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  • 1984
  • Significantly, the Civil Aeronautics Board banned and then unbanned smoking in 1984, with chairman Dan McKinnon saying, "Philosophically, I think nonsmokers have rights, but it comes into market conflict with practicalities and the realities of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • bans
  • Starbucks is one of the few service industry companies in Japan that bans smoking inside all of its stores, but allows smoking and provides ashtrays in the outside seating areas at most stores in Osaka. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking bans (or smoke-free laws) are public policies, including criminal laws and occupational safety and health regulations, that prohibit tobacco smoking in workplaces and other public spaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US state of Indiana, the economic development agency included in its 2006 plan for acceleration of economic growth encouragement for cities and towns to adopt local smoking bans as a means of promoting job growth in communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization considers smoking bans to have an influence to reduce demand for tobacco by creating an environment where smoking becomes increasingly more difficult and to help shift social norms away from the acceptance of smoking in everyday life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Along with tax measures, cessation measures, and education, smoking bans are viewed by public health experts as an important element in reducing smoking rates and promoting positive health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CDC concluded that their results were similar to other studies which also showed substantially improved indoor air quality after smoking bans were instituted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgeon General
  • Scientific organisations confirming the effects of second-hand smoke include the U.S. National Cancer Institute, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the Surgeon General of the United States, and the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Breast cancer: The California Environmental Protection Agency concluded in 2005 that passive smoking increases the risk of breast cancer in younger, primarily premenopausal females by 70% and the US Surgeon General has concluded that the evidence is "suggestive," but still insufficient to assert such a causal relationship. (wikipedia.org)
  • cultures
  • In some cultures, smoking is also carried out as a part of various rituals, where participants use it to help induce trance-like states that, they believe, can lead them to spiritual enlightenment. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of Native American cultures have pipe-smoking traditions, which have been part of their cultures since long before the arrival of Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • For every person who dies because of smoking, at least 30 people live with a serious smoking-related illness. (cdc.gov)
  • The authors factored in for people who smoked tobacco and those that lived in more polluted areas with lesser air quality. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sexual interest in smoking or watching other people smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recurring intense sexual fantasies involving smoking or watching other people smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recurring intense sexual urges involving smoking or watching other people smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • The government's White Paper on tobacco proposes specific measures for reducing smoking among children and young people. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The government attempt to stop people smoking includes the controversial ban on sponsorship and advertising. (bbc.co.uk)
  • People breathe more easily and cough less when they give up smoking because their lung capacity improves by up to 10% within 9 months. (www.nhs.uk)
  • In a 2010 report, Kyoto Prefecture stated that the major goal of their anti-smoking policies is "to ensure that there is zero chance for people to suffer from second-hand smoke in Kyoto prefecture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tobacco smoking is the most popular form, being practiced by over one billion people globally, of whom the majority are in the developing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • it has been estimated, for example, that only about 4% to 7% of people are able to quit smoking on any given attempt without medicines or other help. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many people chain-smoke when drinking alcoholic beverages, because alcohol potentiates nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, leading to re-sensitization and hence inducing a craving. (wikipedia.org)
  • The customs, vocabulary and etiquette that surround pipe smoking culture vary across the world and depend both on the people who are smoking and the substance being smoked. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Although foods that have been hot smoked are often reheated or cooked, they are typically safe to eat without further cooking. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic
  • Risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) According to a 2015 review, passive smoking may increase the risk of tuberculosis infection and accelerate the progression of the disease, but the evidence remains weak. (wikipedia.org)
  • pipe
  • Cannabis smoking was common in the Middle East before the arrival of tobacco, and was early on a common social activity that centered around the type of water pipe called a hookah. (wikipedia.org)
