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  • nucleolus
  • In the study, the researchers focused on the early phases of the process that takes place inside the nucleolus, a structure inside the cell's nucleus where ribosomal RNA precursors are made. (rockefeller.edu)
  • cytoplasmic
  • While Euglenophyceae have nuclear and extra-nuclear genomes in the form of mitochondrial, chloroplast and cytoplasmic plasmid-like molecules, no nucleomorph structure has been identified. (frontiersin.org)
  • In Euglena gracilis, in addition to the nuclear and organellar genomes, there are circular, plasmid-like DNA molecules coding for cytoplasmic ribosomal RNA. (frontiersin.org)
  • genetic
  • Re: How is DNA better suited than RNA to carry genetic info? (madsci.org)
  • To whom it may concern, The question was, how is DNA better suited than RNA to carry genetic information. (madsci.org)
  • In fact, it is possible that early life used RNA as its genetic material and also used folded RNAs as chemical tools to survive. (theconversation.com)
  • post-transcriptional
  • Kinetoplastids have a unique organization of kinetoplast-mitochondrial DNA and a highly unusual process of post-transcriptional RNA processing, termed RNA editing. (ucr.edu)
  • The RiboMinus™ RNA molecules are part of the transcriptome and are important in protein coding, signaling, structural support of subcellular elements, and transcriptional/post transcriptional regulation. (thermofisher.com)
  • codon
  • Our crystal structures display a significant local distortion of 16S ribosomal RNA induced by streptomycin, including the crucial bases A1492 and A1493 that participate directly in codon recognition. (rcsb.org)
  • ribose
  • The only chemical difference between RNA and DNA is the presence of 2'OH on the ribose of RNA. (madsci.org)
  • In addition to deoxyribose and ribose, the five-carbon sugars found in DNA and RNA today, a variety of other five-carbon sugars, four-carbon, six-carbon, and seven-carbon sugars would have been produced. (icr.org)
  • bacteria
  • The type found in Heliobacterium chlorum closely matches the ribosomal RNA found in some older bacteria that do not respond to light, yet the RNA are strikingly different from that residing in other more common light-sensitive bacteria. (nsf.gov)
  • bacteria 16S and 23S) from 10 μg total RNA enabling the analysis of the whole transcriptome without any interference from rRNA that account for ~90-95% RNA species in total RNA. (thermofisher.com)
  • complexes
  • Here we use X-ray crystallography to define the impact of streptomycin on the decoding site of the Thermus thermophilus 30S ribosomal subunit in complexes with cognate or near-cognate anticodon stem-loop analogues and messenger RNA. (rcsb.org)
  • carbon dioxide
  • Cellular respiration is the process of oxidizing food molecules, like glucose, to carbon dioxide and water. (biology-pages.info)
  • Each of the 3 carbon atoms present in the pyruvate that entered the mitochondrion leaves as a molecule of carbon dioxide ( CO 2 ). (biology-pages.info)
  • The deadly destructive ultraviolet light from the sun would pour down on the surface of the earth unimpeded, destroying those organic molecules required for life, reducing them to simple gases, such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and water. (icr.org)
  • Both cycles involve a multistep series of chemical reactions that convert inorganic compounds in this case, carbon dioxide into organic carbon molecules. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Structure
  • The structure of the ribosomal common core is highly conserved in all living species, while the outer regions of the ribosome are variable. (pnas.org)
  • This image shows a three-dimensional distribution of nucleobases obtained from the crystal structure of a ribosomal RNA molecule. (innovations-report.com)
  • In practice, having to compare different possible predictions of RNA structure, the scoring function provides a measure of the accuracy of each prediction. (innovations-report.com)
  • This has pronounced effects on the structure and stability of RNA as compared to DNA. (madsci.org)
  • In general, the 2'-OH is involved in hydrogen-bonding interactions with water, in duplex RNA regions, so this does not directly impact the structure or distribution of structures on its own. (madsci.org)
  • In short, the presence or absence of the 2'-OH in RNA and DNA has immediate though indirect effects on the structure of nucleic acids. (madsci.org)
  • This ribosomal RNA is further processed to create a structure call the ribosome. (rareshare.org)
  • Within a given polymer molecule, the monomers are usually identical or similar in structure. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Thus the molecules of a polymer can have various topologies (shapes), such as linear (unbranched), branched, network (cross-linked 3-dimensional structure), comb, or star. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Structure of ribosomal RNA. (springer.com)
  • Secondary structure model for 23S ribosomal RNA. (springer.com)
  • Chemical probes for higher-order structure in RNA. (springer.com)
  • Speaking of the origin of a hypothetical self-replicating molecule and its structure, Pross has recently admitted that 'The simple answer is we do not know, and we may never know. (icr.org)
  • The purification method is not dependent on the polyadenylation status or presence of a 5′-cap structure on the RNA. (thermofisher.com)
  • This structure is of the 5S rRNA from the Escherichia coli 50S ribosomal subunit and is based on a cryo-electron microscopic reconstruction . (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • A polymer (from the Greek words polys, meaning "many," and meros, meaning "parts" ) is a chemical compound consisting of large molecules , each of which is a long chain made up of small structural units that are linked together by covalent chemical bonds . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Search chemical reactions in Rhea for this molecule. (uniprot.org)
  • How come RNA can trigger chemical reactions but DNA doesn't seem to? (theconversation.com)
  • In 1989 Sidney Altman and Thomas Cech shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for demonstrating that RNAs could catalyze chemical reactions. (theconversation.com)
  • transcripts
  • 2004) and contains mRN transcripts and non-mRNA transcripts including RiboMinus™ RNA. (thermofisher.com)
  • 98% depleted in rRNA and is enriched in all RNA transcripts of interest enabling whole transcriptome analysis. (thermofisher.com)
  • ncRNA processing: Any process that results in the conversion of one or more primary non-coding RNA (ncRNA) transcripts into one or more mature ncRNA molecules. (openwetware.org)
  • double-stranded
  • A double-stranded length of RNA. (gettyimages.com)
  • On the other hand, structured RNA molecules are comprised of short double-stranded regions (between 4 and 10 base pairs), interspersed by non-helical regions, either bulges, internal loops or hairpin loops. (madsci.org)
  • organic
  • The matrix contains a complex mixture of soluble enzymes that catalyze the respiration of pyruvic acid and other small organic molecules. (biology-pages.info)
  • While oxygen is necessary for life, free oxygen would oxidize and thus destroy all organic molecules required for the origin of life. (icr.org)
  • Let us suppose that, as evolutionists suggest, there actually was some way for organic, biologically important molecules to have formed in a significant quantity on a primitive Earth. (icr.org)
  • binds
  • The RiboMinus™ RNA binds to the silica-based membrane in the column and impurities are removed by thorough washing with Wash Buffer (W5). (thermofisher.com)
  • regulates
  • HS treatment of infected cells leads to up-regulation of long RNA-Alu molecule that regulates the expression of RPL22 and subsequently reduces HCV replication in HepG2 cells. (hrjournal.net)
  • Regulates movement of ions, molecules & other substances into & out of cell. (studystack.com)