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  • people's behavior
  • If individuals exhibit, however, systematically biased beliefs about external events or other people's behavior or if they systematically deviate from the action that best satisfies their preferences, we speak of bounded rationality. (sciencemag.org)
  • Feelings of loneliness and social isolation can affect a human brain activity as well as people's behavior, shows a new study conducted at the University of Chicago. (enotalone.com)
  • prosocial behavior
  • A study recently published online in the American Journal of Public Health found that prosocial behavior at age 5 can predict success in adulthood. (parents.com)
  • It turns out that individuals who had shown more prosocial skills in kindergarten were more likely to have graduated from college, be consistently employed, and less likely to have been arrested than those who had demonstrated less prosocial behavior at the same age. (parents.com)
  • We are only now beginning to develop an understanding of how the processes underlying prosocial behavior might differ in these children. (drugs.com)
  • animal behavior
  • At once instructive and compelling, this theme-spanning book reveals the complex nature of maturity in scores of social species and shows that animal behavior often displays the same diversity we find in ourselves. (jhu.edu)
  • To do this, you may need help, both from your veterinarian and from an animal behavior specialist who is knowledgeable in cat behavior. (paws.org)
  • You may need professional help from an animal behavior specialist to successfully implement these techniques. (paws.org)
  • PNAS
  • The authors of "Effects of gendered behavior on testosterone in women and men" in PNAS ( 1 ) claim that they observed sex differences in testosterone (T) responses following stereotyped acting. (pnas.org)
  • neurons
  • But new research from Caltech neuroscientists shows that these behaviors and the neurons that represent them are not as fixed as previously believed. (caltech.edu)
  • The team used mice that had been genetically engineered so that neurons in a specific part of the brain involved in aggression and sexual behavior-the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH)-would glow green when activated. (caltech.edu)
  • Only after repeated social experience-contact with either male or female mice for two minutes, five times a day, for three days-did the separate sets of neurons representing male versus female mice appear. (caltech.edu)
  • males
  • These results indicate that the 5-HT(3A) knockout mouse displays impaired social behavior with specific changes in males and females, reminiscent to other mouse models in which serotonergic signaling is disturbed in the developing brain. (uva.nl)
  • ants
  • Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites-two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. (amnh.org)
  • All ants and termites are social, and they are ubiquitous across terrestrial landscapes, with thousands of described species and probably even more that we haven't yet found. (amnh.org)
  • The behavior of these fossil ants, frozen for 100 million years, resolves any ambiguity regarding sociality and diversity in the earliest ants. (amnh.org)
  • The result, severe deficiencies in the ants' social behaviors and their ability to survive within a colony, both sheds light on a key facet of social evolution and demonstrates the feasibility and utility of genome editing in ants. (eurekalert.org)
  • Once the ants successfully made it to the adult phase, we noticed a shift in their behavior almost immediately. (eurekalert.org)
  • markedly
  • We've known for many years that children with Williams syndrome are markedly more social than other children, in spite of the moderate mental retardation and physical problems that also are associated with the disorder," said Doyle. (scienceagogo.com)
  • situations
  • In kindergarten , teachers answered questions about how their students interacted with other children in social situations. (parents.com)
  • Teresa Doyle and Ursula Bellugi of the Salk Institute, along with Julie Korenberg and John Graham of UCLA and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, found that children with Williams syndrome scored significantly higher on tests measuring behavior in social situations, including their ability to remember names and faces, eagerness to please others, empathy with others' emotions and tendency to approach strangers. (scienceagogo.com)
  • circuitry
  • The brain circuitry that controls innate, or instinctive, behaviors such as mating and fighting was thought to be genetically hardwired. (caltech.edu)
  • The research team noted that the findings "are promising for future studies into the visual circuitry required to drive social behavior. (phys.org)
  • cues
  • That can translate to an inability to make friends, engage in routine conversations, or pick up on the social cues that are second nature to most people. (iran-daily.com)
  • Using that model system, Sinha led a team that searched the honey bee genome for clues for social cues - a form of bee pressure that can cause bees to change jobs in response to needs of the hive. (biologynews.net)
  • Those social cues that automatically give us pleasure or alert us to someone's distress do not register in the same way for these children," said lead author Essi Viding, of University College London in England. (drugs.com)
  • dominance
  • These behaviors can occur as sexual challenges over a female, or to achieve a relatively high position in the cats' loosely organized social dominance hierarchy. (paws.org)
  • exhibit
  • Recent research has documented the existence of a substantial share of strong reciprocators who exhibit a particular form of other-regarding behavior ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • primates
  • Join unique field courses from Earthquest (Canada) for the Environment in Costa Rica designed to study the ecology and behavior of neotropical primates. (goabroad.com)
  • The field station encompasses 1,000 acres and includes a mosaic of primary and secondary tropical rainforest, riparian habitats, and areas of human use, and is inhabited by wild groups of three species of nonhuman primates, making it an ideal location in which to study primate behavior and diversity and the effects of anthropogenic habitat modifications on wildlife. (goabroad.com)
  • regulation
  • The neuropeptide oxytocin has had key roles throughout mammalian evolution in the regulation of complex social cognition and behaviors, such as attachment, parental care, pair-bonding, as well as social exploration and recognition. (nih.gov)
  • feelings
  • Social rewards and feelings of love also may stimulate the region. (enotalone.com)
  • Given their feelings of social isolation, lonely individuals may be left to find relative comfort in nonsocial rewards,' said John Cacioppo, the Tiffany and Margaret Blake Professor in Psychology at the University of Chicago. (enotalone.com)
  • Jean Decety says, 'The study raises the intriguing possibility that loneliness may result from reduced reward-related activity in the ventral striatum in response to social rewards,' leading to speculation that activity in the ventral striatum may even promote feelings of loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • findings
  • Recently developed theories of other-regarding preferences and bounded rationality explain these findings and provide better predictions of actual aggregate behavior than does traditional economic theory. (sciencemag.org)
  • Co-author Bellwood said, "The findings should further ignite efforts to understand fishes as highly developed organisms with complex social behaviors. (medindia.net)
  • genetically
  • Those genetically modified to lack the nicotinic receptor gene for a widespread subunit called beta2 subtype, seemed to favor social contact rather than the investigation of a novel environment. (redorbit.com)
  • processes
  • It seems obvious that these violations of the rationality and preference assumptions will appear in the behavior of aggregate entities like markets and organizations or in political processes. (sciencemag.org)
  • contrast
  • In contrast, people with other-regarding preferences value per se the outcomes or behaviors of other persons either positively or negatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • We will need to conduct tests in more patients who do not have all the gene deletions seen in typical Williams syndrome, and compare and contrast genetics and behavior. (scienceagogo.com)
  • anxiety
  • So far, analysis of the 5-HT(3A) knockout mouse revealed changes in nociceptive processing and a reduction in anxiety related behavior. (uva.nl)
  • crucial
  • The finding suggests that the missing odorant receptors are crucial for pheromone detection, and therefore social organization. (eurekalert.org)
  • changes
  • If your cat's behavior changes suddenly, your first step should always be to contact your veterinarian for a thorough health examination. (paws.org)
  • beliefs
  • Among other things, people frequently do not form rational beliefs, objectively irrelevant contextual details affect their behavior in systematic ways, they prefer to be treated fairly and resist unfair outcomes, and they do not always choose what seems to be in their best interest. (sciencemag.org)