• Pathces of membrane on cells isolated from the nasal salt gland of the domestic duck typically contained two types of K + channel. (elsevier.com)
  • Historically, smelling salts have been used on people feeling faint, or who have fainted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smelling salts are often used on athletes (particularly boxers) who have been dazed or knocked unconscious to restore consciousness and mental alertness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smelling salts are now banned in most boxing competitions, but are not harmful. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2005, Michael Strahan estimated that 70 to 80 percent of National Football League players were using smelling salts as stimulants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smelling salts have been used since Roman times and are mentioned in the writings of Pliny as Hammoniacus sal. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 17th century, the distillation of an ammonia solution from shavings of harts' (deer) horns and hooves led to the alternative name for smelling salts as spirit or salt of hartshorn. (wikipedia.org)
  • During this time, smelling salts were commonly dissolved with perfume in vinegar or alcohol and soaked onto a sponge, which was then carried on the person in a decorative container called a vinaigrette. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of smelling salts was widely recommended during the Second World War, with all workplaces advised by the British Red Cross and St. John Ambulance to keep smelling salts in their first aid boxes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smelling salts release ammonia (NH3) gas, which triggers an inhalation reflex (that is, causes the muscles that control breathing to work faster) by irritating the mucous membranes of the nose and lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since smelling salts produce only a small amount of ammonia gas, no adverse health problems from their situational use have been reported. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of ammonia smelling salts to revive people injured during sport is not recommended because it may inhibit or delay a proper and thorough neurological assessment by a healthcare professional, such as after concussions when hospitalization may be advisable, and some governing bodies recommend specifically against it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The irritant nature of smelling salts means that they can exacerbate any pre-existing cervical spine injury by causing reflex withdrawal away from them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Why do smelling salts wake you up? (wikipedia.org)
  • Starting from aqueous solutions of inorganic anions, one can use salt metathesis reaction to isolate salts that are soluble in organic solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to sodium perrhenate, this salt is soluble in chloroform. (wikipedia.org)
  • Illustrative is the exchange of the counteranion in ferrocenium tetrafluoroborate to a more lipophilic borate salt, which is soluble in aromatic solvents: [Fe(C5H5)F4 + NaB(C6F5)4 → [Fe(C5H5)(C6F5)4 + NaBF4 When the reaction is conducted in non-polar solvents such as dichloromethane, the salt NaBF4 precipitates, which helps drive these reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath salts are water-soluble, pulverised minerals that are added to water to be used for bathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classification of the salts according to symptoms and applications and a real-time search (displays results as you type) increases usability and makes browsing the data easy. (apple.com)
  • During Speed Week, grass-roots racers hit Utah's Bonneville salt flats, where land speed records--and more than a few hearts--are made to be broken. (popularmechanics.com)
  • And all he can see is an expanse of empty whiteness split by two black lines that mark the 5-mile-long, 90-ft.-wide timing course of the renowned Bonneville Salt Flats. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Once again, man has gone mano a mano against the Bonneville Salt Flats. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Bonneville Salt Flats , stretch of barren salt flats covering about 100 square miles (260 square km) in Tooele county, northwestern Utah , U.S. The flats, part of the Great Salt Lake Desert, are a remnant of the bed of an ancient lake formed about 30,000 years ago late in the Pleistocene Epoch and named for B.-L.-E. de Bonneville , an explorer and fur trader. (britannica.com)
  • the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. (howstuffworks.com)
  • And then they smoke it over old Welch oak, which softens and sweetens the flavor of the salt, which almost sounds like a contradiction. (npr.org)
  • 1-The English phrase 'bath salts' means a preparation that softens or scents a bath 2-A term for DANGEROUS Drugs THAT EVERY PARENT needs to know about. (answers.com)
  • Some bath salts such as phosphates have a detergent action that softens calloused skin and aids in exfoliation (cleaning off dead skin cells). (wikipedia.org)
  • Edible salt is sold in forms such as sea salt and table salt which usually contains an anti-caking agent and may be iodised to prevent iodine deficiency . (wikipedia.org)
