• Purdue, Indiana - Why a pathogen is a pathogen may be answered as scientists study the recently mapped genetic makeup of a fungus that spawns the worst cereal grains disease known and also can produce toxins potentially fatal to people and livestock. (enn.com)
  • The scientists who sequenced the fungus' genes said that the genome will help them discover what makes this particular pathogen so harmful, what triggers the process that spreads the fungus and why various fungi attack specific plants. (enn.com)
  • In the study of infectious disease, access to the genome of a pathogen provides new information that can be pivotal in combating the diseases is causes. (phys.org)
  • New Haven, Conn. - On June 25th 2000, President Bill Clinton announced the completion of the first draft of the human genome, an event that promised to create a revolution in human medicine. (ecnmag.com)
  • For these and other story ideas to commemorate the 10th Anniversary of draft of the human genome, please contact the Yale Office of Public Affairs. (ecnmag.com)
  • While the screen caught several microbes from known cellulose-degrading groups, the researchers also hooked and were able to reconstruct a high-quality draft co-assembled genome for a new genus level member of the novel candidate phylum Goldbacteria. (doe.gov)
  • An international team of scientists was successful in reconstructing a dozen medieval and modern genomes of the leprosy-causing bacteria Mycobacterium leprae from skeletons and biopsies. (medindia.net)
  • Scientists at LAU have sequenced the full genome of bacteria that cause skin infections, food-borne illnesses and other diseases in patients in Lebanon, an important milestone in combating dangerous microbes here that are resistant to antibiotics. (edu.lb)
  • The genomes of the bacteria were sequenced at the University of California, Davis' Jonathan Eisen Lab, where Tokajian spent a long sabbatical backed by LAU intended to bring the technology to Lebanon. (edu.lb)
  • Tokajian said this was the first time that the full genome of bacteria taken from local patients had been sequenced in the region, and that the use of such machines in hospital settings could revolutionize treatments and research into combating different types of diseases and cancers that are common here. (edu.lb)
  • As the costs of analyzing the genome of bacteria collected from patients declines, the technique will increasingly be used to diagnose patients, Tokajian said. (edu.lb)
  • Scientists have sequenced the genome of the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii , an advancement that could help identify new targets for drugs to treat and prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia, a common and often deadly infection in immunocompromised patients. (phys.org)
  • This is the first time scientists have assembled the genome of a fungus from a mixed pool of DNA from a single source, often called a metagenome. (phys.org)
  • The genome has both medical and evolutionary interests for the scientific community," says Hauser. (phys.org)
  • The cotton genome provides an invaluable resource for the study and genetic improvement of cotton quality and output, and sheds new lights on understanding the genetic characteristics and evolutionary mechanism underlying cotton and its close relatives. (phys.org)
  • Its genome was large, nearly the size of the human genome and much bigger than those of other sequenced invertebrates such as flies, snails or oysters. (voanews.com)
  • BEIJING, March 13 (Xinhua) -- Chinese scientists have studied the genetic basis of peach evolution, providing new resources for future genomics-guided peach breeding. (wn.com)
  • The hope is that the genome of P. jirovecii will lead to new advances in therapies for those suffering from Pneumocystis pneumonia. (phys.org)
  • The same advances that have made it cheap and easy to sequence human genomes are changing how we study viruses. (inverse.com)
  • Expanding Virophage Diversity Virophages are small viruses with double-stranded DNA genomes that co-infect eukaryotic cells along with giant viruses. (doe.gov)
  • Comparing the genome of Ulindi and a few other bonobos with those of chimps from different parts of Africa, Pruefer and his colleagues found that bonobos share similar amounts of DNA with all of them. (latimes.com)
  • the genomes were decoded by Richard A. Gibbs and colleagues at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. (nytimes.com)
  • Some of the results of their analysis were published in the Genome Announcements journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (edu.lb)
  • Through comprehensive comparison and analysis, researchers observed that one paleohexaploidization event occurred in the G. raimondii genome at approximately 130.8 million years ago, while the event is commonly found in eudicots. (phys.org)
  • This Bantu-Bushman marriage was probably in the distant past since most of the rest of his genome is Bantu, the researchers said Wednesday in a telephone news conference. (nytimes.com)
  • The genome also shows that P. jirovecii apparently lacks the ability to make toxins and virulence factors, molecules that enable a microbe to invade and take advantage of its host. (phys.org)
  • Scaling Microbial Traits From Genomes to Watersheds Using remote sensing, metagenomics and machine learning, researchers are building new ways to predict of how plant and microbial metabolism interact to influence biogeochemistry across watersheds in the headwaters of the Colorado River. (doe.gov)
  • The improved genome is available for comparative purposes on the latest version of the JGI plant portal Phytozome (phytozome-next.JGI.doe.gov). (doe.gov)
  • In recent years, environmental scientists have shown increasing interest in methanotrophs because their use of methane as a sole source of carbon and energy could possibly be harnessed to play an important role in efforts to reduce methane emissions that are generated by biological sources such as ruminants and landfills. (bio-medicine.org)