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  • forms
  • Thus, the results of this study show that even mild forms of obstructive sleep apnea carry an increased risk for the development of cardiac arrhythmia, and suggest that the risk for other diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and coronary artery disease may also be increased. (drsamgirgis.com)
  • However, this operation can also cause sleep apnea if scar tissue forms and the airspace in the velopharynx is decreased. (wikipedia.org)
  • episodes
  • People with OSA may experience repeated episodes of apnoea and hypopnoea throughout the night. (www.nhs.uk)
  • It is characterized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep , despite the effort to breathe, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation . (wikipedia.org)
  • These episodes of decreased breathing, called " apneas " (literally, "without breath"), typically last 20 to 40 seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a minor degree of OSA is considered to be within the bounds of normal sleep, and many individuals experience episodes of OSA at some point in life, a small percentage of people have chronic, severe OSA. (wikipedia.org)
  • The obstructive episodes are often associated with a reduction in oxyhemoglobin saturation. (aafp.org)
  • A severity index can then be generated by counting the number of episodes of disturbed breathing that occurs during a period of sleep. (healthcentral.com)
  • In addition to slowing heart and respiration rates, lullabies have been associated with increased oxygen saturation levels and the possible prevention of potentially life-threatening episodes of apnea and bradycardia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some sufferers recalled suffering from lucid or stress dreams during their catathrenia episodes during their sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Stop taking sleeping pills and alcohol since it can also lead to obstructive sleep apnea. (newsmax.com)
  • Lifestyle changes may include avoiding alcohol, losing weight, stopping smoking, and sleeping on one's side. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, risk factors include: being male excessive weight an age above 40 large neck size (greater than 16-17 inches) enlarged tonsils or tongue small jaw bone gastroesophageal reflux allergies sinus problems a family history of sleep apnea deviated septum Alcohol, sedatives and tranquilizers may also promote sleep apnea by relaxing throat muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • In the United States, at least 17 million people have moderate to severe OSA, which is characterized by heavy snoring, airway blockage and frequent awakenings during sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • There is evidence that the risk of diabetes among those with moderate or severe sleep apnea is higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • doctors
  • A sleep study (also called a polysomnogram) lets doctors check for OSA and record a variety of body functions while a child sleeps. (kidshealth.org)
  • citation needed] While doctors tend to dismiss it as an inconvenience,[citation needed] sufferers routinely describe the condition's highly negative effects on their daily lives including tiredness, low energy, dizziness and vertigo, work problems, relationship and social issues, and other physical and mental problems that could be associated with low sleep quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • throat
  • If enlarged tonsils or adenoids are thought to be causing the apnea, the doctor will refer your child to an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT). (kidshealth.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: As soft tissue falls to the back of the throat, it impedes the passage of air (blue arrows) through the trachea . (wikipedia.org)
  • As the muscle tone of the body ordinarily relaxes during sleep, and the airway at the throat is composed of walls of soft tissue, which can collapse, it is not surprising that breathing can be obstructed during sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally, your throat remains open enough during sleep to let air pass by. (pennmedicine.org)
  • occurs
  • Catathrenia typically, sometimes even exclusively, occurs during REM sleep, although it may also occur to a lesser degree during NREM sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Typically apnea subsides for the short term, but returns over the medium to long term, and sometimes is worse than it was before the UPPP. (wikipedia.org)
  • respiratory
  • A new guideline focused on the role of weight management in treating adult obstructive sleep apnea has been published online by the American Thoracic Society in the Sept. 15 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that is caused due to obstructed air passages in the upper part of the respiratory system that causes momentary or temporary cessation of breathing. (newsmax.com)
  • people
  • So people who have it don't reach a deeper, more restful level of sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • You might think that only older people have sleep apnea, but kids and teens can develop it, too. (kidshealth.org)
  • People with sleep apnea struggle to remember details of memories from their own lives, potentially making them vulnerable to depression, new research has shown. (news-medical.net)
  • The ill effects of air pollution may literally be causing some people to lose sleep, according to new research published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (news-medical.net)
  • People with sleep apnea may not be aware they have it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, people are examined using "standard test batteries" to further identify parts of the brain that may be adversely affected by sleep apnea, including those that govern: "executive functioning", the way the person plans and initiates tasks paying attention, working effectively and processing information when in a waking state using memory and learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep apnea can affect people regardless of sex, race, or age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smokers have sleep apnea at three times the rate of people who have never smoked. (wikipedia.org)
  • problems
  • Because OSA makes it hard to get a good night's sleep, kids might have a hard time waking in the morning, be tired throughout the day, and have attention or other behavior problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • Experimenting with mice, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers have added to evidence that a hormone best known for helping regulate hunger and body weight might also ease breathing problems experienced during sleep more effectively when given through the nose. (news-medical.net)
  • Obstructive apnea can result in two problems: fragmented sleep and lowered levels of oxygen in the blood. (holyname.org)
  • The combination of sleep disturbance and oxygen starvation can result in multiple problems, including automobile accidents, hypertension, heart disease, and mood and memory problems. (holyname.org)
  • It is best to talk with a doctor who specializes in sleep problems before trying them. (pennmedicine.org)
  • commonly
  • In some cases this can lead to sleep apnea, which may be treated by removal of the uvula or part of it if necessary, an operation known as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (commonly referred to as UPPP, or UP3). (wikipedia.org)
  • Treat
  • Because catathrenia itself is not considered life-threatening, there has been very little research done in the medical community, and many experts assume that the way to treat catathrenia is to treat the underlying sleep apnea, though there is no conclusive evidence published that catathrenia results from sleep apnea, and sleep studies show that not all sufferers of catathrenia have been diagnosed with sleep apnea. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • There is increasing evidence that sleep apnea may lead to liver function impairment, particularly fatty liver diseases (see steatosis). (wikipedia.org)