  • The jacket was intended to absorb the smoke from his cigar or pipe and protect his clothing from falling ash. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pipe smoking is the practice of tasting (or, more uncommonly, inhaling) the smoke produced by burning a substance, most commonly tobacco, in a pipe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, methamphetamine has gained popularity in a crystalline form which when smoked in a pipe lets the user avoid the painful nasal irritation of snorting. (wikipedia.org)
  • The size of a pipe, particularly the bowl, depends largely on what is intended to be smoked in it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannabis culture has its own pipe smoking traditions which differ from tobacco pipe smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of real and fictional persons are strongly associated with the hobby of pipe smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • He wrote an aria about his fondness for pipe smoking: So oft ich meine Tobackspfeife BWV 515a Douglas Bader, British military pilot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ceremony
  • A smoking ceremony is an ancient custom among Indigenous Australians that involves burning various native plants to produce smoke, which is believed to have cleansing properties and the ability to ward off bad spirits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the 'smoking ceremony' is now thought of[by whom? (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • For more about the practice, see Smoking . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ancient Greece , smoke was used as healing practice and the Oracle of Delphi made prophecies while intoxicated by inhaling natural gases from a natural bore hole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the European exploration and conquest of the Americas, the practice of smoking tobacco quickly spread to the rest of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • deaths
  • This means each year smoking causes about 1 out of 5 deaths in the US. (cancer.org)
  • Smoking materials caused 5% of reported home fires, 21% of home fire deaths, 10% of home fire injuries, and 6% of the direct property damage. (nfpa.org)
  • The place where we feel safest - at home - is where most smoking-materials structure fires, deaths, and injuries occur. (nfpa.org)
  • Smoking materials are the leading cause of fire deaths. (nfpa.org)
  • Smoking caused over five million deaths a year from 1990 to 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke causes disease, disability, and death. (wikipedia.org)
  • reviewing the evidence accumulated on a worldwide basis, the International Agency for Research on Cancer concluded in 2004 that "Involuntary smoking (exposure to secondhand or 'environmental' tobacco smoke) is carcinogenic to humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical cancer: A 2015 overview of systematic reviews found that exposure to second-hand smoke increased the risk of cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive smoking is strongly associated with an increased risk of stroke, and this increased risk is disproportionately high at low levels of exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive impairment and dementia: Exposure to secondhand smoke may increase the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in adults 50 and over. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, research confirms that current HVAC systems, while important for general air quality, cannot control exposure to secondhand smoke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Large quantities of salt were used in the curing process and smoking times were quite long, sometimes involving days of exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • The U.S. ban on inflight smoking began with domestic flights of two hours or less in April 1988, extended to domestic flights of six hours or less in February 1990, and to all domestic and international flights in 2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • workplaces
  • For example, one study listed on the website of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that New York's statewide law to eliminate smoking in enclosed workplaces and public places substantially reduced RSP (respirable suspended particles) levels in western New York hospitality venues. (wikipedia.org)
  • These risks have been a major motivation for smoke-free laws in workplaces and indoor public places, including restaurants, bars and night clubs, as well as some open public spaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • nicotine
  • The combined use of nicotine patches and sprays is the best way to quit smoking, researchers find. (bbc.co.uk)
  • As the stress of withdrawal feels the same as other stresses, it's easy to confuse normal stress with nicotine withdrawal, so it can seem like smoking is reducing other stresses. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Tobacco smoke contains nicotine, which is addictive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Single medications include: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT): Five medications approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) deliver nicotine in a form that does not involve the risks of smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, among employees of the Norwegian establishments that enacted smoking restrictions, tests showed decreased levels of nicotine in the urine of both smoking and non-smoking workers (as compared with measurements prior to going smoke-free). (wikipedia.org)
  • The extent to which chain smoking is driven by nicotine dependence has been studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • Smoking damages the airways and small air sacs in your lungs. (cancer.org)
  • Tobacco smoke has many chemicals and particles that irritate the airways and lungs. (cancer.org)
