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  • autistic
  • Various behavioral and cognitive approaches to support autistic children and adults have been developed since the mid-1960s, for example, ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis), TEACCH (Trains and Education of Autistic and related Communication handicapped Children), and more recently RDI (Relationship Development Intervention) programs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2003). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the social responsiveness scale with the autism diagnostic interview-revised. (springer.com)
  • impulsive
  • Intermittent explosive disorder (sometimes abbreviated as IED ) is a behavioral disorder characterized by explosive outbursts of anger and violence, often to the point of rage, which are disproportionate to the situation at hand (e.g., impulsive screaming triggered by relatively inconsequential events). (springer.com)
  • cognition
  • To address this gap, we will develop a fully-realized biological model of the genetic contributions to social behavior phenotype by characterizing social behavior and cognition and their genetic foundations in a large population of animals living in naturalistic circumstances with minimal external intervention. (grantome.com)
  • We will use observational techniques and field experiments to quantitatively define heterogeneity in social temperament and social cognition phenotypes in males and females. (grantome.com)
  • In our stratified approach, we will assess social temperament using intensive observation of natural behavior and social cognition using analogs of standard laboratory tasks. (grantome.com)
  • In parallel, we will use a data-driven, bottom-up approach to identify new genomic variants linked to social behavior and cognition, by conducting full genome sequencing on 50 key individuals identified by pedigree and social temperament. (grantome.com)
  • Social cognition in patients with intracranial tumors: do we forget something in the routine neuropsychological examination? (nih.gov)
  • high-functi
  • Individuals with high-functioning autism or with Asperger syndrome cannot understand or engage in social situations despite preserved intellectual abilities. (pnas.org)
  • Mechanisms
  • Evidence suggests that individual variation in social behavior in ASD, as well as within the typically developing human population, arises from a combination of genetic predispositions and individual experience, yet the underlying biological mechanisms remain poorly understood. (grantome.com)
  • These results support our hypothesis that in WS, the neurobiological mechanisms that underly intensified emotional responses to music and possibly social behavior, may in part involve the dysregulated synthesis or release of both OT and AVP from the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal system. (blogspot.com)
  • We found that chick learns social behavior through three different mechanisms, imprinting, predisposition, and synchronization through a common motivation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • behavioral
  • Expecting to see behavioral disruptions in the drugged fish, which the researchers did, they also saw reduced orienting behaviors by the healthy fish. (phys.org)
  • Physical and social well-being in old age are linked to self-assessments of life worth, and a spectrum of behavioral, economic, health, and social variables may influence whether aging individuals believe they are leading meaningful lives. (pnas.org)
  • We have established the behavioral assessment scoring method of chick and marmoset sociality based on multidimensional vector space expression of behavior markers as variables. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The study examined whether the efficacy of cognitive behavioral treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder for children and adolescents is increased if intervention addresses specific cognitive and behavioral factors linked to the development and maintenance of SAD in young people, over and above the traditional generic CBT approach. (ndsl.kr)
  • findings
  • The research team noted that the findings "are promising for future studies into the visual circuitry required to drive social behavior. (phys.org)
  • These findings suggest that shame and social anxiety are associated, that socially anxious patients may be more likely to experience shame than patients without social anxiety, and that CBT treatment can help reduce shame among individuals with SAD. (beckinstitute.org)
  • Symptoms
  • Munchausen syndrome fits within the subclass of factitious disorder with predominantly physical signs and symptoms, but patients also have a history of recurrent hospitalization, traveling, and dramatic, extremely improbable tales of their past experiences. (springer.com)
  • fears
  • BPD is a pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by extreme fears of abandonment, unstable relationships with other people, sense of self, or emotions, feelings of emptiness, frequent dangerous behavior, and self-harm. (springer.com)
  • abilities
  • Our study provides further support for the role of the oxytocinergic system in the social perception abilities of domestic dogs. (frontiersin.org)
  • aversive
  • Electrophysiological evidence of an attentional bias towards appetitive and aversive words in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (nih.gov)
  • interventions
  • Future research should continue to investigate disorder-specific interventions for SAD in young people, drawing on evidence regarding causal or maintaining factors, in order to enhance treatment outcomes for this debilitating condition. (ndsl.kr)
  • randomly assigned
  • Here, we examined treatment-related changes in brain structure (gray matter (GM) volume) and function (blood-oxygen level dependent, BOLD response to self-referential criticism) in 26 participants with social anxiety disorder randomly assigned either to CBT or an attention bias modification control treatment. (diva-portal.org)
  • Participants were 125 youth, aged 8-17 years, with a primary diagnosis of SAD, who were randomly assigned to generic CBT (CBT-GEN), social anxiety specific CBT (CBT-SAD) or a wait list control (WLC). (ndsl.kr)
  • psychological
  • A psychiatric factitious disorder whereby those affected feign disease, illness, or psychological trauma to draw attention, sympathy, or reassurance to themselves. (springer.com)
  • mental
  • This work was supported by the Research Grant (18A-3) for Nervous and Mental Disorders from the Ministry of Health, Labors and Welfare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Alcohol-related disorders are considered to be of great importance by the public health system, not only due to the effect they have on the individual's somatic and mental state, but also due to the huge impact the problem poses socially. (scielo.br)
  • Can you name the most common mental disorders in the USA? (sporcle.com)
  • 2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev. (springer.com)
  • 2000). Varieties of repetitive behavior in autism: Comparisons to mental retardation. (springer.com)
  • The common ectodermal embryonic origin of the central nervous system and the skin, in addition to several possible emotional and social languages attributable to the skin, make this organ a scenario for physical and mental health manifestations, as well as a territory of personal, social, and cultural expression. (springer.com)
  • Slow-wave sleep predicts long-term social functioning in severe mental illness. (nih.gov)
  • biological
  • These data will be combined with life history and pedigree data to generate predictive models of the impact of genotype and social phenotype on biological success. (grantome.com)
  • Because this evidence is entirely correlational and the brain is a living, functioning organ constantly responding to its environment with complex neurochemical and other neurofunctional changes, it is just as likely (and perhaps more likely) that the biological dynamics are a result of an interplay of emotions, thoughts, intentions and behavior experienced by the diagnosed individuals. (ablechild.org)
  • brain
  • Thus, we could explore the relationship between development of social behavior and brain structure/function. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A recent $15 million commitment establishes the Robert Hung Ngai Ho Mind, Brain, and Behavior Initiative on campus. (colgate.edu)
  • from brain to behavior and everything in between. (colgate.edu)
  • Colgate's Neuroscience Program is one of the first two established at undergraduate institutions in the United States, and has a particularly strong focus on brain-behavior relationships. (colgate.edu)
  • approach
  • We will first use an a priori approach that assays gene polymorphisms previously implicated in social behavior, as well as polymorphisms in the same or related pathways that have yet to be assessed in macaques. (grantome.com)
  • With respect to WS social behavior, as hypothesized, higher levels of basal OT were correlated with increased approach to strangers but unexpectedly, also to decreased adaptive social behaviors. (blogspot.com)
  • treatment
  • After 12-weeks, participants who received treatment (CBT-SAD or CBT-GEN) showed significantly greater reduction in social anxiety and post-event processing, and greater improvement in global functioning than the WLC but there was no significant difference between CBT-SAD and CBT-GEN on any outcome variable at 12-weeks or 6-month follow-up. (ndsl.kr)