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  • Patients
  • While a doctor is at risk of contracting blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis or HIV, a doctor with such infections may expose patients to a droplet of infected blood. (indiatimes.com)
  • The risks of serious infections among patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents were similar to the risks for patients given other types of biologics, a retrospective cohort study showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, little is known about the risk of infections in patients treated with biologics with mechanisms of action that don't involve TNF, which plays an important role in the immune response to infectious agents. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The reason for requiring patients to start treatment with a second TNF inhibitor was to avoid confounding, in that patients who fail the first time they are exposed to this type of treatment may have more severe disease and a greater risk of infection, the researchers explained. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The risk of hospitalized infection associated with biologic agents needs to be considered in conjunction with other infection-predisposing characteristics (e.g., glucocorticoid use and dose, and comorbidities) when communicating the safety profile of biologic agents in [RA] patients who have failed treatment with an anti-TNF agent and when selecting a new therapy," the researchers concluded. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The infection risk shows up early, soon after patients begin taking the drug," O'Shaughnessy said. (hon.ch)
  • For now, he said, "caution" should be used in prescribing corticosteroids for IgA nephropathy, and patients should be told of the risks so they can make an "informed choice. (hon.ch)
  • The trial was stopped when it became clear that patients on the drug had a five-times higher rate of adverse effects -- mainly infections. (hon.ch)
  • Bacterial infections such as E. coli and Klebsiella can strike 1 in 1,000 patients after a screening colonoscopy, nearly 2 in 1,000 after a non-screening colonoscopy, and more than 3 in 1,000 after an endoscopy, the study authors said. (upi.com)
  • In fact, nearly 45 in 1,000 patients hospitalized within 30 days before a screening colonoscopy went to the hospital within a month suffering from an infection. (upi.com)
  • If they don't know their patients are developing these serious infections, they're not motivated to improve their infection control," Hutfless said in a Hopkins news release. (upi.com)
  • Endoscopy and colonoscopy have revolutionized treatment and prevention of gastric diseases, but patients should be aware of the risk of infection associated with these procedures, the researchers concluded. (upi.com)
  • SPOKANE, Wash.--A Washington State University researcher has found that statin drugs can dramatically lower the risk of infections in stroke patients. (eurekalert.org)
  • Doug Weeks, an adjunct professor in the Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine and director of research at St. Luke's Rehabilitation Institute, analyzed the records of more than 1,600 hospitalized patients who suffered an ischemic stroke and found statins reduced the risk of infection by 58 percent. (eurekalert.org)
  • If patients had statins before there was evidence of an infection, there was a reduced risk that they would actually develop an infection," said Weeks. (eurekalert.org)
  • Weeks analyzed data of hospitalized stroke patients and saw that those on statins upon admission or early in their stay had significantly lower risk for developing infections than those put on statins later in their hospitalization or not at all. (eurekalert.org)
  • Estimates vary, but one-third to almost one-half of stroke patients develop infections, he said. (eurekalert.org)
  • Explain to interested patients that both staples and sutures are used in orthopedic surgery, but that the risk of wound infection appears lower with sutures, according to this meta-analysis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • An accompanying editorial concurred about the need for randomized studies, citing the fact that two of the studies included in the meta-analysis exclusively included patients with hip fracture who may be particularly vulnerable to infection. (medpagetoday.com)
  • But all too often, evidence-based practices for preventing infections aren't followed when care is provided at home, leaving patients vulnerable to serious and potentially fatal complications. (medindia.net)
  • A study by researchers at Columbia University School of Nursing, published in the American Journal of Infection Control , found that unsterile living conditions and untrained caregivers contribute to infections in home health settings, with patients at greater risk when they have tubes to provide nutrition or help with urination. (medindia.net)
  • The research team conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating infection prevalence and risk factors among adult patients who received home health care. (medindia.net)
  • The highest infection rates were among patients who received nutrients through an intravenous catheter, a process known as total parenteral nutrition, the review found. (medindia.net)
  • Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are also a recurring problem for many home health patients. (medindia.net)
  • These infections can develop when urinary catheters are left in for long periods of time, and repeated use of antibiotics to treat these infections can leave patients susceptible to antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. (medindia.net)
  • The infection risk for patients receiving care at home is high because they often aren't being looked after by individuals with the same infection control experience that would occur in a hospital setting," says Shang. (medindia.net)