  • But tobacco smoke slows the sweeping action, so some of the particles in the smoke stay in the lungs and mucus stays in the airways. (cancer.org)
  • What can I do to clean and rebuild my lungs after smoking? (medhelp.org)
  • Smoking is primarily practiced as a route of administration for recreational drug use because the combustion of the dried plant leaves vaporizes and delivers active substances into the lungs where they are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and reach bodily tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • carcinogenic
  • The smoking of food directly with wood smoke is known to contaminate the food with carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which may cause intestinal type of gastric adenocarcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • increasingly
  • Due to the ubiquitous prohibition of in-flight smoking and the increasingly widespread use of electronic devices, the illuminated no-smoking signs have sometimes been re-purposed to inform passengers to switch devices off for take-off and landing. (wikipedia.org)
  • jacket
  • Viejo smoking (English title:Old dinner jacket) is a 1930 Argentine short musical film directed and written by Eduardo Morera, based on a play by Florencio Chiarello. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classic smoking jacket is a mid thigh-length jacket made from velvet, silk, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1850s, the Gentlemen's Magazine of London defined the smoking jacket as a "kind of short robe de chambre, of velvet, cashmere, plush, merino or printed flannel, lined with bright colours, ornamented with brandebourgs, olives or large buttons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diary, 30 March 1666 The short smoking jacket soon evolved from these silk garments. (wikipedia.org)
  • After dinner, a gentleman might put on a smoking jacket and retreat to a den or smoking room. (wikipedia.org)
  • Famous wearers included Jon Pertwee, Cary Grant, Fred Astaire (who was buried in a smoking jacket), Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin and Hugh Hefner. (wikipedia.org)
  • passive
  • The public believes passive smoking is a risk to health, despite split scientific opinion on the issue, a survey has found. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Read more about the dangers of passive smoking . (www.nhs.uk)
  • A 2015 meta-analysis found that the evidence that passive smoking moderately increased the risk of breast cancer had become "more substantial than a few years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pancreatic cancer: A 2012 meta-analysis found no evidence that passive smoking was associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • It remains unclear whether the association between passive smoking and diabetes is causal. (wikipedia.org)
  • ceremonies
  • Robicsek posits that smoking in the Americas probably originated in incense-burning ceremonies, and was later adopted for pleasure or as a social tool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking in the Americas probably had its origins in the incense-burning ceremonies of shamans but was later adopted for pleasure, or as a social tool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent scientific research at the University of New England (Armidale, NSW Australia) has demonstrated that biologically active smoke artefacts are created during the heating process, using leaves from Eremophila longifolia (Emu Bush), which was one of the most widely employed plants for such smoking ceremonies. (wikipedia.org)
  • inhalation
  • Smoking generally has negative health effects, because smoke inhalation inherently poses challenges to various physiologic processes such as respiration. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • She is smoking with a long kiseru . (wikipedia.org)
  • The advent of modern transportation made it easier to transport food products over long distances and the need for the time and material intensive heavy salting and smoking declined. (wikipedia.org)
  • The item is hung first to develop a pellicle, then can be cold smoked for just long enough to give some flavor. (wikipedia.org)
  • extent
  • While the extent to which smoking is viewed as a negative health behavior may vary across different nations, it remains an issue regardless of how it is perceived by different societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • As a fetish, its mechanisms regard sexual arousal from the observation or imagination of a person smoking , sometimes including oneself. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to this, its meaning has evolved in uses completely unrelated to criminal activity: for example, scientific evidence that is highly suggestive in favor of a particular hypothesis is sometimes called smoking gun evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • tuxedo
  • Created in 1966 by famous couturier Yves Saint Laurent, the Le Smoking tuxedo suit for women was the first of its kind to earn attention in the fashion world and in popular culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • For his "Le Smoking" collection, all female models were wearing tuxedos, but they were different from normal male's tuxedo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In French and many other languages, the anglicism smoking is a generic colloquialism referring to any kind of tuxedo/black tie clothing. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Legislation may also define smoking as more generally being the carrying or possessing of any lit tobacco product. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was generally well-separated from other buildings both because of the fire danger and because of the smoke emanations. (wikipedia.org)
  • help
  • Over 20 different, evidence-based, techniques to help you become - and stay - smoke free. (apple.com)