• We address the endogeneity of peers by looking at the impact of workplace smoking bans on spousal and peer group smoking. (nber.org)
  • Using these bans as an instrument, we find that individuals whose spouses smoke are 40 percent more likely to smoke themselves. (nber.org)
  • We also find evidence for the existence of a social multiplier in that the impact of smoking bans and individual income becomes stronger at higher levels of aggregation. (nber.org)
  • A few states, including California and Hawaii, have passed laws incorporating e-cigarettes and other vaping products into workplace bans on smoking. (nolo.com)
  • In other states, e-cigarettes and vaping products are explicitly not included in workplace smoking bans. (nolo.com)
  • Compared with Singapore and Hong Kong, Li said that enforcement of smoking bans is not tough enough in the mainland. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Whether you believe in smoking bans or not it would seem a SWAT team is overkill. (freerepublic.com)
  • Smoking bans already existed in China, but have largely failed to crack down on the habit. (bbc.co.uk)
  • I`m not opposed to smoking bans per se, but 95 percent of my business comes from out of Skokie. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Skokie`s law would leave nearby Lincolnwood the odd village out among its near north suburban neighbors: Evanston has tight restrictions on alcohol sales, Morton Grove bans handguns, and now Skokie is trying to clamp down hard on public smoking. (chicagotribune.com)
  • The item is often hung in a dry environment first to develop a pellicle , then it can be cold smoked up to several days to ensure it absorbs the smokey flavour. (wikipedia.org)
  • with the one exception of smoked salmon, which is eaten raw, all cold smoked products are cooked before they are eaten. (fao.org)
  • More than 42 percent of U.S. adults smoked, and there was a good chance your doctor was among them. (yahoo.com)
  • Half of all long-term smokers die early from smoking-related diseases, including heart disease , lung cancer and chronic bronchitis . (www.nhs.uk)
  • Smoking and tobacco use can harm every body system and lead to health problems such as heart disease, stroke, emphysema (breakdown of lung tissue), and many types of cancer - including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer. (kidshealth.org)
  • Smoking is associated with cancer, heart disease and stroke, gum disease, asthma, and other chronic lung conditions, and Type-2 diabetes as well as serious complications of diabetes. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Your risk of getting cancer decreases with each year you stay smoke-free. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 2 The lung cancer potential of cigarettes, pipes, and cigars is similar when similar amounts of smoke are inhaled. (britannica.com)
  • However, many pipe and cigar smokers do not regularly inhale the smoke and thus the overall risk of lung cancer is lower for pipes and cigars. (britannica.com)
  • NHL patients who smoked tobacco and/or drank alcoholic beverages could be more vulnerable to the complications and side effects of cancer treatments," he noted. (reuters.com)
  • You can help reduce your risk of cancer by making healthy choices like eating right, staying active and not smoking. (cancer.org)
  • Smoking not only causes cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Smoking accounts for about 30% of all cancer deaths in the United States, including about 80% of all lung cancer deaths. (cancer.org)
  • According to the National Cancer Institute, more stop-smoking drugs (and possibly even a vaccine that makes nicotine unappealing) could hit the market within five years. (cnn.com)
  • Concerned with the harmful effects of smoking, the World Health Organization and the Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (UICC) created this poster of a skeletal hand holding a cigarette. (nih.gov)
  • The American Cancer Society estimates that up to 5,000 nonsmokers die each year from inhaling the smoke of the 30 percent of the adult population that smokes. (chicagotribune.com)
  • And the study didn't take into account other smoking-related problems, such as atherosclerosis and lung cancer, that might have further tipped the cost-benefit scales toward the quitters. (slate.com)
  • German scientists identified a link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s, leading to the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history, albeit one truncated by the collapse of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1950, British researchers demonstrated a clear relationship between smoking and cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • All fish for hot smoking are brined to give them flavour. (fao.org)
  • Sawdust for smoking should contain a high proportion of hardwood to impart a pleasant flavour to the fish. (fao.org)
  • And peer pressure: Some researchers find that a youngster's social group and the influence of friends, particularly for girls, is the single most important factor in the decision to smoke. (cato.org)
  • Even if this 20-year-old woman quits smoking, she'll be at greater risk for peripheral artery disease than women who never start smoking, researchers reported Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine. (chicagotribune.com)
  • When the researchers combined alcohol and smoking, they found no excess deaths among subjects who drank fewer than four drinks per day. (reuters.com)
