• The muscles become rigid for about 30 seconds during the tonic phase of the seizure and alternately contract and relax during the clonic phase, which lasts 30-60 seconds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The loss of consciousness is followed by generalized body stiffening (called the 'tonic' phase of the seizure) for 30 to 60 seconds, then by violent jerking (the 'clonic' phase) for 30 to 60 seconds, after which the patient goes into a deep sleep (the 'postictal' or after-seizure phase). (medicinenet.com)
  • Atonic seizures consist of a sudden and general loss of muscle tone, particularly in the arms and legs, which often results in a fall. (medicinenet.com)
  • A child may be diagnosed with epilepsy if he or she has had two or more unprovoked seizures, or after a single seizure if the child shows evidence of high susceptibility to further seizures. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Typically it is safe to complete the work-up following a single seizure as an outpatient . (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, although febrile seizures are a common incidence, understanding how to administer treatment is important because further injuries can be easily sustained without proper preventative measures. (medic8.com)
  • Chung B, Wat LC, Wong V. Febrile seizures in southern Chinese children: incidence and recurrence. (medscape.com)
  • Without seeing the seizures, evaluating the EEG, examining him, it is impossible to give you a diagnosis. (medhelp.org)
  • Arising in tandem with a spike in temperature, in most cases febrile seizures have a benign cause, which is easily treated. (medic8.com)
  • Benign neonatal seizures include two disorders benign idiopathic neonatal seizures and benign familial neonatal seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antiepileptic drugs stop seizures for 70% of people with epilepsy and cause a number of side effects. (cochrane.org)
  • Surgery, neurostimulation (an implanted device that disrupts abnormal electrical signals in the brain to stop seizures), and a ketogenic diet are all options if medicine hasn't been effective. (webmd.com)
  • In cases where medication cannot control seizures, surgery may be an option. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • A primary generalized seizure occurs when electrical discharges begin in both halves (hemispheres) of the brain at the same time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The seizure often occurs during the first day of a fever, which is defined as a temperature of 101˚F (38˚C) or above. (news-medical.net)
  • In some cases, a child may not have a fever when the seizure occurs, but develops one a few hours later. (news-medical.net)
  • A type of convulsion, which occurs in babies, toddlers and young children, febrile seizures can be extremely alarming to witness but typically resolve without any complications. (medic8.com)
  • A seizure occurs when there's a surge in this electrical activity. (healthline.com)
  • Seizures may be associated with neurological conditions and problems with learning and behavior. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Seizures can cause involuntary changes in body movement or function, sensation, awareness, or behavior. (slideshare.net)
  • When you are told about your behavior during the seizure, you may not believe it because you have no memory of the event. (uptodate.com)
  • Based on the type of behavior and brain activity, seizures are divided into two broad categories: generalized and partial (also called local or focal). (medicinenet.com)
  • These can be abdominal pain, migraine headaches, or even seizure-like events. (medhelp.org)
  • For example, topiramate (Qudexy XR, Topamax, Trokendi XR) can help both seizures and migraine headaches. (webmd.com)
  • I have had periods of migraine headaches followed by black outs, memory loss, and was hospitalized for seizures. (medhelp.org)
  • Seizure is often associated with a sudden and involuntary contraction of a group of muscles. (slideshare.net)
  • During a seizure, there is abnormal and excessive electrical activity in the brain. (uptodate.com)
  • Provoked seizures - A similar type of abnormal electrical activity in the brain can be caused by certain drugs, alcohol withdrawal, and other imbalances, such as a low blood sugar. (uptodate.com)
  • Akinetic seizures, which cause the child to fall, also are called drop attacks. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some seizures may be due to another medical problem, such as a fever, an infection, a head injury , accidental poisoning, or drug overdose. (kidshealth.org)
  • However, most children who experience fits do not go on to develop the recurring seizures that are seen in epilepsy and happen in the absence of fever. (news-medical.net)
  • There is some evidence to suggest that family history may play a part in predisposing an individual to have seizures associated with a fever, and more specifically in suffering febrile seizures. (medic8.com)
  • As an example, fever, menstrual periods, a lack of sleep, and stress can all increase the risk of seizures in some people. (uptodate.com)
  • Febrile seizures: long-term management of children with fever-associated seizures. (medscape.com)
  • Gatti S, Vezzani A, Bartfai T. Mechanisms of fever and febrile seizures: putative role of the interleukin-1 system. (medscape.com)
  • Difficulty controlling seizures can result from seizures that are "too strong" to be controlled by medication, or by intolerance of medication. (rochester.edu)
  • Driving - If the seizures go away (yes kids usually grow out of this) or if they are shown to be controlled by medication, she will be able to drive. (ldonline.org)
  • If someone's seizures are well controlled with a low dose of medication, that's the dose we use. (webmd.com)
  • To judge whether the medication is working, we need to look at seizure frequency," Najm says. (webmd.com)
  • If seizures are recurring, you may be given a medication to prevent them. (healthline.com)
  • Nonepileptic seizures can be caused by other conditions such as low blood sugar, a fainting spell, or an anxiety attack. (uptodate.com)
  • we found ours when one night he had a bad seizure in his sleep, that night he did flap and loose bladder control, arms frailing, head banging, but since that night no more of them have occured, however he does have the sublingual's still comming. (ldonline.org)