  • Nurses who care for patients in their homes need to teach patients and their families how to prevent infections, and nurses need to make sure that they tailor this education to a level that's easy for people without formal medical training to understand. (medindia.net)
  • Explain to interested patients that a new study has found an increased risk of postoperative infection in patients undergoing bypass surgery who receive both aspirin and clopidogrel. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Note that additional studies will be needed to more fully define the risks and benefits of dual antiplatelet therapy in surgical patients. (medpagetoday.com)
  • RIDGEWOOD, N.J., April 27 -- Preoperative use of both aspirin and clopidogrel (Plavix) was associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), researchers found. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Among patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy, the cumulative incidence of infection at 30 days was 23%, compared with 16% among those receiving aspirin alone, for an unadjusted hazard ratio of 1.5 (95% CI, 1.09 to 2.08), Elena Blasco-Colmenares, M.D., Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins University and colleagues, reported in the April 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine . (medpagetoday.com)
  • The risks of combination antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing CABG have not been clearly defined, and bleeding complications are of particular concern because of the possibility of subsequent infection, the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Current guidelines recommend that clopidogrel be stopped at least five days before CABG surgery for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction, but studies have also shown an increased risk of MI and death if the drug is withdrawn in patients with acute coronary syndrome or who have undergone recent stent placement. (medpagetoday.com)
  • To assess the effects of dual antiplatelet therapy on the risk of infection in CABG patients, Dr. Blasco-Colmenares and colleagues performed a retrospective cohort study of adult patients who underwent the procedure at Johns Hopkins between January 2000 and June 2003. (medpagetoday.com)
  • A total of 278 patients developed a surgical-site infection or bacteremia during the month after surgery, for a 30-day cumulative incidence of 17%, the researchers reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Patients who developed infections were more likely to be older and female, to have a higher body-mass index, and to have a history of diabetes, congestive heart failure, or cerebrovascular disease. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Additional work will be needed to more fully elucidate the impact and clinical implications of antiplatelet therapy on host immunity in the clinical setting, and to clarify the risks and benefits in surgical patients as well as other patient groups at risk for infection, the investigators concluded. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In this interview, Laura Zitella will be discussing challenges and considerations for management and prevention of infection in the oncology setting-in both patients with solid tumors and those with hematologic malignancies. (mixcloud.com)
  • Previous studies have shown that when adolescents seek treatment for symptoms suggestive of an STI, they are not always tested, partly because health care professionals may not be aware of the risk of STIs in these patients. (redorbit.com)
  • Therefore, ED providers should be assessing STI risks in adolescents who come to the ED for care, as this may be the only point of contact of these patients and an opportunity to intervene," Dr. Goyal said. (redorbit.com)
  • Patients with end-stage renal disease who opt for peritoneal dialysis experience no greater risk of catheter infection than those who undergo hemodialysis, a retrospective study at UT Southwestern Medical Center has found. (medindia.net)
  • Sixty percent of the patients had no episode of peritoneal infection, 21 percent had a single episode and about 19 percent had multiple episodes. (medindia.net)
  • Hospitalized patients who had fewer blood transfusions had lower risks of infection, according to a large analysis. (nih.gov)
  • These infections can have devastating consequences - lengthening the time hospitalized and, in some patients, contributing to death. (nih.gov)
  • However, when patients receive blood from a donor, their immune system may react to substances found in the stored donor blood, placing them at greater risk of infection from other sources. (nih.gov)
  • The researchers calculated that for every 1,000 patients in which transfusion is under consideration, 26 could potentially be spared an infection if restrictive strategies were used. (nih.gov)
  • In patients who underwent hip or knee surgery, or who already had sepsis, a restrictive transfusion strategy reduced the risk of infection by 30% or more. (nih.gov)
  • The risk of infection, however, was similar for the 2 transfusion strategies in patients with cardiac diseases, who were critically ill, had acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, or for infants with low birth weight. (nih.gov)
  • Overall, the fewer the red blood cell transfusions, the less likely hospitalized patients were to develop infections," Rohde explains. (nih.gov)
  • however, for patients with higher red blood cell levels, the risks may outweigh the benefits. (nih.gov)
  • Patients with spinal injuries are at increased risk of surgical site infection due to increased numbers of comorbidities and prolonged surgical procedures. (nursingtimes.net)
