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  • unhealthy
  • According to a study conducted by the Government of Nauru and the WHO, the import of western food significantly reduced the existing culture of fishing and gardening, and from the 1980s, Nauruans were used to a markedly sedentary lifestyle and an unhealthy diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS
  • METHODS: Total number of 76 eligible children that is playing football for a regularly 6 months (2 days a week) in the football school and total number of 43 sedentary children in Gaziantep is included. (minervamedica.it)
  • Hydrostatic weighing Considered one of the more accurate methods of measuring body fat, this technique involves complete submersion of a person in water, with special equipment to measure the person's weight while submerged. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual's
  • A frequent use of the BMI is to assess how much an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person's height. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may also help prevent stress[citation needed] and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are, however, several other common ways to measure the amount of adiposity or fat present in an individual's body. (wikipedia.org)
  • measurement
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • This measures the thickness of the layers of fat located under the skin, from which a general measurement of total amount of fat in the body is calculated. (wikipedia.org)
  • objective
  • The investigators will evaluate the subjective sleep parameters (sleep disorders questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, sleep diaries) and objective (polysomnography), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Questionnaire Profile of Mood States (POMS) and anthropometric measurements (neck circumference and body composition), the incremental exercise test (ergospirometry) and the one Repetition Maximum test (1RM). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • weight
  • Children's weight and height measurements were recorded and body mass index percentiles were calculated. (minervamedica.it)
  • The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern term "body mass index" (BMI) for the ratio of human body weight to squared height was coined in a paper published in the July 1972 edition of the Journal of Chronic Diseases by Ancel Keys and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • B M I = mass kg height m 2 = mass lb height in 2 × 703 {\displaystyle \mathrm {BMI} ={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{kg}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{m}}^{2}}}={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{lb}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{in}}^{2}}}\times 703} BMI provides a simple numeric measure of a person's thickness or thinness, allowing health professionals to discuss weight problems more objectively with their patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system can be used to calculate a persons Body Mass Index (BMI) by dividing their weight (in kilograms) by the square of their height (in meters). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Body Mass Index is used to decipher an individuals excess body weight but not their excess body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weight is measured by using the Body Mass Index scale (BMI). (wikipedia.org)
  • The body weight is supported primarily by the buttocks in contact with the ground or a horizontal object such as a chair seat. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is measured through the Body Mass Index (BMI), defined as a person's weight, in kilograms, divided by the square of the person's height, in meters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weight gain is an increase in body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Body Mass Index (BMI) measures body weight in proportion to the square of height and defines optimal, insufficient, and excessive weight based on the ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • He concludes that a 3500 calorie excess or deficit for a person meeting his assumptions, would lead to the gain or loss, respectively, of one pound of body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the physiology of weight gain and loss is complex involving numerous hormones, body systems and environmental factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • The average body weight among Nauruans is estimated to be approximately 100 kilograms (220 lb). (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 200 genes affect weight by determining activity level, food preferences, body type, and metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevention and treatment involve maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body mass index The body mass index (BMI) is a measure of a person's weight taking into account their height. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is given by the following formula: BMI equals a person's weight (mass) in kilograms divided by the square of the person's height in metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI provides a significantly more accurate representation of body fat content than simply measuring a person's weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the easiest and most common method, but by far the least accurate, as it only measures one quantity (weight) and often does not take into account many factors such as height, body type, and relative amount of muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • This weight is then compared with "dry weight" as recorded outside the water to determine overall body density. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • A common cross-legged position is with the lower part of both legs folded towards the body, crossing each other at the ankle or calf, with both ankles on the floor, sometimes with the feet tucked under the knees or thighs. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • The effect was limited to women who lost body fat: women whose percentage of body fat [by dual energy x-ray absortiometry (DEXA)] decreased by ≥2% had statistically significant (comparing exercisers versus controls) decreases at 12 months of 11.9, 13.7, and 16.7% for serum estrone, estradiol, and free estradiol, respectively. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Some athletes (e.g. gymnasts, basketball and soccer players) have a high muscle to fat ratio and may have a BMI that is misleadingly high relative to their body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is only moderately correlated with both body fat percentage and body fat mass (R2 of 0.68). (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • with a positive correlation associated with age and number of cigarettes smoked, and a negative correlation (decreased levels of physical inactivity) associated with years of formal education, body mass index, and increasing socioeconomic status. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the improved simplicity of this process over the years, however, a number of factors can affect the results, including hydration and body temperature, so it still needs some care when taking the test to ensure that the results are accurate. (wikipedia.org)
