Loading...
  • replication
  • We have examined the distribution of early replicating origins on stretched DNA fibers when nuclei from CHO cells synchronized at different times during G1 phase initiate DNA replication in Xenopus egg extracts. (rupress.org)
  • To investigate the spatial and temporal organization of mammalian replication origins, we have exploited a cell-free replication system in which nuclei from mammalian cells staged at various times during G1 phase are introduced into extracts from Xenopus eggs. (rupress.org)
  • Using this in vitro system, we have defined several discrete steps during early G1 phase that establish a spatial and temporal program for replication. (rupress.org)
  • cell cycle
  • Each of these coordinately replicated chromosome domains replicates at a characteristic time during S phase of the cell cycle. (rupress.org)
  • Here, systems pharmacodynamic (PD) models that integrate cellular response data and extend a prototype model framework were developed to characterize dynamic changes in cell cycle phases of cancer cell subpopulations in response to gemcitabine and trabectedin as single agents and in combination. (frontiersin.org)
  • Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that gemcitabine induced cell cycle arrest in S phase, and trabectedin induced transient cell cycle arrest in S phase that progressed to G 2 / M phase. (frontiersin.org)
  • Systems cell cycle models were developed based on observed mechanisms and were used to characterize both cell proliferation and cell numbers in the sub G 1 , G 0 / G 1 , S , and G 2 / M phases in the control and drug-treated groups. (frontiersin.org)
  • Interaction parameters were applied to quantify unexplainable drug-drug interaction effects on cell cycle arrest in S phase and in inducing apoptosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • larger
  • With nuclei isolated in the first hour of G1 phase, in vitro origins were distributed throughout a larger number of DNA fibers and did not coincide with in vivo origins. (rupress.org)
  • We also observed statistically significant associations between a high cyclin E content and aneuploidy, high S phase, larger tumor size, estrogen receptor negativity, presence of axillary node metastases and high tumor grade. (diva-portal.org)
  • However
  • However, with nuclei isolated later in G1 phase, the positions of many in vitro origins coincided with in vivo origin sites without further change in origin number or density. (rupress.org)
  • Piano Phase
  • It is the third in a series of instrumental compositions (together with Reed Phase and Piano Phase) in which Reich explored the possibility of phasing in music for a live player with tape accompaniment or, in the case of Piano Phase, for just two players (Potter 2000, 180). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Piano Phase, work on which was already begun in late 1966, he chose a pattern of twelve eighth notes, subdivided into two groups of six, and began to discover the possibilities of metric reorientation which lay behind the potential subdivisions of a twelve-beat pattern (Potter 2000, 182, 186). (wikipedia.org)
  • In Piano Phase, Reich subdivides the work (in 32 measures) into three sections, with each section taking the same basic pattern, played rapidly by both pianists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Piano Phase is a good example of "music as a gradual process," as Reich stated in his essay from 1968. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of 12-note or 12-division patterns in Piano Phase proved to be successful, and Reich would re-use it in Clapping Music and Music for 18 Musicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • consist
  • The Walls Phase settlements consist of one large site, located at De Soto Park in Memphis, nine single mound sites, and six smaller moundless villages scattered along the natural levees and bluffs of De Soto County, Mississippi and Shelby County, Tennessee. (wikipedia.org)
  • water phase diagram
  • For example, the water phase diagram has a triple point corresponding to the single temperature and pressure at which solid, liquid, and gaseous water can coexist in a stable equilibrium (7002273160000000000♠273.16 K and a partial vapor pressure of 7002611657000000000♠611.657 Pa). (wikipedia.org)
  • Nodena Phase
  • The Nodena Phase is an archaeological phase in eastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri of the Late Mississippian culture which dates from about 1400-1650 CE. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Nodena Phase is known from a collection of villages along the Mississippi River between the Missouri Bootheel and Wapanocca Lake. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish Hernando de Soto Expedition is believed to have visited several sites in the Nodena Phase in the early 1540s, which is usually identified as the Province of Pacaha. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nodena Phase sites are found in three geographic subdistricts: the Wilson-Joiner, the Wapanocca Lake, and the Blytheville subdistricts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nodena Site - The Nodena Site is the type site for the Nodena Phase, located east of Wilson, Arkansas in Mississippi County on a meander bend of the Mississippi River. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eaker Site (3 Ms 105) - A site on Eaker Air Force Base near Blytheville, Arkansas that is the largest and most intact Late Mississippian Nodena phase village site within the Central Mississippi Valley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nodena Phase peoples traded with other groups to the west and northwest in the Crowley's Ridge and Ozark Highlands areas for usable stone to make tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other contemporaneous groups in the area include the Parkin Phase, Tipton Phase, Menard Phase, and the Nodena Phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • The geometric phase occurs when both parameters are changed simultaneously but very slowly (adiabatically), and eventually brought back to the initial configuration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first is the discovery of using simple but flexible harmonic material, which produces remarkable musical results when phasing occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1966
