• The multivariate model showed the following to be predictors of HCV infection: age, injected drug use (OR = 6.65), sniffed drug use (OR = 2.59), hospitalization (OR = 1.90), groups socially deprived by the lack of sewage disposal (OR = 2.53), and injection with glass syringe (OR = 1.52, with a borderline p value). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze predictors of CVD risk factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, an acknowledged limitation of traditional models is that the inferred relationships are correlational, cannot easily distinguish direct from indirect determinants of disease risk, and are often considerable simplifications of complex interrelationships. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Residual risk of transfusion transmitted human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and human T lymphotrophic virus. (transfusion.com.au)
  • A comparison of dengue virus (DENV) antibody levels in paired serum samples collected from predominantly DENV-naive residents in an agricultural settlement in Brazilian Amazonia (baseline seroprevalence, 18.3%) showed a seroconversion rate of 3.67 episodes/100 person-years at risk during 12 months of follow-up. (ajtmh.org)
  • This article reports the first nationwide population-based survey conducted to estimate the seroprevalence of HCV antibodies and associated risk factors in the urban population of Brazil. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although livestock owners had good general knowledge of brucellosis, they still appeared to participate in high-risk behaviours, which may contribute to the high seroprevalence in the area. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These include the risk of cross-infection between inpatients in overcrowded wards and the need for timely admission to an appropriate ward of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) or for booked surgery. (mja.com.au)
  • On some medical wards, including those for frail older people, patients were at "risk of harm. (wsws.org)
  • in cattle and buffalo reared in households in an Egyptian village, identify risk factors for animals testing seropositive and to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of livestock owners with regards to brucellosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Significantly, risk was high amongst youths ≤ 25 years, (OR 1.5-2.2), residents of District 4(OR 2.9), students (OR 1.4) and individuals living near to river banks (OR 2.5). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2003-2010, we compared adult women's likelihood for any- or high-risk (HR) type HPV infection by degrees of excessive adiposity and metabolic health status. (beds.ac.uk)
  • 11 Hospital overcrowding (high bed occupancy) contributes significantly to the rate of hospital-acquired infections, and hand-hygiene compliance falls as the indications for hand washing increase during periods of understaffing and high workload. (mja.com.au)
  • Viral hepatitis during pregnancy is associated with high risk of maternal complications and has become a leading cause of foetal death. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • Some patients were still not receiving the care they needed in a timely manner, and there was an ongoing high risk of this continuing. (wsws.org)
  • Previous studies conducted in the area among primary school children showed that there were high STH and Schistosoma mansoni infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The most common CVD risk factors were low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (43.8 %), hypercholesterolaemia (33.2 %) and a high Apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA ratio (45.4 %).Using the Framingham equation, 6.7 % of participants had a moderate to high 10-year CVD risk while the DAD risk equation showed that 31.1 % of participants had a moderate to high 5-year CVD risk. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The high proportion of participants with a moderate to high CVD risk, observed with the DAD risk equation, clearly represents a considerable health burden that can possibly be reduced by increasing educational programs on CVD prevention for people on ART. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The known risk factors explain less than 50% of the infected cases, limiting the prevention strategies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our findings regarding risk behaviors associated with HCV infection showed that there is still room for improving strategies for reducing transmission among drug users and nosocomial infection, as well as a need for specific prevention and control strategies targeting individuals living in poverty. (biomedcentral.com)
  • b) No HTLV incident donors recorded for the period - residual risk estimate derived from single model using first-time donor calculation and based on Blood Service data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2016. (transfusion.com.au)
  • Blood is another source of infection and blood donors should always be screened for both FeLV and FIV. (catchat.org)
  • The role of excessive adiposity or its metabolic consequences in persistent HPV infection among general adult women remains unknown. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The WHO further encouraged the scientific community to investigate the severity of this new pathogen and the associated risk factors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Australian Red Cross Blood Service publishes estimates of the residual risks of transfusion-transmissible infection as a guide for clinicians in transfusion decision-making and informed consent processes. (transfusion.com.au)
  • vCJD = variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (a) HIV, HCV and HBV WP risk estimates are based on Blood Service data from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2016. (transfusion.com.au)
  • Estimates of 5 and 10-year CVD risk were calculated using online tools. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Obesity or central obesity was not significantly associated with prevalent any-type or HR-type HPV infection among adult women in general. (beds.ac.uk)
  • ISIS had already pointed out at the time that research on hES cells was ethically unjustifiable, especially given that adult stem cells, easily obtainable from the patients themselves (see Box 1), appeared just as developmentally flexible as ES cells, and showed much greater promise in the clinic without either the ethical concerns or the risks of cancer from hES cells [2- (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The findings reveal that HIV/STI risk differs by the perpetrator of violence and is highest among FSWs experiencing violence in the workplace/community and at home. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Refinement of a viral transmission risk model for blood donations in seroconversion window phase screened by nucleic acid testing in different pool sizes and repeat test algorithms. (transfusion.com.au)
  • Population attributable risk was estimated for multiple factors using a case-control approach. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Future respiratory infection control should therefore be tailored to reach specific and vulnerable individuals such as students and those working in groups indoors. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Identifying risk factors for infection and disease in children is therefore important in understanding the broader epidemic. (springer.com)
  • Fortunately the guy is feeling OK and is probably a low infection risk , but he felt it necessary to become an intercontinental vector of disease because 'he was afraid that if he didn't get back to the U.S., he wouldn't get the treatment he needed to survive. (metafilter.com)
  • However, in certain subpopulations, excessive adiposity or its relevant metabolic dysfunction was negatively associated with HR-HPV infection. (beds.ac.uk)
  • FeLV is also found in tears, nasal secretions and urine from infected cats, but this is much less likely to be a source of infection to another cat than saliva. (catchat.org)
  • Most reports concerning inpatient cross-infection consider the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in hospitals, and this has been shown to correlate with bed-occupancy rates ( Box 1 ). (mja.com.au)
  • The Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between CVD risk equations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Female sex workers (FSWs) experience violence from a range of perpetrators, but little is known about how violence experience across multiple settings (workplace, community, domestic) impacts on HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • In medical settings, single-use needles and syringes effectively reduce the risk of cross-contamination. (wikipedia.org)
  • If 52 out of 53 patients with drug resistant TB die from the infection, is it better for public safety to start treatment in isolation from the time of diagnosis rather than let the patient wander around with the 'suggestion' that they not travel? (metafilter.com)
  • This paper examines whether HIV/STI risk differs by the perpetrator of violence. (lshtm.ac.uk)