  • AN illegal trade in uniodised salt in India is hampering efforts to stamp out serious iodine deficiency disorders such as goitre and mental retardation, public health officials are warning. (newscientist.com)
  • Over the past five years, most Indian states have introduced laws that require all salt sold for human consumption to contain a specified level of iodine. (newscientist.com)
  • A survey by the ICCIDD, to be published later this year, found that even in New Delhi-a major salt trading centre-almost 10 per cent of more than 20 000 samples brought from home by schoolchildren contained no iodine. (newscientist.com)
  • This is because most of the country's 10 000 salt producers are small-scale, and many of them cannot afford to invest in the equipment needed to add iodine. (newscientist.com)
  • Consumers can buy uniodised salt more cheaply than iodised salt, and this encourages traders to sell salt without iodine, says Sheila Vir, a nutrition project officer with UNICEF in New Delhi. (newscientist.com)
  • A lack of iodine in the diet is the single largest cause of preventable brain damage and mental retardation in the world, according to the WHO, which is aiming for universal salt iodisation by 2000. (newscientist.com)
  • More than 2 million Indians are afflicted with cretinism because of insufficient iodine intake, according to estimates by the government's Salt Department. (newscientist.com)
  • The chemical elements that typically form salts include fluorine, chlorine, iodine, bromine and astatine. (reference.com)
  • Iodine is crucial for thyroid health and proper cognitive development, and its addition to salt slashed rates of iodine deficiency dramatically. (treehugger.com)
  • In addition, a University of Texas at Arlington study published by the American Chemical Society found varying degrees of actual iodine in iodized salt, with many of the samples having much less iodine than the amount listed or recommended. (treehugger.com)
  • Add in that only one-fifth of the salt consumed in the United States is iodized, and you can see how iodine deficiency may occur. (treehugger.com)
  • So if you opt for sea salt, there are companies (like Hain and Morton) that fortify their sea salt with iodine. (treehugger.com)
  • Iodine is often added to table salt ( 2 , 3 ). (healthline.com)
  • While nothing has been officially released pointing to this drug, based on the evidence of this terrible crime, Miami police suspect bath salts were the culprit. (psychologytoday.com)
  • People abuse the drug on three to four day binges usually ending up in the hospital getting there stomachs pumped , MDPV is the worst type of bath salts and although the side effects listed are for heavy usage the effects of the drug vary from person to person. (urbandictionary.com)
  • apos;That dude was totally bath salts. (urbandictionary.com)
  • apos;Dude, have you gone all bath salts on me ? (urbandictionary.com)
  • If you want a truly luxurious soak, add bath salts the next time you run a bath . (wikihow.com)
  • Purchase or make bath salts with your favorite type of salt. (wikihow.com)
  • Leave the bath salts as they are or mix in colors or essential oils for fragrance. (wikihow.com)
  • If you'd like to find more uses for your bath salts, try them in the shower or as exfoliating body scrubs . (wikihow.com)
  • Store the bath salts in an airtight container and use them whenever your skin feels a little dry. (wikihow.com)
  • Choose your bath salts. (wikihow.com)
  • You can buy or make your own bath salts. (wikihow.com)
  • Your bath salts may be fine, grainy, or coarse depending on the texture you prefer. (wikihow.com)
  • Fill the tub half full and add the bath salts. (wikihow.com)
  • Fill the tub halfway with water that's as hot as you like it and pour in about 1/2 cup (120 g) of prepared bath salts. (wikihow.com)
  • For a stronger concentration, you can add more bath salts. (wikihow.com)
  • Swirl the bath salts in the water. (wikihow.com)
  • To give you some idea of bath salts' fearful reputation, consider this: When Miami police confronted a naked Rudy Eugene as he chewed the face of a 65-year-old homeless man, they initially assumed the 31-year-old attacker -- who bystanders described as zombielike and growling like an animal, and who required several shots to put down -- was on bath salts. (howstuffworks.com)
  • So dreadful was bath salts' reputation that it quickly became the proverbial 'usual suspect' in drug cases involving psychotic episodes, hallucinations, extreme delusions, combative behavior and high pain thresholds. (howstuffworks.com)
  • What are bath salts, and what do they in fact do? (howstuffworks.com)
  • According to police the answer could be found in bath salts. (psychologytoday.com)
  • this type of bath salts has nothing to do with bathing and everything to do with a highly addictive and deadly substance. (psychologytoday.com)
  • And just who's consuming bath salts? (psychologytoday.com)
