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  • causal
  • Risk factors or determinants are correlational and not necessarily causal, because correlation does not prove causation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical analysis along with the biological sciences can establish that risk factors are causal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some prefer the term risk factor to mean causal determinants of increased rates of disease, and for unproven links to be called possible risks, associations, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a causal link is not proved by this data, this increased risk could be caused by micronutrient deficiencies: possibly iron, vitamin B12 or vitamin D. Further studies have provided more evidence of a link between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of contracting tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors can also be interpreted as causal factors of the scenario that is materialising, or as vulnerabilities or weaknesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imputation - e.g. assuming that risk factors and definitions of offending are homogenous across countries and cultures, assuming that statistical correlations between risk factors and offending actually represent causal relationships, assuming that risk factors apply to individuals on the basis of aggregated data. (wikipedia.org)
  • 27001
  • Computer security portal Information security management ISACA ISO/IEC 27001 Risk management Vulnerability (computing) Technical Standard Risk Taxonomy ISBN 1-931624-77-1 Document Number: C081 Published by The Open Group, January 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tobacco
  • Using other types of tobacco including cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff or chewing tobacco also poses increased risks of developing lung cancer, mouth cancer and oesophageal cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • Along with well-established risk factors (such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), malnutrition, and young age), emerging variables such as diabetes, indoor air pollution, alcohol, use of immunosuppressive drugs, and tobacco smoke play a significant role at both the individual and population level. (hindawi.com)
  • Diabetes, alcohol, malnutrition, tobacco smoke, and indoor air pollution are factors which impact a larger section of the population and accelerate progression to TB disease. (hindawi.com)
  • tumor
  • Overweight, obesity and height as risk factors for meningioma, glioma, pituitary adenoma and nerve sheath tumor: a large population-based prospective cohort study. (cancer.org)
  • Some studies have suggested that certain drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), such as methotrexate and the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, might increase the risk of NHL. (cancer.org)
  • Some drugs, including rheumatoid arthritis drugs that work by blocking tumor necrosis factor-alpha (an inflammation-causingcytokine), raise the risk of activating a latent infection due to the importance of this cytokine in the immune defense against TB. (wikipedia.org)
  • globally
  • This latest study, which is being presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference in London, combined the work of 29 globally renowned experts to identify the nine modifiable lifestyle factors that contribute to increased dementia risk - all of which add up to 35% of overall impact. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Geographically there is a lot of variation in lung cancer risk, both globally and within nations. (news-medical.net)
  • increase the risk
  • ETS, otherwise known as passive smoking or second-hand smoking, where smoke is inhaled from someone else's cigarette, pipe, or cigar, can increase the risk of developing lung cancer even though you are not smoking yourself. (news-medical.net)
  • This might increase the risk of them developing into lymphoma cells. (cancer.org)
  • This can increase the risk of MCC. (cancer.org)
  • Family history and ancestry are factors that increase the risk of beta thalassemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • intrinsic
  • Certain cells in the stomach lining normally make a substance called intrinsic factor (IF) that we need to absorb vitamin B12 from foods. (cancer.org)
  • The risk of infection following TB exposure is primarily governed by exogenous factors and is determined by an intrinsic combination of the infectiousness of the source case, proximity to contact and social and behavioural risk factors including smoking, alcohol, and indoor air pollution. (hindawi.com)
  • health
  • Limiting alcohol use to no more than 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women could have many health benefits, including a lower risk of many kinds of cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Underlying mental health issues can increase your risk of addiction. (healthline.com)
  • Retrieved on May 21, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Anal-Cancer-Risk-Factors.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • A handful of states have enacted rating reforms for the individual health insurance market, prohibiting or restricting insurers from charging higher premiums based on health status or the risk of having future medical claims. (hhs.gov)
  • Specific groups such as health care workers and indigenous population are also at an increased risk of TB infection and disease. (hindawi.com)
  • This paper summarizes these factors along with health system issues such as the effects of delay in diagnosis of TB in the transmission of the bacilli. (hindawi.com)
  • Similarly, conditions which prolong the length of exposure to an infectious patient include health system-related factor such as delay in diagnosis. (hindawi.com)
  • NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health services, health insurance coverage, immunizations, risk factors, and health-related behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • They conduct the National Survey of Family Growth, that obtains information on factors affecting birth and pregnancy rates, adoptions, and maternal and infant health, and supplements the information obtained on birth certificates collected through the National Vital Statistics System. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prenatal
  • NCHS works in partnership with the vital registration systems in each jurisdiction to produce critical information on such topics as teenage births and birth rates, prenatal care and birth weight, risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, infant mortality rates, leading causes of death, and life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • attributable
  • Regional estimates of mortality and burden of disease and injury attributable to these 24 global risk factors are available for download. (who.int)
  • include