  • These findings raise the possibility that doctors need to be more aggressive in protecting patients from infection following strokes or surgery on the left side of the brain. (epilepsy.org.uk)
  • Hospitalized patients who are colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are at high risk for infection after discharge. (nih.gov)
  • In our study, we found that use of gastric acid suppression medications are associated with a statistically significant increased risk of development of recurrent C-diff in patients with a prior episode of C. diff ," explained senior author Sahil Khanna, MBBS, a gastroenterologist at Mayo Clinic. (uspharmacist.com)
  • For the study, the researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 16 studies involving 7,703 patients with CDI, of whom 1,525 developed recurrent infections. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Study authors point out, however, that up to 50% of patients with CDI are using concomitant gastric acid suppressants, adding, "Patients with primary CDI infection are rarely re-evaluated after the CDI episode to assess the necessity of these and other medications. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Another recent study looking at a large population found that intestinal infections with C difficile and Campylobacter bacteria increased for patients using commonly prescribed acid-suppression medications. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The study found patients who were prescribed antibiotics for dental procedures tended to be older and more likely to receive clindamycin -- an antibiotic that is associated with C. diff infection. (prokerala.com)
  • No matter what material [the stud] is made of, it's going to hit the back of the front teeth," said Dr. Ruchi Nijjar Sahota, a dentist in Fremont, Calif. "Most of the patients I've seen have developed either a gum infection or had some sort of trauma to their teeth because of the tongue ring," said Sahota, who is also a consumer advisor for the American Dental Association. (drugs.com)
  • skip
  • Some doctors say you can continue taking your immunosuppressant as long as you don't have a fever or infection, while others want you to skip the meds entirely when you're sick. (healthcentral.com)
  • sexually transmitte
  • population), but the government has long been concerned with the control of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among female sex workers . (thebody.com)
  • All adolescent females who show up in the emergency department (ED) complaining primarily of lower abdominal pain and/or urinary or genital symptoms should be tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), according to the authors of a study to be presented Saturday, April 30, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Denver. (redorbit.com)
  • Adolescents represent a high-risk group for sexually transmitted infections, and many providers are unaware of this association and the consequences that potentially occur due to infection," said Dr. Goyal, instructor of pediatrics and attending physician in the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania. (redorbit.com)
  • found
  • They also found that bleach increases the risk of a child developing any infection by 18 percent.The results were calculated after adjusting for other environmental factors, such as household mold, passive smoking and bleach use within schools. (healthcentral.com)
  • Earlier studies have found different rates of serious infections between the anti-TNF agents , and also between the TNF inhibitors and the nonbiologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Hutfless' team also found that people who had been hospitalized before one of the procedures had even a greater risk of infection. (upi.com)
  • Closure of orthopedic surgery wounds with staples rather than sutures is associated with a significantly higher risk of superficial infection, a meta-analysis found. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Infection rates found in the analysis varied widely, ranging from about five percent to more than 80 percent. (medindia.net)
  • Twenty-six strains of bacteria were found on the thyroid collars, indicating a risk of cross-contamination and transmission of harmful bacteria. (alimed.com)
  • Peritoneal infections were not found to be significantly associated with PD catheter survival, most likely due to prompt treatment and care for infectious episodes. (medindia.net)
  • The research involving couples in Kenya, Uganda and Botswana found that giving daily AIDS drugs reduced infection rates by an average of at least 62 percent when compared with placebo. (health.am)
  • The second study, involving just over 1,200 sexually active men and women in Botswana, found those on daily Truvada reduced their risk of HIV infection by 62.6 percent. (health.am)
  • Consistent with the current American Heart Association guidelines, we found that children with lesions associated with cyanosis at birth and those who had undergone cardiac surgery in the previous six months were at significantly elevated risk of developing infective endocarditis. (webwire.com)
  • However, two patient groups children with endocardial cushion defects and those with left-sided lesions were also found to be at risk, said Ariane Marelli, M.D., M.P.H., study senior author and Professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal and director of the McGill Adult Unit for Congenital Heart Disease. (webwire.com)
  • A recent study of over 10,000 ASD cases found an association between first trimester viral infection in pregnant women and ASD in the offspring. (autismspeaks.org)
  • In an animal model of this risk factor, the research team found that the offspring of flu-infected pregnant mice display mouse versions of the core behavioral symptoms of autism. (autismspeaks.org)