  • A study by University of Buffalo researchers found that smokers who incorporated a heavy diet of fruits and vegetables were three times as likely to not smoke for 30 days than people who didn't consume a produce-heavy diet , HealthDay reported. (businessinsider.com)
  • If you are a smoker and are ready to quit, thinking about quitting, or want to help someone else to quit, talk to your doctor or health practitioner about giving up smoking. (heartfoundation.org.au)
  • The skin of a non-smoker gets more nutrients, including oxygen, and stopping smoking can reverse the sallow, lined complexion smokers often have. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Using a smoker is one method of imparting natural smoke flavor to large cuts of meat, whole poultry, and turkey breasts. (usda.gov)
  • Because smoking uses low temperatures to cook food, the meat will take too long to thaw in the smoker, allowing it to linger in the "Danger Zone" (temperatures between 40 and 140 °F) where harmful bacteria can multiply. (usda.gov)
  • The younger the smoker is when he or she starts to smoke, the higher the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine, a naturally occurring drug found in tobacco that, in the short term, can distract from unpleasant feelings. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A teen's first purchase decision isn't about becoming a smoker, but rather about which brand to smoke. (cato.org)
  • If you love smoked meats, you will be happy to know it's easy to create a smoked - and safe - flavor on your smoker grill. (foodsafety.gov)
  • This anti-smoking advertisement from the New York Department of Health in the 1980s, designed to appeal to the smoker, uses sophisticated graphic design techniques to encourage the viewer to stop smoking. (nih.gov)
  • As the stress of withdrawal feels the same as other stresses, it's easy to confuse normal stress with nicotine withdrawal, so it can seem like smoking is reducing other stresses. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Clinicians are more likely to treat symptoms of nicotine withdrawal when smoking is restricted. (rand.org)
  • Doctors and anti-smoking campaigners have given a mixed reaction to the White Paper on tobacco, with some expressing disappointment that it does not go far enough. (bbc.co.uk)
  • As a result, anti-smoking campaigners since the 1960s have been compelled to challenge the perception that the behavior is commonplace and integral to everyday life. (nih.gov)
  • Historically, farms in the Western world included a small building termed the " smokehouse ", where meats could be smoked and stored. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold smoking does not cook foods, and as such, meats should be fully cured before cold smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold smoking can be used as a flavor enhancer for items such as cheese or nuts , along with meats such as chicken breasts, beef , pork chops , salmon , scallops , and steak . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cold smoking meats should only be attempted by personnel certified in HACCP , or H azard A nalysis and C ritical C ontrol P oints, to ensure that it is safely prepared. (wikipedia.org)
  • Read more about the dangers of passive smoking . (www.nhs.uk)
  • This symbolic representation of the dangers and deadliness of smoking warns the viewer, "Even the best cigarettes can be your tomb. (nih.gov)
  • Educating our patients about good oral health and the dangers of smoking is a task I am committed to. (prweb.com)
  • He is already known for his excellent work educating people on the dangers of smoking. (prweb.com)
  • He went on to say, "By educating people about oral health, good hygiene practices, and by teaching them about the dangers of mouth cancers, I feel certain we can help to prevent even more patients from developing this horrific disease, and other smoke related health problems. (prweb.com)
  • Both female and male smokers have lower fertility levels, while adults who were born to mothers who smoked have less chance of becoming a parent themselves. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • E-cigarette aerosol contains fewer chemicals than the 7,000 found in regular cigarette smoke, but it is potentially harmful nonetheless. (psychologytoday.com)
  • About 460 million Chinese are also believed to suffer from the harmful smoke of those who light up, while more than 1 million in the country die every year from smoking-related diseases. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Are there any alternatives to smoking which are not harmful? (selfgrowth.com)
  • An object of the present invention is to provide a smoking composition which is suitable for aerosoling flavours and drugs but which contains a minimum amount of combustible organic material or smokeproducing fuel which on burning inevitably gives rise to some harmful products. (google.com)
  • Encourage kids to get involved in activities that prohibit smoking, such as sports. (kidshealth.org)
  • However, several states have passed laws to prohibit smoking at work, in one way or another. (nolo.com)
  • prohibit smoking in only certain types of workplaces, such as hospitals and restaurants. (nolo.com)
  • Disneyland, Six Flags Magic Mountain and Universal Studios Hollywood prohibit smoking near waiting lines, eating areas, pools and children's areas. (latimes.com)
