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  • Children
  • Lastly, it is within the sibling group that children first experience feelings of fairness and justice. (encyclopedia.com)
  • What appears to distinguish middle childhood sibling behavior of children in the United States from its non-Western counterpart is that it reflects a family system based upon independent relationships. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In terms of weight and height, they are about 50 percent similar, and the correlation between siblings and their IQ scores is only .47 as children and .31 as adults (Dunn and Plomin 1990). (encyclopedia.com)
  • spousal
  • In Western societies, the sibling relationship tends to be identified by biological or genealogical criteria and it is typically less important than the spousal or parent-child relationship. (encyclopedia.com)
  • brothers
  • At all ages, sisters are reported to be, and report themselves to be, closer to one another than are brothers or cross-sex sibling pairs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Older siblings may serve a protective function, "translate" parental and peer meanings for younger brothers and sisters, and act as pathbreakers when new ideas or behaviors are introduced into the family. (encyclopedia.com)
  • parents
  • For example, parents may object less when a younger son decides to get his ear pierced, or a younger sister decides to have the small of her back tattooed, because an older sibling already weakened parental resistance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • and the child-rearing skills, values, and attitudes of parents, siblings are a good deal different from one another. (encyclopedia.com)
  • By comparing the shared and nonshared family experiences of siblings, it can be seen that differential treatment and expressions of affection and interest by parents and other kin, perceptions of this differential treatment by siblings, and the effects of peer groups and school experiences coalesce to create a separate "life" for each child growing up in the same family. (encyclopedia.com)
  • fewer
  • Growing up with fewer siblings (or none, as is mandated in much of China) has profound implications in terms of intrafamily relationships, inheritance possibilities, and obligations and responsibilities for family members. (encyclopedia.com)