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  • stimuli
  • 2002). In those studies rats were exposed to temporally-defined schedules in which different exteroceptive stimuli were added to tD and [t.sup. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In general, authors observed that independently of the physical dimension of stimuli those correlated with the lowest reinforcement probability controlled a higher response frequency than the ones correlated with the highest probability. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 1991
  • In 1991, he helped chair the APA National Conference on Enhancing the Quality of Undergraduate Education in Psychology. (cengage.com)
  • Ratio
  • Experiment 3 used concurrent-schedules, with a PR schedule on one alternative and fixed-ratio (FR) on the other. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • C57BL/6J (n = 76) and OKO (n = 39) mice were trained to nose poke for food under a variable ratio schedule of reinforcement. (nih.gov)
  • Blockade of Ox1r in C57BL/6J mice impaired performance under both the variable ratio and progressive ratio schedules of reinforcement, indicating impaired motivational processes. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, OKO mice did not differ from WT mice under a progressive ratio schedule, indicating delayed learning processes but no motivational impairments. (nih.gov)
  • Orexin gene knockdown in the lateral hypothalamus in C57BL/6J mice resulted in blunted performance under both the variable ratio and progressive ratio schedules, resembling data obtained following Ox1r antagonism. (nih.gov)
  • The pigeon was established and maintained on variable ratio (VR) schedule of food presentation. (studymode.com)
  • social psychology
  • The concept of attitude is not only indispensable to social psychology, as Allport has pointed out in his classic article (1935), but also to the psychology of personality. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The sociological study of the Polish peasant by Thomas and Znaniecki (1918) is generally credited with being the first to propose that the study of social attitudes is the central task of social psychology, and it was the first to give systematic priority to this concept. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Despite the central position of attitudes in social psychology and personality, the concept has been plagued with a good deal of ambiguity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Wayne Weiten is a graduate of Bradley University and received his Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Illinois, Chicago in 1981. (cengage.com)
  • probability
  • Regarding responses emitted in the presence of the stimulus correlated with the lowest reinforcement probability, the same author suggested that their frequencies could be a byproduct of the regular alternation of tD and [t.sup. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Introductory Psychology
  • This student tutorial, available on CD-ROM or online, contains 150 concept checks as well as new tests, critical thinking questions, and learning objectives, and provides an intuitive landscape to any introductory psychology course. (cengage.com)
  • PSYK.TREK's 65 Interactive Learning Modules provide students with opportunities to absorb, review, and further explore the main topics in introductory psychology. (cengage.com)
  • The multimedia Glossary is filled with over 800 terms common to all introductory psychology courses. (cengage.com)
  • schizophrenia
  • Use of monetary reinforcement to reduce the cigarette-smoking of persons with schizophrenia: A feasibility study. (uvm.edu)
  • Contingent monetary reinforcement of smoking reductions, with and without transdermal nicotine, in outpatients with schizophrenia. (uvm.edu)
  • reward
  • The CER is often referred to as conditioned suppression because the learned response is a CS-elicited reduction in the rate of free-operant response rates established by food reward using various schedules of reinforcement. (scholarpedia.org)
  • The reinforcement signal that the RL-agent receives is a numerical reward , which encodes the success of an action's outcome, and the agent seeks to learn to select actions that maximize the accumulated reward over time. (scholarpedia.org)
  • Basically it's a game that hinges on the Random Reward Schedule. (blogspot.com)
  • The Random Reward Schedule is a tenet of behavioural psychology. (blogspot.com)
  • The random reward schedule is linked to the Hook Model which is a technique employed by social media and mobile game designers and, of course the designers of Pokemon Go. (blogspot.com)
  • response
  • It was also found that when the concurrent alternative was on an FR 50 schedule, the response rates, break points and Pmax values of the food on the PR schedule tended to be higher than when the concurrent alternative was on an FR 20 schedule. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • Relative and Absolute Strength of Response as a Function of Frequency Reinforcement. (cogprints.org)
  • exam
  • The AP Psychology exam consists of 100 multiple choice questions which you have a 70 minute time limit to complete and two FRQ Essays which you have a 50 minute time limit to answer. (google.com)
  • Exam cycle- what are the topics for AQA B psychology. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Processes
  • Understanding of these biological processes is fundamental to many areas of psychology, including addictive behaviours and the relationship between stress and health. (stu.ca)
  • psychological
  • The educational objective of Department of Psychology is to provide students with a broad exposure to the behavioral sciences with a focus on both basic and practical knowledge used in contemporary psychological research. (yu.ac.kr)
  • Psychological behaviorism ' Arthur W. Staats' unifying approach to behaviorism and psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is a former President of the Society for the Teaching of Psychology and the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. (cengage.com)
  • primary
  • The primary research effort of his laboratory is to understand neurobehavioral interactions underlying cognitive function and reinforcement and to apply this knowledge to better understand cognitive dysfunction and addiction to develop novel therapeutic treatments. (duke.edu)
  • responses
  • ACC lesions did not impair the performance of monkeys (Macaca mulatta) immediately after errors, but made them unable to sustain rewarded responses in a reinforcement-guided choice task and to integrate risk and payoff in a dynamic foraging task. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In the corresponding terminology, the limited-hold period for reinforcement is called [t.sup.D] subcycle, while that in which responses have no consequences is called [t.sup. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • A schedule in which the reinforcement is presented after a specific number of responses. (allpsych.com)