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  • Distress Syndrome
  • Objective To compare the effect of heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) and nasal continuous positive airways pressure (NCPAP) on lung function and mechanics in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) at the same level of retropharyngeal pressure (P rp ). (bmj.com)
  • In infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), the application of either NCPAP or HHHFNC resulted in equivalent lung function and work of breathing when they applied similar distending pressures. (bmj.com)
  • 1-6 As a consequence, it is being increasingly used in neonatal intensive care units in a variety of clinical situations, 7-12 most recently postextubation or as initial approach to neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). (bmj.com)
  • ALTHOUGH patients with severe brain injury are routinely made to hyperventilate 1 and permissive hypercapnia is advocated for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, 2 there are no reports on the effects of changes in partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (Pco 2 ) on respiratory mechanics in patients undergoing mechanical ventiliation and healthy subjects, except for the report by Don and Robson. (asahq.org)
  • However, surfactant decreases the alveolar surface tension, as seen in cases of premature infants suffering from infant respiratory distress syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • infants
  • Only in 15 out of 20 infants it was possible to compare HHHFNC and NCPAP at a P rp of 2 and 4 cmH 2 O. No statistically significant differences were found in breathing pattern, gas exchange, lung mechanics and total WOB. (bmj.com)
  • Heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) provides effective non-invasive respiratory support to preterm infants in a variety of clinical conditions. (bmj.com)
  • lungs
  • And around the heart and pericardium lies the respiratory pump - the lungs within the thorax - itself varying by pressure, volume and frequency. (pulmccm.org)
  • different
  • Moreover, general anaesthesia may be performed in different positions or surgical conditions (i.e. during laparoscopy), which may further influence the respiratory function compared to the supine position. (springer.com)
  • cardiac
  • Accordingly, linking the physiologies of the cardiac and thoracic pumps will facilitate acquisition and interpretation of hemodynamic data as well as provide rationale for optimizing respiratory mechanics. (pulmccm.org)