  • It was written originally in 1966 for soprano saxophone and two soprano saxophones recorded on magnetic tape, titled at that time Saxophone Phase, and was later published in two versions: one for any reed instrument and tape (titled Reed Phase), the other for three reed instruments of exactly the same kind (in which case the title is Three Reeds). (wikipedia.org)
  • Reed Phase was composed in 1966 for Jon Gibson, the score having been finished in December 1966. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reed Phase is the first work in which Reich attempted to apply the discoveries of phasing made with the tape works It's Gonna Rain (1965) and Come Out (1966) to live performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • This phase based technique was also exploited by Steve Reich in tape works composed between 1965 and 1966. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of his first attempts at applying his "phasing" technique, which he had previously used in the tape pieces It's Gonna Rain (1965) and Come Out (1966), to live performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reich carried out a hybrid test with Reed Phase (1966), combining an instrument (a soprano saxophone) and a magnetic tape. (wikipedia.org)
  • distinct
  • A phase diagram in physical chemistry, engineering, mineralogy, and materials science is a type of chart used to show conditions (pressure, temperature, volume, etc.) at which thermodynamically distinct phases occur and coexist at equilibrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • gradual
  • In some cases, especially live performance where gradual separation is extremely difficult, phasing is accomplished by periodically inserting an extra note (or temporarily removing one) into the phrase of one of the two players playing the same repeated phrase, thus shifting the phase by a single beat at a time, rather than gradually. (wikipedia.org)
  • shifts
  • The first section is a cycle of phase shifts of the basic unit between the live instrument and one instrument on the tape (Potter 2000, 181). (wikipedia.org)
  • Not having two pianos at his disposal, Reich experimented by first recording a piano part on tape, and then trying to play mostly in sync with the recording, albeit with slight shifts, or phases, with occasional re-alignments of the twelve successive notes against each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • technique
  • A technical difference between the tape and live mediums is that in the former, phasing was accomplished by slowing down one tape loop against the other, using the technique of flanging, whereas in the instrumental compositions it proved easier for one player to speed up against the other's fixed tempo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phasing is a compositional technique in which the same part (a repetitive phrase) is played on two musical instruments, in steady but not identical tempi. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • This phase difference is the geometric phase, and its occurrence typically indicates that the system's parameter dependence is singular (its state is undefined) for some combination of parameters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, the stationary phase is a porous solid (e.g., glass, silica, or alumina) that is packed into a glass or metal tube or that constitutes the walls of an open-tube capillary. (britannica.com)
  • identical
  • The difference between phase music and traditional rounds, where two or more identical melodies are played with one starting after the other, is that the melodic phrases are generally short repeating patterns with the imitation being variable instead of fixed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tape loops of phase-identical segments of recorded sound were played synchronously using multiple tape recorders and were then gradually moved out of phase by increasing or decreasing the playback speed of one of the players. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, Pluristem is using forward-looking statements when its discusses its proposed Phase I/II trial studying Pluristem's PLX-PAD cell therapy, the potential for PLX-PAD and Pluristem's hopes to address GvHD to help patients lead full lives after undergoing a transplant. (globenewswire.com)
  • Gene conversion is another example of a type of phase variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The curves on the phase diagram show the points where the free energy (and other derived properties) becomes non-analytic: their derivatives with respect to the coordinates (temperature and pressure in this example) change discontinuously (abruptly). (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of phasing in popular music is "The True Wheel" on Brian Eno's album Taking Tiger Mountain (By Strategy). (wikipedia.org)