  • Prior research in this laboratory has found that activation of the mother's immune system increases the level of a protein, termed IL-6, which is important for fighting infection. (autismspeaks.org)
  • Researchers at MU's School of Medicine and Sinclair School of Nursing found that a manufactured form of lactoferrin, a naturally occurring protein in breast milk, can help protect premature infants from a type of staph infection. (muhealth.org)
  • The researchers found that germs responsible for the colonization of staph infection were virtually eliminated in the newborns who received lactoferrin. (muhealth.org)
  • catheter
  • Infections can also be averted by keeping the catheter secure, keeping the urine bag lower than the bladder, emptying the urine bag into a clean container, and keeping the tube unobstructed. (medindia.net)
  • In addition, catheter-related blood stream infections (CLABSI) are common in home health. (medindia.net)
  • Other factors normally expected to affect the outcome of catheter survival, such as diabetic status, body mass index or previous abdominal surgeries or infections, did not affect the catheter survival rate. (medindia.net)
  • Bladder Injury or Infection - During the C-section, a woman is given a catheter, which is inserted into the bladder to remove urine. (berkowitzlawfirm.com)
  • The longer the catheter stays in place, the higher the risk for infection. (berkowitzlawfirm.com)
  • wound infection
  • After orthopedic procedures in general, the risk of superficial wound infection was more than three times higher with a staple closure (RR 3.83, 95% CI 1.38 to 10.68, P =0.01), according to Toby O. Smith, BSc, and colleagues from Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital in England. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In the studies that looked at outcomes after knee surgery, there was no difference in the incidence of wound infection. (medpagetoday.com)
  • pose
  • Does Pregnancy Pose an HIV Infection Risk for Men? (thebody.com)
  • She said people should be aware that clothes can look clean but still carry bacteria which can pose a health risk, especially to the elderly and young children who have weak immune systems. (lutontoday.co.uk)
  • intestinal
  • However, babies born prematurely lack protective intestinal bacteria and often are unable to be nursed, causing their infection-fighting capabilities to be underdeveloped. (muhealth.org)
  • meningitis
  • Contamination during milking or storage or milking from cows that may be diseased, exposes the consumer to severe and life-threatening illnesses such as miscarriage and still births in pregnant women, meningitis and blood infections in both young infants and pregnant women," Dr. Jatinder Bhatia told Reuters Health in an email. (reuters.com)
  • Clostridium
  • A report posted online by JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that use of the drugs-including proton pump inhibitors and histamine 2 blockers, both prescribed and OTC raise the risk of for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). (uspharmacist.com)
  • study
  • These exposures can result in risk of infection and can cause serious mental ill-health," said Dr P Praveen Kumar, a junior resident (general medicine) and author of the study. (indiatimes.com)
  • What was alarming was the magnitude of the risk," said Dr. Michelle O'Shaughnessy, who wrote an editorial published with the study. (hon.ch)
  • The difference between groups in the rates of postoperative infection occurred early and persisted throughout the 30-day study interval," the investigators said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This is the first study (to our knowledge) to demonstrate that preoperative use of dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is associated with an increased risk of infection after CAB[G] surgery," the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Limitations of the study included inability to assess the contribution of clopidogrel versus aspirin, inability to attribute the increased infection rate to the specific drug combination or intense platelet inhibition, and the possibility of unrecognized confounders. (medpagetoday.com)
  • A breakthrough study discovers how to reduce risk of HIV transmission by 95 percent. (medhelp.org)
  • However, PrEP took a knock earlier this year when another study failed to demonstrate a protective effect in high-risk women. (health.am)
  • Clinicians treating children with heart defects can help educate parents regarding infective endocarditis and its prevention, particularly in the highest risk groups identified in this study, said Dinela Rushani, co-author of the study from the Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health at McGill University. (webwire.com)
  • Our study shows that it can modify germs in the bowel of infants, and those germs can protect premature babies from staph infections. (muhealth.org)
  • Consumers should avoid stainless steel and titanium studs in favor of [plastic], not only because of bacteria and a potentially higher risk of local infection of the piercing channel, but also because of the risk of tooth chipping and gum recession," study author Dr. Ines Kapferer, of Innsbruck Medical University in Austria, said in a statement. (drugs.com)
  • The government body carried out a study involving sportsmen from a Midlands rugby club, looking at the effects of the PVL-MSSA infection, which had spread among players, causing painful and unsightly boils, abscesses and carbuncles. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • among
  • There is an urgent need for establishing a statewise surveillance system for monitoring of occupational exposure to achieve infection control among health care workers. (indiatimes.com)
  • Among the consequences of deep infections are the potential need for extensive debridement, revision surgery, and even amputation. (medpagetoday.com)
