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  • fatty acid syn
  • In M. tuberculosis, the beta-ketoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase III enzyme is designated mtFabH and is a crucial link between the fatty acid synthase-I and fatty acid synthase-II pathways producing mycolic acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • have devised a procedure to reconstitute E.Coli Fatty Acid Synthase using purified protein components ( including FabD) and reported a detailed kinetic analysis of this in-vitro reconstituted system. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathway
  • The reaction sequence is carried out by a series of individual soluble proteins that are each encoded by a discrete gene, and the pathway intermediates are shuttled between the enzymes. (wikipedia.org)
  • reaction
  • On the other hand, each enzymatic activity (Condensation reaction, Reduction Reaction, Dehydration reaction) is found as a discrete protein in type II systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Free energy could equally well be stored in an isomerization 'reaction' $A \rightleftharpoons A'$, in which the species populations were maintained away from equilibrium. (physicallensonthecell.org)
  • systems
  • The cell stores free energy using out-of-equilibrium chemically reacting systems involving molecules known as 'activated carriers,' as well as non-equilibrium concentration differences - gradients - across membranes . (physicallensonthecell.org)
  • source
  • Currently, BRENDA contains manually annotated data from over 140,000 different scientific articles, each enzyme entry is clearly linked to at least one literature reference, to its source organism, and, where available, to the protein sequence of the enzyme. (wikivisually.com)
  • In order for carriers like ATP to be a stable source of free energy, they must stay 'activated' when not being used for cellular purposes. (physicallensonthecell.org)
  • membranes
  • The cell stores free energy using out-of-equilibrium chemically reacting systems involving molecules known as 'activated carriers,' as well as non-equilibrium concentration differences - gradients - across membranes . (physicallensonthecell.org)
  • Prenylation is a common type of covalent post-translational modification at C-terminal CaaX motifs that allows proteins to localize to membranes or bind to one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • The attachment of a hydrophobic aliphatic chain as those present in farnesyl or geranylgeranyl groups allows small G-proteins to tether from membranes and carry out effector functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • cofactor
  • These helices and strands form an intertwined accessory clamp structure that wraps around the sides of the TIM barrel and extends up toward the Ado ligand of the Cbl cofactor, which is the beta subunit providing most of the interactions observed between the protein and the Ado ligand of the Cbl, suggesting that its role is mainly in stabilizing AdoCbl in the precatalytic resting state. (wikipedia.org)
  • and 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) is an essential cofactor as a hydrogen carrier. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecules
  • Activated carriers are molecules that can be split (C $\rightarrow$ A + B) to release free energy but only if there is an excess of C relative to its equilibrium concnetration . (physicallensonthecell.org)
  • AMP is a building block for important energy carriers such as ATP, NAD+ and FAD, and signaling molecules such as cAMP. (wikipedia.org)
  • Noncovalent bonding is critical in maintaining the 3D structure of large molecules, such as proteins and is involved in many biological processes in which large molecules bind specifically but transiently to one another. (wikipedia.org)