  • What Are Bath Salts? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Even though they are labeled "not for human consumption" health officials report that bath salts are being injected, smoked, crushed and snorted like cocaine and even put into beverages. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Bath salts aren't hard to find in states that haven't banned them. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Currently, little medical research has been done on bath salts and so far they've not been tested on humans. (psychologytoday.com)
  • And in some states bath salts are completely legal, depending on the product's chemical makeup. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Just over the border, our neighbors in Canada are also working to make the bath salts drug illegal. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Latest Drug Craze Is Bath Salts? (theatlantic.com)
  • Authorities in several US states are considering banning the sale of "bath salts," which are apparently being snorted, smoked and injected for their intense hallucinatory effects. (theatlantic.com)
  • One user, who slit his face and stomach repeatedly with a skinning knife while under the influence of the chemicals, told Byrd that "he had tried every drug from heroin to crack and was so shaken by terrifying hallucinations that he wrote one Mississippi paper urging people to stay away from the advertised bath salts. (theatlantic.com)
  • Another Mississippi woman is believed to have overdosed from ingesting the dangerous chemicals and "in Louisiana, the bath salts were outlawed by an emergency order after the state's poison center received more than 125 calls in the last three months of 2010 involving exposure to the chemicals. (theatlantic.com)
  • This report has received a number of reactions, mostly contradictions to the AP's assertions from people who are more in-the-know about the bath salt craze. (theatlantic.com)
  • Reason's Jacob Sullum is skeptical of Byrd's example of the Mississippi man who cut himself while high on bath salts, asking how common this type of reaction actually is. (theatlantic.com)
  • So the most law enforcement can do when they're being attacked by a guy who thinks he's fighting devils is charge him with disorderly conduct, a misdemeanor, and remind him that bath salts are for external use only. (theatlantic.com)
  • Buy your bath salts now. (theatlantic.com)
  • Even a cup of plain table salt in your bath water can ease eczema symptoms. (webmd.com)
  • They Are Called Bath Salts Because These Chemicals Are Only Legal In The US If They Are Not Meant For Human Consumption. (answers.com)
  • There are many things that bath salts do. (answers.com)
  • Bath salts is incredibly beneficial for your skin, your mood, your overall health and your lifestyle. (answers.com)
  • Do you need to rinse after bathing with bath salts? (answers.com)
  • No you do not have to bath after using salt because your skin wont work. (answers.com)
  • They come in little packets saying they are bath salts and are legal to get on line but it can be as deadly as speed or cocaine or pcp. (answers.com)
  • Are bath salts really salt and how do you smoke them? (answers.com)
  • I'd recommend Robo if you want to get that messed up, and are asking a question about bath salts. (answers.com)
  • But seriously on the Bath Salt, you'll regret it , save your money and your sanity, and if you do get your little mitts on some, a dab will do you, don't OD and go crazy and kill your family like some supposedly have. (answers.com)
  • What salt is in bath salt and toothpast? (answers.com)
  • Which kind of salt is in bath salts and toothpaste? (answers.com)
  • What is the active ingredient in cloud nine bath salt? (answers.com)
  • Bath salts have been developed which mimic the properties of natural mineral baths or hot springs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bath salts contain glycerine so the product will act as an emollient, humectant or lubricant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycerin, or liquid glycerin, is another common ingredient in bath salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on their properties, the additives can be classified as emollient, humectant or lubricant when used in bath salts products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other common additives to bath salts are oils (agglomerating the salts to form amorphous granules, the product being called "bath beads" or "bath oil beads"), foaming agents, and effervescent agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath salts may be packaged for sale in boxes or bags. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Some bath salts act as water softeners and change the way soap rinses. (wikipedia.org)
  • High concentrations of salts increase the density of the water and increase buoyancy, which makes the body feel lighter in the bath. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath fizzies are form of bath salts in that the products of their use include a salt solution in addition to the carbon dioxide bubbles which are their definitive feature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name derives from instances in which the drugs were sold disguised as true bath salts, with the package claiming that the chemical was intended for use during bathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • These fake bath salts are mainly sold in shops selling drug paraphernalia such as head shops. (wikipedia.org)