  • AliMed Thyroid Shields are specially designed to meet strict hygiene standards and reduce the risk of cross-contamination among staff. (alimed.com)
  • AIDS drugs designed to treat HIV can also be used to reduce dramatically the risk of infection among heterosexual couples, two studies conducted in Africa showed for the first time on Wednesday. (health.am)
  • The idea of such "pre-exposure prophylaxis", known as PrEP, has gained traction in the past year, following results of other research showing a fall in infection rates among gay men taking AIDS drugs. (health.am)
  • Decolonization to Reduce Postdischarge Infection Risk among MRSA Carriers. (nih.gov)
  • Communicable disease control consultant for Public Health England Dr Deepti Kumar commented: 'The investigation identified a number of high-risk practices among the players that increase their chances of getting an infection, such as sharing towels and razors and sharing ice baths with their fellow team members. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • consequences
  • This might prove to be false economy, however, as the consequences of a deep infection for the patient are substantial through the increased costs associated with medical care and admission to hospital," they wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • pregnant women
  • Previous studies have demonstrated that pregnant women are at greater risk of HIV infection . (thebody.com)
  • In addition to babies and pregnant women, raw milk poses a health risk for people with compromised immune systems and the elderly, he said. (reuters.com)
  • severe
  • Those on the drug had a lower risk of progressing to severe kidney disease or dying from the condition. (hon.ch)
  • rates
  • The results suggest that more conservative transfusion strategies could help reduce infection rates at health care facilities. (nih.gov)
  • However
  • However, they said, laboratory studies have demonstrated that platelets directly influence both innate and adaptive immunity, and the risk of infection also may be associated with interference with certain effects of platelet activation such the expression of P-selectin, which recruits leukocytes to sites of tissue injury and inflammation. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, Plibersek said that she hoped the convenience of the new test developed by Alere would encourage those at risk for HIV infection to be tested more regularly. (thebody.com)
  • higher
  • Carry a few with you for situations where the risk of contagion is higher than normal, such as a doctor's office, hospital, on an airplane, or during flu season. (healthcentral.com)
  • The results, published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine , showed that for homes cleaned with bleach, children had a 35 percent higher risk of developing tonsillitis, and a 20 percent higher risk of developing the flu. (healthcentral.com)
  • The risk also was higher for those in the highest quartile of CRP (above 1.8 mg/dL), with an HR of 2.3 (95% CI 1.4-3.8). (medpagetoday.com)
  • Rugby players may be at a higher risk of contracting potentially life-threatening infections than others, according to an investigation conducted by Public Health England. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • greater
  • Elevated markers of inflammation also were associated with greater risk. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Some surgeons favor staples, considering them to be easier and quicker to use, but others say they're more expensive and carry a greater risk of infection. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Although the risk of superficial infection was greater with staples, there were no differences between the two methods in the incidence of wound discharge, dehiscence, inflammation, necrosis, or allergic reactions. (medpagetoday.com)
  • diseases
  • Because of infection risks, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Committee on Infectious Diseases and Committee on Nutrition also said sales of unpasteurized milk, cheese and related products should be banned in the U.S. (reuters.com)
  • biologics
  • The few reports available have suggested that abatacept might be associated with a lower risk than infliximab and a similar risk to adalimumab , and that non-TNF biologics in general might be safer than the TNF blockers. (medpagetoday.com)
  • lower risk
  • Still, some groups promote raw milk based on studies suggesting it is tied to a lower risk of allergies and asthma. (reuters.com)
  • This would ensure that those newly infected would have quick access to treatment and therefore have a lower risk of passing on the virus. (thebody.com)
  • Postdischarge MRSA decolonization with chlorhexidine and mupirocin led to a 30% lower risk of MRSA infection than education alone. (nih.gov)
  • Commonly
  • Commonly accepted risk factors for recurrent CDI include older age, concomitant antibiotic use, and comorbid conditions. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Moreover
  • Moreover, the association between clopidogrel use and infection persisted after adjustment for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, as well as for preoperative and operative risk factors. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Therefore
  • Therefore, medical professionals believe that improvements in hygiene standards could help to prevent the spread of infections such as PVL-MSSA. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • exposure
  • Exposure to bleach, a common antibacterial ingredient in many cleaning products, may increase a child's risk of developing respiratory illnesses, such as tonsillitis or the flu, according to a European research team. (healthcentral.com)
  • Relative contributions of four exposure pathways to influenza infection risk. (cdc.gov)