  • One early example of electroacoustic phase music is Earle Brown's Music for the Stadler Gallery (1964). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Foucault pendulum is an example from classical mechanics that is sometimes used to illustrate the geometric phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • In classical and quantum mechanics, the geometric phase, Pancharatnam-Berry phase (named after S. Pancharatnam and Sir Michael Berry), Pancharatnam phase or most commonly Berry phase, is a phase difference acquired over the course of a cycle, when a system is subjected to cyclic adiabatic processes, which results from the geometrical properties of the parameter space of the Hamiltonian. (wikipedia.org)
  • It shows the commonly known phases of water (ice, liquid, vapor) as well as the more exotic high-pressure phases Ice II, Ice III and Ice V. As pressure increases, the diagram shows Vanilla Ice (Ice VI) transitioning to David Bowie & Queen. (xkcd.com)
  • Morning Phase
  • Morning Phase is the ninth official studio album and twelfth overall by American singer Beck. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several of the musicians who recorded parts for Sea Change returned to record for Morning Phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The press release for the "acoustic" album (along with the news of his contract with Capitol Records) arrived in October 2013, announcing the title as Morning Phase and giving a February 2014 release window. (wikipedia.org)
  • In comparing the production of Morning Phase with his previous album, Beck stated that prior to recording Modern Guilt in 2008, he had suffered a serious spinal injury, and that the recording process for Modern Guilt was like "doing it with both hands tied behind your back. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, Beck said that Morning Phase was a much more satisfying experience: "Some of the songs on the new record - I get to shout and yell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other songs, like "Blackbird Chain", "Country Down", and "Waking Light" were reserved for what would become Morning Phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to its release, Morning Phase was placed at number two on Stereogum's list of most anticipated albums of 2014. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • The second term corresponds to the Berry phase and for non-cyclical variations of the Hamiltonian it can be made to vanish by a different choice of the phase associated with the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian at each point in the evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The music is made up, therefore, of the results of applying the phasing process to the initial twelve-note melody-as such, it is a piece of process music. (wikipedia.org)
  • boundary
  • In an optimizing compiler, phase distinction marks the boundary between expressions which are safe to erase. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the diagram on the left, the phase boundary between liquid and gas does not continue indefinitely. (wikipedia.org)
  • When going from the liquid to the gaseous phase, one usually crosses the phase boundary, but it is possible to choose a path that never crosses the boundary by going to the right of the critical point. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Phase 10 is based on a variant of rummy known as Liverpool Rummy, and is a member (along with Liverpool) of the contract rummy family. (wikipedia.org)
  • This mechanics analogue of the geometric phase is known as the Hannay angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Delayed sleep phase disorder ( DSPD ), more often known as delayed sleep phase syndrome and also as delayed sleep-wake phase disorder , is a chronic dysregulation of a person's circadian rhythm (biological clock), compared to those of the general population and societal norms. (wikipedia.org)
  • attempt
  • If those scores also happen to be tied, a tiebreaker round is played where the tying players attempt to complete phase ten (or in variants, the last phase each player had tried to complete in the previous round). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the original and Phase 10 Twist versions, the phases must also be completed in order, but the Master's Edition variant has a rule allowing players to choose the phase they will attempt to complete after being dealt their hand and before play begins. (wikipedia.org)
  • change
  • Phase-change memory , a type of random-access memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Phase change . (wikipedia.org)
  • By reviewing the proof of the adiabatic theorem given by Max Born and Vladimir Fock, in Zeitschrift für Physik 51, 165 (1928), we could characterize the whole change of the adiabatic process into a phase term. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • The future of Fourth Phase, which is however in the hands of Fioroni, is thus unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the substance requires a higher temperature for its molecules to have enough energy to break out of the fixed pattern of the solid phase and enter the liquid phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • biology
  • In biology, Phase variation is a method for dealing with rapidly varying environments without requiring random mutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • variation
  • Phase variation contributes to virulence by generating heterogeneity. (wikipedia.org)
  • If excision is precise and the original sequence of DNA is restored, reversible phase variation can be mediated by transposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase variation mediated by transposition targets specific DNA sequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike other mechanisms of phase variation, epigenetic modifications do not alter DNA sequence and therefore it is the phenotype that is altered not the genotype. (wikipedia.org)