  • There was not enough data available to include dietary factors or alcohol consumption in the findings, but experts believe both could be similarly influential. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These risk factors include, but are not limited to, economic conditions in the United States and other major world economies, current fluctuations, political instability, changes in laws and regulations, and changes in product demand. (graco.com)
  • The nation also has a higher risk if there is state legitimacy deficit, which would include high corruption, disregard for constitutional norms, or mass protests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include a weak immune system, atopic dermatitis, and crowded living conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some highly emetogenic agents and chemotherapy regimens include: Cisplatin Dacarbazine Cyclophosphamide (>1500 mg/m2) Carmustine (>250 mg/m2) Mechlorethamine Streptozocin ABVD MOPP/COPP/BEACOPP CBV VIP BEP AC Some moderately emetogenic agents and regimens include: Carboplatin Methotrexate Doxorubicin/Adriamycin Docetaxel Paclitaxel Etoposide Ifosfamide Cyclophosphamide (≤1500 mg/m2) CHOP/CHOP-R Besides the type of treatment, personal factors may put a patient at greater risk for CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other risk factors include: Female sex Patient age (under 55 years old) History of light alcohol use History of previous CINV History of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy History of motion sickness Anxiety or depression Anticipation of CINV Several treatment methods are available to help prevent CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diet
  • In fact, the links between diet, weight, and exercise and colorectal cancer risk are some of the strongest for any type of cancer. (cancer.org)
  • A diet that's high in red meats (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and processed meats (like hot dogs and some luncheon meats) raises your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Diet may also modulate risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Regardless of your upbringing or moral code, many factors can raise your risk of becoming addicted to alcohol and other drugs. (healthline.com)
  • According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse , up to half of your risk of addiction to alcohol, nicotine, or other drugs is based on genetics. (healthline.com)
  • For children and teens, lack of parental involvement can lead to greater risk-taking or experimentation with alcohol and other drugs. (healthline.com)
  • Alcohol consumption has also been linked to increased lung cancer risk. (news-medical.net)
  • Hodgkin
  • For example, patients who have been treated for Hodgkin lymphoma have an increased risk of later developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • example
  • Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Risk Factors in minutes with SmartDraw. (smartdraw.com)
  • It's not clear if other dietary components (for example, certain types of fats) affect colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • For example, if you take prescription pain pills after a surgery, you may be at risk of addiction. (healthline.com)
  • Mainly taken from risk factors for breast cancer, risk factors can be described in terms of, for example: Relative risk, such as "A woman is more than 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer in her 60s than in her 20s. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) history is a risk marker for pilots as epidemiologic studies indicate that pilots with a DWI history are significantly more likely than their counterparts without a DWI history to be involved in aviation crashes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In practice, a linear combination of observed factors included in a linear asset pricing model (for example, the Fama-French three-factor model) proxy for a linear combination of unobserved risk factors if financial market efficiency is assumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • exposure
  • People who get a lot of sun exposure are at greater risk for MCC. (cancer.org)
  • The increased risk may be related to skin damage caused by sun exposure over time and the fact that people's immune systems tend to become weaker as they get older. (cancer.org)
  • genes
  • Sequence variants of these genes that are relatively common in the population may be associated with a small to moderate increased relative risk for breast cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • They also have a high risk of a number of different types of tumors, including pituitary tumors. (cancer.org)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is different from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which does not increase your risk for colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Some types of infections may raise the risk of NHL in different ways. (cancer.org)
  • Many different scholars, and international groups, have come up with different factors that they think should be considered while examining whether a nation is at risk or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR) is devoted to the analysis of different factors influencing the IT risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher risk
  • An infant who has seizures faces a higher risk of being diagnosed later in childhood with cerebral palsy. (smartdraw.com)
  • For unknown reasons, people with type A blood have a higher risk of getting stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Having family members who have had adenomatous polyps is also linked to a higher risk of colon cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Determining if these drugs increase risk is complicated by the fact that people with RA, which is an autoimmune disease, already have a higher risk of NHL (see below). (cancer.org)
  • These people have a higher risk of developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • Along with an increased risk of serious infections, these children also have a higher risk of developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • If signs are presented the international community takes notes of them and watches over the countries that have a higher risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a state structure is weak and provides poor basic services for the citizens, restricted the rule of law, or has a lack of civilian protection, it also creates a higher risk and could become unstable. (wikipedia.org)
  • lung cancer
  • Smoking remains the biggest risk to developing lung cancer, and is responsible for more than 85% of cases. (news-medical.net)
  • However, there are many other risk factors associated with increased lung cancer incidence. (news-medical.net)
  • Studies have shown that the risk of lung cancer is increased by approximately 50% in those with a family history of lung cancer in first-degree relatives, when compared with those without a family history. (news-medical.net)
  • Smokers have been advised not to take beta-carotene supplements as studies have shown an increased risk of lung cancer associated with this dietary supplement. (news-medical.net)