  • The ordinance up for consideration would restrict smoking in offices, hotels, transportation waiting areas, theater lobbies and restaurants seating 40 or more patrons, and prohibit smoking in retail stores, reception areas and public restrooms, hallways and meeting rooms. (chicagotribune.com)
  • But my bistro is 11 inches inside the border from West Hollywood and I will be that close to competition that allows smoking even though I now make every effort to accommodate the desires of nonsmokers. (latimes.com)
  • The good news for nonsmokers: At least six states and hundreds of cities have followed California's lead and banned smoking in most public indoor areas, including restaurants and hotels. (latimes.com)
  • For some nonsmokers, particularly parents with young children and anyone with asthma, a smoke-free atmosphere is a crucial factor in choosing vacation destinations. (latimes.com)
  • People taking Chantix who reduced smoking in the period prior to their quit date were more likely to be nonsmokers at 12 weeks. (latimes.com)
  • She said: Smoking is the single most preventable cause of death. (ibtimes.com)
  • Smoking is a preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the U.S., Gibbons says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • One reason that smoking and chewing tobacco are major health hazards is because they contain the chemical nicotine . (kidshealth.org)
  • They coordinated a letter-writing campaign to local newspapers, posted handbills and mailed letters encouraging people to rally at the trustees` meeting, presented a plaque to the owners of Skokie`s Quartet Plaza--the Chicago area`s first large, smoke-free office building--and trotted out health experts at press conferences, where they testified to the health hazards of secondary smoke. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Smoking materials caused 5% of reported home fires, 21% of home fire deaths, 10% of home fire injuries, and 6% of the direct property damage. (nfpa.org)
  • The place where we feel safest - at home - is where most smoking-materials structure fires, deaths, and injuries occur. (nfpa.org)
  • Smoking materials are the leading cause of fire deaths. (nfpa.org)
  • Moreover, because of the rapid increase in smoking in developing countries in the late 20th century, the number of smoking-related deaths per year was projected to rise rapidly in the 21st century. (britannica.com)
  • The World Health Organization estimates that in developed countries, roughly a quarter of male deaths and nearly a tenth of female deaths can be attributed to smoking. (scientificamerican.com)
  • This means each year smoking causes about 1 out of 5 deaths in the US. (cancer.org)
  • BEIJING, Jan. 5 (UPI) -- Health experts, noting a worsening smoking problem in China, Thursday raised their estimates of tobacco-related deaths to 3.5 million annually by 2030. (upi.com)
  • The new estimate was sharply higher than the previous estimate of 3 million deaths by 2050, pointing to the spreading smoking epidemic. (upi.com)
  • Of course, the study shows only a statistical association between maternal smoking and delinquency. (popsci.com)
  • Maternal smoking has been linked to lower milk supply and early weaning . (parents.com)
  • Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2010 [accessed 2012 May (cdc.gov)
  • The result is that nearly 160,000 men and women in the U.S. die from cardiovascular disease attributed to smoking every year, according to the Centers for Disease Control. (scientificamerican.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking cigarettes comes out on top as "the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Obviously more research is needed, and it would be interesting to see results of lung tests in communities such as Jamaica and the Himalayas where smoking pot is endemic and done in larger daily volumes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People breathe more easily and cough less when they give up smoking because their lung capacity improves by up to 10% within 9 months. (www.nhs.uk)
  • In your 20s and 30s, the effect of smoking on your lung capacity may not be noticeable until you go for a run, but lung capacity naturally diminishes with age. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Then this spring, a large study from Europe looked at the net effect on lung function of stopping smoking (good) and concomitant weight gain (bad). (slate.com)
  • A part of the increased capacity was put down to the way pot smokers usually take deep breaths when they smoke, but one joint per day is hardly giving your lungs great exercise. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What can I do to clean and rebuild my lungs after smoking? (medhelp.org)
  • Smoking damages the airways and small air sacs in your lungs. (cancer.org)
  • To be sure, the final statistical analysis (of various technical measures of breathing capacity) showed that lungs are better off without cigarette smoke, despite the weight gain. (slate.com)
  • The resulting smoke is then inhaled and the active substances absorbed through the alveoli in the lungs or the oral mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mothers who smoke are more likely to deliver their babies early. (cdc.gov)
  • 1,2,3 Babies whose mothers smoke are about three times more likely to die from SIDS. (cdc.gov)
  • Everyone knows that expectant moms who smoke risk damaging their babies' physical health. (popsci.com)
