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  • rapid deterioration
  • Acute liver failure is an uncommon condition in which rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy, usually with an international normalized ratio (INR) of greater than 1.5, and alteration in the mental status (encephalopathy) of a previously healthy individual. (medscape.com)
  • Gastroenterology
  • Newer therapeutics and treatment strategies have emerged since the American College of Gastroenterology released their practice guidelines on HE in 2001 [ 16 ] and have offered renewed hope upon the horizon to both patients and physicians alike, for the management of HE. (hindawi.com)
  • Encephalopathy
  • Acute liver failure is an uncommon condition in which rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy, usually with an international normalized ratio (INR) of greater than 1.5, and alteration in the mental status (encephalopathy) of a previously healthy individual. (medscape.com)
  • Its subclinical manifestation can be found in asmany as about 50% of cirrhotic patients without overt encephalopathy [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The encephalopathy of acute liver failure can range from fairly subtle impairment of mental capacity to an unresponsive state. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Injury
  • Incidence and Etiology of Drug-Induced Liver Injury in Mainland China. (amedeo.com)
  • A Missense Variant in PTPN22 is a Risk Factor for Drug-induced Liver Injury. (amedeo.com)
  • Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography allows to assess cerebral perfusion pressure noninvasively following severe traumatic brain injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Brain metabolism is significantly impaired at blood glucose below 6 mM and brain glucose beneath 1 mM in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Early fluid resuscitation with hyperoncotic hydroxyethyl starch 200/0.5 (10%) in severe burn injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Differential influence of arterial blood glucose on cerebral metabolism following severe traumatic brain injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Differential temporal profile of lowered blood glucose levels (3.5 to 6.5 mmol/l versus 5 to 8 mmol/l) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Severe traumatic brain injury in Switzerland - feasibility and first results of a cohort study. (uzh.ch)
  • Early Placement of Optional Vena Cava Filter in High-Risk Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Neostigmine-induced increase in EEG activity following severe traumatic brain injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Controversial Issues Concerning Norepinephrine and Intensive Care Following Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. (uzh.ch)
  • Acetaminophen is the most widely used pain reliever in the United States--36 percent of Americans ingest it at least once a month--but taking more than the recommended dose can lead to fatal liver injury. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • D-galactosamine (D-GalN), a commonly used liver injury inducing drug [ 8 , 9 ], was purchased from Hongbang Medical Technology CO., Ltd (Shanghai, China). (hindawi.com)
  • The hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a form of volume-unresponsive acute kidney injury, defined as a progressive deterioration of renal function in patients with underlying severe and typically progressive liver failure, in the absence of an identifiable cause, which does not respond to fluid resuscitation. (endocrinologyadvisor.com)
  • 0.75 in acute kidney injury and hepatorenal syndrome. (endocrinologyadvisor.com)
  • In 2010, the FDA required Xenical and Alli to include a warning on their labels about cases of severe liver injury that had been reported with the use of the drugs, although at the time it called the side effects "rare. (mercola.com)
  • In addition, ALF has captured the interest and attention of researchers because of its unique pathogenesis and extreme severity, encouraging us to understand the processes underlying all forms of liver injury, by focusing on this most lethal manifestation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • According to the agency, at least 56 cases of severe liver injury, liver failure and acute non-viral hepatitis have been associated with use of the product. (prweb.com)
  • Most patients with acute liver failure will be jaundiced at the time of presentation, the possible exceptions being very rapidly evolving liver injury (e.g., after an acetaminophen overdose). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The serum transaminases reflect both the acuity as well as the extent of liver injury. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • ACLF
  • There were 53 ACLF patients and 53 patients without ACLF in this study. (hindawi.com)
  • Several patients with ACLF have been recently reported [ 3 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In this study, the efficacy of lamivudine was investigated in patients with ACLF. (wiley.com)
  • A matched retrospective cohort study using data on ACLF patients derived from our hospital database was conducted. (wiley.com)
  • In this study, we try to assess the association between expression of NK cells and its receptors and prognosis of patients with ACLF in advanced phase. (scirp.org)
  • According to whether their total bilirubin within 7 days of average daily rise is ≥17.1 umol/L or not, we differentiated patients with ACLF into advanced phase and not-advanced phase. (scirp.org)
  • A total of 35 inpatients with HBV related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) were recruited from October 2010 to September 2012 from our department. (scirp.org)
  • From January 2004 to November 2009, all patients with an acute liver failure fulfilling MARS therapy criteria, in relation to two main indications: primary and secondary to chronic liver failure (ALF/ACLF = group 1) or intractable pruritus (IP = group 2), were included: Data were collected before and after each MARS procedure. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore it also improves the 90-day survival of patients with ACLF having no OLT indication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • viral hepatitis
  • If you've suffered OxyElite liver failure, non-viral Hepatitis or other OxyElite side-effects contact Wright & Schulte LLC for a free case evaluation at 1-800-399-0795 or visit www.yourlegalhelp.com. (prweb.com)
  • Wright & Schulte LLC, an experienced harmful drug law firm representing individuals injured by defective drugs and dietary supplements, is now investigating OxyElite Pro side effect lawsuits on behalf of consumers who suffered severe liver injuries, including liver failure, liver damage, liver problems and non-viral hepatitis , allegedly due to OxyElite Pro "fat-burner" dietary supplements. (prweb.com)
  • Viral hepatitis (A, B, and E), acetaminophen, drug reactions, and no identifiable cause (seronegative) represent the four most common etiological subgroups of acute liver failure. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Lamivudine
  • One hundred and thirty patients receiving lamivudine were selected into the lamivudine treatment group with another 130 without lamivudine treatment studied as control. (wiley.com)
  • The cumulative survival rates of patients in the lamivudine group were higher than those of the control group (χ 2 = 9.50, P = 0.0021). (wiley.com)
  • To elucidate the differences between viruses with and those without rtL180M, we conducted full-length sequencing analysis of HBV derived from patients with type B chronic hepatitis showing lamivudine resistance. (ebscohost.com)
  • The full-length HBV DNA sequences derived from 44 patients showing lamivudine resistance were determined by polymerase chain reaction direct sequencing. (ebscohost.com)
  • Significantly more patients treated with peginterferon alfa-2a (21 percent) or peginterferon alfa-2a plus lamivudine (17 percent) achieved HBsAg levels under 100 IU/mL at the end of treatment compared with lamivudine (1 percent)," they report. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • medications
  • Very small as long as safety monitoring with cbc , liver and kidney function and urinalysis evalation at 3 month intervals, as long as checked initially at 1 week and 1 month and when any additional medications are added. (healthtap.com)
  • A proper long-term care with medications and regular follow-up for liver functioning is suggested. (selfgrowth.com)
  • 4 Pharmacists can be instrumental in assisting patients with using OTC medications safely and effectively. (uspharmacist.com)