• species
  • 15 genera (including Triturus and Salamandra in Europe, Notophthalamus and Taricha in North America, and Cynops in Japan) and about 56 species.There is disagreement concerning the classification of salamanders below the ordinal level. (britannica.com)
  • Typically, Salamandra species present bright, highly variable yellow-black patterns consisting of spots and/or stripes, which are thought to hold an aposematic (warning) function related to their toxic secretions. (gla.ac.uk)