  • Reduce Your Baby's Risk "Babies born to mothers who smoke are at greater risk for pneumonia, asthma, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and acute ear infections," says Carol Anderson, R.N., a lactation consultant at Rose Medical Center in Denver. (parents.com)
  • Smoking materials, including cigarettes, pipes, and cigars, started an estimated 17,200 home structure fires reported to U.S. fire departments in 2014. (nfpa.org)
  • anyone who lives here smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipes anywhere inside this home? (cdc.gov)
  • A more broad definition may include simply taking tobacco smoke into the mouth, and then releasing it, as is done by some with tobacco pipes and cigars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern North American tribes would carry large amounts of tobacco in pouches as a readily accepted trade item and would often smoke it in Ceremonial pipes, either in sacred ceremonies or to seal bargains. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sacred ceremonial pipes are not used for smoking intoxicants, but rather to offer prayers in a spiritual or religious ceremony. (wikipedia.org)
  • Discuss ways to respond to peer pressure to smoke. (kidshealth.org)
  • In this paper, we examine the evidence for peer effects in smoking. (nber.org)
  • When asked what factors led them to start smoking, adolescents mention peer pressure, expressing their individualism and making a statement vis-á-vis their parents or other authority figures. (cato.org)
  • Some states have a total ban on smoking in indoor workplaces, public and private. (nolo.com)
  • Where designated smoking areas are allowed, employers must often provide ventilation to limit indoor air pollution. (nolo.com)
  • The city government had already extended a smoking ban in public to include sports venues and all indoor areas of government offices, transport stations, schools and hospitals in May. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • When implemented, this new law will permanently bring clean air to all of Beijing's indoor public places - in doing so, protecting Beijing's more than 20 million residents from the deadly effects of exposure to toxic second-hand smoke," said its representative in China, Dr Bernhard Schwartlander. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Yang Gonghuan, former vice-director of China's centre for disease control told the AFP news agency: "It is unrealistic to absolutely abolish 'indoor smoking' since too many people smoke. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Should the measure pass, smokers in most indoor public places will find themselves relegated to special smoking sections. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Smoking became more of a way to flavor than to preserve food. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smokehouse temperatures for cold smoking are typically done between 20 to 30 °C (68 to 86 °F). In this temperature range, foods take on a smoked flavor, but remain relatively moist. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most satisfactory smoke flavor is obtained by using hickory, apple, or maple wood chips or flakes. (usda.gov)
  • You can also then plan your 'stopping smoking journey' and place certain milestones along the route so that you gradually reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke to zero by the time your ultimate deadline date arrives. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Consequently, he has a genuine understanding of the devastation and heartbreak that mouth cancers and other smoking related diseases can cause to a family. (prweb.com)
  • The public believes passive smoking is a risk to health, despite split scientific opinion on the issue, a survey has found. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Stopping smoking has been found to slow facial ageing and delay the appearance of wrinkles. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The younger a person is when he or she starts to smoke, the higher the risk of becoming addicted to nicotine, a drug found in tobacco. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A number of studies have found that teen smoking is strongly linked to poor academic achievement and dissatisfaction with school. (cato.org)
  • a minimum concentration of 3 per cent has been found to be effective for hot smoked fish, particularly mackerel and trout. (fao.org)
  • I often talk about my own experience with changing from smoking to not smoking, and recently found the journal I used during my last major effort. (washington.edu)
  • Smoking topography attributes have been found to be a function of sex, personality, stress level, nicotine yield, cigarette type (i.e., menthol versus non-menthol), ethnicity, and body mass index. (springer.com)
  • Municipal judges in Independence had found Brashear guilty of violating the city's health code by allowing patrons of the lounge to smoke on two separate occasions. (freerepublic.com)
  • Inspectors found cigarette butts inside the restaurant, which had also failed to promote a smoking complaint hotline. (bbc.co.uk)
  • On such planes, smoke mephits generally prefer warmer climates and are never found in cold areas (unless specifically called by a spellcaster). (google.com)
  • They found out that the most common factor leading students to smoke is cigarette advertisements. (wikipedia.org)