed that particularly during the opening stages of the implementation of a specific technology some social change would take place on the basis of the implicit values, vices or virtues held by that technology. (majortests.com)
  • Its foundation is an assumption that individuals make up large and small social networks or systems. (cdc.gov)
  • It may refer to a paradigmatic change in the socio-economic structure, for instance the transition from feudalism to capitalism, or hypothetical future transition to some form of post-capitalism. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the decades before the internet, smartphones and social networks, the Olympic Games were only available through television screens, and this meant that the conversation ended at the edge of the swimming pool. (adweek.com)
  • The intervention must be implemented thoroughly throughout the social networks. (cdc.gov)
  • Members of existing and relevant social networks can be enlisted to deliver the interventions. (cdc.gov)
  • A Kuhnian approach to the study of societies is provided by the critical juncture approach to social order and change. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through our partnership with 13 public schools across all five boroughs of NYC, Change for Kids affords kids the tools to reimagine their own possibility and the tools with which to overcome inequity. (newyorksocialdiary.com)
  • With practitioners, scholars, and students of public policy and management in mind, the authors dissect the strategies and tactics that social innovators employ to navigate the risky waters of their institutional environments. (harvard.edu)
  • We argue that La Mesa's strategy is an innovative one in the field of legal mobilization insofar as it presumes that law can be shaped not just by public officials and universities but also by social actors engaged in the creation and diffusion of legal knowledge . (bvsalud.org)
  • Each of our celebrated chefs have participated in Change for Kids's former SuperChefs benefit over the past 7 years - helping raise awareness of and critical funds for our mission to end education inequity. (newyorksocialdiary.com)
  • Palace Station has been a locals' favorite for over forty years and now with the addition of Tailgate Social our guests will have a great new place to watch their favorite local sports teams! (prnewswire.com)
  • Tests using historical, cohort-linked aggregate data on cigarette diffusion, and individual-level data from the General Social Surveys covering the years from 1978 to 1994 and cohorts from 1889 to 1976 largely support the predictions. (who.int)
  • What Heraclitus seems to be suggesting here, later interpretations notwithstanding, is that, in order for the river to remain the river, change must constantly be taking place. (wikipedia.org)