  • When you go to the grocery store to replenish your supply, you probably expect to see just a few varieties, like iodized salt (what most of us use as 'table salt') and kosher salt (a coarse salt popular with chefs). (howstuffworks.com)
  • Salt, a necessary ingredient in kitchens across the world, is getting a technology upgrade thanks to a lifestyle company that has created a Bluetooth-equipped saltshaker . (time.com)
  • Debbie Elliott talks to Seattle candymaker Fran Bigelow about her award-winning confection: a chocolate-covered caramel topped with smoked sea salt from Wales. (npr.org)
  • ELLIOTT: The salt sort of lingers a little bit, I think, after you eat the caramel. (npr.org)
  • ELLIOTT: You also have a dark chocolate-covered caramel that comes with a different kind of sea salt on it. (npr.org)
  • While people have used canning and artificial refrigeration to preserve food for the last hundred years or so, salt has been the best-known food preservative, especially for meat, for many thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Summer Salts order food after their 9.22.2007 Underground Lounge show. (youtube.com)
  • Most Americans take in too much salt, and 75 percent of it is hidden in processed and packaged food. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Salt has long been used for flavoring and for preserving food. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Another 1,213 veterans got their food from kitchens using regular salt. (webmd.com)
  • In fact, there are a total of 18 food additives that are allowed in salt. (treehugger.com)
  • If you season with salt, you'll get fewer chemicals in your food if you use the sea salt variety. (treehugger.com)
  • Chefs are using unusual sea salts from around the world to flavor all sorts of food. (npr.org)
  • The most prestigious specialty food award this year was given to Fran's Chocolates of Seattle for its milk chocolate-covered caramels topped with smoked salt from Wales. (npr.org)
  • and accent your food with the far more vivid flavors of sea salts. (thenibble.com)
  • After a period of adjustment, most people stop missing salt and start enjoying the other flavors of food. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Historically, salt was used to preserve food. (healthline.com)
  • People use phosphate salts for medicine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People die on the salt, he knows, but he keeps it under control through the last timing station, and then finally eases off the gas. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Even while moving forward on a new strategic arms agreement that actually reverses the arms race--a goal the American people will heartily applaud--he could see to it that the good elements of SALT II are preserved. (csmonitor.com)
  • However, sea salt has more flavor impact and so most people use less of it. (treehugger.com)
  • Lucy Boyd, from Cancer Research UK, said: "This research confirms what a recently published report from Cancer Research UK has shown - too much salt also contributes considerably to the number of people getting stomach cancer in the UK. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Most healthy people should have no more than 2,300 mg of salt a day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Indeed , research doesn't always support the notion that salt causes high blood pressure: A large, multicenter study known as INTERSALT compared urinary sodium levels - an accurate indicator of prior sodium consumption - with hypertension in more than 10,000 people in 1988 and found no statistically significant association between them. (businessinsider.com)
  • Told by two people, Petja and Bariel, SALT is the story of a planetary colonization that slips into a tragedy of Biblical proportions. (goodreads.com)
  • make my amazing Salt and Pepper Crackers. (elanaspantry.com)
  • Don't use more or less water than this, as this will make the solution too strong or too weak and can upset the balance of salts in your body. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • They enhanced the likelihood that Brezhnev sometime in the future will be able to make his long-delayed trip to Washington to sign a SALT II agreement, which was projected at his 1974 meeting with President Ford at Vladivostok. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Check our our Glossary of Salts, below, to make their acquaintance. (thenibble.com)
  • Pulse together the salt, bay leaves, ground sage and black pepper in a spice grinder or mash them in a mortar and pestle to make a fine powder. (latimes.com)
  • Due to our broad knowledge about producing salts, we have improved the flowability of various products to make their use more convenient. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Hippocrates encouraged his fellow healers to make use of salt water to heal various ailments by immersing their patients in sea water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the annual global production of around two hundred million tonnes of salt, about 6% is used for human consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 13.5 million tonnes of salt are produced in India each year, half of it for human consumption. (newscientist.com)