  • People exposed to ETS who have never smoked before are believed to have a lung cancer risk 31% higher than those who have never smoked and were not exposed to ETS. (news-medical.net)
  • There are a number of materials people will regularly come into contact with through their work that may increase lung cancer risk. (news-medical.net)
  • known
  • And many people who get the disease may have few or no known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • Pituitary tumors have very few known risk factors, and these are related to genetics. (cancer.org)
  • There are no known environmental or lifestyle-related risk factors for pituitary tumors. (cancer.org)
  • People who have had a certain type of lymphoma of the stomach known as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma have an increased risk of getting adenocarcinoma of the stomach. (cancer.org)
  • And some people who get the disease may not have any known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • The search strategy for this paper included searching PubMed, Medline, and EMBASE databases for known risk factors. (hindawi.com)
  • Most people with risk factors never get MCC, while others with this disease may have few or no known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • Other conflict histories that put a state at risk are past cultural traumas that have hurt the core social identity of the state, or if the people have been known to have legacy of group grievances or vengeance. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • An increased risk of stomach cancer is seen in people with diets that have large amounts of smoked foods, salted fish and meat, and pickled vegetables. (cancer.org)
  • Along with anemia (too few red blood cells), people with this disease have an increased risk of stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • People with a history of colorectal cancer in a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) are at increased risk. (cancer.org)
  • Peer pressure is another risk factor for addiction, especially among young people. (healthline.com)
  • People with weakened immune systems have an increased risk for NHL. (cancer.org)
  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can weaken the immune system, and people infected with HIV are at increased risk of NHL. (cancer.org)
  • The risk of MCC goes up as people get older. (cancer.org)
  • People with autoimmune diseases (like lupus) sometimes take medicines that suppress the immune system, which might increase their risk for other diseases. (cancer.org)
  • People with HIV , the virus that causes AIDS, often have weakened immune systems and are also at increased risk for MCC. (cancer.org)
  • People with silicosis have an approximately 30-fold greater risk for developing TB. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of developing TB is estimated to be between 20-37 times greater in people living with HIV than among those without HIV infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The identification of risk factors that are allegedly predictive of offending and reoffending (especially by young people) has heavily influenced the criminal justice policies and practices of a number of first world countries, notably the UK, the USA and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • Due to this factor, the patient may require blood transfusions to make up for the blockage in the beta-chains. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Scientists have found several risk factors that make a person more likely to get stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • On the other hand, eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables appears to lower the risk of stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Many lifestyle-related factors have been linked to colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • It's not clear how much this might increase your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Your risk of colorectal cancer goes up as you age. (cancer.org)
  • If you have a history of adenomatous polyps (adenomas), you are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • If you have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, your risk of colorectal cancer is increased. (cancer.org)
  • The risk is even higher if that relative was diagnosed with cancer when they were younger than 45, or if more than one first-degree relative is affected. (cancer.org)
  • It is seen that women with a history of cervical cancer have an increased risk of anal cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • They are called low-risk types of HPV because they tend to cause warts but not cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • You have shared a very informative article about anal cancer risk factors. (news-medical.net)
  • Studies of survivors of atomic bombs and nuclear reactor accidents have shown they have an increased risk of developing several types of cancer, including NHL, leukemia ,and thyroid cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Risk factors for breast cancer may be divided into preventable and non-preventable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many epidemiological risk factors have been identified, the cause of any individual breast cancer is most often unknowable. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the actual lifetime risk is lower than that, because 90% of women die before age 95, most commonly from heart attacks, strokes, or other forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Male individuals have a much lower risk of developing breast cancer than females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women who carry a harmful BRCA mutation have a 60% to 80% risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the suspected impact of most of these variants on breast cancer risk should, in most cases, be confirmed in large populations studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • This paper aims to summarize the risk factors which contribute to TB infection and disease at both individual and population level. (hindawi.com)
  • Only English language papers were included in the search, and the searches were limited to studies of risk factors influencing TB infection and disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Some autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus), Sjogren (Sjögren) disease, celiac disease (gluten-sensitive enteropathy), and others have been linked with an increased risk of NHL. (cancer.org)
  • several
  • The risk of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting varies based on the type of treatment received, as well as several outside factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • The availability of a substance in your social group can also affect your risk of becoming addicted. (healthline.com)
  • types
  • Pituitary tumors can be a part of a syndrome that includes an increased risk of other types of tumors. (cancer.org)
  • Overall, the risk of NHL is higher in men than in women , but there are certain types of NHL that are more common in women. (cancer.org)