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  • assess
  • Results of studies investigating microbiological exposures are also limited given that many have not adequately addressed potential confounders or did not assess the vaccination status of participants (hepatitis A). However, it is clear that sewage workers are occasionally exposed to significant levels of hazardous substances. (lww.com)
  • In order to assess the risks associated with pesticides on human health, the EPA analyzed individual pesticide active ingredients as well as the common toxic effect that groups of pesticides have, called the cumulative risk assessment. (wikipedia.org)
  • From this comparison, one can begin to assess the risk of adverse effects from a chemical or contaminant due to dietary exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to assess dietary exposure, it is necessary to understand the dietary consumption of the population being assessed. (wikipedia.org)
  • EFSA also funded Creme Global to develop a model and databases of European food consumption on which statistical models can be run to assess intake and exposure on a pan-European basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ramboll Environ's work frequently involves addressing interrelated scientific, business and policy issues to help clients assess and mitigate potential risks, to ensure regulatory compliance or to achieve sustainable performance targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • The firm provides assistance so that industrial facilities are regulatory compliant, manage potential liabilities, and can assess environmental, health, and safety risks when making an acquisition. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxicology
  • NASA Johnson Space Center in cooperation with the Committee on Toxicology of the National Research Council (NRCCOT) has developed a science-based approach, taking into consideration space flight induced factors, to derive Spacecraft Water Exposure Guidelines (SWEG) for 1, 10, 100, 1000 days of consumption. (sae.org)
  • Aggregate
  • Just as the Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) framework has emerged as a means of providing insight into mechanism-based toxicity, the exposure science community has seen the recent introduction of the Aggregate Exposure Pathway (AEP) framework. (epa.gov)
  • data are collected
  • This paper will discuss the ongoing process of setting SWEGs, how candidate chemicals were chosen for risk assessment, and how various toxicological data are collected and interpreted. (sae.org)
  • As more data are collected within the AEP framework, users will benefit from better-organized and integrated exposure information regardless of the use for those data. (epa.gov)
  • worker
  • Each employer is also responsible for preserving, maintaining, and providing workers with access to worker exposure and medical records in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.1020 . (osha.gov)
  • Although all the listed operations occurred regularly during this period, debris reduction, recycling, and disposal were the most prominent tasks and, therefore, were the activities where OSHA most frequently evaluated worker exposures. (osha.gov)
  • adequately
  • As part of this effort, employers should evaluate each task and operation, identify the hazards associated with it, and establish the exposure controls necessary to adequately protect workers. (osha.gov)
  • regulatory
  • EPA Home Environmental Economics Environmental Economics Reports Regulatory Economic Analyses - by Title 2-Phenylphenol and Salts-Conventional Uses: Revised Occupational and Residential Exposure and Risk Assessment for the Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Document. (epa.gov)
  • Potential modelling and risk assessment applications include ecological impacts of current and legacy mining and oil sands developments, the operational and regulatory management of contaminated water resources, the prediction of future impacts of anthropogenic influences and environmental change on aquatic ecosystems, and exposure mapping of contaminated sites. (cgu-ugc.ca)
  • The firm offers various environmental, health and safety, sustainability and health sciences services, including air quality and climate change management, regulatory compliance assistance, due diligence, remedial design and engineering, ecology and sediment management, and risk and exposure assessment and management. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ramboll Environ provides assistance in assessing and mitigating potential environmental risks so that companies can operate more efficiently, address legal and regulatory challenges and reduce or eliminate future liabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • adverse
  • With a few exceptions, the epidemiological studies that have examined the effect of chemical exposure in sewer workers have generally found equivocal evidence of adverse health effects. (lww.com)
  • Over time, risk assessment has shifted from establishing relationships between exposure to a single chemical and a resulting adverse health outcome, to evaluating multiple chemicals and disease outcomes simultaneously. (epa.gov)
  • According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency there is currently no reliable information on adverse health effects of chronic exposure to malathion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines the margin of exposure as "the ratio of the no-observed adverse-effect-level to the estimated exposure dose. (wikipedia.org)
  • ecological effects
  • This document presents the findings of EPA's survey and provisional assessment of studies relevant to assessing the health and ecological effects of O 3 that were published too recently to be included in the 2006 Air Quality Criteria Document for Ozone and Related Photochemical Oxidants. (epa.gov)
  • The EPA has conducted a provisional assessment of studies investigating the health and ecological effects of O 3 published in recent years that were not included in the O 3 AQCD. (epa.gov)
  • Health
  • Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) has conducted an analytical survey of dioxins in a range of food sampled in Australia with the purpose of assessing the level of risk to human health associated with the dietary exposure of the Australian population to dioxins. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • The overall conclusion of this report is that, on the basis of the available data, taking into account all the inherent uncertainties and limitations, the public health and safety risk for all Australians from exposure to dioxins from foods is very low. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • Guidance on assessing risk following rabies exposure, post-exposure treatment, and public health management of a suspected rabies case in the UK. (www.gov.uk)