  • factors
  • Objectives A growing body of research has investigated the adverse effects of psychosocial work factors on blood pressure (BP) elevation. (sjweh.fi)
  • This can involve an increase in muscle mass, fat deposits, excess fluids such as water or other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sitting
  • in the second, sitting astride something, the legs incline outwards on either side of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • A correlation between occupational sitting specifically and higher body mass index has been demonstrated, but causality has not yet been established. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Bidirectional relationships between MVPA, sedentary activity, and symptoms of depression were analyzed through autoregressive cross-lagged models, and adjusted for symptoms of comorbid psychiatric disorders and BMI. (aappublications.org)
  • The signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer depend on the location of the tumor in the bowel, and whether it has spread elsewhere in the body (metastasis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Body Mechanics and Perceived Physical Health Problems among Computer Users. (scopemed.org)
  • In many cases, exercise-based workplace health promotion programs struggle to attract those who would benefit the most from such fitness efforts, including aging, sedentary, blue-collar, female, or less-educated employees. (wikipedia.org)
  • kilograms
  • The BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and is universally expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • height
  • So, if all body dimensions double, and mass scales naturally with the cube of the height, then BMI doubles instead of remaining the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • In comparison, the Ponderal index is based on the natural scaling of mass with the third power of the height. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types, depending on the overall effect they have on the human body: Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use more oxygen than it would while resting. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • A healthy body requires a minimum amount of fat for proper functioning of the hormonal, reproductive, and immune systems, as thermal insulation, as shock absorption for sensitive areas, and as energy for future use. (wikipedia.org)
  • changes
  • Information gathered using the percentile ranking takes into consideration the childs age and sex, recognising that the amount of body fat regularly changes with age and sex. (wikipedia.org)
  • levels
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • As fat is less dense than muscle, careful application of this technique can provide a reasonably close estimate of fat content in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • depends
  • Maximum peak bone mass depends partly on your inherited ability to make bone, the amount of calcium you consume and your exercise level. (ndri.com)
  • It has been proposed that they emit black-body radiation (called Hawking radiation), with a temperature that depends on the mass of the black hole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black-body radiation has a characteristic, continuous frequency spectrum that depends only on the body's temperature, called the Planck spectrum or Planck's law. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a black body is at a uniform temperature, its emission has a characteristic frequency distribution that depends on the temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The amount of glycogen stored in the body-particularly within the muscles and liver-mostly depends on physical training, basal metabolic rate, and eating habits. (wikipedia.org)
  • responses
  • The measures, I am try to call upon is simply increasing your knowledge about own-self, by knowing your physiology, what your body needs and how it acts on different responses, it is subjected. (easygoals.com.au)
  • stress
  • Weight-bearing exercises, such as walking, apply tension and pressure to your muscles and bones, encouraging your body to increase bone density to meet the additional stress. (ndri.com)
  • It may also help prevent stress[citation needed] and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual's sex appeal or body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • While art forms such as cave paintings and rock etchings date from earlier, the known history of Mexican art begins with Mesoamerican art created by sedentary cultures that built cities, and often, dominions. (wikipedia.org)
  • central
  • The Sun, with an effective temperature of approximately 5800 K, is an approximate black body with an emission spectrum peaked in the central, yellow-green part of the visible spectrum, but with significant power in the ultraviolet as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liver glycogen stores serve as a store of glucose for use throughout the body, particularly the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • muscle
  • Glycemia: Let us all count the ways……but really our muscle mass is the real hero here. (bestinhealthradio.com)
  • Inflammation: Again our muscle mass is key here to control the inflammatory chemicals secreted by cancer cells. (bestinhealthradio.com)
  • In skeletal muscle, glycogen is found in a low concentration (1-2% of the muscle mass) and the skeletal muscle of an adult weighing 70 kg can store roughly 400 grams of glycogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • He goes on to state that this focus on space and time is highly distinct from European naturalism based on the representation of the human body. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • As metabolism is dictated largely by genetic predisposition-so we are born with a thin body (Ecto-morphs), a muscular body (Meso-morphs) or a large body (Endo-morphs). (easygoals.com.au)
  • start
  • As the temperature increases past about 500 degrees Celsius, black bodies start to emit significant amounts of visible light. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • Black-body radiation provides insight into the thermodynamic equilibrium state of cavity radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • White
  • White blood cells defend the body against bacteria, but these cells aren't able to function normally when a person has a high blood sugar. (findmeacure.com)
  • blood
  • For the next 8-12 hours, glucose derived from liver glycogen is the primary source of blood glucose used by the rest of the body for fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • A perfectly insulated enclosure that is in thermal equilibrium internally contains black-body radiation and will emit it through a hole made in its wall, provided the hole is small enough to have negligible effect upon the equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)