  • An outer membrane protein Antigen 43 (Ag43) in E. coli is controlled by phase variation mediated by two proteins, DNA-methylating enzyme deoxyadenosine methyltransferase (Dam) and the oxidative stress regulator OxyR. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, if the parameter excursions correspond to a loop instead of a self-retracing back-and-forth variation, then it is possible that the initial and final states differ in their phases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phase obtained has a contribution from the state's time evolution and another from the variation of the eigenstate with the changing Hamiltonian. (wikipedia.org)
  • tape
  • The score was published the next year in a version "for any reed instrument and two channel tape or three reeds", now retitled Reed Phase or Three Reeds (Reich 1968). (wikipedia.org)
  • Reich discovered that it was possible to dispense with tape and phase without mechanical assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • The simplest phase diagrams are pressure-temperature diagrams of a single simple substance, such as water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The open spaces, where the free energy is analytic, correspond to single phase regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • It is now widely accepted that the anti-phase cell firing that results from phase precession is an important component of information coding about place. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperature
  • The phase diagram shows, in pressure-temperature space, the lines of equilibrium or phase boundaries between the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A phase diagram of water, with temperature on the horizontal axis increasing to the left, and pressure on the vertical axis increasing downwards. (xkcd.com)
  • usually
  • Phases are usually composed of sets (multiple cards of the same value), runs (multiple cards in consecutive ascending order), cards of one color, or a combination of these. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eight
  • Phase Eight is a British womenwear designer clothing brand. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase Eight was first established by Patsy Seddon in London in 1979 in a small boutique in Wandsworth Common. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phase Eight was purchased by the South African retailer Foschini Group in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Internationally, Phase Eight opened four stores in Switzerland and seven concessions in Germany through its subsidiaries and joint venture partners in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phase cycle is repeated ad libitum from eight to sixty times according to the score. (wikipedia.org)
  • sequence
  • In the usual phase, a promotor sequence promotes the expression of the H2 flagella gene along with a repressor of H1 flagella gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Province
  • It is thought that the Walls Phase may be the Province of Quizquiz, a Tunican people encountered by de Soto on the banks of the Mississippi River. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples
  • Geometric phase along the closed path C {\displaystyle C} can also be calculated by integrating the Berry curvature over surface enclosed by C {\displaystyle C} . One of the easiest examples is the Foucault pendulum. (wikipedia.org)
  • separate
  • A language with phase distinction may have separate namespaces for types and run-time variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is an approach to musical composition that is often associated with minimal music, as it shares similar characteristics, but some commentators prefer to treat phase music as a separate category. (wikipedia.org)
  • basic
  • The basic unit is continually repeated by the instrumentalist and, because the performer must play without any interruption for at least five minutes, Reed Phase requires the use of circular breathing, instructions for which are given in the score (Reich 1968, 69). (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, once the basic pattern and the phase process have been defined, the music consists itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • There is a new version called "Phase 10 Mod" that comes in a yellow and white case or a newer case that is blue, a green and yellow stripe and bits of red on the front and back If the player lays down their phase and are out of cards and a player has a phase after them, they can still lay that hand down. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of two players completing the last phase in the same hand, the player who completed the last phase with the lowest overall score is the winner. (wikipedia.org)
  • Walls
  • Chucalissa is a Walls Phase mound and plaza complex located on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Walls Phase is the last prehistoric people to inhabit the Memphis area before the arrival of Europeans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The phase itself is named for a site near the small town of Walls, Mississippi. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Belle Meade Phase is located across the Mississippi River from the Walls Phase on its western bank, and the Tipton Phase is located directly north, also on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. (wikipedia.org)
  • villages
  • PHASE Worldwide (Practical Help Achieving Self-Empowerment) specialises in improving health, education and livelihood opportunities for disadvantaged populations in very remote and resource poor Himalayan mountain villages in Nepal. (rcog.org.uk)
  • initial
  • One might expect that the waves in the system return to the initial state, as characterized by the amplitudes and phases (and accounting for the passage of time). (wikipedia.org)