  • The above activities collected considerable information for use in the health risk assessments. (lww.com)
  • For sub-chronic or sub-clinical health effects measured as continuous variables, the benchmark dose method can be applied, but poses issues in defining impairment and in specifying acceptable levels of excess risk. (cdc.gov)
  • PM2.5 pollution has become of increasing public concern because of its relative importance and sensitivity to population health risks. (mdpi.com)
  • As a result, there is an increasing need to better understand the complex mechanisms that influence risk of chemical and non-chemical stressors, beginning at their source and ending at a biological endpoint relevant to human or ecosystem health risk assessment. (epa.gov)
  • This will enable development of new institutional capability for ecological and human health risk assessment modelling. (cgu-ugc.ca)
  • Since TBBPA is chemically bound to the resin of the printed circuit board, it is less easily released than the loosely applied mixtures in foams such that an EU risk assessment concluded in 2005 that TBBPA poses no risk to human health in that application. (wikipedia.org)
  • intake
  • For all age groups as well as for the lifetime exposure, the mean and 95th percentile monthly dietary exposures were below the Australian tolerable monthly intake for dioxins of 70 pg TEQ/kg body weight (bw)/month. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • chemical substances
  • A study was commissioned following concerns expressed by sewage workers from a major sewage utility over exposure to chemical substances through their daily work. (lww.com)
  • He was also a member of two temporary Commissions on environmental policies appointed by the Swedish Government, expert advisor to a 1999-2000 Swedish government committee the kemikaliekommitt√©n, and a member of the board of the MISTRA project New Strategy for the risk management of chemical substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • It is common to produce multivariate models of relative risk, which is the ratio of risk for a person with certain risk factors to the "reference" risk-level for all other people of the same age and race. (cancer.gov)
  • Sample results that were obtained over a period of less than 8 hours are extrapolated to provide an 8-hour time-weighted average (TWA) by assuming that the same level of exposure continued for the full 8-hour shift. (osha.gov)
  • Of course, it is also possible to identify too many risks, i.e., risks at too low a level or that are too detailed to be managed effectively. (oreilly.com)
  • A subcohort of 116 subjects in the 4-COT cohort, engaged in the synthesis of 4-COT at the old production plant with presumably higher level of exposure to this monocyclic arylamine, was separated from the Frankfurt cohort of 335 men, for further research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The component allowed citizens to contribute ground-level risk information through the use of OpenStreetMap. (wikipedia.org)
  • Food supply surveys do not take into account food waste or processing but they do allow for assessments at the international level using comparable data. (wikipedia.org)
  • continually
  • Toy safety standards are continually updated and modified as the understanding of risks increases and new products are developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • In the provisional assessment, EPA examined recent studies in light of the literature evaluated in the O 3 AQCD. (epa.gov)
  • The intent of this assessment was to determine if recent studies materially change the conclusions of the O 3 AQCD. (epa.gov)
  • DCEG investigators have developed cutting-edge tools and techniques to evaluate the reliability and validity of exposure measurements used in cohort and case-control studies of occupational, lifestyle, and environmental exposures. (cancer.gov)
  • Some studies, however, discovered that the consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners has led to weight gain because people over-ingest calories, thus increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since 1990, research interest has shifted from documenting incidents and quantifying chemical exposure to studies aimed at linking laboratory, mesocosm and field experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • These studies indicate that though most Agent Orange studies have had myopic analyses of American veterans, Vietnamese citizens have had far greater exposure to breadth and scope of the target. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2001). Meta-studies have affirmed the dioxin pathway of genetic inheritance, e.g. a statistically significant correlation between paternal exposure to Agent Orange and spina bifida over three case-control studies from 1966 to 2008 (Ngo et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • The main exception to this finding was in relation to inhalational exposure to sulphides. (lww.com)
  • crucial
  • Evaluating exposure-response relationships is a crucial component in determining cancer causation. (cancer.gov)
  • Accurate predictions of PM2.5 pollution and population exposure risks are crucial to developing effective air pollution control strategies. (mdpi.com)
  • results
  • Results are reported for PCDD/F and PCB concentrations and used, with dietary information from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey, in the determination of the dietary exposure. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • The results also provide information on lifetime exposure (2 years and above). (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • These results indicate unacceptable risks at the current OSHA PEL for manganese (5.0mg/m(3), 15min) and likely at the Cal OSHA PEL as well. (cdc.gov)
  • Both assessments were based on the results of the subcohort incidence study. (wikipedia.org)
  • indeed, a mild amount of worrying have positive effects, if it prompts people to take precautions (e.g., fastening their seat belt or buying insurance) or avoid risky behaviors (e.g., angering dangerous animals, or binge drinking), but with excessive worrisome people they overestimate future dangers in their assessments and in its extremities tend to magnify the situation as a dead end which results stress. (wikipedia.org)